Using Diffusion Mri In Neuroscience Research

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Diffusion MRI

Diffusion MRI
  • Author : Heidi Johansen-Berg,Timothy E.J. Behrens
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2013-11-04
  • Total pages : 632
  • ISBN : 9780124055094
  • File Size : 50,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 378
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Diffusion MRI remains the most comprehensive reference for understanding this rapidly evolving and powerful technology and is an essential handbook for designing, analyzing, and interpreting diffusion MR experiments. Diffusion imaging provides a unique window on human brain anatomy. This non-invasive technique continues to grow in popularity as a way to study brain pathways that could never before be investigated in vivo. This book covers the fundamental theory of diffusion imaging, discusses its most promising applications to basic and clinical neuroscience, and introduces cutting-edge methodological developments that will shape the field in coming years. Written by leading experts in the field, it places the exciting new results emerging from diffusion imaging in the context of classical anatomical techniques to show where diffusion studies might offer unique insights and where potential limitations lie. Fully revised and updated edition of the first comprehensive reference on a powerful technique in brain imaging Covers all aspects of a diffusion MRI study from acquisition through analysis to interpretation, and from fundamental theory to cutting-edge developments New chapters covering connectomics, advanced diffusion acquisition, artifact removal, and applications to the neonatal brain Provides practical advice on running an experiment Includes discussion of applications in psychiatry, neurology, neurosurgery, and basic neuroscience Full color throughout

Neuroimaging in Developmental Clinical Neuroscience

Neuroimaging in Developmental Clinical Neuroscience
  • Author : Judith M. Rumsey,Monique Ernst
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2009-02-19
  • Total pages : 229
  • ISBN : 1139476750
  • File Size : 44,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 277
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Modern neuroimaging offers tremendous opportunities for gaining insights into normative development and a wide array of developmental neuropsychiatric disorders. Focusing on ontogeny, this text covers basic processes involved in both healthy and atypical maturation, and also addresses the range of neuroimaging techniques most widely used for studying children. This book will enable you to understand normative structural and functional brain maturation and the mechanisms underlying basic developmental processes; become familiar with current knowledge and hypotheses concerning the neural bases of developmental neuropsychiatric disorders; and learn about neuroimaging techniques, including their unique strengths and limitations. Coverage includes normal developmental processes, atypical processing in developmental neuropsychiatric disorders, ethical issues, neuroimaging techniques and their integration with psychopharmacologic and molecular genetic research approaches, and future directions. This comprehensive volume is an essential resource for neurologists, neuropsychologists, psychiatrists, pediatricians, and radiologists concerned with normal development and developmental neuropsychiatric disorders.

Introduction to Diffusion Tensor Imaging

Introduction to Diffusion Tensor Imaging
  • Author : Susumu Mori,J-Donald Tournier
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2013-08-02
  • Total pages : 140
  • ISBN : 9780123984074
  • File Size : 13,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 299
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The concepts behind diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) are commonly difficult to grasp, even for magnetic resonance physicists. To make matters worse, a many more complex higher-order methods have been proposed over the last few years to overcome the now well-known deficiencies of DTI. In Introduction to Diffusion Tensor Imaging: And Higher Order Models, these concepts are explained through extensive use of illustrations rather than equations to help readers gain a more intuitive understanding of the inner workings of these techniques. Emphasis is placed on the interpretation of DTI images and tractography results, the design of experiments, and the types of application studies that can be undertaken. Diffusion MRI is a very active field of research, and theories and techniques are constantly evolving. To make sense of this constantly shifting landscape, there is a need for a textbook that explains the concepts behind how these techniques work in a way that is easy and intuitive to understand—Introduction to Diffusion Tensor Imaging fills this gap. Extensive use of illustrations to explain the concepts of diffusion tensor imaging and related methods Easy to understand, even without a background in physics Includes sections on image interpretation, experimental design, and applications Up-to-date information on more recent higher-order models, which are increasingly being used for clinical applications

Diffusion MRI

Diffusion MRI
  • Author : Derek K Jones
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2010-11-11
  • Total pages : 784
  • ISBN : 9780199708703
  • File Size : 17,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 416
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Professor Derek Jones, a world authority on diffusion MRI, has assembled most of the world's leading scientists and clinicians developing and applying diffusion MRI to produce an authorship list that reads like a "Who's Who" of the field and an essential resource for those working with diffusion MRI. Destined to be a modern classic, this definitive and richly illustrated work covers all aspects of diffusion MRI from basic theory to clinical application. Oxford Clinical Neuroscience is a comprehensive, cross-searchable collection of resources offering quick and easy access to eleven of Oxford University Press's prestigious neuroscience texts. Joining Oxford Medicine Online these resources offer students, specialists and clinical researchers the best quality content in an easy-to-access format.

Computational Diffusion MRI

Computational Diffusion MRI
  • Author : Enrico Kaden,Francesco Grussu,Lipeng Ning,Chantal M. W. Tax,Jelle Veraart
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2018-04-02
  • Total pages : 245
  • ISBN : 9783319738390
  • File Size : 12,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 767
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This volume presents the latest developments in the highly active and rapidly growing field of diffusion MRI. The reader will find numerous contributions covering a broad range of topics, from the mathematical foundations of the diffusion process and signal generation, to new computational methods and estimation techniques for the in-vivo recovery of microstructural and connectivity features, as well as frontline applications in neuroscience research and clinical practice. These proceedings contain the papers presented at the 2017 MICCAI Workshop on Computational Diffusion MRI (CDMRI’17) held in Québec, Canada on September 10, 2017, sharing new perspectives on the most recent research challenges for those currently working in the field, but also offering a valuable starting point for anyone interested in learning computational techniques in diffusion MRI. This book includes rigorous mathematical derivations, a large number of rich, full-colour visualisations and clinically relevant results. As such, it will be of interest to researchers and practitioners in the fields of computer science, MRI physics and applied mathematics.

Quantitative Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Quantitative Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Author : Nicole Seiberlich,Vikas Gulani,Adrienne Campbell-Washburn,Steven Sourbron,Mariya Ivanova Doneva,Fernando Calamante,Houchun Harry Hu
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2020-11-27
  • Total pages : 1092
  • ISBN : 9780128170588
  • File Size : 41,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 576
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Quantitative Magnetic Resonance Imaging is a ‘go-to’ reference for methods and applications of quantitative magnetic resonance imaging, with specific sections on Relaxometry, Perfusion, and Diffusion. Each section will start with an explanation of the basic techniques for mapping the tissue property in question, including a description of the challenges that arise when using these basic approaches. For properties which can be measured in multiple ways, each of these basic methods will be described in separate chapters. Following the basics, a chapter in each section presents more advanced and recently proposed techniques for quantitative tissue property mapping, with a concluding chapter on clinical applications. The reader will learn: The basic physics behind tissue property mapping How to implement basic pulse sequences for the quantitative measurement of tissue properties The strengths and limitations to the basic and more rapid methods for mapping the magnetic relaxation properties T1, T2, and T2* The pros and cons for different approaches to mapping perfusion The methods of Diffusion-weighted imaging and how this approach can be used to generate diffusion tensor maps and more complex representations of diffusion How flow, magneto-electric tissue property, fat fraction, exchange, elastography, and temperature mapping are performed How fast imaging approaches including parallel imaging, compressed sensing, and Magnetic Resonance Fingerprinting can be used to accelerate or improve tissue property mapping schemes How tissue property mapping is used clinically in different organs Structured to cater for MRI researchers and graduate students with a wide variety of backgrounds Explains basic methods for quantitatively measuring tissue properties with MRI - including T1, T2, perfusion, diffusion, fat and iron fraction, elastography, flow, susceptibility - enabling the implementation of pulse sequences to perform measurements Shows the limitations of the techniques and explains the challenges to the clinical adoption of these traditional methods, presenting the latest research in rapid quantitative imaging which has the possibility to tackle these challenges Each section contains a chapter explaining the basics of novel ideas for quantitative mapping, such as compressed sensing and Magnetic Resonance Fingerprinting-based approaches

Anisotropy Across Fields and Scales

Anisotropy Across Fields and Scales
  • Author : Evren Özarslan,Thomas Schultz,Eugene Zhang,Andrea Fuster
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2021
  • Total pages : 284
  • ISBN : 9783030562151
  • File Size : 32,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 981
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This open access book focuses on processing, modeling, and visualization of anisotropy information, which are often addressed by employing sophisticated mathematical constructs such as tensors and other higher-order descriptors. It also discusses adaptations of such constructs to problems encountered in seemingly dissimilar areas of medical imaging, physical sciences, and engineering. Featuring original research contributions as well as insightful reviews for scientists interested in handling anisotropy information, it covers topics such as pertinent geometric and algebraic properties of tensors and tensor fields, challenges faced in processing and visualizing different types of data, statistical techniques for data processing, and specific applications like mapping white-matter fiber tracts in the brain. The book helps readers grasp the current challenges in the field and provides information on the techniques devised to address them. Further, it facilitates the transfer of knowledge between different disciplines in order to advance the research frontiers in these areas. This multidisciplinary book presents, in part, the outcomes of the seventh in a series of Dagstuhl seminars devoted to visualization and processing of tensor fields and higher-order descriptors, which was held in Dagstuhl, Germany, on October 28-November 2, 2018.

Computational Diffusion MRI

Computational Diffusion MRI
  • Author : Noemi Gyori,Jana Hutter,Vishwesh Nath,Marco Palombo,Marco Pizzolato,Fan Zhang
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2021-09-29
  • Total pages : 301
  • ISBN : 9783030730185
  • File Size : 36,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 826
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This book gathers papers presented at the Workshop on Computational Diffusion MRI, CDMRI 2020, held under the auspices of the International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention (MICCAI), which took place virtually on October 8th, 2020, having originally been planned to take place in Lima, Peru. This book presents the latest developments in the highly active and rapidly growing field of diffusion MRI. While offering new perspectives on the most recent research challenges in the field, the selected articles also provide a valuable starting point for anyone interested in learning computational techniques for diffusion MRI. The book includes rigorous mathematical derivations, a large number of rich, full-colour visualizations, and clinically relevant results. As such, it is of interest to researchers and practitioners in the fields of computer science, MRI physics, and applied mathematics. The reader will find numerous contributions covering a broad range of topics, from the mathematical foundations of the diffusion process and signal generation to new computational methods and estimation techniques for the in-vivo recovery of microstructural and connectivity features, as well as diffusion-relaxometry and frontline applications in research and clinical practice.

Introduction to Neuroimaging Analysis

Introduction to Neuroimaging Analysis
  • Author : Mark Jenkinson,Michael Chappell
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2018
  • Total pages : 277
  • ISBN : 9780198816300
  • File Size : 14,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 885
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This accessible primer gives an introduction to the wide array of MRI-based neuroimaging methods that are used in research. It provides an overview of the fundamentals of what different MRI modalities measure, what artifacts commonly occur, the essentials of the analysis, and common 'pipelines'

MRI Atlas of Human White Matter

MRI Atlas of Human White Matter
  • Author : Kenichi Oishi,Andreia V. Faria,Peter C M van Zijl,Susumu Mori
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2010-11-12
  • Total pages : 266
  • ISBN : 0123820820
  • File Size : 40,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 393
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MRI Atlas of Human White Matter presents an atlas to the human brain on the basis of T 1-weighted imaging and diffusion tensor imaging. A general background on magnetic resonance imaging is provided, as well as the basics of diffusion tensor imaging. An overview of the principles and limitations in using this methodology in fiber tracking is included. This book describes the core white-matter structures, as well as the superficial white matter, the deep gray matter, and the cortex. It also presents a three-dimensional reconstruction and atlas of the brain white-matter tracts. The Montreal Neurological Institute coordinates, which are the most widely used, are adopted in this book as the primary coordinate system. The Talairach coordinate system is used as the secondary coordinate system. Based on magnetic resonance imaging and diffusion tensor imaging, the book offers a full segmentation of 220 white-matter and gray-matter structures with boundaries. Visualization of brain white matter anatomy via 3D diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) contrasts and enhances relationship of anatomy to function Full segmentation of 170+ brain regions more clearly defines structure boundaries than previous point-and-annotate anatomical labeling, and connectivity is mapped in a way not provided by traditional atlases

Computational Diffusion MRI

Computational Diffusion MRI
  • Author : Suheyla Cetin-Karayumak,Daan Christiaens,Matteo Figini,Pamela Guevara,Tomasz Pieciak,Elizabeth Powell,Francois Rheault
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2022
  • Total pages : 156
  • ISBN : 9783031212062
  • File Size : 20,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 831
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This book constitutes the proceedings of the International Workshop on Computational Diffusion MRI, CDMRI 2022, which was held 22 September 2022, in conjunction with MICCAI 2022. The 12 full papers included were carefully reviewed and selected for inclusion in the book. The papers were organized in topical sections as follows: Data processing, Signal representations, Tractography and WM pathways.

Computational Diffusion MRI

Computational Diffusion MRI
  • Author : Elisenda Bonet-Carne,Francesco Grussu,Lipeng Ning,Farshid Sepehrband,Chantal M. W. Tax
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2019-05-17
  • Total pages : 390
  • ISBN : 9783030058319
  • File Size : 52,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 598
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This volume gathers papers presented at the Workshop on Computational Diffusion MRI (CDMRI’18), which was held under the auspices of the International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention in Granada, Spain on September 20, 2018. It presents the latest developments in the highly active and rapidly growing field of diffusion MRI. The reader will find papers on a broad range of topics, from the mathematical foundations of the diffusion process and signal generation, to new computational methods and estimation techniques for the in-vivo recovery of microstructural and connectivity features, as well as harmonisation and frontline applications in research and clinical practice. The respective papers constitute invited works from high-profile researchers with a specific focus on three topics that are now gaining momentum within the diffusion MRI community: i) machine learning for diffusion MRI; ii) diffusion MRI outside the brain (e.g. in the placenta); and iii) diffusion MRI for multimodal imaging. The book shares new perspectives on the latest research challenges for those currently working in the field, but also offers a valuable starting point for anyone interested in learning computational techniques in diffusion MRI. It includes rigorous mathematical derivations, a wealth of full-colour visualisations, and clinically relevant results. As such, it will be of interest to researchers and practitioners in the fields of computer science, MRI physics and applied mathematics alike.

Diffusion MRI

Diffusion MRI
  • Author : Derek K. Jones, PhD
  • Publisher : OUP USA
  • Release Date : 2011-01-27
  • Total pages : 624
  • ISBN : 0195369777
  • File Size : 33,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 160
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Diffusion MRI: Theory, Methods and Applications is a richly illustrated book covering all aspects of diffusion MRI from basic theory to clinical application. The authorship list reads like a 'who's who' of the field and the result is a definitive, didactic and essential reference for those working with diffusion MRI.

Neuroethics

Neuroethics
  • Author : Judy Illes,Sharmin Hossain
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2017
  • Total pages : 693
  • ISBN : 9780198786832
  • File Size : 13,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 524
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Over the last decade, there have been unparalleled advances in our understanding of brain sciences. In this volume on neuroethics, a distinguished group of contributors from a range of disciplines discuss the ethical implications of this newfound knowledge and set out the many necessary considerations for the future.

Brain Network Analysis

Brain Network Analysis
  • Author : Moo K. Chung
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2019-06-27
  • Total pages : 343
  • ISBN : 9781107184862
  • File Size : 52,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 178
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This coherent mathematical and statistical approach aimed at graduate students incorporates regression and topology as well as graph theory.

Looking Inside the Brain

Looking Inside the Brain
  • Author : Denis Le Bihan
  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • Release Date : 2014-11-30
  • Total pages : 184
  • ISBN : 9781400852161
  • File Size : 37,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 137
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The remarkable story of how today's brain scanning techniques were developed, told by one of the field's pioneers It is now possible to witness human brain activity while we are talking, reading, or thinking, thanks to revolutionary neuroimaging techniques like magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). These groundbreaking advances have opened infinite fields of investigation—into such areas as musical perception, brain development in utero, and faulty brain connections leading to psychiatric disorders—and have raised unprecedented ethical issues. In Looking Inside the Brain, one of the leading pioneers of the field, Denis Le Bihan, offers an engaging account of the sophisticated interdisciplinary research in physics, neuroscience, and medicine that have led to the remarkable neuroimaging methods that give us a detailed look into the human brain. Introducing neurological anatomy and physiology, Le Bihan walks readers through the historical evolution of imaging technology—from the x-ray and CT scan to the PET scan and MRI—and he explains how neuroimaging uncovers afflictions like stroke or cancer and the workings of higher-order brain activities, such as language skills. Le Bihan also takes readers on a behind-the-scenes journey through NeuroSpin, his state-of-the-art neuroimaging laboratory, and goes over the cutting-edge scanning devices currently being developed. Considering what we see when we look at brain images, Le Bihan weighs what might be revealed about our thoughts and unconscious, and discusses how far this technology might go in the future. Beautifully illustrated in color, Looking Inside the Brain presents the trailblazing story of the scanning techniques that provide keys to previously unimagined knowledge of our brains and our selves.

Make Life Visible

Make Life Visible
  • Author : Yoshiaki Toyama,Atsushi Miyawaki,Masaya Nakamura,Masahiro Jinzaki
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2019-10-02
  • Total pages : 292
  • ISBN : 9789811379086
  • File Size : 43,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 399
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This open access book describes marked advances in imaging technology that have enabled the visualization of phenomena in ways formerly believed to be completelyimpossible. These technologies have made major contributions to the elucidation of the pathology of diseases as well as to their diagnosis and therapy. The volume presents various studies from molecular imaging to clinical imaging. It also focuses on innovative, creative, advanced research that gives full play to imaging technology inthe broad sense, while exploring cross-disciplinary areas in which individual research fields interact and pursuing the development of new techniques where they fuse together. The book is separated into three parts, the first of which addresses the topic of visualizing and controlling molecules for life. Th e second part is devoted to imaging of disease mechanisms, while the final part comprises studies on the application of imaging technologies to diagnosis and therapy. Th e book contains the proceedings of the 12th Uehara International Symposium 2017, “Make Life Visible” sponsored by the Uehara Memorial Foundation and held from June 12 to 14, 2017. It is written by leading scientists in the field and is an open access publication under a CC BY 4.0 license.

Computational Diffusion MRI and Brain Connectivity

Computational Diffusion MRI and Brain Connectivity
  • Author : Thomas Schultz,Gemma Nedjati-Gilani,Archana Venkataraman,Lauren O'Donnell,Eleftheria Panagiotaki
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2014-01-13
  • Total pages : 255
  • ISBN : 9783319024752
  • File Size : 34,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 362
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This volume contains the proceedings from two closely related workshops: Computational Diffusion MRI (CDMRI’13) and Mathematical Methods from Brain Connectivity (MMBC’13), held under the auspices of the 16th International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention, which took place in Nagoya, Japan, September 2013. Inside, readers will find contributions ranging from mathematical foundations and novel methods for the validation of inferring large-scale connectivity from neuroimaging data to the statistical analysis of the data, accelerated methods for data acquisition, and the most recent developments on mathematical diffusion modeling. This volume offers a valuable starting point for anyone interested in learning computational diffusion MRI and mathematical methods for brain connectivity as well as offers new perspectives and insights on current research challenges for those currently in the field. It will be of interest to researchers and practitioners in computer science, MR physics, and applied mathematics.

Fueling Innovation and Discovery

Fueling Innovation and Discovery
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Board on Mathematical Sciences and Their Applications,Committee on the Mathematical Sciences in 2025
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2012-08-02
  • Total pages : 64
  • ISBN : 9780309254731
  • File Size : 31,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 859
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The mathematical sciences are part of everyday life. Modern communication, transportation, science, engineering, technology, medicine, manufacturing, security, and finance all depend on the mathematical sciences. Fueling Innovation and Discovery describes recent advances in the mathematical sciences and advances enabled by mathematical sciences research. It is geared toward general readers who would like to know more about ongoing advances in the mathematical sciences and how these advances are changing our understanding of the world, creating new technologies, and transforming industries. Although the mathematical sciences are pervasive, they are often invoked without an explicit awareness of their presence. Prepared as part of the study on the Mathematical Sciences in 2025, a broad assessment of the current state of the mathematical sciences in the United States, Fueling Innovation and Discovery presents mathematical sciences advances in an engaging way. The report describes the contributions that mathematical sciences research has made to advance our understanding of the universe and the human genome. It also explores how the mathematical sciences are contributing to healthcare and national security, and the importance of mathematical knowledge and training to a range of industries, such as information technology and entertainment. Fueling Innovation and Discovery will be of use to policy makers, researchers, business leaders, students, and others interested in learning more about the deep connections between the mathematical sciences and every other aspect of the modern world. To function well in a technologically advanced society, every educated person should be familiar with multiple aspects of the mathematical sciences.

Visualization and Processing of Tensor Fields

Visualization and Processing of Tensor Fields
  • Author : Joachim Weickert,Hans Hagen
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2007-06-25
  • Total pages : 481
  • ISBN : 9783540312727
  • File Size : 12,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 877
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Matrix-valued data sets – so-called second order tensor fields – have gained significant importance in scientific visualization and image processing due to recent developments such as diffusion tensor imaging. This book is the first edited volume that presents the state of the art in the visualization and processing of tensor fields. It contains some longer chapters dedicated to surveys and tutorials of specific topics, as well as a great deal of original work by leading experts that has not been published before. It serves as an overview for the inquiring scientist, as a basic foundation for developers and practitioners, and as as a textbook for specialized classes and seminars for graduate and doctoral students.

Novel Frontiers of Advanced Neuroimaging

Novel Frontiers of Advanced Neuroimaging
  • Author : Kostas Fountas
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2013-01-09
  • Total pages : 236
  • ISBN : 9789535109235
  • File Size : 51,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 153
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Emerging imaging modalities continuously increase the diagnostic sensitivity and accuracy of neuroimaging, and have transformed diagnostic radiology into a powerful research and clinical tool. Various novel neuroimaging modalities have become of paramount importance, not only in establishing diagnosis but also in guiding surgical intervention, and in evaluating the treatment effect. Advanced MR based techniques such as Fractional Anisotropy, Diffusion Tensor Imaging, Proton Spectroscopy, and task-generated as well as resting-state functional MRI have tremendously increased the power of the modern neuroscientist’s armamentarium. The employment of advanced neuroimaging techniques have been expanded in the scientific fields of neuropsychology, consumer’s psychology, and forensic medicine. Our current textbook presents exactly a collection of such innovative work, and explores new frontiers, and future applications of neuroimaging