Use Of Recycled Plastics In Eco Efficient Concrete

If you want to download Use Of Recycled Plastics In Eco Efficient Concrete book in PDF, ePub and kindle or read online directly from your devices, click Download button to get Use Of Recycled Plastics In Eco Efficient Concrete book now. This site is like a library, Use search box in the widget to get ebook that you want.

Use of Recycled Plastics in Eco-efficient Concrete

Use of Recycled Plastics in Eco-efficient Concrete
  • Author : Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,Jamal Khatib,Francesco Colangelo,Rabin Tuladhar
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2018-11-21
  • Total pages : 492
  • ISBN : 9780081027332
  • File Size : 49,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 313
  • DOWNLOAD BOOK

Download Use of Recycled Plastics in Eco-efficient Concrete in PDF, Epub, and Kindle

Use of Recycled Plastics in Eco-efficient Concrete looks at the processing of plastic waste, including techniques for separation, the production of plastic aggregates, the production of concrete with recycled plastic as an aggregate or binder, the fresh properties of concrete with plastic aggregates, the shrinkage of concrete with plastic aggregates, the mechanical properties of concrete with plastic aggregates, toughness of concrete with plastic aggregates, modulus of elasticity of concrete with plastic aggregates, durability of concrete with plastic aggregates, concrete plastic waste powder with enhanced neutron radiation shielding, and more, thus making it a valuable reference for academics and industrial researchers. Describes the main types of recycled plastics that can be applied in concrete manufacturing Presents, for the first time, state-of-the art knowledge on the properties of conventional concrete with recycled plastics Discusses the technological challenges for concrete manufactures for mass production of recycled concrete from plastic waste

New Trends in Eco-efficient and Recycled Concrete

New Trends in Eco-efficient and Recycled Concrete
  • Author : Jorge de Brito,Francisco Agrela
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2018-11-16
  • Total pages : 632
  • ISBN : 9780081024812
  • File Size : 30,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 995
  • DOWNLOAD BOOK

Download New Trends in Eco-efficient and Recycled Concrete in PDF, Epub, and Kindle

New Trends in Eco-efficient and Recycled Concrete describes different recycled materials that have been used in eco-efficient concrete, reviewing previous publications to identify the most effective recycled materials to be applied in concrete manufacture. New trends on eco-efficient concrete are presented, filling a gap in the market. Sections cover various recycled materials applied in concrete production, present the latest on the lifecycle analysis of recycled aggregate concrete, detail new trends in recycled aggregate concrete research, and finally, present updates on upscaling the use of recycled aggregate concrete and structural reliability. Focuses on new trends in recycled aggregate concrete and its applications (rather than the more subjective ‘sustainability’ aspects) Contains very important contributions from researchers in eco-efficient concrete, including Chi Sun Poon, Jorge de Brito, Valeria Corinaldesi, Francisco Agrela, etc. Presents a ‘one stop’ reference for a graduate course on sustainable construction

Eco-Efficient Concrete

Eco-Efficient Concrete
  • Author : Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,S Jalali,João Labrincha,V M John
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2013-02-04
  • Total pages : 624
  • ISBN : 9780857098993
  • File Size : 40,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 255
  • DOWNLOAD BOOK

Download Eco-Efficient Concrete in PDF, Epub, and Kindle

Eco-efficient concrete is a comprehensive guide to the characteristics and environmental performance of key concrete types. Part one discusses the eco-efficiency and life cycle assessment of Portland cement concrete, before part two goes on to consider concrete with supplementary cementitious materials (SCMs). Concrete with non-reactive wastes is the focus of part three, including municipal solid waste incinerator (MSWI) concrete, and concrete with polymeric, construction and demolition wastes (CDW). An eco-efficient approach to concrete carbonation is also reviewed, followed by an investigation in part four of future alternative binders and the use of nano and biotech in concrete production. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Eco-efficient concrete is a technical guide for all professionals, researchers and academics currently or potentially involved in the design, manufacture and use of eco-efficient concrete. The first part of the book examines the eco-efficiency and life cycle assessment of Portland cement concrete Chapters in the second part of the book consider concrete with supplementary cementitious materials, including properties and performance Reviews the eco-efficient approach to concrete carbonation

Waste Materials Used in Concrete Manufacturing

Waste Materials Used in Concrete Manufacturing
  • Author : Satish Chandra
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 1996-12-31
  • Total pages : 672
  • ISBN : 9780815519515
  • File Size : 38,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 511
  • DOWNLOAD BOOK

Download Waste Materials Used in Concrete Manufacturing in PDF, Epub, and Kindle

The environmental aspects involved in the production and use of cement, concrete and other building materials are of growing importance. CO2 emissions are 0.8-1.3 ton/ton of cement production in dry process. SO2 emission is also very high, but is dependent upon the type of fuel used. Energy consumption is also very high at 100-150 KWT/ton of cement produced. It is costly to erect new cement plants. Substitution of waste materials will conserve dwindling resources, and will avoid the environmental and ecological damages caused by quarrying and exploitation of the raw materials for making cement. To some extent, it will help to solve the problem otherwise encountered in disposing of the wastes. Partial replacement of clinker or portland cement by slag, fly ash, silica fume and natural rock minerals illustrates these aspects. Partial replacement by natural materials that require little or no processing, such as pozzolans, calcined clays, etc., saves energy and decreases emission of gases. The output of waste materials suitable as cement replacement (slags, fly ashes, silica fumes, rice husk ash, etc.) is more than double that of cement production. These waste materials can partly be used, or processed, to produce materials suitable as aggregates or fillers in concrete. These can also be used as clinker raw materials, or processed into cementing systems. New grinding and mixing technology will make the use of these secondary materials simpler. Developments in chemical admixtures: superplasticizers, air entraining agents, etc., help in controlling production techniques and, in achieving the desired properties in concrete. Use of waste products is not only a partial solution to environmental and ecological problems; it significantly improves the microstructure, and consequently the durability properties of concrete, which are difficult to achieve by the use of pure portland cement. The aim is not only to make the cements and concrete less expensive, but to provide a blend of tailored properties of waste materials and portland cements suitable for specified purpose. This requires a better understanding of chemistry, and materials science. There is an increasing demand for better understanding of material properties, as well as better control of the microstructure developing in the construction material, to increase durability. The combination of different binders and modifiers to produce cheaper and more durable building materials will solve to some extent the ecological and environmental problems.

Handbook of Sustainable Concrete and Industrial Waste Management

Handbook of Sustainable Concrete and Industrial Waste Management
  • Author : Francesco Colangelo,Raffaele Cioffi,Ilenia Farina
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2021-12-13
  • Total pages : 728
  • ISBN : 9780128230138
  • File Size : 48,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 496
  • DOWNLOAD BOOK

Download Handbook of Sustainable Concrete and Industrial Waste Management in PDF, Epub, and Kindle

The Handbook of Sustainable Concrete and Industrial Waste Management summarizes key research trends in recycling and reusing concrete and industrial waste to reduce their environmental impact. This volume also includes important contributions in collaboration with the CRI-TEST Innovation Lab, Naples – Acerra. Part one discusses eco-friendly innovative cement and concrete and reviews key substitute materials. Part two analyzes the use of industrial waste as aggregates and the mechanical properties of concrete containing waste materials. Part three discusses differences between innovative binders, focusing on alkali-activated and geopolymer concrete. Part four provides a thorough overview of the life cycle assessment (LCA) of concrete containing industrial wastes and the impacts related to the logistics of wastes, the production of the concrete, and the management of industrial wastes. By providing research examples, case studies, and practical strategies, this book is a state-of-the-art reference for researchers working in construction materials, civil or structural engineering, and engineers working in the industry. Offers a systematic and comprehensive source of information on the latest developments in sustainable concrete; Analyzes different types of sustainable concrete and innovative binders from chemical, physical, and mechanical points of view; Includes real case studies showing application of the LCA methodology.

Cradle to Cradle

Cradle to Cradle
  • Author : William McDonough,Michael Braungart
  • Publisher : North Point Press
  • Release Date : 2010-03-01
  • Total pages : 208
  • ISBN : 9781429973847
  • File Size : 55,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 227
  • DOWNLOAD BOOK

Download Cradle to Cradle in PDF, Epub, and Kindle

A manifesto for a radically different philosophy and practice of manufacture and environmentalism "Reduce, reuse, recycle" urge environmentalists; in other words, do more with less in order to minimize damage. But as this provocative, visionary book argues, this approach perpetuates a one-way, "cradle to grave" manufacturing model that dates to the Industrial Revolution and casts off as much as 90 percent of the materials it uses as waste, much of it toxic. Why not challenge the notion that human industry must inevitably damage the natural world? In fact, why not take nature itself as our model? A tree produces thousands of blossoms in order to create another tree, yet we do not consider its abundance wasteful but safe, beautiful, and highly effective; hence, "waste equals food" is the first principle the book sets forth. Products might be designed so that, after their useful life, they provide nourishment for something new-either as "biological nutrients" that safely re-enter the environment or as "technical nutrients" that circulate within closed-loop industrial cycles, without being "downcycled" into low-grade uses (as most "recyclables" now are). Elaborating their principles from experience (re)designing everything from carpeting to corporate campuses, William McDonough and Michael Braungart make an exciting and viable case for change.

Designing Sustainable Technologies, Products and Policies

Designing Sustainable Technologies, Products and Policies
  • Author : Enrico Benetto,Kilian Gericke,Mélanie Guiton
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2018-07-03
  • Total pages : 520
  • ISBN : 9783319669816
  • File Size : 51,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 845
  • DOWNLOAD BOOK

Download Designing Sustainable Technologies, Products and Policies in PDF, Epub, and Kindle

This open access book provides insight into the implementation of Life Cycle approaches along the entire business value chain, supporting environmental, social and economic sustainability related to the development of industrial technologies, products, services and policies; and the development and management of smart agricultural systems, smart mobility systems, urban infrastructures and energy for the built environment. The book is based on papers presented at the 8th International Life Cycle Management Conference that took place from September 3-6, 2017 in Luxembourg, and which was organized by the Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology (LIST) and the University of Luxembourg in the framework of the LCM Conference Series.

Recycled Aggregates

Recycled Aggregates
  • Author : Gaurav Saini
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2021
  • Total pages : 0
  • ISBN : 1536194859
  • File Size : 19,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 311
  • DOWNLOAD BOOK

Download Recycled Aggregates in PDF, Epub, and Kindle

"With the rapid rise in our needs and requirements, the amount of waste generated by modern cities is also increasing at an unprecedented rate. This problem is global in nature and most countries around the world need appropriate waste management strategies. These measures include disposal and the 3Rs (reduce, reuse, and recycle). Each of these strategies has its own share of pros and cons. An increasing emphasis is being placed on the application of the 3Rs, especially from the environmental perspective. Construction & demolition (C & D) waste is generated when new infrastructure is built and/or older structures are demolished or renovated. Hundreds of millions of tons of such waste are generated worldwide annually, making it one of the most significant waste generating activities in the world. One way to take care of a significant fraction of this waste is as recycled aggregates (RA), wherein the waste is crushed to the dimensions of coarse and fine aggregates and is used for various activities, most notably in manufacturing of concrete. Other uses may include landfilling, manufacturing of tiles, bricks, pavement blocks, etc. Recently, other types of wastes such as used PET bottles have also been studied as a source of recycled aggregates. This book deals with the various socio-economic, technical, environmental, and policy issues related to the application of various types of recycled aggregates in different countries around the world. This is a continually evolving area of applied research which needs further emphasis not only from researchers, but planners and regulators as well"--

Cost Management in Supply Chains

Cost Management in Supply Chains
  • Author : Stefan Seuring,Maria Goldbach
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-03-09
  • Total pages : 435
  • ISBN : 9783662113776
  • File Size : 23,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 645
  • DOWNLOAD BOOK

Download Cost Management in Supply Chains in PDF, Epub, and Kindle

Supply Chain Management and Cost Management are important developments helping companies to respond to increased global competition and demanding customer needs. Within the 23 chapters of the book, more than 35 authors provide insights into new concepts for cost control in supply chains. The frameworks presented are illustrated with case studies from the automotive, textile, white goods, and transportation industry as well as from retailing. Academics will benefit from the wide range of approaches presented, while practitioners will learn from the examples how their own company and the supply chains which they compete in, can be brought to lower costs and better performance.

Handbook of Recycled Concrete and Demolition Waste

Handbook of Recycled Concrete and Demolition Waste
  • Author : Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,Vivian Tam,João Labrincha,Yining Ding,Jorge de Brito
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2013-09-30
  • Total pages : 672
  • ISBN : 9780857096906
  • File Size : 30,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 547
  • DOWNLOAD BOOK

Download Handbook of Recycled Concrete and Demolition Waste in PDF, Epub, and Kindle

The civil engineering sector accounts for a significant percentage of global material and energy consumption and is a major contributor of waste material. The ability to recycle and reuse concrete and demolition waste is critical to reducing environmental impacts in meeting national, regional and global environmental targets. Handbook of recycled concrete and demolition waste summarises key recent research in achieving these goals. Part one considers techniques for managing construction and demolition waste, including waste management plans, ways of estimating levels of waste, the types and optimal location of waste recycling plants and the economics of managing construction and demolition waste. Part two reviews key steps in handling construction and demolition waste. It begins with a comparison between conventional demolition and construction techniques before going on to discuss the preparation, refinement and quality control of concrete aggregates produced from waste. It concludes by assessing the mechanical properties, strength and durability of concrete made using recycled aggregates. Part three includes examples of the use of recycled aggregates in applications such as roads, pavements, high-performance concrete and alkali-activated or geopolymer cements. Finally, the book discusses environmental and safety issues such as the removal of gypsum, asbestos and alkali-silica reaction (ASR) concrete, as well as life-cycle analysis of concrete with recycled aggregates. Handbook of recycled concrete and demolition waste is a standard reference for all those involved in the civil engineering sector, as well as academic researchers in the field. Summarises key recent research in recycling and reusing concrete and demolition waste to reduce environmental impacts and meet national, regional and global environmental targets Considers techniques for managing construction and demolition waste, including waste management plans, ways of estimating levels of waste, the types and optimal location of waste recycling plants Reviews key steps in handling construction and demolition waste

Drawdown

Drawdown
  • Author : Paul Hawken
  • Publisher : Penguin
  • Release Date : 2017-04-18
  • Total pages : 256
  • ISBN : 9781524704650
  • File Size : 49,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 182
  • DOWNLOAD BOOK

Download Drawdown in PDF, Epub, and Kindle

• New York Times bestseller • The 100 most substantive solutions to reverse global warming, based on meticulous research by leading scientists and policymakers around the world “At this point in time, the Drawdown book is exactly what is needed; a credible, conservative solution-by-solution narrative that we can do it. Reading it is an effective inoculation against the widespread perception of doom that humanity cannot and will not solve the climate crisis. Reported by-effects include increased determination and a sense of grounded hope.” —Per Espen Stoknes, Author, What We Think About When We Try Not To Think About Global Warming “There’s been no real way for ordinary people to get an understanding of what they can do and what impact it can have. There remains no single, comprehensive, reliable compendium of carbon-reduction solutions across sectors. At least until now. . . . The public is hungry for this kind of practical wisdom.” —David Roberts, Vox “This is the ideal environmental sciences textbook—only it is too interesting and inspiring to be called a textbook.” —Peter Kareiva, Director of the Institute of the Environment and Sustainability, UCLA In the face of widespread fear and apathy, an international coalition of researchers, professionals, and scientists have come together to offer a set of realistic and bold solutions to climate change. One hundred techniques and practices are described here—some are well known; some you may have never heard of. They range from clean energy to educating girls in lower-income countries to land use practices that pull carbon out of the air. The solutions exist, are economically viable, and communities throughout the world are currently enacting them with skill and determination. If deployed collectively on a global scale over the next thirty years, they represent a credible path forward, not just to slow the earth’s warming but to reach drawdown, that point in time when greenhouse gases in the atmosphere peak and begin to decline. These measures promise cascading benefits to human health, security, prosperity, and well-being—giving us every reason to see this planetary crisis as an opportunity to create a just and livable world.

Development of pavement blocks using waste PET bottles

Development of pavement blocks using waste PET bottles
  • Author : Ike Skie Bee Tuffour
  • Publisher : GRIN Verlag
  • Release Date : 2016-07-25
  • Total pages : 66
  • ISBN : 9783668266582
  • File Size : 18,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 120
  • DOWNLOAD BOOK

Download Development of pavement blocks using waste PET bottles in PDF, Epub, and Kindle

Bachelor Thesis from the year 2016 in the subject Chemistry - Materials Chemistry, , course: Chemistry, language: English, abstract: The use of waste plastics in concrete pavement block is a partial solution to the environmental and ecological challenges associated with the use of plastics. The aim of this research is to reduce environmental pollution by using waste PET bottles to produce pavement blocks. In this study, Voltic bottles were first used to replace cement in the production of pavement blocks. The polymeric material was first shredded and melted in an aluminum container at a temperature range of 250 oC - 260 oC and the quarry dust and sand were added in their respective ratios. In another set of studies, the waste Voltic bottles were used as a partial replacement for quarry dust in the manufacturing of pavement blocks. The cleaned waste plastics bottles were first cut into flakes and then incorporated into the concrete mixture. Test conducted involved the effect of sulphuric acid on the weight of pavement, its water absorption and compressive strength. In the first studies, when PET bottles were used to replace cement, the results obtained had the compressive strength almost the same as that of the control sample which contain no plastic. The percentage water absorbed was less and it also had good resistance for acid. In the second studies when PET was used to replace quarry dust partially, the compressive strength was a little bit lower than the control. Its water absorption was less and it also had good resistance to acid. From the above findings, PET pavement blocks have a good strength and can therefore be used for any construction work.

Fibre Reinforced Concrete: Improvements and Innovations II

Fibre Reinforced Concrete: Improvements and Innovations II
  • Author : Pedro Serna,Aitor Llano-Torre,José R. Martí-Vargas,Juan Navarro-Gregori
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2021-09-04
  • Total pages : 979
  • ISBN : 9783030837198
  • File Size : 35,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 184
  • DOWNLOAD BOOK

Download Fibre Reinforced Concrete: Improvements and Innovations II in PDF, Epub, and Kindle

This volume highlights the latest advances, innovations, and applications in the field of fibre-reinforced concrete (FRC), as presented by scientists and engineers at the RILEM-fib X International Symposium on Fibre Reinforced Concrete (BEFIB), held in Valencia, Spain, on September 20-22, 2021. It discusses a diverse range of topics concerning FRC: technological aspects, nanotechnologies related with FRC, mechanical properties, long-term properties, analytical and numerical models, structural design, codes and standards, quality control, case studies, Textile-Reinforced Concrete, Geopolymers and UHPFRC. After the symposium postponement in 2020, this new volume concludes the publication of the research works and knowledge of FRC in the frame of BEFIB from 2020 to 2021 with the successful celebration of the hybrid symposium BEFIB 2021. The contributions present traditional and new ideas that will open novel research directions and foster multidisciplinary collaboration between different specialists.

Advances in Ceramics

Advances in Ceramics
  • Author : Costas Sikalidis
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2011-09-06
  • Total pages : 566
  • ISBN : 9789533073507
  • File Size : 9,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 541
  • DOWNLOAD BOOK

Download Advances in Ceramics in PDF, Epub, and Kindle

The current book consists of twenty-four chapters divided into three sections. Section I includes fourteen chapters in electric and magnetic ceramics which deal with modern specific research on dielectrics and their applications, on nanodielectrics, on piezoceramics, on glass ceramics with para-, anti- or ferro-electric active phases, of varistors ceramics and magnetic ceramics. Section II includes seven chapters in bioceramics which include review information and research results/data on biocompatibility, on medical applications of alumina, zirconia, silicon nitride, ZrO2, bioglass, apatite-wollastonite glass ceramic and b-tri-calcium phosphate. Section III includes three chapters in applications of ceramics in environmental improvement and protection, in water cleaning, in metal bearing wastes stabilization and in utilization of wastes from ceramic industry in concrete and concrete products.

The Plastic Road

The Plastic Road
  • Author : Jeffry E. Moll
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1996
  • Total pages : 20
  • ISBN : MINN:31951D01801390J
  • File Size : 33,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 800
  • DOWNLOAD BOOK

Download The Plastic Road in PDF, Epub, and Kindle

PDF book entitled The Plastic Road written by Jeffry E. Moll and published by Unknown which was released on 1996 with total hardcover pages 20, the book become popular and critical acclaim.

Eco-efficient Pavement Construction Materials

Eco-efficient Pavement Construction Materials
  • Author : Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,Serji Amirkhanian,Hao Wang,Erik Schlangen
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2020-01-18
  • Total pages : 422
  • ISBN : 9780128189825
  • File Size : 48,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 697
  • DOWNLOAD BOOK

Download Eco-efficient Pavement Construction Materials in PDF, Epub, and Kindle

Eco-efficient Pavement Construction Materials acquaints engineers with research findings on new eco-efficient pavement materials and how they can be incorporated into future pavements. Divided into three distinctive parts, the book emphasizes current research topics such as pavements with recycled waste, pavements for climate change mitigation, self-healing pavements, and pavements with energy harvesting potential. Part One considers techniques for recycling, Part Two reviews the contribution of pavements for climate change mitigation, including cool pavements, the development of new coatings for high albedo targets, and the design of pervious pavements. Finally, Part Three focuses on self-healing pavements, addressing novel materials and design and performance. Finally, the book discusses the case of pavements with energy harvesting potential, addressing different technologies on this field. Offers a clear and concise lifecycle assessment of asphalt pavement recycling for greenhouse gas emission with temporal aspects Applies key research trends to green the pavement industry Includes techniques for recycling waste materials, the design of cool pavements, self-healing mechanisms, and key steps in energy harvesting

Smart Cities and Machine Learning in Urban Health

Smart Cities and Machine Learning in Urban Health
  • Author : Thomas, J. Joshua,Geropanta, Vasiliki,Karagianni, Anna,Panchenko, Vladimir,Vasant, Pandian
  • Publisher : IGI Global
  • Release Date : 2021-11-12
  • Total pages : 269
  • ISBN : 9781799871781
  • File Size : 35,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 703
  • DOWNLOAD BOOK

Download Smart Cities and Machine Learning in Urban Health in PDF, Epub, and Kindle

The perception of smart cities encompasses a strategy that uses different types of technologies, artificial intelligence (AI), and machine learning and in which, through the internet of things (IoT) and sensor-based data collection, the strategy extrapolates information using insights gained from that data to manage or monitor or track assets, resources, and services efficiently in an urban area. Both these models deeply affect the localities where they are applied and can create together immense possibilities for urban recovery, better quality of life, physical and mental health protection, and economic and social redevelopment. Smart Cities and Machine Learning in Urban Health promotes interdisciplinary work that develops and illustrates the concept of resilience in relation to smart city and machine learning. The book examines the ability of an area and its communities to recover quickly from difficulties; the rigidness and resistance of an area and its communities to possible crisis; the ability of an area, its communities, infrastructure, and business to spring back into shape; and the responsiveness and mitigation towards the crisis with a special look at the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. The research’s theoretical foundation rests on a wide range of non-architectural sources, primarily AI, sociology, urban studies, and technological development, but it explores everything on cases taken from real cities, thus transforming them into pieces of architectural interest. Covering topics such as carbon emissions, digital healthcare systems, and urban transformation, this book is an essential resource for graduate and post-graduate students, policymakers, researchers, university faculty, engineers, public management, hospital administration, professors, and academicians.

Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete (ACI 318-05) and Commentary (ACI 318R-05)

Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete (ACI 318-05) and Commentary (ACI 318R-05)
  • Author : ACI Committee 318
  • Publisher : American Concrete Institute
  • Release Date : 2005
  • Total pages : 432
  • ISBN : 9780870311710
  • File Size : 16,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 286
  • DOWNLOAD BOOK

Download Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete (ACI 318-05) and Commentary (ACI 318R-05) in PDF, Epub, and Kindle

PDF book entitled Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete (ACI 318-05) and Commentary (ACI 318R-05) written by ACI Committee 318 and published by American Concrete Institute which was released on 2005 with total hardcover pages 432, the book become popular and critical acclaim.

Responsible Consumption and Production

Responsible Consumption and Production
  • Author : Walter Leal Filho,Anabela Marisa Azul,Luciana Brandli,Pinar Gökcin Özuyar,Tony Wall
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2020-03-04
  • Total pages : 862
  • ISBN : 3319957252
  • File Size : 46,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 881
  • DOWNLOAD BOOK

Download Responsible Consumption and Production in PDF, Epub, and Kindle

The problems related to the process of industrialisation such as biodiversity depletion, climate change and a worsening of health and living conditions, especially but not only in developing countries, intensify. Therefore, there is an increasing need to search for integrated solutions to make development more sustainable. The United Nations has acknowledged the problem and approved the “2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development”. On 1st January 2016, the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of the Agenda officially came into force. These goals cover the three dimensions of sustainable development: economic growth, social inclusion and environmental protection. The Encyclopedia of the UN Sustainable Development Goals comprehensively addresses the SDGs in an integrated way. It encompasses 17 volumes, each one devoted to one of the 17 SDGs. This volume addresses SDG 12, namely "Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns" and contains the description of a range of terms, which allows a better understanding and fosters knowledge. Concretely, the defined targets are: Implement the 10-Year Framework of Programmes on Sustainable Consumption and Production Patterns, all countries taking action, with developed countries taking the lead, taking into account the development and capabilities of developing countries Achieve the sustainable management and efficient use of natural resources Halve per capita global food waste at the retail and consumer levels and reduce food losses along production and supply chains, including post-harvest losses Achieve the environmentally sound management of chemicals and all wastes throughout their life cycle, in accordance with agreed international frameworks, and significantly reduce their release to air, water and soil in order to minimize their adverse impacts on human health and the environment Substantially reduce waste generation through prevention, reduction, recycling and reuse Encourage companies, especially large and transnational companies, to adopt sustainable practices and to integrate sustainability information into their reporting cycle Promote public procurement practices that are sustainable, in accordance with national policies and priorities Ensure that people everywhere have the relevant information and awareness for sustainable development and lifestyles in harmony with nature Support developing countries to strengthen their scientific and technological capacity to move towards more sustainable patterns of consumption and production Develop and implement tools to monitor sustainable development impacts for sustainable tourism that creates jobs and promotes local culture and products Rationalize inefficient fossil-fuel subsidies that encourage wasteful consumption by removing market distortions, in accordance with national circumstances, including by restructuring taxation and phasing out those harmful subsidies, where they exist, to reflect their environmental impacts, taking fully into account the specific needs and conditions of developing countries and minimizing the possible adverse impacts on their development in a manner that protects the poor and the affected communities Editorial Board Medani P. Bhandari, Luciana Londero Brandli, Morgane M. C. Fritz, Ulla A. Saari, Leonardo L. Sta Romana

Hazardous substances in plastics

Hazardous substances in plastics
  • Author : Stenmarck, Åsa ,Belleza, Elin L. ,Fråne, Anna ,Busch, Niels
  • Publisher : Nordic Council of Ministers
  • Release Date : 2017-02-08
  • Total pages : 119
  • ISBN : 9789289348492
  • File Size : 23,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 699
  • DOWNLOAD BOOK

Download Hazardous substances in plastics in PDF, Epub, and Kindle

The aim of the project is to create knowledge on how plastics recycling can increase without increasing the risk of emitting hazardous substances to the environment.The first general conclusion is that to be able to increase recycling there are measures needed at different levels. The following areas are of interest: • Legislation: new legislation is not necessary, but harmonisation and clear guidance to the existing one is. • Market: to create a market safety on content is needed. • If substances added are less hazardous the recycled raw material would be “more safe” to use. • There should be higher attention put on the knowledge of the recyclers. • Traceability and content: Further work on labelling reaching the recycle part of the value chain needs to be developed. It is also needed to develop a systematic approach towards risk assessments linked to recycling.

Cement Based Materials

Cement Based Materials
  • Author : Hosam El-Din M. Saleh,Rehab Abdel Rahman
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2018-10-10
  • Total pages : 276
  • ISBN : 9781789841534
  • File Size : 19,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 183
  • DOWNLOAD BOOK

Download Cement Based Materials in PDF, Epub, and Kindle

Cement-based materials have been used by humans nearly since the dawn of civilization. The Egyptians used lime and gypsum cement to bind their aggregate materials, mud and straw, resulting in bricks that are used for building their famous Egyptian pyramids (between 3000 and 2500 BC). Hydrated cement is a cement material bonded together with water and used for building construction; it is characterized by acceptable chemical, physical, thermal, mechanical, and structural stability. It plays a main role in the creation of vessels for storage, roads to travel on, weather-resistant structure for protection, inert hard stabilizer for hazardous wastes, and so on. Due to the composition of these materials and their advantages, it has been practiced in different applications. Cement is an essential component of making concrete, the single most prevalent building material used worldwide for construction, skyscrapers, highways, tunnels, bridges, hydraulic dams, and railway ties. Besides their numerous desired properties, there are some undesirable features. To overcome these disadvantages, several studies were established to prepare, improve, and evaluate innovative cement-based materials. Despite its oldness and deep research, every year several methods and materials evolve and so do cement technology. This book intends to provide a comprehensive overview on recent advances in the evaluation of these materials.