Transportation And Public Health

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Transportation and Public Health

Transportation and Public Health
  • Author : Sam Elrahman,Michael Meyer
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2019-06-15
  • Total pages : 338
  • ISBN : 9780128167748
  • File Size : 34,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 193
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Transportation and Public Health: An Integrated Approach to Policy, Planning, and Implementation helps current and future transportation professionals integrate public health considerations into their transportation planning, thus supporting sustainability and promoting societal health and well-being. The book defines key issues, describes potential solutions, and provides detailed examples of how solutions have been implemented worldwide. In addition, it demonstrates how to identify gaps in existing policy frameworks. Addressing a critical and emerging urgent need in transportation and public health research, the book creates a coherent, inclusive and interdisciplinary framework for understanding. By integrating principles from transportation planning and engineering, health management, economics, social and organizational psychology, the book deepens understanding of these multiple perspectives and tensions inherent in integrating public health and transportation planning and policy implementation. Bridges the gap between transport and public health, two fields that have traditionally traveled on separate and parallel tracks Synthesizes key research and practice literature Includes teaching and learning aids, such as case studies, chapter objectives, summaries and discussion questions

Children’s Active Transportation

Children’s Active Transportation
  • Author : Richard Larouche
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2018-06-15
  • Total pages : 306
  • ISBN : 9780128119327
  • File Size : 37,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 110
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Children’s Active Transportation is a rigorous and comprehensive examination of the current research and interventions on active transportation for children and youth. As the travel behaviors of these groups tend to be highly routinized, and their mobility faces unique constraints, such as parental restrictions, mandatory school attendance, and the inability to drive a motor vehicle before late adolescence, this book examines the key factors that influence travel behavior among children and youth, providing key insights into lessons learned from current interventions. Readers will find a resource that clearly demonstrates how critical it is for children to develop strong, active transportation habits that carry into adulthood. Discusses the correlates that exist between children’s active transportation using a social and ecological model Summarizes active transportation interventions that show what works to increase non-motorized modes of travel in children Describes the factors that influence the implementation and effectiveness of interventions

Transport, Environment and Health

Transport, Environment and Health
  • Author : World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe
  • Publisher : WHO Regional Office Europe
  • Release Date : 2000
  • Total pages : 87
  • ISBN : 9789289013567
  • File Size : 33,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 542
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This book brings together the scientific evidence on the main effects of transport on human health and the environment. It sets the conceptual framework for future analyses of the health burden and health gains from transport policies. It outlines how these health concerns have been reflected in policy tools such as impact assessment, regulation and economic analysis, and identifies the areas where action is most needed. Discussions of the environment and health effects of transport need to be communicated in a way that is relevant for policy-makers and easily understood by nonscientists. That is the aim of this book, which summarizes the results of extensive reviews of the issues prepared by groups of prominent international experts. It is also planned to release the reviews themselves, to give a more detailed account of the scientific evidence. [Foreword]

A Research Roadmap for Transportation and Public Health

A Research Roadmap for Transportation and Public Health
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2019
  • Total pages : 38
  • ISBN : 0309480981
  • File Size : 11,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 99
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States and localities are beginning to recognize and act on the connection between health and transportation. A growing number of entities have produced a number of resources, guidance documents, and strategic plans on the topic. The TRB National Cooperative Highway Research Program's pre-publication draft of NCHRP Research Report 932: A Research Roadmap for Transportation and Public Health builds upon this body of work to provide a plan for funding research over the next decade that can lead to greater consideration of health issues in transportation contexts. The report includes an Implementation Plan that is outlined in the Health and Transportation Research Roadmap presentation. The 10-year strategic Roadmap will provide a broad overview of highly relevant research needs as well as implementable tools for state DOTs and partners at the intersection of transportation and public health in the United States.

Urban Sprawl and Public Health

Urban Sprawl and Public Health
  • Author : Howard Frumkin,Lawrence Frank,Lawrence D. Frank,Richard J. Jackson
  • Publisher : Island Press
  • Release Date : 2004-07-09
  • Total pages : 366
  • ISBN : 1559633050
  • File Size : 15,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 165
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'Urban Sprawl and Public Health' offers a survey of the impact that the built environment can have on the health of the people who inhabit our cities. The authors go on to suggest ways in which the design of cities could be improved & have a positive impact on the well-being of their citizens.

Advances in Transportation and Health

Advances in Transportation and Health
  • Author : Mark Nieuwenhuijsen,Haneen Khreis
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2020-04-08
  • Total pages : 548
  • ISBN : 9780128191378
  • File Size : 45,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 176
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Transportation and Health provides state-of-the-art knowledge on the many linkages between transport and health, the available tools needed to estimate and evaluate the health impacts of transport, future technologies, the developments that can change the direction and magnitude of the health impacts, and the policy and education issues that can result in better practice and knowledge translation. The book provides valuable information on how and why to take health into consideration in transport planning and policy, showing how to estimate the impacts of transport on health in planning, policymaking, education and workforce development. Explores the latest advances on the full spectrum of connections between transport and health Offers a "roadmap" on how transport impacts health Includes tools for analyzing and estimating the health impacts of transport Shows what research and practice gaps need attention Includes contributions from leading scholars, practitioners and policymakers

Walkable Neighborhoods

Walkable Neighborhoods
  • Author : Koichiro Oka,Mohammad Javad Koohsari
  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release Date : 2020-01-09
  • Total pages : 234
  • ISBN : 9783039219308
  • File Size : 15,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 918
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It is now widely recognized that individual-based motivational interventions alone are not sufficient to address the global pandemic of physical inactivity (lack of exercise and too much sitting time). There has been a growing interest in the effect the physically built environment can have on people’s active behaviors. The fundamental assumption is that surrounding physical environments can support active behaviors among a large number of people with long-term effects. This topic has received much attention over the last decade, mainly in the three fields of urban design, public health, and transportation. This Special Issue aims to provide multidisciplinary and evidence-based state-of-the-art research on how the locations where people live impact their active behaviors and health outcomes.

Bicycling for Transportation

Bicycling for Transportation
  • Author : Melissa Bopp,Dangaia Sims,Daniel Piatkowski
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2018-04-16
  • Total pages : 246
  • ISBN : 9780128126431
  • File Size : 15,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 555
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Bicycling for Transportation examines the individual and societal factors of active transportation and biking behavior. The book uses an Interdisciplinary approach to provide a comprehensive overview of bicycling for transportation research. It examines the variability in biking participation among different demographic groups and the multiple levels of influence on biking to better inform researchers and practitioners on the effective use of community resources, programming and policymaking. It is an ideal resource for public health professionals trying to encourage physical activity through biking. In addition, it makes the case for new infrastructure that supports these initiatives. Provides evidence-based insights on cost-effective interventions for improving biking participation Includes numerous case studies and best practices that highlight multi-level approaches in a variety of settings Explores individual and social factors related to biking behavior, such as race, gender and self-efficacy

Communities in Action

Communities in Action
  • Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice,Committee on Community-Based Solutions to Promote Health Equity in the United States
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2017-04-27
  • Total pages : 583
  • ISBN : 9780309452960
  • File Size : 30,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 897
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In the United States, some populations suffer from far greater disparities in health than others. Those disparities are caused not only by fundamental differences in health status across segments of the population, but also because of inequities in factors that impact health status, so-called determinants of health. Only part of an individual's health status depends on his or her behavior and choice; community-wide problems like poverty, unemployment, poor education, inadequate housing, poor public transportation, interpersonal violence, and decaying neighborhoods also contribute to health inequities, as well as the historic and ongoing interplay of structures, policies, and norms that shape lives. When these factors are not optimal in a community, it does not mean they are intractable: such inequities can be mitigated by social policies that can shape health in powerful ways. Communities in Action: Pathways to Health Equity seeks to delineate the causes of and the solutions to health inequities in the United States. This report focuses on what communities can do to promote health equity, what actions are needed by the many and varied stakeholders that are part of communities or support them, as well as the root causes and structural barriers that need to be overcome.

Urban Transportation and Logistics

Urban Transportation and Logistics
  • Author : Eiichi Taniguchi,Tien Fang Fwa,Russell G. Thompson
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2013-12-13
  • Total pages : 280
  • ISBN : 9781482209112
  • File Size : 37,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 354
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Although society has become increasingly dependent on the timely operation of logistics systems, we still face many problems regarding efficiency, the environment, energy consumption, and safety in urban transport and logistics—under normal cases and in disasters. As such, understanding how to address these challenges has become essential for creating better urban planning and policy implementation. Presenting the best practices of leading experts from around the world, Urban Transportation and Logistics: Health, Safety, and Security Concerns provides cutting-edge concepts and a vision for urban transport and logistics relating to human security. Its comprehensive coverage supplies the foundation for examining transport and logistics systems in urban areas from the viewpoint of safety and security considerations on human life. Topics covered include: Hazardous material transport Healthy transport Road safety Network design for freight transport and supply chain Transport and logistics in Asian cities Vehicle routing and scheduling with uncertainty Urban transport and logistics in natural disasters Future perspectives on urban freight transport The book addresses Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) and Intelligent Transport System (ITS) applications within urban logistics. It considers supply chains, road safety in hazardous material transport, and logistics and transport design in mixed traffic areas. It also introduces the notion of the megalopolis and the need for improved planning relative to human usage, freight transportation, and city logistic planning. This book provides numerous examples and case studies of real-world scenarios from around the world, making it useful for both practitioners and researchers involved in urban transport and logistics planning.

Guidelines for the Humane Transportation of Research Animals

Guidelines for the Humane Transportation of Research Animals
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Institute for Laboratory Animal Research,Committee on Guidelines for the Humane Transportation of Laboratory Animals
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2006-08-14
  • Total pages : 165
  • ISBN : 9780309101103
  • File Size : 13,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 854
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Arranging the transportation of animals at research facilities is often an ordeal. There is a confusing patchwork of local, national, and international regulations; a perceived lack of high-quality shipping services; a dearth of science-based good practices; and a lack of biosafety standards. It's a challenge â€"and an impediment to biomedical research. Guidelines for the Humane Transportation of Research Animals identifies the current problems encountered in the transportation of research animals and offers recommendations aimed at local and federal officials to rectify these problems. This book also includes a set of good practices based on the extensive body of literature on transportation of agricultural animals, universal concepts of physiology, and a scientific understanding of species-specific needs and differences. Good practices were developed by the committee to address thermal environment, space requirements, food and water requirements, social interaction, monitoring of transportation, emergency procedures, personnel training, and biosecurity. Guidelines for the Humane Transportation of Research Animals is an essential guide for all researchers, animal care technicians, facilities managers, administrators, and animal care and use committees at research institutions.

Transportation and Public Health

Transportation and Public Health
  • Author : M. D. Meyer,O. A. Elrahman
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2019-06-17
  • Total pages : 338
  • ISBN : 9780128172964
  • File Size : 33,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 559
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Transportation and Public Health: An Integrated Approach to Policy, Planning, and Implementation helps current and future transportation professionals integrate public health considerations into their transportation planning, thus supporting sustainability and promoting societal health and well-being. The book defines key issues, describes potential solutions, and provides detailed examples of how solutions have been implemented worldwide. In addition, it demonstrates how to identify gaps in existing policy frameworks. Addressing a critical and emerging urgent need in transportation and public health research, the book creates a coherent, inclusive and interdisciplinary framework for understanding. By integrating principles from transportation planning and engineering, health management, economics, social and organizational psychology, the book deepens understanding of these multiple perspectives and tensions inherent in integrating public health and transportation planning and policy implementation. Bridges the gap between transport and public health, two fields that have traditionally traveled on separate and parallel tracks Synthesizes key research and practice literature Includes teaching and learning aids, such as case studies, chapter objectives, summaries and discussion questions

The Cost of Air Pollution

The Cost of Air Pollution
  • Author : Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
  • Publisher : Organization for Economic
  • Release Date : 2014
  • Total pages : 79
  • ISBN : 9264210423
  • File Size : 19,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 829
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Outdoor air pollution kills more than 3 million people across the world every year, and causes health problems from asthma to heart disease for many more. This is costing societies very large amounts in terms of the value of lives lost and ill health. Based on extensive new epidemiological evidence since the 2010 Global Burden of Disease study, and OECD estimates of the Value of Statistical Life, this report provides evidence on the health impacts from air pollution and the related economic costs.

Access to Health Care in America

Access to Health Care in America
  • Author : Institute of Medicine,Committee on Monitoring Access to Personal Health Care Services
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 1993-02-01
  • Total pages : 240
  • ISBN : 9780309047425
  • File Size : 33,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 426
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Americans are accustomed to anecdotal evidence of the health care crisis. Yet, personal or local stories do not provide a comprehensive nationwide picture of our access to health care. Now, this book offers the long-awaited health equivalent of national economic indicators. This useful volume defines a set of national objectives and identifies indicatorsâ€"measures of utilization and outcomeâ€"that can "sense" when and where problems occur in accessing specific health care services. Using the indicators, the committee presents significant conclusions about the situation today, examining the relationships between access to care and factors such as income, race, ethnic origin, and location. The committee offers recommendations to federal, state, and local agencies for improving data collection and monitoring. This highly readable and well-organized volume will be essential for policymakers, public health officials, insurance companies, hospitals, physicians and nurses, and interested individuals.

U.S. Health in International Perspective

U.S. Health in International Perspective
  • Author : National Research Council,Institute of Medicine,Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on Population,Panel on Understanding Cross-National Health Differences Among High-Income Countries
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2013-04-12
  • Total pages : 421
  • ISBN : 9780309264143
  • File Size : 53,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 661
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The United States is among the wealthiest nations in the world, but it is far from the healthiest. Although life expectancy and survival rates in the United States have improved dramatically over the past century, Americans live shorter lives and experience more injuries and illnesses than people in other high-income countries. The U.S. health disadvantage cannot be attributed solely to the adverse health status of racial or ethnic minorities or poor people: even highly advantaged Americans are in worse health than their counterparts in other, "peer" countries. In light of the new and growing evidence about the U.S. health disadvantage, the National Institutes of Health asked the National Research Council (NRC) and the Institute of Medicine (IOM) to convene a panel of experts to study the issue. The Panel on Understanding Cross-National Health Differences Among High-Income Countries examined whether the U.S. health disadvantage exists across the life span, considered potential explanations, and assessed the larger implications of the findings. U.S. Health in International Perspective presents detailed evidence on the issue, explores the possible explanations for the shorter and less healthy lives of Americans than those of people in comparable countries, and recommends actions by both government and nongovernment agencies and organizations to address the U.S. health disadvantage.

Does the Built Environment Influence Physical Activity?

Does the Built Environment Influence Physical Activity?
  • Author : Transportation Research Board,Institute of Medicine
  • Publisher : Transportation Research Board
  • Release Date : 2005-01-11
  • Total pages : 269
  • ISBN : 9780309094986
  • File Size : 11,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 308
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TRB Special Report 282: Does the Built Environment Influence Physical Activity? Examining the Evidence reviews the broad trends affecting the relationships among physical activity, health, transportation, and land use; summarizes what is known about these relationships, including the strength and magnitude of any causal connections; examines implications for policy; and recommends priorities for future research.

Traffic-Related Air Pollution

Traffic-Related Air Pollution
  • Author : Haneen Khreis,Mark Nieuwenhuijsen,Josias Zietsman,Tara Ramani
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2020-09-02
  • Total pages : 648
  • ISBN : 9780128181225
  • File Size : 31,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 131
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Traffic-Related Air Pollution synthesizes and maps TRAP and its impact on human health at the individual and population level. The book analyzes mitigating standards and regulations with a focus on cities. It provides the methods and tools for assessing and quantifying the associated road traffic emissions, air pollution, exposure and population-based health impacts, while also illuminating the mechanisms underlying health impacts through clinical and toxicological research. Real-world implications are set alongside policy options, emerging technologies and best practices. Finally, the book recommends ways to influence discourse and policy to better account for the health impacts of TRAP and its societal costs. Overviews existing and emerging tools to assess TRAP's public health impacts Examines TRAP's health effects at the population level Explores the latest technologies and policies--alongside their potential effectiveness and adverse consequences--for mitigating TRAP Guides on how methods and tools can leverage teaching, practice and policymaking to ameliorate TRAP and its effects

Advances in Transportation and Health

Advances in Transportation and Health
  • Author : Mark Nieuwenhuijsen,Haneen Khreis
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2020-04-21
  • Total pages : 498
  • ISBN : 9780128191361
  • File Size : 18,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 164
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Transportation and Health provides state-of-the-art knowledge on the many linkages between transport and health, the available tools needed to estimate and evaluate the health impacts of transport, future technologies, the developments that can change the direction and magnitude of the health impacts, and the policy and education issues that can result in better practice and knowledge translation. The book provides valuable information on how and why to take health into consideration in transport planning and policy, showing how to estimate the impacts of transport on health in planning, policymaking, education and workforce development. Explores the latest advances on the full spectrum of connections between transport and health Offers a "roadmap" on how transport impacts health Includes tools for analyzing and estimating the health impacts of transport Shows what research and practice gaps need attention Includes contributions from leading scholars, practitioners and policymakers

Routledge Handbook of Health Geography

Routledge Handbook of Health Geography
  • Author : Valorie A. Crooks,Gavin J. Andrews,Jamie Pearce
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2018-06-14
  • Total pages : 386
  • ISBN : 9781351598538
  • File Size : 40,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 521
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The places of our daily life affect our health, well-being, and receipt of health care in complex ways. The connection between health and place has been acknowledged for centuries, and the contemporary discipline of health geography sets as its core mission to uncover and explicate all facets of this connection. The Routledge Handbook of Health Geography features 52 chapters from leading international thinkers that collectively characterize the breadth and depth of current thinking on the health–place connection. It will be of interest to students seeking an introduction to health geography as well as multidisciplinary health scholars looking to explore the intersection between health and place. This book provides a coherent synthesis of scholarship in health geography as well as multidisciplinary insights into cutting-edge research. It explores the key concepts central to appreciating the ways in which place influences our health, from the micro-space of the body to the macro-scale of entire world regions, in order to articulate historical and contemporary aspects of this influence.

The Future of Disability in America

The Future of Disability in America
  • Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Committee on Disability in America
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2007-10-24
  • Total pages : 619
  • ISBN : 9780309104722
  • File Size : 36,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 913
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The future of disability in America will depend on how well the U.S. prepares for and manages the demographic, fiscal, and technological developments that will unfold during the next two to three decades. Building upon two prior studies from the Institute of Medicine (the 1991 Institute of Medicine's report Disability in America and the 1997 report Enabling America), The Future of Disability in America examines both progress and concerns about continuing barriers that limit the independence, productivity, and participation in community life of people with disabilities. This book offers a comprehensive look at a wide range of issues, including the prevalence of disability across the lifespan; disability trends the role of assistive technology; barriers posed by health care and other facilities with inaccessible buildings, equipment, and information formats; the needs of young people moving from pediatric to adult health care and of adults experiencing premature aging and secondary health problems; selected issues in health care financing (e.g., risk adjusting payments to health plans, coverage of assistive technology); and the organizing and financing of disability-related research. The Future of Disability in America is an assessment of both principles and scientific evidence for disability policies and services. This book's recommendations propose steps to eliminate barriers and strengthen the evidence base for future public and private actions to reduce the impact of disability on individuals, families, and society.

Sustainable Transportation Planning

Sustainable Transportation Planning
  • Author : Jeffrey Tumlin
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2012-01-24
  • Total pages : 320
  • ISBN : 9780470540930
  • File Size : 40,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 440
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"The Great American Dream of cruising down the parkway, zipping from here to there at any time has given way to a true nightmare that is destroying the environment, costing billions and deeply impacting our personal well-being. Getting from A to B has never been more difficult, expensive or miserable. It doesn't have to be this way. Jeffrey Tumlin's book Sustainable Transportation Planning offers easy-to-understand, clearly explained tips and techniques that will allow us to quite literally take back our roads. Essential reading for anyone who wants to drive our transportation system out of the gridlock." -Marianne Cusato, home designer and author of Get Your House Right: Architectural Elements to Use and Avoid ?The book is full of useful ideas on nearly every page.? ? Bill DiBennedetto of Triple Pundit As transportations-related disciplines of urban planning, architecture, landscape architecture, urban economics, and social policy have undergone major internal reform efforts in recent decades Written in clear, easy-to-follow language, this book provides planning practitioners with the tools they need to achieve their cities? economic development, social equity and ecological sustainability goals. Starting with detailed advice for improving each mode of transportation, the book offers guidance on balancing the needs of each mode against each other, whether on a downtown street, or a small town neighborhood, or a regional network.