Thermo Ecology

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Thermo-ecology

Thermo-ecology
  • Author : Wojciech Stanek,Pawel Gladysz,Lucyna Czarnowska,Tomasz Simla
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2019-06-15
  • Total pages : 228
  • ISBN : 9780128131435
  • File Size : 20,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 440
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Thermo-ecology: Exergy as a Measure of Sustainability integrates thermo-ecology and exergy replacement cost as a new and original tool called thermo-ecology cost, or TEC. This tool allows for a more inclusive measurement of the impacts of using renewable and non-renewable resources by including the thermodynamics law in decision-making and presenting applications of this tool across industries and lifecycle assessments. It includes ways to investigate these effects more effectively by combining these critical aspects. This combination has emerged as a valuable decision-support tool for policymakers and the industry as they seek to evaluate the impacts of a product or process. Walks through what Thermo-Ecology Cost (TEC) is and why it gives a more holistic assessment when calculating the costs vs benefits of utilizing a natural resource Provides a new and more efficient way to measure and evaluate the sustainability of resources Includes: TEC calculation examples to explain the TEC theory as well as to help readers prepare their own analyses devoted to exergo-ecological applications across industries including energy production and waste management Demonstrates the potential of TEC usage for applications like ecological taxes proportional on TEC

Towards a Thermodynamic Theory for Ecological Systems

Towards a Thermodynamic Theory for Ecological Systems
  • Author : S.E. Jorgensen,Y.M. Svirezhev,I︠U︡. M. Svirezhev,Yuri M. Svirezhev
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2004-07-06
  • Total pages : 388
  • ISBN : 008044167X
  • File Size : 31,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 580
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The book presents a consistent and complete ecosystem theory based on thermodynamic concepts. The first chapters are devoted to an interpretation of the first and second law of thermodynamics in ecosystem context. Then Prigogine's use of far from equilibrium thermodynamic is used on ecosystems to explain their reactions to perturbations. The introduction of the concept exergy makes it possible to give a more profound and comprehensive explanation of the ecosystem's reactions and growth-patterns. A tentative fourth law of thermodynamic is formulated and applied to facilitate these explanations. The trophic chain, the global energy and radiation balance and pattern and the reactions of ecological networks are all explained by the use of exergy. Finally, it is discussed how the presented theory can be applied more widely to explain ecological observations and rules, to assess ecosystem health and to develop ecological models.

Thermodynamics for Sustainable Management of Natural Resources

Thermodynamics for Sustainable Management of Natural Resources
  • Author : Wojciech Stanek
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2017-05-27
  • Total pages : 510
  • ISBN : 9783319486499
  • File Size : 37,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 338
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This book examines ways of assessing the rational management of nonrenewable resources. Integrating numerous methods, it systematically exposes the strengths of exergy analysis in resources management. Divided into two parts, the first section provides the theoretical background to assessment methods, while the second section provides practical application examples. The topics covered in detail include the theory of exergy cost and thermo-ecological cost, cumulative calculus and life cycle evaluation. This book serves as a valuable resource for researchers looking to investigate a range of advanced thermodynamic assessments of the influence of production processes on the depletion of nonrenewable resources.

Architecture and Systems Ecology

Architecture and Systems Ecology
  • Author : William W. Braham
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2015-08-11
  • Total pages : 256
  • ISBN : 9781317540786
  • File Size : 41,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 727
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Modern buildings are both wasteful machines that can be made more efficient and instruments of the massive, metropolitan system engendered by the power of high-quality fuels. A comprehensive method of environmental design must reconcile the techniques of efficient building design with the radical urban and economic reorganization that we face. Over the coming century, we will be challenged to return to the renewable resource base of the eighteenth-century city with the knowledge, technologies, and expectations of the twenty-first-century metropolis. This book explores the architectural implications of systems ecology, which extends the principles of thermodynamics from the nineteenth-century focus on more efficient machinery to the contemporary concern with the resilient self-organization of ecosystems. Written with enough technical material to explain the methods, it does not include in-text equations or calculations, relying instead on the energy system diagrams to convey the argument. Architecture and Systems Ecology has minimal technical jargon and an emphasis on intelligible design conclusions, making it suitable for architecture students and professionals who are engaged with the fundamental issues faced by sustainable design. The energy systems language provides a holistic context for the many kinds of performance already evaluated in architecture—from energy use to material selection and even the choice of building style. It establishes the foundation for environmental principles of design that embrace the full complexity of our current situation. Architecture succeeds best when it helps shape, accommodate, and represent new ways of living together.

Thanatia: The Destiny of the Earth's Mineral Resources

Thanatia: The Destiny of the Earth's Mineral Resources
  • Author : Antonio Valero Capilla,Alicia Valero Delgado
  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release Date : 2014-08-18
  • Total pages : 672
  • ISBN : 9789814602495
  • File Size : 27,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 619
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Is Gaia becoming Thanatia, a resource exhausted planet? For how long can our high-tech society be sustained in the light of declining mineral ore grades, heavy dependence on un-recycled critical metals and accelerated material dispersion? These are all root causes of future disruptions that need to be addressed today. This book presents a cradle-to-cradle view of the Earth's abiotic resources through a novel and rigorous approach based on the Second Law of Thermodynamics: heat dissipates and materials deteriorate and disperse. Quality is irreversibly lost. This allows for the assessment of such depletion and can be used to estimate the year where production of the main mineral commodities could reach its zenith. By postulating Thanatia, one acquires a sense of destiny and a concern for a unified global management of the planet's abiotic resource endowment. The book covers the core aspects of geology, geochemistry, mining, metallurgy, economics, the environment, thermodynamics and thermochemistry. It is supported by comprehensive databases related to mineral resources, including detailed compositions of the Earth's layers, thermochemical properties of over 300 substances, historical energy and mineral resource inventories, energy consumption and environmental impacts in the mining and metallurgical sector and world recycling rates of commodities. Contents:The Threads: Minerals, Economy and Thermodynamics:The Depletion of Non-Renewable Abiotic ResourcesEconomic versus Thermodynamic AccountingFrom Thermodynamics to Economics and EcologyPhysical Geonomics: A Cradle-Grave-Cradle Approach for Mineral Depletion AssessmentOver the Rainbow: From Nature to Industry:The Geochemistry of the EarthThe Resources of the EarthAn Introduction to Mining and MetallurgyMetallurgy of Key MineralsDown the Rainbow: From Grave to Cradle:Thermodynamics of Mineral ResourcesThanatia and the Crepuscular Earth ModelThe Exergy of the Earth and Its Mineral ResourcesThe Exergy Replacement Costs of Mineral WealthThe Exergy Evolution of Mineral WealthTying the Rainbows: Towards a Rational Management of Resources:Recycling SolutionsThe Challenge of Resource DepletionThe Principles of Resource EfficiencyEpilogue Readership: Thermodynamicists, geologists, economists, policy makers, and mining, environmental and chemical engineers. Keywords:Exergy;Mineral Resources;Depletion;Hubbert Peak;Gibbs Free Energy;Mineralogical Composition of the Earth;ThermodynamicsReviews: "This is an exhaustive treatment of the subject with numerous tables of the baseline date and discussions going from basic thermodynamics to economics and social sciences. It is an essential read for any scientist who is concerned with resource evaluation and how we can best manage these assets and continue to live on an Earth in which we appreciate the service provided by the resource and thus avoid Thanatia in defence of Gaia." John Ludden Executive Director, British Geological Survey “'Thanatia' presents a refreshing way of analysing the run-down of our mineral inheritance … To serious students of the resource problem the numerous tables in 'Thanatia' are useful because they are thought-provoking as much as for the numerical data. 'Thanatia' is a big book, with a wealth of data and background material on the minerals industry, representing many years of intensive investigation and analysis.” Jane H Hodgkinson & Frank D Stacey CSIRO, Australia Authors of The Earth as a Cradle for Life “The unusual title of the book Thanatia (death in Greek) leads its readers to understand what sustainability really means and to quantify the problem of mineral depletion using both disciplines thermodynamics and economics. ” Ph. Vieillard Director of Research C.N.R.S., Poitiers, France

Complexity and Complex Thermo-Economic Systems

Complexity and Complex Thermo-Economic Systems
  • Author : Stanislaw Sieniutycz
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2019-11-24
  • Total pages : 415
  • ISBN : 9780128185957
  • File Size : 29,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 328
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Complexity and Complex Thermoeconomic Systems describes the properties of complexity and complex thermo-economic systems as the consequence of formulations, definitions, tools, solutions and results consistent with the best performance of a system. Applying to complex systems contemporary advanced techniques, such as static optimization, optimal control, and neural networks, this book treats the systems theory as a science of general laws for functional integrities. It also provides a platform for the discussion of various definitions of complexity, complex hierarchical structures, self-organization examples, special references, and historical issues. This book is a valuable reference for scientists, engineers and graduated students in chemical, mechanical, and environmental engineering, as well as those in physics, ecology and biology, helping them better understand the complex thermodynamic systems and enhance their technical skills in research. Provides a lucid presentation of the dynamical properties of thermoeconomic systems Includes original graphical material that illustrates the properties of complex systems Written by a first-class expert in the field of advanced methods in thermodynamics

Evolution from a Thermodynamic Perspective

Evolution from a Thermodynamic Perspective
  • Author : Carl F Jordan
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2021-11-26
  • Total pages : 383
  • ISBN : 9783030851866
  • File Size : 38,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 899
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Survival of the fittest” is a tautology, because those that are “fit” are the ones that survive, but to survive, a species must be “fit”. Modern evolutionary theory avoids the problem by defining fitness as reproductive success, but the complexity of life that we see today could not have evolved based on selection that favors only reproductive ability. There is nothing inherent in reproductive success alone that could result in higher forms of life. Evolution from a Thermodynamic Perspective presents a non-circular definition of fitness and a thermodynamic definition of evolution. Fitness means maximization of power output, necessary to survive in a competitive world. Evolution is the “storage of entropy”. “Entropy storage” means that solar energy, instead of dissipating as heat in the Earth, is stored in the structure of living organisms and ecosystems. Part one explains this in terms comprehensible to a scientific audience beyond biophysicists and ecosystem modelers. Part two applies thermodynamic theory in non-esoteric language to sustainability of agriculture, and to conservation of endangered species. While natural systems are stabilized by feedback, agricultural systems remain in a mode of perpetual growth, pressured by balance of trade and by a swelling population. The constraints imposed by thermodynamic laws are being increasingly felt as economic expansion destabilizes resource systems on which expansion depends.

Thermodynamics and Ecological Modelling

Thermodynamics and Ecological Modelling
  • Author : Sven E. Jorgensen
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2000-09-28
  • Total pages : 390
  • ISBN : 1566702720
  • File Size : 27,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 785
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Thermodynamics is used increasingly in ecology to understand the system properties of ecosystems because it is a basic science that describes energy transformation from a holistic view. In the last decade, many contributions to ecosystem theory based on thermodynamics have been published, therefore an important step toward integrating these theories and encouraging a more wide spread use of them is to present them in one volume. An ecosystem consists of interdependent living organisms that are also interdependent with their environment, all of which are involved in a constant transfer of energy and mass within a general state of equilibrium or dis-equilibrium. Thermodynamics can quantify exactly how "organized" or "disorganized" a system is - an extremely useful to know when trying to understand how a dynamic ecosystem is behaving. A part of the Environmental and Ecological (Math) Modeling series, Thermodynamics and Ecology is a book-length study - the first of its kind - of the current thinking on how an ecosystem can be explained and predicted in terms of its thermodynamical behavior. After the introductory chapters on the fundamentals of thermodynamics, the book explains how thermodynamic theory can be specifically applied to the "measurement" of an ecosystem, including the assessment of its state of entropy and enthalpy. Additionally, it will show economists how to put these theories to use when trying to quantify the movement of goods and services through another type of complex living system - a human society.

Thermo-ecology

Thermo-ecology
  • Author : Wojciech Stanek,Pawel Gladysz,Lucyna Czarnowska
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2019-06-15
  • Total pages : 200
  • ISBN : 012813142X
  • File Size : 22,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 573
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Thermo-ecology: Exergy as a Measure of Sustainability integrates thermo-ecology and exergy replacement cost as a new and original tool called thermo-ecology cost, or TEC. This tool allows for a more inclusive measurement of the impacts of using renewable and non-renewable resources by including the thermodynamics law in decision-making and presenting applications of this tool across industries and lifecycle assessments. It includes ways to investigate these effects more effectively by combining these critical aspects. This combination has emerged as a valuable decision-support tool for policymakers and the industry as they seek to evaluate the impacts of a product or process. Walks through what Thermo-Ecology Cost (TEC) is and why it gives a more holistic assessment when calculating the costs vs benefits of utilizing a natural resource Provides a new and more efficient way to measure and evaluate the sustainability of resources Includes: TEC calculation examples to explain the TEC theory as well as to help readers prepare their own analyses devoted to exergo-ecological applications across industries including energy production and waste management Demonstrates the potential of TEC usage for applications like ecological taxes proportional on TEC

The Flowering Response of the Rice Plant to Photoperiod

The Flowering Response of the Rice Plant to Photoperiod
  • Author : B. S. Vergara,T. T. Chang
  • Publisher : Int. Rice Res. Inst.
  • Release Date : 1985
  • Total pages : 66
  • ISBN : 9789711041519
  • File Size : 26,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 654
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PDF book entitled The Flowering Response of the Rice Plant to Photoperiod written by B. S. Vergara,T. T. Chang and published by Int. Rice Res. Inst. which was released on 1985 with total hardcover pages 66, the book become popular and critical acclaim.

The Soviet Journal of Ecology

The Soviet Journal of Ecology
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1980
  • Total pages : 229
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105008277084
  • File Size : 38,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 631
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PDF book entitled The Soviet Journal of Ecology written by Anonim and published by Unknown which was released on 1980 with total hardcover pages 229, the book become popular and critical acclaim.

Algal Biotechnology for Fuel Applications

Algal Biotechnology for Fuel Applications
  • Author : Hüseyin Karaca,Cemil Koyunoğlu
  • Publisher : Bentham Science Publishers
  • Release Date : 2022-10-05
  • Total pages : 363
  • ISBN : 9789815051018
  • File Size : 16,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 740
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Intensive use of fossil-based energy sources causes significant environmental problems on a global scale. Researchers have been working for several decades to find alternative energy solutions to fossil fuels. Algae are a renewable energy source, with high potential for increasing scarce resources and reducing environmental problems caused by fossil fuel use. Algal Biotechnology for Fuel Applications gives the reader a comprehensive picture of the industrial use of algae for generating power. This book informs readers about the existence of alternative species to the currently used algae species for biofuel production, while also explaining the methods and current concepts in sustainable biofuel production. Key Features - Fifteen chapters covering topics on commercial algae species and algal biofuel production. - Covers anaerobic biotechnology and basic biofuel production from thermal liquefaction - Covers biodiesel production and algal biofuel characterization - Introduces the reader to applied microbial fuel cell technology and algae cultivation methods - Provides concepts about ecological engineering - Covers microalgae culture and biofuel production techniques - Explains the importance of catalysts - Explains the economic evaluation of algae fuel production technology This reference is essential reading for students and academics involved in environmental science, biotechnology, chemical engineering and sustainability education programs. It also serves as a reference for general readers who want to understand the ins and outs of algal biofuel technology.

Architecture and Systems Ecology

Architecture and Systems Ecology
  • Author : William W. Braham
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2015-08-14
  • Total pages : 276
  • ISBN : 1138846074
  • File Size : 50,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 747
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Modern buildings are both wasteful machines that can be made more efficient and instruments of the massive, metropolitan system engendered by the power of high-quality fuels. A comprehensive method of environmental design must reconcile the techniques of efficient building design with the radical urban and economic reorganization that we face. Over the coming century, we will be challenged to return to the renewable resource base of the eighteenth-century city with the knowledge, technologies, and expectations of the twenty-first-century metropolis. This book explores the architectural implications of systems ecology, which extends the principles of thermodynamics from the nineteenth-century focus on more efficient machinery to the contemporary concern with the resilient self-organization of ecosystems. Written with enough technical material to explain the methods, it does not include in-text equations or calculations, relying instead on the energy system diagrams to convey the argument. Architecture and Systems Ecology has minimal technical jargon and an emphasis on intelligible design conclusions, making it suitable for architecture students and professionals who are engaged with the fundamental issues faced by sustainable design. The energy systems language provides a holistic context for the many kinds of performance already evaluated in architecture--from energy use to material selection and even the choice of building style. It establishes the foundation for environmental principles of design that embrace the full complexity of our current situation. Architecture succeeds best when it helps shape, accommodate, and represent new ways of living together.

Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Abstracts

Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Abstracts
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1978-04
  • Total pages : 229
  • ISBN : PSU:000056036664
  • File Size : 53,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 343
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PDF book entitled Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Abstracts written by Anonim and published by Unknown which was released on 1978-04 with total hardcover pages 229, the book become popular and critical acclaim.

Ecology

Ecology
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1989
  • Total pages : 780
  • ISBN : UOM:39015028676982
  • File Size : 33,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 819
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Download Ecology in PDF, Epub, and Kindle

PDF book entitled Ecology written by Anonim and published by Unknown which was released on 1989 with total hardcover pages 780, the book become popular and critical acclaim.

Introduction to Systems Ecology

Introduction to Systems Ecology
  • Author : Sven Erik Jorgensen
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2016-04-19
  • Total pages : 360
  • ISBN : 9781439855201
  • File Size : 29,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 765
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Possibly the first textbook to present a practically applicable ecosystems theory, Introduction to Systems Ecology helps readers understand how ecosystems work and how they react to disturbances. It demonstrates—with many examples and illustrations—how to apply the theory to explain observations and to make quantitative calculations and predictions. In this book, Sven Erik Jørgensen takes a first step toward integrating thermodynamics, biochemistry, hierarchical organization, and network theory into a holistic theory of systems ecology. The first part of the book covers the laws of thermodynamics and the basic biochemistry of living organisms, as well as the constraints they impose on ecosystems. To grow and develop, however, ecosystems have to evade these thermodynamic and biochemical constraints, so the second part of the book discusses the seven basic properties that enable ecosystems to grow, develop, and survive: They are open systems, far from thermodynamic equilibrium. They are organized hierarchically. They have a high diversity. They have high buffer capacities toward changes. Their components are organized in cooperative networks, which allows for sophisticated feedback, regulation mechanisms, and higher efficiencies. They contain an enormous amount of information embodied in genomes. They have emerging system properties. This timely textbook also looks at how systems ecology is applied in integrated environmental management, particularly in ecological modeling and engineering and in the assessment of ecosystem health using ecological indicators. Acknowledging that there is still much room for improvement, it will inspire ecologists to develop a stronger and more widely applicable ecosystem theory.

Exergy Method

Exergy Method
  • Author : Jan Szargut
  • Publisher : WIT Press
  • Release Date : 2005
  • Total pages : 189
  • ISBN : 9781853127533
  • File Size : 44,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 235
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The exergy method makes it possible to detect and quantify the possibilities of improving thermal and chemical processes and systems. The introduction of the concept thermo-ecological cost (cumulative consumption of non-renewable natural exergy resources) generated large application possibilities of exergy in ecology. This book contains a short presentation on the basic principles of exergy analysis and discusses new achievements in the field over the last 15 years. One of the most important issues considered by the distinguished author is the economy of non-renewable natural exergy. Previously discussed only in scientific journals, other important new problems highlighted include: calculation of the chemical exergy of all the stable chemical elements, global natural and anthropogenic exergy losses, practical guidelines for improvement of the thermodynamic imperfection of thermal processes and systems, development of the determination methods of partial exergy losses in thermal systems, evaluation of the natural mineral capital of the Earth, and the application of exergy for the determination of a pro-ecological tax.A basic knowledge of thermodynamics is assumed, and the book is therefore most appropriate for graduate students and engineers working in the field of energy and ecological management.

Marine Ecology

Marine Ecology
  • Author : Otto Kinne
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1975
  • Total pages : 449
  • ISBN : CHI:11102811
  • File Size : 16,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 932
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PDF book entitled Marine Ecology written by Otto Kinne and published by Unknown which was released on 1975 with total hardcover pages 449, the book become popular and critical acclaim.

Bibliography of Agriculture

Bibliography of Agriculture
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1984
  • Total pages : 229
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105014005826
  • File Size : 11,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 592
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Download Bibliography of Agriculture in PDF, Epub, and Kindle

PDF book entitled Bibliography of Agriculture written by Anonim and published by Unknown which was released on 1984 with total hardcover pages 229, the book become popular and critical acclaim.

Pollution Abstracts

Pollution Abstracts
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1974
  • Total pages : 229
  • ISBN : PSU:000056034035
  • File Size : 50,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 841
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PDF book entitled Pollution Abstracts written by Anonim and published by Unknown which was released on 1974 with total hardcover pages 229, the book become popular and critical acclaim.

Understanding Urban Ecology

Understanding Urban Ecology
  • Author : Myrna H. P. Hall,Stephen B. Balogh
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2019-05-27
  • Total pages : 357
  • ISBN : 3030112586
  • File Size : 31,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 105
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Over half of the world’s population now lives in urban areas. Few who live in cities understand that cities, too, are ecosystems, as beholden to the laws and principles of ecology as are natural ecosystems. Understanding Urban Ecology: An Interdisciplinary Systems Approach introduces students at the college undergraduate level, or those in advanced-standing college credit high school courses, to cities as ecosystems. For graduate students it provides an overview and rich literature base. Urban planners, educators, and decision makers can use this book to help in designing a more sustainable or “green” future. The authors use a systems approach to explore the complexity and interactions of different components of a city’s ecology with an emphasis on the energy and materials required to maintain such concentrated centers of human activity and consumption. The book is written by seventeen specialized contributors and includes ten accompanying detailed field exercises to promote hands-on experience, observation, and quantification of urban ecosystem structure and function.The chapters describe one by one the different subsystems of the urban environment, their individual components and functions, and the interactions among them that create the social-ecological environments in which we live. The book’s emphasis on social-ecological metabolism provides students with the knowledge and methods needed to evaluate proposed policies for urban sustainability in terms of ecosystem capacity, potential positive and negative feedbacks, the laws of thermo-dynamics, and socio-cultural perception and adaptability.