Substance Abuse And Addiction Research

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Drugs, Brains, and Behavior

Drugs, Brains, and Behavior
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2007
  • Total pages : 29
  • ISBN : MINN:31951D025861296
  • File Size : 40,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 399
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"Drugs, Brains, and Behavior" is an online textbook written by C. Robin Timmons and Leonard W. Hamilton. The book was previously published by Prentice Hall, Inc. in 1990 as "Principles of Behavioral Pharmacology." The authors attempt to develop an understanding of the interpenetration of brain, behavior and environment. They discuss the chemistry of behavior in both the literal sense of neurochemistry and the figurative sense of an analysis of the reactions with the environment.

Pathways of Addiction

Pathways of Addiction
  • Author : Institute of Medicine,Committee on Opportunities in Drug Abuse Research
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 1996-10-01
  • Total pages : 328
  • ISBN : 0309175380
  • File Size : 54,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 860
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Drug abuse persists as one of the most costly and contentious problems on the nation's agenda. Pathways of Addiction meets the need for a clear and thoughtful national research agenda that will yield the greatest benefit from today's limited resources. The committee makes its recommendations within the public health framework and incorporates diverse fields of inquiry and a range of policy positions. It examines both the demand and supply aspects of drug abuse. Pathways of Addiction offers a fact-filled, highly readable examination of drug abuse issues in the United States, describing findings and outlining research needs in the areas of behavioral and neurobiological foundations of drug abuse. The book covers the epidemiology and etiology of drug abuse and discusses several of its most troubling health and social consequences, including HIV, violence, and harm to children. Pathways of Addiction looks at the efficacy of different prevention interventions and the many advances that have been made in treatment research in the past 20 years. The book also examines drug treatment in the criminal justice setting and the effectiveness of drug treatment under managed care. The committee advocates systematic study of the laws by which the nation attempts to control drug use and identifies the research questions most germane to public policy. Pathways of Addiction provides a strategic outline for wise investment of the nation's research resources in drug abuse. This comprehensive and accessible volume will have widespread relevance--to policymakers, researchers, research administrators, foundation decisionmakers, healthcare professionals, faculty and students, and concerned individuals.

Discovering Addiction

Discovering Addiction
  • Author : Nancy D. Campbell
  • Publisher : University of Michigan Press
  • Release Date : 2007-11-03
  • Total pages : 342
  • ISBN : 047211610X
  • File Size : 27,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 451
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Discovering Addiction brings the history of human and animal experimentation in addiction science into the present with a wealth of archival research and dozens of oral-history interviews with addiction researchers. Professor Campbell examines the birth of addiction science---the National Academy of Sciences's project to find a pharmacological fix for narcotics addiction in the late 1930s---and then explores the human and primate experimentation involved in the succeeding studies of the "opium problem," revealing how addiction science became "brain science" by the 1990s. Psychoactive drugs have always had multiple personalities---some cause social problems; others solve them---and the study of these drugs involves similar contradictions. Discovering Addiction enriches discussions of bioethics by exploring controversial topics, including the federal prison research that took place in the 1970s---a still unresolved debate that continues to divide the research community---and the effect of new rules regarding informed consent and the calculus of risk and benefit. This fascinating volume is both an informative history and a thought-provoking guide that asks whether it is possible to differentiate between ethical and unethical research by looking closely at how science is made. Nancy D. Campbell is Associate Professor of Science and Technology Studies at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute and the author of Using Women: Gender, Drug Policy, and Social Justice. "Compelling and original, lively and engaging---Discovering Addiction opens up new ways of thinking about drug policy as well as the historical discourses of addiction." ---Carol Stabile, University of Wisconsin--Milwaukee Also available: Student Bodies: The Influence of Student Health Services in American Society and Medicine, by Heather Munro Prescott Illness and the Limits of Expression, by Kathlyn Conway White Coat, Clenched Fist: The Political Education of an American Physician, by Fitzhugh Mullan

Facing Addiction in America

Facing Addiction in America
  • Author : Office of the Surgeon General,U.s. Department of Health and Human Services
  • Publisher : Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
  • Release Date : 2017-08-15
  • Total pages : 420
  • ISBN : 1974580628
  • File Size : 38,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 931
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All across the United States, individuals, families, communities, and health care systems are struggling to cope with substance use, misuse, and substance use disorders. Substance misuse and substance use disorders have devastating effects, disrupt the future plans of too many young people, and all too often, end lives prematurely and tragically. Substance misuse is a major public health challenge and a priority for our nation to address. The effects of substance use are cumulative and costly for our society, placing burdens on workplaces, the health care system, families, states, and communities. The Report discusses opportunities to bring substance use disorder treatment and mainstream health care systems into alignment so that they can address a person's overall health, rather than a substance misuse or a physical health condition alone or in isolation. It also provides suggestions and recommendations for action that everyone-individuals, families, community leaders, law enforcement, health care professionals, policymakers, and researchers-can take to prevent substance misuse and reduce its consequences.

Bridging the Gap Between Practice and Research

Bridging the Gap Between Practice and Research
  • Author : Institute of Medicine,Committee on Community-Based Drug Treatment
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 1998-08-11
  • Total pages : 288
  • ISBN : 0309173922
  • File Size : 53,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 894
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Today, most substance abuse treatment is administered by community-based organizations. If providers could readily incorporate the most recent advances in understanding the mechanisms of addiction and treatment, the treatment would be much more effective and efficient. The gap between research findings and everyday treatment practice represents an enormous missed opportunity at this exciting time in this field. Informed by real-life experiences in addiction treatment including workshops and site visits, Bridging the Gap Between Practice and Research examines why research remains remote from treatment and makes specific recommendations to community providers, federal and state agencies, and other decisionmakers. The book outlines concrete strategies for building and disseminating knowledge about addiction; for linking research, policy development, and everyday treatment implementation; and for helping drug treatment consumers become more informed advocates. In candid language, the committee discusses the policy barriers and the human attitudes--the stigma, suspicion, and skepticism--that often hinder progress in addiction treatment. The book identifies the obstacles to effective collaboration among the research, treatment, and policy sectors; evaluates models to address these barriers; and looks in detail at the issue from the perspective of the community-based provider and the researcher.

New Treatments for Addiction

New Treatments for Addiction
  • Author : National Research Council,Institute of Medicine,Board on Neuroscience and Behavioral Health,Board on Health Promotion and Disease Prevention,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences,Committee on Immunotherapies and Sustained-Release Formulations for Treating Drug Addiction
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2004-06-03
  • Total pages : 320
  • ISBN : 0309166659
  • File Size : 15,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 228
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New and improved therapies to treat and protect against drug dependence and abuse are urgently needed. In the United States alone about 50 million people regularly smoke tobacco and another 5 million are addicted to other drugs. In a given year, millions of these individuals attemptâ€"with or without medical assistanceâ€"to quit using drugs, though relapse remains the norm. Furthermore, each year several million teenagers start smoking and nearly as many take illicit drugs for the first time. Research is advancing on promising new means of treating drug addiction using immunotherapies and sustained-release (depot) medications. The aim of this research is to develop medications that can block or significantly attenuate the psychoactive effects of such drugs as cocaine, nicotine, heroin, phencyclidine, and methamphetamine for weeks or months at a time. This represents a fundamentally new therapeutic approach that shows promise for treating drug addiction problems that were difficult to treat in the past. Despite their potential benefits, however, several characteristics of these new methods pose distinct behavioral, ethical, legal, and social challenges that require careful scrutiny. Such issues can be considered unique aspects of safety and efficacy that are fundamentally related to the distinct nature and properties of these new types of medications.

Ending Discrimination Against People with Mental and Substance Use Disorders

Ending Discrimination Against People with Mental and Substance Use Disorders
  • Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences,Committee on the Science of Changing Behavioral Health Social Norms
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2016-09-03
  • Total pages : 171
  • ISBN : 9780309439121
  • File Size : 34,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 668
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Estimates indicate that as many as 1 in 4 Americans will experience a mental health problem or will misuse alcohol or drugs in their lifetimes. These disorders are among the most highly stigmatized health conditions in the United States, and they remain barriers to full participation in society in areas as basic as education, housing, and employment. Improving the lives of people with mental health and substance abuse disorders has been a priority in the United States for more than 50 years. The Community Mental Health Act of 1963 is considered a major turning point in America's efforts to improve behavioral healthcare. It ushered in an era of optimism and hope and laid the groundwork for the consumer movement and new models of recovery. The consumer movement gave voice to people with mental and substance use disorders and brought their perspectives and experience into national discussions about mental health. However over the same 50-year period, positive change in American public attitudes and beliefs about mental and substance use disorders has lagged behind these advances. Stigma is a complex social phenomenon based on a relationship between an attribute and a stereotype that assigns undesirable labels, qualities, and behaviors to a person with that attribute. Labeled individuals are then socially devalued, which leads to inequality and discrimination. This report contributes to national efforts to understand and change attitudes, beliefs and behaviors that can lead to stigma and discrimination. Changing stigma in a lasting way will require coordinated efforts, which are based on the best possible evidence, supported at the national level with multiyear funding, and planned and implemented by an effective coalition of representative stakeholders. Ending Discrimination Against People with Mental and Substance Use Disorders: The Evidence for Stigma Change explores stigma and discrimination faced by individuals with mental or substance use disorders and recommends effective strategies for reducing stigma and encouraging people to seek treatment and other supportive services. It offers a set of conclusions and recommendations about successful stigma change strategies and the research needed to inform and evaluate these efforts in the United States.

Dispelling the Myths About Addiction

Dispelling the Myths About Addiction
  • Author : Institute of Medicine,Committee to Identify Strategies to Raise the Profile of Substance Abuse and Alcoholism Research
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 1997-11-10
  • Total pages : 240
  • ISBN : 0309174597
  • File Size : 41,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 126
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Every year about half a million men, women, and children in the United States die from the effects of using nicotine, alcohol, and illegal drugs: one of every four American deaths. Yet research to solve this terrible problem is often perceived as less important than other types of biomedical investigation. Focusing on four major classes of drugs with the greatest social and economic impact--nicotine, alcohol, opioids, and stimulants--Dispelling the Myths About Addiction examines what is known about addiction and what is needed to develop a talented cadre of investigators and to educate the public about addiction research. The committee explores these areas: Economic costs of addiction. What has been learned about addiction from research into basic neurobiology and the brain, psychosocial and behavioral factors, and epidemiology. Education and training of researchers and the research infrastructure. Public perceptions and their impact on public policy in this field. This volume outlines the challenges and opportunities in addiction research today and makes recommendations to educators, treatment professionals, public and private institutions, and others for how to build support for addiction research and treatment.

Addiction

Addiction
  • Author : Gene M. Heyman
  • Publisher : Harvard University Press
  • Release Date : 2009-10-15
  • Total pages : 216
  • ISBN : 9780674053991
  • File Size : 25,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 305
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In a book sure to inspire controversy, Gene Heyman argues that conventional wisdom about addiction - that it is a disease, a compulsion beyond conscious control - is wrong. At the heart of Heyman's analysis is a startling view of choice and motivation that applies to all choices, not just the choice to use drugs. Heyman’s analysis of well-established but frequently ignored research leads to unexpected insights into how we make choices - from obesity to McMansionization - all rooted in our deep-seated tendency to consume too much of whatever we like best.

Children of Addiction

Children of Addiction
  • Author : Hiram E. Fitzgerald,Barry M. Lester,Barry Zuckerman
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2002-05-03
  • Total pages : 251
  • ISBN : 9781135575915
  • File Size : 41,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 325
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Children of Addiction reports important original research on the biological and psychological effects of addiction in children. The contributions are uniformly well written and reflect the larger social implications of the research undertaken. The book will be useful for a broad array of courses on alcoholism and/or drugs and behaviour in a variety of graduate level courses in education, medicine, psychology, psychiatry and public health and policy.

Neuropathology of Drug Addictions and Substance Misuse Volume 1

Neuropathology of Drug Addictions and Substance Misuse Volume 1
  • Author : Victor R. Preedy
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2016-03-07
  • Total pages : 1132
  • ISBN : 9780128003763
  • File Size : 12,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 660
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Neuropathology of Drug Addictions and Substance Misuse, Volume One: Foundations of Understanding, Tobacco, Alcohol, Cannabinoids, Opioids and Emerging Addictions provides the latest research in an area that shows that the neuropathological features of one addiction are often applicable to those of others. The book also details how a further understanding of these commonalties can provide a platform for the study of specific addictions in greater depth, all in an effort to create new modes of understanding, causation, prevention, and treatment. The three volumes in this series address new research and challenges, offering comprehensive coverage on the adverse consequences of the most common drugs of abuse, with each volume serving to update the reader’s knowledge on the broader field of addiction, while also deepening our understanding of specific addictive substances. Volume One addresses tobacco, alcohol, cannabinoids, and opioids, with each section providing data on the general, molecular/cellular, and structural/functional neurological aspects of a given substance, along with a focus on the adverse consequences of addictions. Provides a modern approach on the pathology of substances of abuse, offering an evidence based ethos for understanding the neurology of addictions Fills an existing gap in the literature by proving a one-stop-shopping synopsis of everything to do with the neuropathology of drugs of addiction and substance misuse Includes a list of abbreviations, abstracts, applications to other addictions and substance misuse, mini-dictionary of terms, summary points, 6+ figures and tables, and full references in each chapter Offers coverage of preclinical, clinical, and population studies, from the cell to whole organs, and the genome to whole body

Rethinking Substance Abuse

Rethinking Substance Abuse
  • Author : William R. Miller,Kathleen M. Carroll
  • Publisher : Guilford Press
  • Release Date : 2012-09-26
  • Total pages : 320
  • ISBN : 9781462509928
  • File Size : 39,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 102
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While knowledge on substance abuse and addictions is expanding rapidly, clinical practice still lags behind. This book brings together leading experts to describe what treatment and prevention would look like if it were based on the best science available. The volume incorporates developmental, neurobiological, genetic, behavioral, and social–environmental perspectives. Tightly edited chapters summarize current thinking on the nature and causes of alcohol and other drug problems; discuss what works at the individual, family, and societal levels; and offer robust principles for developing more effective treatments and services.

The Biology of Desire

The Biology of Desire
  • Author : Marc Lewis
  • Publisher : Doubleday Canada
  • Release Date : 2015-08-04
  • Total pages : 320
  • ISBN : 9780385682299
  • File Size : 44,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 298
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Through the vivid, true stories of five people who journeyed into and out of addiction, a renowned neuroscientist explains why the “disease model” of addiction is wrong and illuminates the path to recovery. The psychiatric establishment and rehab industry in the Western world have branded addiction a brain disease, based on evidence that brains change with drug use. But in The Biology of Desire, cognitive neuroscientist and former addict Marc Lewis makes a convincing case that addiction is not a disease, and shows why the disease model has become an obstacle to healing. Lewis reveals addiction as an unintended consequence of the brain doing what it’s supposed to do—seek pleasure and relief—in a world that’s not cooperating. Brains are designed to restructure themselves with normal learning and development, but this process is accelerated in addiction when highly attractive rewards are pursued repeatedly. Lewis shows why treatment based on the disease model so often fails, and how treatment can be retooled to achieve lasting recovery, given the realities of brain plasticity. Combining intimate human stories with clearly rendered scientific explanation, The Biology of Desire is enlightening and optimistic reading for anyone who has wrestled with addiction either personally or professionally.

Diversity Issues in Substance Abuse Treatment and Research

Diversity Issues in Substance Abuse Treatment and Research
  • Author : Sana Loue
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2007-06-02
  • Total pages : 229
  • ISBN : 9780306478888
  • File Size : 19,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 777
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In this textbook, the author defines what is meant by diversity and reviews what we know today about the effects of alcohol, tobacco, marijuana, cocaine and crack, hallucinogens and heroin. This is then put into a broader context by examining the development of policy with particular emphasis on those who were perceived to be the most fervent users of substance. This is a useful textbook for classes on substance abuse as well as for seasoned clinicians.

Drug Abuse

Drug Abuse
  • Author : Meyer D. Glantz,Christine R. Hartel
  • Publisher : Amer Psychological Assn
  • Release Date : 1999-01-01
  • Total pages : 492
  • ISBN : 1557986010
  • File Size : 44,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 838
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Why are some people more likely than others to become addicted to drugs? What are the best ways to prevent and treat addiction? How should we shape our public policies about drug addiction? Scientific perspectives on drug abuse are changing, and this text provides a comprehensive introduction to current ideas and research about the causes of drug abuse and its prevention and treatment. It also crystallizes the effects that research and public attitudes can and do have on our national drug abuse policies. The theoretical perspectives presented here should be of interest to clinicians and scientists alike, as well as anyone who cares about the societal effects of drug abuse.

Drugs, Addiction, and the Brain

Drugs, Addiction, and the Brain
  • Author : George F. Koob,Michael A. Arends,Michel Le Moal
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2014-07-12
  • Total pages : 350
  • ISBN : 9780123869593
  • File Size : 48,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 256
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Drugs, Addiction, and the Brain explores the molecular, cellular, and neurocircuitry systems in the brain that are responsible for drug addiction. Common neurobiological elements are emphasized that provide novel insights into how the brain mediates the acute rewarding effects of drugs of abuse and how it changes during the transition from initial drug use to compulsive drug use and addiction. The book provides a detailed overview of the pathophysiology of the disease. The information provided will be useful for neuroscientists in the field of addiction, drug abuse treatment providers, and undergraduate and postgraduate students who are interested in learning the diverse effects of drugs of abuse on the brain. Full-color circuitry diagrams of brain regions implicated in each stage of the addiction cycle Actual data figures from original sources illustrating key concepts and findings Introduction to basic neuropharmacology terms and concepts Introduction to numerous animal models used to study diverse aspects of drug use. Thorough review of extant work on the neurobiology of addiction

Addiction Research Methods

Addiction Research Methods
  • Author : Peter G. Miller,John Strang,Peter M. Miller
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2010-02-02
  • Total pages : 400
  • ISBN : 1444318861
  • File Size : 35,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 450
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Addiction Research Methods’ is a comprehensive handbook for health professionals, policy-makers and researchers working and training in the field of addiction. The book provides a clear, comprehensive and practical guide to research design, methods and analysis within the context of the field of alcohol and other drugs. The reader is introduced to fundamental principles and key issues; and is orientated to available sources of information and key literature. Written by a team of internationally acclaimed contributors, the book is divided into six major sections: Introduction; Research Design; Basic Toolbox; Biological Models; Specialist Methods; and Analytical Methods. Each chapter offers an introduction to the background and development of the discipline in question, its key features and applications, how it compares to other methods/analyses and its advantages and limitations. FEATURES List of useful websites and assistive technology. Case study examples List of useful hermeneutics Recommended reading list Contains exercises to help the reader to develop their skills.

Drug Abuse and Addiction in Medical Illness

Drug Abuse and Addiction in Medical Illness
  • Author : Joris C. Verster,Kathleen Brady,Marc Galanter,Patricia Conrod
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-07-06
  • Total pages : 573
  • ISBN : 9781461433750
  • File Size : 35,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 436
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Drug abuse and addiction are common in clinical practice. Often they interfere with patient treatment or require an alternative approach. Drug Abuse and Addiction in Medical Illness: Causes, Consequences, and Treatment is a major contribution to the literature, a gold standard title offering a comprehensive range of topics for those who care for patients with addiction, conduct research in this area, or simply have an interest in the field. Offering state-of-the-art information for all those working with drug abusing or addicted patients, or for those interested in this topic from other research perspectives, the volume is a first of its kind book -- rich, comprehensive, yet focused, addressing the needs of the very active theoretical, basic, and clinical research in the field. Comprised of 46 chapters organized in four sections and developed by the leading international experts, Drug Abuse and Addiction in Medical Illness: Causes, Consequences, and Treatment covers virtually every core, as well as contemporary, topic on addiction, from the established theories to the most modern research and development in the field. Enhancing the educational value of the volume, every chapter includes an abstract and two boxes summarizing learning objectives and directions for future research. Drug Abuse and Addiction in Medical Illness: Causes, Consequences, and Treatment discusses the topic in a authoritative, systematic manner and is an indispensable reference for all clinicians and researchers interested in this rapidly changing field.

Addiction Is a Choice

Addiction Is a Choice
  • Author : Jeffrey A. Schaler
  • Publisher : Open Court
  • Release Date : 2011-09-30
  • Total pages : 256
  • ISBN : 9780812697681
  • File Size : 32,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 636
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Politicians and the media tell us that people who take drugs, including alcohol or nicotine, cannot help themselves. They are supposedly victims of the disease of 'addiciton', and they need 'treatment'. The same goes for sex addicts, shopping addicts, food addicts, gambling addicts, or even addicts to abusive relationships. This theory, which grew out of the Temperance movement and was developed and disseminated by the religious cult known as Alcoholics Anonymous, has not been confirmed by any factual research. Numerous scientific studies show that 'addicts' are in control of their behavior. Contrary to the shrill, mindless propaganda of the 'war on drugs', very few of the people who use alcohol, marijuana, heroin, or cocaine will ever become 'addicted', and of those who do become heavy drug users, most will matrue out of it in time, without treatment. Research indicates that 'treatment' is completely ineffective, an absolute waste of time and money. Instead of looking at drub addiction as a disease, Dr. Schaler proposes that we view it as willful commitment or dedication, akin to joining a religion or pursuing a romantic involvement. While heavy consumption of drugs is often foolish and self-destructive, it is a matter of personal choice.

Handbook of Substance Misuse and Addictions

Handbook of Substance Misuse and Addictions
  • Author : Vinood B. Patel,Victor R. Preedy
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2022-11-12
  • Total pages : 0
  • ISBN : 3030923916
  • File Size : 12,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 674
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Substance misuse and addictions are a public health issue. They affect the well-being of each community and nation as a whole. It is, therefore, necessary to identify, educate, and treat individuals who are addicted to substances. Policies and procedures go hand-in-hand with public health education and safety. The science behind the public health issues of one drug may be applicable to other drugs as well. However, marshalling all of the aforementioned information into a single source is somewhat difficult due to the wide array of material. The Editors address this by compiling the research in this single reference work that serves as a "one-stop-shopping" approach to everything readers need to know about the scientific basis of public health and addictions and agents of misuse. Apart from active agents that have a plant or chemical basis, there is a need to consider that there are other forms of addiction which may have common modes of causality or prevention. These include food addiction, gaming, gambling, and other non-drug addictions. These types of addiction may be related to the addiction of drugs. Overall, the Handbook of Substance Misuse and Addictions: From Biology to Public Health offers a holistic understanding of the relationship between public health and substance misuse. The text provides a common platform upon which other forms of addiction or substance misuse can be understood and treated. Addiction processes involve understanding the biological processes as well as behavior, psychology, sociology, and public health, all of which are interlinked. This Handbook is a useful reference for lecturers, students, researchers, practitioners, and other professionals in public health, addiction science, epidemiology, health education, health promotion, and health sciences.

Biological Research on Addiction

Biological Research on Addiction
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2013-05-17
  • Total pages : 758
  • ISBN : 9780123983602
  • File Size : 45,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 906
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Biological Research on Addiction examines the neurobiological mechanisms of drug use and drug addiction, describing how the brain responds to addictive substances as well as how it is affected by drugs of abuse. The book's four main sections examine behavioral and molecular biology; neuroscience; genetics; and neuroimaging and neuropharmacology as they relate to the addictive process. This volume is especially effective in presenting current knowledge on the key neurobiological and genetic elements in an individual’s susceptibility to drug dependence, as well as the processes by which some individuals proceed from casual drug use to drug dependence. Biological Research on Addiction is one of three volumes comprising the 2,500-page series, Comprehensive Addictive Behaviors and Disorders. This series provides the most complete collection of current knowledge on addictive behaviors and disorders to date. In short, it is the definitive reference work on addictions. Each article provides glossary, full references, suggested readings, and a list of web resources Edited and authored by the leaders in the field around the globe – the broadest, most expert coverage available Discusses the genetic basis of addiction Covers basic science research from a variety of animal studies