Phase Change Materials For Heat Transfer

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Thermal Energy Storage Using Phase Change Materials

Thermal Energy Storage Using Phase Change Materials
  • Author : Amy S. Fleischer
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2015-06-22
  • Total pages : 94
  • ISBN : 9783319209227
  • File Size : 28,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 986
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This book presents a comprehensive introduction to the use of solid‐liquid phase change materials to store significant amounts of energy in the latent heat of fusion. The proper selection of materials for different applications is covered in detail, as is the use of high conductivity additives to enhance thermal diffusivity. Dr. Fleischer explores how applications of PCMS have expanded over the past 10 years to include the development of high efficiency building materials to reduce heating and cooling needs, smart material design for clothing, portable electronic systems thermal management, solar thermal power plant design and many others. Additional future research directions and challenges are also discussed.

Heat and cold storage with PCM

Heat and cold storage with PCM
  • Author : Harald Mehling,Luisa F. Cabeza
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2008-08-15
  • Total pages : 308
  • ISBN : 9783540685579
  • File Size : 11,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 841
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The years 2006 and 2007 mark a dramatic change of peoples view regarding c- mate change and energy consumption. The new IPCC report makes clear that - mankind plays a dominant role on climate change due to CO emissions from en- 2 ergy consumption, and that a significant reduction in CO emissions is necessary 2 within decades. At the same time, the supply of fossil energy sources like coal, oil, and natural gas becomes less reliable. In spring 2008, the oil price rose beyond 100 $/barrel for the first time in history. It is commonly accepted today that we have to reduce the use of fossil fuels to cut down the dependency on the supply countries and to reduce CO emissions. The use of renewable energy sources and 2 increased energy efficiency are the main strategies to achieve this goal. In both strategies, heat and cold storage will play an important role. People use energy in different forms, as heat, as mechanical energy, and as light. With the discovery of fire, humankind was the first time able to supply heat and light when needed. About 2000 years ago, the Romans started to use ceramic tiles to store heat in under floor heating systems. Even when the fire was out, the room stayed warm. Since ancient times, people also know how to cool food with ice as cold storage.

High-Temperature Thermal Storage Systems Using Phase Change Materials

High-Temperature Thermal Storage Systems Using Phase Change Materials
  • Author : Luisa Cabeza,N.H. Steven Tay
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2017-12-07
  • Total pages : 344
  • ISBN : 9780081009543
  • File Size : 41,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 209
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High-Temperature Thermal Storage Systems Using Phase Change Materials offers an overview of several high-temperature phase change material (PCM) thermal storage systems concepts, developed by several well-known global institutions with increasing interest in high temperature PCM applications such as solar cooling, waste heat and concentrated solar power (CSP). The book is uniquely arranged by concepts rather than categories, and includes advanced topics such as thermal storage material packaging, arrangement of flow bed, analysis of flow and heat transfer in the flow bed, energy storage analysis, storage volume sizing and applications in different temperature ranges. By comparing the varying approaches and results of different research centers and offering state-of-the-art concepts, the authors share new and advanced knowledge from researchers all over the world. This reference will be useful for researchers and academia interested in the concepts and applications and different techniques involved in high temperature PCM thermal storage systems. Offers coverage of several high temperature PCM thermal storage systems concepts developed by several leading research institutions Provides new and advanced knowledge from researchers all over the world Includes a base of material properties throughout

Phase Change Materials and Their Applications

Phase Change Materials and Their Applications
  • Author : Mohsen Mhadhbi
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2018-08-01
  • Total pages : 176
  • ISBN : 9781789235302
  • File Size : 12,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 808
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Today, the application of phase change materials (PCMs) has developed in different industries, including the solar cooling and solar power plants, photovoltaic electricity systems, the space industry, waste heat recovery systems, preservation of food and pharmaceutical products, and domestic hot water. PCMs use the principle of latent heat thermal storage to absorb energy in large quantities when there is a surplus and release it when there is a deficit. This promising technology has already been successfully implemented in many construction projects. The aim of this book is to assist the scientists and to provide the reader with a comprehensive overview of the properties that characterize the phase change materials from theoretical and experimental perspectives with a focus on their technological applications. The present status and future perspectives of phase change material are discussed.

Advances in Thermal Energy Storage Systems

Advances in Thermal Energy Storage Systems
  • Author : Luisa F. Cabeza
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2020-10-28
  • Total pages : 796
  • ISBN : 9780128198889
  • File Size : 28,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 668
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Advances in Thermal Energy Storage Systems, 2nd edition, presents a fully updated comprehensive analysis of thermal energy storage systems (TES) including all major advances and developments since the first edition published. This very successful publication provides readers with all the information related to TES in one resource, along with a variety of applications across the energy/power and construction sectors, as well as, new to this edition, the transport industry. After an introduction to TES systems, editor Dr. Prof. Luisa Cabeza and her team of expert authors consider the source, design and operation of the use of water, molten salts, concrete, aquifers, boreholes and a variety of phase-change materials for TES systems, before analyzing and simulating underground TES systems. This edition benefits from 5 new chapters covering the most advanced technologies including sorption systems, thermodynamic and dynamic modelling as well as applications to the transport industry and the environmental and economic aspects of TES. It will benefit researchers and academics of energy systems and thermal energy storage, construction engineering academics, engineers and practitioners in the energy and power industry, as well as architects of plants and storage systems and R&D managers. Includes 5 brand new chapters covering Sorption systems, Thermodynamic and dynamic models, applications to the transport sector, environmental aspects of TES and economic aspects of TES All existing chapters are updated and revised to reflect the most recent advances in the research and technologies of the field Reviews heat storage technologies, including the use of water, molten salts, concrete and boreholes in one comprehensive resource Describes latent heat storage systems and thermochemical heat storage Includes information on the monitoring and control of thermal energy storage systems, and considers their applications in residential buildings, power plants and industry

Thermal Energy Storage with Phase Change Materials

Thermal Energy Storage with Phase Change Materials
  • Author : Mohammed Farid,Amar Auckaili,Gohar Gholamibozanjani
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2021-07-26
  • Total pages : 560
  • ISBN : 9781000406641
  • File Size : 45,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 356
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This book focuses on latent heat storage, which is one of the most efficient ways of storing thermal energy. Unlike the sensible heat storage method, the latent heat storage method provides much higher storage density with a smaller difference between storing and releasing temperatures. Thermal Energy Storage with Phase Change Materials is structured into four chapters that cover many aspects of thermal energy storage and their practical applications. Chapter 1 reviews selection, performance, and applications of phase change materials. Chapter 2 investigates mathematical analyses of phase change processes. Chapters 3 and 4 present passive and active applications for energy saving, peak load shifting, and price-based control heating using phase change materials. These chapters explore the hot topic of energy saving in an overarching way, and so they are relevant to all courses. This book is an ideal research reference for students at the postgraduate level. It also serves as a useful reference for electrical, mechanical, and chemical engineers and students throughout their work. FEATURES Explains the technical principles of thermal energy storage, including materials and applications in different classifications Provides fundamental calculations of heat transfer with phase change Discusses the benefits and limitations of different types of phase change materials (PCM) in both micro- and macroencapsulations Reviews the mechanisms and applications of available thermal energy storage systems Introduces innovative solutions in hot and cold storage applications

Thermal Energy Storage

Thermal Energy Storage
  • Author : Ibrahim Dincer,Marc A. Rosen
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2011-06-24
  • Total pages : 620
  • ISBN : 9781119956624
  • File Size : 37,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 521
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The ability of thermal energy storage (TES) systems to facilitate energy savings, renewable energy use and reduce environmental impact has led to a recent resurgence in their interest. The second edition of this book offers up-to-date coverage of recent energy efficient and sustainable technological methods and solutions, covering analysis, design and performance improvement as well as life-cycle costing and assessment. As well as having significantly revised the book for use as a graduate text, the authors address real-life technical and operational problems, enabling the reader to gain an understanding of the fundamental principles and practical applications of thermal energy storage technology. Beginning with a general summary of thermodynamics, fluid mechanics and heat transfer, this book goes on to discuss practical applications with chapters that include TES systems, environmental impact, energy savings, energy and exergy analyses, numerical modeling and simulation, case studies and new techniques and performance assessment methods.

Thermal Energy Storage with Phase Change Materials

Thermal Energy Storage with Phase Change Materials
  • Author : João M.P.Q. Delgado,Joana C. Martinho,Ana Vaz Sá,Ana S. Guimarães,Vitor Abrantes
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2018-08-09
  • Total pages : 73
  • ISBN : 9783319974996
  • File Size : 16,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 708
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This short book provides an update on various methods for incorporating phase changing materials (PCMs) into building structures. It discusses previous research into optimizing the integration of PCMs into surrounding walls (gypsum board and interior plaster products), trombe walls, ceramic floor tiles, concrete elements (walls and pavements), windows, concrete and brick masonry, underfloor heating, ceilings, thermal insulation and furniture an indoor appliances. Based on the phase change state, PCMs fall into three groups: solid–solid PCMs, solid–liquid PCMs and liquid–gas PCMs. Of these the solid–liquid PCMs, which include organic PCMs, inorganic PCMs and eutectics, are suitable for thermal energy storage. The process of selecting an appropriate PCM is extremely complex, but crucial for thermal energy storage. The potential PCM should have a suitable melting temperature, and the desirable heat of fusion and thermal conductivity specified by the practical application. Thus, the methods of measuring the thermal properties of PCMs are key. With suitable PCMs and the correct incorporation method, latent heat thermal energy storage (LHTES) can be economically efficient for heating and cooling buildings. However, several problems need to be tackled before LHTES can reliably and practically be applied.

Thermal Energy Storage for Sustainable Energy Consumption

Thermal Energy Storage for Sustainable Energy Consumption
  • Author : Halime Ö. Paksoy
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2007-03-16
  • Total pages : 428
  • ISBN : 9781402052903
  • File Size : 40,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 977
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Çukurova University, Turkey in collaboration with Ljubljana University, Slovenia and the International Energy Agency Implementing Agreement on Energy Conservation Through Energy Storage (IEA ECES IA) organized a NATO Advanced Study Institute on Thermal Energy Storage for Sustainable Energy Consumption – Fundamentals, Case Studies and Design (NATO ASI TESSEC), in Cesme, Izmir, Turkey in June, 2005. This book contains manuscripts based on the lectures included in the scientific programme of the NATO ASI TESSEC.

Phase Change Material-Based Heat Sinks

Phase Change Material-Based Heat Sinks
  • Author : Srikanth Rangarajan,C. Balaji
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2019-11-20
  • Total pages : 197
  • ISBN : 9781000752830
  • File Size : 21,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 607
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Phase-change Material based heat sinks and associated optimization remains a topic of great interest, as evident from the increasing number of citations and new applications and miniaturization. Often the multi objective perspective of such heat sinks is ignored. This book introduces the readers to the PCM based heat sinks and Multi objective optimization. The authors have also included interesting in house experimental results on the "Rotating heat sinks" which is a first of a kind work. Useful to budding thermal researchers and practicing engineers in the field, this book is also a great start for students to understand the cooling applications in electronics and an asset to every library in a technical university. Since this book not only gives a critical review of the state of the art but also presents the authors' own results. The book will encourage, motivate and let the reader consider pursuing a research career in electronic cooling technologies.

Advanced Phase Change Materials for Thermal Storage

Advanced Phase Change Materials for Thermal Storage
  • Author : Rocío Bayón
  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release Date : 2021-08-30
  • Total pages : 112
  • ISBN : 9783036508641
  • File Size : 46,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 320
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Thermal energy storage using phase change materials (PCMs) is a research topic that has attracted much attention in recent decades. This is mainly due to the potential use of PCMs as latent storage media in a large variety of applications. Although many kinds of PCMs are already commercial products, advanced materials with improved properties and new latent storage concepts are required to better meet the specific requirements of different applications. Moreover, the development of common validation procedures for PCMs is an important issue that should be addressed in order to achieve commercial deployment and implementation of these kinds of materials in latent storage systems. The key subjects addressed on the five papers included in this Special Issue are related to methodologies for material selection, PCM validation and assessment procedures, innovative approaches of PCM applications together with simulation and testing of latent storage prototypes.

Ultra-High Temperature Thermal Energy Storage, Transfer and Conversion

Ultra-High Temperature Thermal Energy Storage, Transfer and Conversion
  • Author : Alejandro Datas
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2020-09-14
  • Total pages : 368
  • ISBN : 9780128204214
  • File Size : 31,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 680
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Ultra-High Temperature Thermal Energy Storage, Transfer and Conversion presents a comprehensive analysis of thermal energy storage systems operating at beyond 800°C. Editor Dr. Alejandro Datas and his team of expert contributors from a variety of regions summarize the main technological options and the most relevant materials and characterization considerations to enable the reader to make the most effective and efficient decisions. This book helps the reader to solve the very specific challenges associated with working within an ultra-high temperature energy storage setting. It condenses and summarizes the latest knowledge, covering fundamentals, device design, materials selection and applications, as well as thermodynamic cycles and solid-state devices for ultra-high temperature energy conversion. This book provides a comprehensive and multidisciplinary guide to engineers and researchers in a variety of fields including energy conversion, storage, cogeneration, thermodynamics, numerical methods, CSP, and materials engineering. It firstly provides a review of fundamental concepts before exploring numerical methods for fluid-dynamics and phase change materials, before presenting more complex elements such as heat transfer fluids, thermal insulation, thermodynamic cycles, and a variety of energy conversation methods including thermophotovoltaic, thermionic, and combined heat and power. Reviews the main technologies enabling ultra-high temperature energy storage and conversion, including both thermodynamic cycles and solid-state devices Includes the applications for ultra-high temperature energy storage systems, both in terrestrial and space environments Analyzes the thermophysical properties and relevant experimental and theoretical methods for the analysis of high-temperature materials

Thermal Energy Storage with Phase Change Materials

Thermal Energy Storage with Phase Change Materials
  • Author : Mohammed Farid,Amar Auckaili,Gohar Gholamibozanjani
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2021-07-25
  • Total pages : 464
  • ISBN : 9781000406627
  • File Size : 13,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 574
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This book focuses on latent heat storage, which is one of the most efficient ways of storing thermal energy. Unlike the sensible heat storage method, the latent heat storage method provides much higher storage density with a smaller difference between storing and releasing temperatures. Thermal Energy Storage with Phase Change Materials is structured into four chapters that cover many aspects of thermal energy storage and their practical applications. Chapter 1 reviews selection, performance, and applications of phase change materials. Chapter 2 investigates mathematical analyses of phase change processes. Chapters 3 and 4 present passive and active applications for energy saving, peak load shifting, and price-based control heating using phase change materials. These chapters explore the hot topic of energy saving in an overarching way, and so they are relevant to all courses. This book is an ideal research reference for students at the postgraduate level. It also serves as a useful reference for electrical, mechanical, and chemical engineers and students throughout their work. FEATURES Explains the technical principles of thermal energy storage, including materials and applications in different classifications Provides fundamental calculations of heat transfer with phase change Discusses the benefits and limitations of different types of phase change materials (PCM) in both micro- and macroencapsulations Reviews the mechanisms and applications of available thermal energy storage systems Introduces innovative solutions in hot and cold storage applications

Heat Transfer in Multi-Phase Materials

Heat Transfer in Multi-Phase Materials
  • Author : Andreas Öchsner,Graeme E. Murch
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2011-07-18
  • Total pages : 460
  • ISBN : 3642044034
  • File Size : 18,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 324
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This book provides a profound understanding, which physical processes and mechanisms cause the heat transfer in composite and cellular materials. It shows models for all important classes of composite materials and introduces into the latest advances. In three parts, the book covers Composite Materials (Part A), Porous and Cellular Materials (Part B) and the appearance of a conjoint solid phase and fluid aggregate (Part C).

Energy and Sustainable Futures

Energy and Sustainable Futures
  • Author : Iosif Mporas,Pandelis Kourtessis,Amin Al-Habaibeh,Abhishek Asthana,Vladimir Vukovic,John Senior
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2021-04-29
  • Total pages : 282
  • ISBN : 9783030639167
  • File Size : 10,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 651
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This open access book presents papers displayed in the 2nd International Conference on Energy and Sustainable Futures (ICESF 2020), co-organised by the University of Hertfordshire and the University Alliance DTA in Energy. The research included in this book covers a wide range of topics in the areas of energy and sustainability including: • ICT and control of energy;• conventional energy sources;• energy governance;• materials in energy research;• renewable energy; and• energy storage. The book offers a holistic view of topics related to energy and sustainability, making it of interest to experts in the field, from industry and academia.

Paraffin

Paraffin
  • Author : Fathi Samir Soliman
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2020-09-09
  • Total pages : 92
  • ISBN : 9781838805944
  • File Size : 40,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 256
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Paraffin waxes make up the majority of commercial waxes. Waxes are characterized by the carbon number, hardness, crystal shape, composition, and molecular weight. These characteristics determine the condition of separating the wax. Paraffin wax is widely used in different industries such as ink, paper, cosmetics, ceramics using powder injection molding and energy storage as phase change materials. Consumption of wax products has increased in the world; especially for food, pharmaceutical products, cosmetics, as well as specialty products. The increase of profitability of wax production will lie in the improvement of blending and modification techniques for macro and micro-crystalline waxes used as the base materials.

Electronics Cooling

Electronics Cooling
  • Author : S. M. Sohel Murshed
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2016-06-15
  • Total pages : 184
  • ISBN : 9789535124054
  • File Size : 40,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 282
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Featuring contributions from the renowned researchers and academicians in the field, this book covers key conventional and emerging cooling techniques and coolants for electronics cooling. It includes following thematic topics: - Cooling approaches and coolants - Boiling and phase change-based technologies - Heat pipes-based cooling - Microchannels cooling systems - Heat loop cooling technology - Nanofluids as coolants - Theoretical development for the junction temperature of package chips. This book is intended to be a reference source and guide to researchers, engineers, postgraduate students, and academicians in the fields of thermal management and cooling technologies as well as for people in the electronics and semiconductors industries.

Zero and Net Zero Energy

Zero and Net Zero Energy
  • Author : Getu Hailu
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2019-11-13
  • Total pages : 160
  • ISBN : 9781789844986
  • File Size : 10,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 997
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There is a growing concern about fluctuating energy prices, energy security, and the impact of climate change. Buildings are amongst the primary energy consumers in the world. This fact underlines the importance of targeting building energy use as a key to decreasing any nation's energy consumption. According to the American Society of Heating, Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) Research Strategic Plan 2010-2015, even limited deployment of Net-Zero-Energy buildings within this timeframe will have a beneficial effect by reducing the pressure for additional energy and power supply and the reduction of GHG emissions. The building sector is poised to significantly reduce energy use by incorporating energy-efficient strategies into the design, construction, and operation of new buildings and retrofits to improve the efficiency of existing buildings.

Latent Heat-Based Thermal Energy Storage Systems

Latent Heat-Based Thermal Energy Storage Systems
  • Author : Amritanshu Shukla,Atul Sharma,Pascal Henry Biwolé
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2020-09-27
  • Total pages : 354
  • ISBN : 9781000586930
  • File Size : 50,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 371
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In light of increasing human-induced global climate change, there is a greater need for clean energy resources and zero carbon projects. This new volume offers up-to-date coverage of the fundamentals as well as recent advancements in energy efficient thermal energy storage materials, their characterization, and technological applications. Thermal energy storage (TES) systems offer very high-energy savings for many of our day-to-day applications and could be a strong component for enhancing the usage of renewable/clean energy-based devices. Because of its beneficial environmental impact, this technology has received wide attention in the recent past, and dedicated research efforts have led to the development of novel materials, as well to innovative applications in very many fields, ranging from buildings to textile, healthcare to agriculture, space to automobiles. This book offers a valuable and informed systematic treatment of latent heat-based thermal energy storage systems, covering current energy research and important developmental work.

Solar Thermal Energy Storage

Solar Thermal Energy Storage
  • Author : H.P. Garg,S.C. Mullick,Vijay K. Bhargava
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Total pages : 642
  • ISBN : 9789400953017
  • File Size : 47,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 525
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Energy Storage not only plays an important role in conservinq the energy but also improves the performance and reliability of a wide range of energy systems. Energy storagp. leads to saving of premium fuels and makes the system morA cost effective by reducing the wastage of energy. In most systems there is a mismatch between the energy supply and energy demand. The energy storage can even out this imbalance and thereby help in savings of capital costs. Enerqy storage is all the more important where the enerqy source is intermittent such as Solar Energy. The use of jntermittent energy sources is likely to grow. If more and more solar energy is to be used for domestic and industrial applications then energy storage is very crucial. If no storage is used in solar energy systems then the major part of the energy demand will be met by the back-up or auxiliary energy and therefore the so called annual solar load fract]on will be very low. In case of solar energy, both short term and long term energy storage systems can be used whjch can adjust the phase difference between solar energy supply and energy demand and can match seasonal demands to the solar availability respectively. Thermal energy storage can lead to capital cost savings, fuel savjngs, and fuel substitution in many application areas. Developing an optimum thermal storaqe system is as important an area of research as developinq an alternative source of energy.

Clothing Biosensory Engineering

Clothing Biosensory Engineering
  • Author : Yan Li,A S W Wong
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2006-04-24
  • Total pages : 408
  • ISBN : 9781845691462
  • File Size : 52,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 339
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Human sensory perception of clothing involves a series of complex interactive processes, including physical responses to external stimuli, neurophysiological processes for decoding stimuli through the biosensory and nervous systems inside the body, neural responses to psychological sensations, and psychological processes for formulating preferences and making adaptive feedback reactions. Clothing biosensory engineering is a systematic and integrative way of translating consumers’ biological and sensory responses, and psychological feelings and preferences about clothing, into the perceptual elements of design. It is a link between scientific experimentation and commercial application to develop economic solutions to practical technical problems. Clothing biosensory engineering quantifies the decision-making processes through which physics, mathematics, neurophysiological and engineering techniques are applied to optimally convert resources to meet various sensory requirements – visual/thermal/mechanical. It includes theoretical and experimental observations, computer simulations, test methods, illustrations and examples of actual product development. Describes the process of Clothing biosensory engineering in detail Quantifies the decision making processes applied to optimally convert resources to meet various sensory requirements Includes theoretical and experimental observations and examples of actual product development