Nature Based Strategies For Urban And Building Sustainability

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Nature Based Strategies for Urban and Building Sustainability

Nature Based Strategies for Urban and Building Sustainability
  • Author : Gabriel Perez,Katia Perini
  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Release Date : 2018-02-14
  • Total pages : 390
  • ISBN : 9780128123249
  • File Size : 19,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 300
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Nature Based Strategies for Urban and Building Sustainability reviews the current state-of-the-art on the topic. In the introduction, the editors review the fundamental concepts of nature elements in the built environment, along with the strategies that are necessary for their inclusion in buildings and cities. Part One describes strategies for the urban environment, discussing urban ecosystems and ecosystem services, while Part Two covers strategies and technologies, including vertical greening systems, green roofs and green streets. Part Three covers the quantitative benefits, results, and issues and challenges, including energy performances and outdoor comfort, air quality improvement, acoustic performance, water management and biodiversity. Provides an overview of the different strategies available to integrate nature in the built environment Presents the current state of technology concerning systems and methodologies on how to incorporate nature in buildings and cities Features the latest research results on operation and ecosystem services Covers both established and new designs, including those still in the experimental stage

Nature-Based Solutions to Climate Change Adaptation in Urban Areas

Nature-Based Solutions to Climate Change Adaptation in Urban Areas
  • Author : Nadja Kabisch,Horst Korn,Jutta Stadler,Aletta Bonn
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2017-09-01
  • Total pages : 342
  • ISBN : 9783319560915
  • File Size : 37,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 781
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This open access book brings together research findings and experiences from science, policy and practice to highlight and debate the importance of nature-based solutions to climate change adaptation in urban areas. Emphasis is given to the potential of nature-based approaches to create multiple-benefits for society. The expert contributions present recommendations for creating synergies between ongoing policy processes, scientific programmes and practical implementation of climate change and nature conservation measures in global urban areas. Except where otherwise noted, this book is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

Bioclimatic Approaches in Urban and Building Design

Bioclimatic Approaches in Urban and Building Design
  • Author : Giacomo Chiesa
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2021-01-04
  • Total pages : 519
  • ISBN : 9783030593285
  • File Size : 27,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 866
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This book explores the bioclimatic approach to building design. Constant innovations in the field are evident, including the need to face climate changes and increase the local resilience at different scales (regional, urban, architectural). Differently from other contributions, this book provides a definition of the bioclimatic design approach following a technological and performance-driven vision. It includes one of the largest collection of research voices on the topic, becoming also a critical reference work for bioclimatic theory. It is intended for architects, engineers, researchers, and technicians who have professional and research interests in bioclimatic and in sustainable and technological design issues.

Informed Urban Environments

Informed Urban Environments
  • Author : Ata Chokhachian,Michael Hensel,Katia Perini
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2022
  • Total pages : 202
  • ISBN : 9783031038037
  • File Size : 46,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 448
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This book collects ground-breaking works on the actual and potential impact of big data and data-integrated design for resilient urban environments, including human- and ecology-centred perspectives. Comprehending and designing for urban social, demographic and environmental change is a complex task. Big data, data structuring, data analysis (i.e. AI and ML) and data-integrated design can play a significant role in advancing approaches to this task. The themes presented in this book include urban adaptation, urban morphology, urban mobility, urban ecosystems, urban climate, urban ecology and agriculture. Given the compound nature of complex sustainability problems, most chapters address the correlation between several of these themes. The book addresses practitioners, researchers and graduate students concerned with the rapidly increasing role of data in developing urban environments.

Urban Sustainability Transitions

Urban Sustainability Transitions
  • Author : Niki Frantzeskaki,Vanesa Castán Broto,Lars Coenen,Derk Loorbach
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2017-06-14
  • Total pages : 380
  • ISBN : 9781351855952
  • File Size : 47,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 667
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The world’s population is currently undergoing a significant transition towards urbanisation, with the UN expecting that 70% of people globally will live in cities by 2050. Urbanisation has multiple political, cultural, environmental and economic dimensions that profoundly influence social development and innovation. This fundamental long-term transformation will involve the realignment of urban society’s technologies and infrastructures, culture and lifestyles, as well as governance and institutional frameworks. Such structural systemic realignments can be referred to as urban sustainability transitions: fundamental and structural changes in urban systems through which persistent societal challenges are addressed, such as shifts towards urban farming, renewable decentralised energy systems, and social economies. This book provides new insights into how sustainability transitions unfold in different types of cities across the world and explores possible strategies for governing urban transitions, emphasising the co-evolution of material and institutional transformations in socio-technical and socio-ecological systems. With case studies of mega-cities such as Seoul, Tokyo, New York and Adelaide, medium-sized cities such as Copenhagen, Cape Town and Portland, and nonmetropolitan cities such as Freiburg, Ghent and Brighton, the book provides an opportunity to reflect upon the comparability and transferability of theoretical/conceptual constructs and governance approaches across geographical contexts. Urban Sustainability Transitions is key reading for students and scholars working in Environmental Sciences, Geography, Urban Studies, Urban Policy and Planning.

Nature-Based Solutions for More Sustainable Cities

Nature-Based Solutions for More Sustainable Cities
  • Author : Edoardo Croci,Benedetta Lucchitta
  • Publisher : Emerald Group Publishing
  • Release Date : 2021-11-05
  • Total pages : 400
  • ISBN : 9781800436381
  • File Size : 42,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 179
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Nature-Based Solutions for More Sustainable Cities makes a clear case of performances, impacts, and benefits generated by NBS in cities providing a comprehensive framework approach to understand the real and full potential of NBS at the urban level.

Innovations in Ventilative Cooling

Innovations in Ventilative Cooling
  • Author : Giacomo Chiesa,Maria Kolokotroni,Per Heiselberg
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2021-06-08
  • Total pages : 346
  • ISBN : 9783030723859
  • File Size : 51,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 805
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This book includes the most recent outcomes from research and professional practice in the ventilative cooling field, gathered by the selected panel of authors. It provides essential contents to face and reduce the rise of space cooling and ventilation energy uses in buildings by alternative ventilation and cooling solutions. The book is organised into three parts which include a detailed description of ventilative cooling boundaries and implications (working principles, KPIs, standards, comfort models, control techniques) and of principal techniques (night ventilation, controlled natural ventilation, hybrid solutions, PCM and mass activation, evaporative cooling, earth-to-air heat exchangers) along with an updated analysis of the background to the topic. Furthermore, the last part of the book defines a unique practical and theoretical framework to include ventilative cooling solutions in different building typologies along with their principal implications.

Green Infrastructure in Chinese Cities

Green Infrastructure in Chinese Cities
  • Author : Ali Cheshmehzangi
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2022-03-19
  • Total pages : 514
  • ISBN : 9789811691744
  • File Size : 41,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 849
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Since 2014, and the start of the New-type Urbanization Plan (NUP), we see a turning point in the sustainability agenda of China. One of the main indicators is greening cities and the built environments, which will be covered holistically in this edited book. From the perspective of green infrastructure, in particular, the book approaches key areas of ‘forest city development’, ‘sponge city program’, ‘green roofing’, ‘nature-based solutions’, ‘urban farming’, ‘eco-city development’, etc. This is the first time that such important areas of research come together under the perspective of green Infrastructure. The results would be beneficial to policymakers, practitioners, and researchers in China and across the globe. The comprehensive set of findings from this book will benefit other countries, as we aim to highlight some of the best practices of the current age. The main aim of the book is to put together an excellent group of scholars and practitioners from the field, focusing on the topic of ‘Green Infrastructure in Chinese Cities’. In doing so, we aim to cover some of the key ‘best practices’ for sustainable urbanism. Divided into four parts, the book covers four key areas of (1) Policy Interventions, (2) Planning Innovation, (3) Design Solutions, and (4) Technical Integration. In doing so, we cover an array of best practices related to green infrastructures of various types and their impacts on cities and communities in China. We expect the book to be a valuable resource for researchers in the areas of sustainability, urbanism, urban planning, urban geography, urban design, geographical sciences, environmental sciences, landscape architecture, and urban ecology. The book covers essential factors such as policy, regulations, and programs (in Part 1), planning paradigms and their impacts on urban development (in Part 2), integrated design solutions that suggest sustainable urbanization progression (in Part 3), and technical knowledge that would be utilized for the future development of green infrastructure practices in China and beyond. Lastly, this edited book aims to provide a collaborative opportunity for experts and researchers of the field, who could contribute to the future pathways of sustainable urbanization of China. Lessons extracted from these contributions could be utilized for other contexts, which will benefit a wider group of stakeholders.

Nature-based Solutions for Resilient Ecosystems and Societies

Nature-based Solutions for Resilient Ecosystems and Societies
  • Author : Shalini Dhyani,Anil Kumar Gupta,Madhav Karki
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2020-07-07
  • Total pages : 455
  • ISBN : 9789811547126
  • File Size : 10,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 122
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Over the past few decades, the frequency and severity of natural and human-induced disasters have increased across Asia. These disasters lead to substantial loss of life, livelihoods and community assets, which not only threatens the pace of socio-economic development, but also undo hard-earned gains. Extreme events and disasters such as floods, droughts, heat, fire, cyclones and tidal surges are known to be exacerbated by environmental changes including climate change, land-use changes and natural resource degradation. Increasing climate variability and multi-dimensional vulnerabilities have severely affected the social, ecological and economic capacities of the people in the region who are, economically speaking, those with the least capacity to adapt. Climatic and other environmental hazards and anthropogenic risks, coupled with weak and wavering capacities, severely impact the ecosystems and Nature’s Contributions to People (NCP) and, thereby, to human well-being. Long-term resilience building through disaster risk reduction and integrated adaptive climate planning, therefore, has become a key priority for scientists and policymakers alike. Nature-based Solutions (NbS) is a cost-effective approach that utilizes ecosystem and biodiversity services for disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation, while also providing a range of co-benefits like sustainable livelihoods and food, water and energy security. This book discusses the concept of Nature-based Solutions (NbS) – both as a science and as art – and elaborates on how it can be applied to develop healthy and resilient ecosystems locally, nationally, regionally and globally. The book covers illustrative methods and tools adopted for applying NbS in different countries. The authors discuss NbS applications and challenges, research trends and future insights that have wider regional and global relevance. The aspects covered include: landscape restoration, ecosystem-based adaptation, ecosystem-based disaster risk reduction, ecological restoration, ecosystem-based protected areas management, green infrastructure development, nature-friendly infrastructure development in various ecosystem types, agro-climatic zones and watersheds. The book offers insights into understanding the sustainable development goals (SDGs) at the grass roots level and can help indigenous and local communities harness ecosystem services to help achieve them. It offers a unique, essential resource for researchers, students, corporations, administrators and policymakers working in the fields of the environment, geography, development, policy planning, the natural sciences, life sciences, agriculture, health, climate change and disaster studies.

Blue-Green Infrastructure Across Asian Countries

Blue-Green Infrastructure Across Asian Countries
  • Author : Shalini Dhyani,Mrittika Basu,Harini Santhanam,Rajarshi Dasgupta
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2022-03-24
  • Total pages : 518
  • ISBN : 9789811671289
  • File Size : 36,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 197
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This edited book discusses Blue-Green Infrastructure (BGI) from conception to implementation in building resilience and urban sustainability. The book emphasizes on infrastructures, institutions, and perceptions as three main pillars of implementing and managing successful BGI, with a special focus on Asia. The book highlights concepts as well as field-based experiences from different parts of Asia by experts, with a special focus on advances and opportunities in advancing BGI, challenges and constraints, followed by case studies on BGI mainstreaming. It addresses sustainable water management, multiscale environmental design, environmental risk assessment, and finally understanding policy implications and concerns for BGI mainstreaming in growing urban sprawls of the region. There has been growing global momentum and recognition of Blue-Green Infrastructure (BGI) as a multifunctional Nature-based Solution (NbS) with multiple co-benefits. There is strong evidence from many urban centres of Europe, USA, China, and South Africa demonstrating that mainstreaming BGI can help in addressing growing vulnerability of urban areas by ensuring safety, resilience, and sustainability for urban residents in the warming world. This book is a timely contribution for researchers, students, scholars, urban planners, consultants, and policy makers in the fields of environment, resilience, urban planning, climate adaptation, and sustainability science.

Small-Scale Urban Greening

Small-Scale Urban Greening
  • Author : Angela Loder
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2020-03-23
  • Total pages : 250
  • ISBN : 9781317284253
  • File Size : 34,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 103
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Small-scale urban greening projects are changing the urban landscape, shifting our experience and understanding of greenspaces in our cities. This book argues that including power dynamics, symbolism, and aesthetics in our understanding of the human relationship to urban nature can help us create places that nurture ecological and human health and promote successful and equitable urban communities. Using an interdisciplinary approach to current research debates and new comparative case studies on community perceptions of these urban greening projects and policies, this book explores how small-scale urban greening projects can impact our sense of place, health, creativity, and concentration while also being part of a successful urban greening program. Arguing that wildness, emotion, and sense of place are key components of our human–nature relationship, this book will be of interest to designers, academics, and policy makers.

Rethinking Sustainability Towards a Regenerative Economy

Rethinking Sustainability Towards a Regenerative Economy
  • Author : Maria Beatrice Andreucci,Antonino Marvuglia,Milen Baltov,Preben Hansen
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2021
  • Total pages : 435
  • ISBN : 9783030718190
  • File Size : 49,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 774
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This open access book is based on work from the COST Action RESTORE - REthinking Sustainability TOwards a Regenerative Economy, and highlights how sustainability in buildings, facilities and urban governance is crucial for a future that is socially just, ecologically restorative, and economically viable, for Europe and the whole planet. In light of the search for fair solutions to the climate crisis, the authors outline the urgency for the built environment sector to implement adaptation and mitigation strategies, as well as a just transition. As shown in the chapters, this can be done by applying a broader framework that enriches places, people, ecology, culture, and climate, at the core of the design task - with a particular emphasis on the benefits towards health and resilient business practices. This book is one step on the way to a paradigm shift towards restorative sustainability for new and existing buildings. The authors want to promote forward thinking and multidisciplinary knowledge, leading to solutions that celebrate the richness of design creativity. In this vision, cities of the future will enhance users' experience, health and wellbeing inside and outside of buildings, while reconciling anthropic ecosystems and nature. A valuable resource for scientists and students in environmental sciences and architecture, as well as policy makers, practitioners and investors in urban and regional development.

Building Automation and Digital Technologies

Building Automation and Digital Technologies
  • Author : Shahryar Habibi
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2022-04-08
  • Total pages : 170
  • ISBN : 9780128221648
  • File Size : 20,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 261
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Building automation systems and digital technologies are highly relevant for the environmental and energy performance of buildings. However, a clear gap remains between architectural engineering and the use of such technologies. Building Automation and Digital Technologies shows how to assimilate automation and digital technologies into making buildings smarter and more environmentally sustainable. This book shows why architects need smart and digital systems in building design and construction and promotes innovative technological tools for improving sustainability. It focuses on the development of automated environmental conditions and how new technology informs architectural engineering. The book also provides new evidence on the impact of building automation systems and digital technologies, such as the Internet of Things, artificial intelligence, and information and communication technology for developing a performance-based approach to the environmental sustainability of buildings, and provides a key reference for architects on how digital technology can inform their practice. Its four chapters cover: developing strategies for improving sustainable and smart buildings; architectural practice and construction technology; creativity and innovation in building automation systems; and the use phase of buildings. Building Automation and Digital Technologies meets a critical need for a sustainable and smart built environment from an architectural perspective, providing an important reference to architects and professionals in related fields by demonstrating the assimilation of the latest information and automation technologies. Puts forward an architectural perspective on the design and construction of smart, sustainable buildings Presents the use of digital technologies for design and construction Bridges the gap between architectural engineering and the use of automation and digital technology Considers the development of automated environmental conditions and new technology

Untitled

Untitled
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2023
  • Total pages : 236
  • ISBN : 9789811984563
  • File Size : 35,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 144
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PDF book entitled Untitled written by Anonim and published by Springer Nature which was released on 2023 with total hardcover pages 236, the book become popular and critical acclaim.

Urban Services to Ecosystems

Urban Services to Ecosystems
  • Author : Chiara Catalano,Maria Beatrice Andreucci,Riccardo Guarino,Francesca Bretzel,Manfredi Leone,Salvatore Pasta
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2021-09-15
  • Total pages : 533
  • ISBN : 9783030759292
  • File Size : 49,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 195
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The aim of this book is to bring together multidisciplinary research in the field of green infrastructure design, construction and ecology. The main core of the volume is constituted by contributions dealing with green infrastructure, vegetation science, nature-based solutions and sustainable urban development. The green infrastructure and its ecosystem services, indeed, are gaining space in both political agendas and academic research. However, the attention is focused on the services that nature is giving for free to and for human health and survival. What if we start to see things from another perspective? Our actions shall converge for instance to turn man-made environment like cities from heterotrophic to autotrophic ecosystems. From landscape ecology to urban and building design, like bricks of a wall, from the small scale to the bigger landscape scale via ecological networks and corridors, we should start answering these questions: what are the services that are we offering to Nature? What are we improving? How to implement our actions? This book contains three Open Access chapters, which are licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).

Nature-Based Solutions for Building Resilience in Towns and Cities

Nature-Based Solutions for Building Resilience in Towns and Cities
  • Author : Asian Development Bank
  • Publisher : Asian Development Bank
  • Release Date : 2016-12-01
  • Total pages : 192
  • ISBN : 9789292576585
  • File Size : 44,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 940
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Urban populations are projected to increase from 54% to 66% of the global population by 2050, with close to 90% of the increase concentrated in Asia and Africa. Cities and towns---a growing source of greenhouse gas emissions---will need to address challenges posed by climate change. A nature-based approach in identifying climate change vulnerabilities and developing relevant adaptation options was conducted in three towns of the Greater Mekong Subregion. Working with local governments, nongovernment organizations, women's groups, and professional associations, town-wide adaptation measures were defined by overlaying climate change projections on town plans and zoning schemes for strategic infrastructure. This publication captures valuable experience and lessons from the project.

An Innovative Role of Biofiltration in Wastewater Treatment Plants (WWTPs)

An Innovative Role of Biofiltration in Wastewater Treatment Plants (WWTPs)
  • Author : Maulin P. Shah,Susana Rodriguez-Couto,Jayanta Kumar Biswas
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2021-12-15
  • Total pages : 526
  • ISBN : 9780128239476
  • File Size : 28,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 112
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Many physico-chemical and operational factors influence the performance, treatment costs, and longterm stability of biofilters for the treatment of wastewater. An innovative role of biofiltration in wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) focuses on identifying the factors that affect biofiltration, such as the hydraulic retention time of the biofiltration system, the type and characteristics of the filter, and the attached biomass, explains their influence and provides guidelines on how to control these factors to optimize better operation with respect to pollutant control present in (WWTPs). The fundamental basis of the treatment in biofilters is the action of pollutant-degrading microorganisms and consequently the book also discusses in depth about the microbial ecology of biofiltration. In addition, it explores the applications of biofiltration including the removal of emerging pollutants. Describes the microbial ecology of biofiltration Includes modeling of biofiltration Describes the designing of biofilters, start-up, and monitoring Discusses the mechanism of biofiltration Describes the controlling and operational factors of biofiltration

Handbook of Water Harvesting and Conservation

Handbook of Water Harvesting and Conservation
  • Author : Saeid Eslamian,Faezeh Eslamian
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2020-12-10
  • Total pages : 528
  • ISBN : 9781119478942
  • File Size : 13,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 831
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Water harvesting is gaining more and more recognition as a sustainable and resilient water supply options. It is economically viable, socially compatible and environmentally friendly. Water harvesting has proven to be a robust solution to overcome or reduce water shortages all over the world. It is important to understand how to apply this practice in a sustainable and effective way to make full use of its potential in a world increasingly threatened by water scarcity. The Handbook of Water Harvesting and Conservation: Basic Concepts and Fundamentals is the most comprehensive, up-to-date and applied handbook on water harvesting and conservation yet published. The book’s 30 chapters -- written by 84 outstanding international experts from approximately 20 selected countries faced by drought -- explore, critique and develop concepts and systems for water harvesting. The editors bring together many perspectives into a synthesis that is both academically based and practical in its potential applications. The Handbook of Water Harvesting and Conservation: Basic Concepts and Fundamentals is an important tool for education, research and technical works in the areas of soil, water and watershed management and is highly useful for drought strategy planning, flood management and developing techniques to adapt to climate change in urban, agricultural, forest and rangeland areas.

Strategies for Sustainable Architecture

Strategies for Sustainable Architecture
  • Author : Paola Sassi
  • Publisher : Taylor & Francis
  • Release Date : 2006-09-27
  • Total pages : 312
  • ISBN : 9781134295364
  • File Size : 27,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 324
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Filling a gap in existing literature on sustainable design, this new guide introduces and illustrates sustainable design principles through detailed case studies of sustainable buildings in Europe, North America and Australia. The guide will provide the reader with a deeper understanding of the design issues involved in delivering sustainable buildings, and giving detailed description of the process of integrating principles into practice. Approximately one hundred case studies of sixty buildings, ranging from small dwellings to large commercial buildings, and drawn from a range of countries, demonstrate best current practice. The sections of the book are divided into design issues relating to sustainable development, including site and ecology, community and culture, health, materials, energy and water. With over 400 illustrations, this highly visual guide will be an invaluable reference to all those concerned with architecture and sustainability issues.

Nature-based Solutions for Sustainable Urban Planning

Nature-based Solutions for Sustainable Urban Planning
  • Author : Israa H. Mahmoud,Eugenio Morello,Fabiano Lemes de Oliveira,Davide Geneletti
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2022
  • Total pages : 246
  • ISBN : 9783030895259
  • File Size : 22,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 643
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Urban greening policies and measures have recently shown a high potential impact on the design and reshaping of the built environment, especially in urban regeneration processes. This book provides insights on analytical methods, planning strategies and shared governance tools for successfully integrating Nature-Based Solutions (NBS) in the urban planning practice. The selected contributions present real-life application cases, in which the mainstreaming of NBS are investigated according to two main challenges: the planning and designing of physical and spatial integration of NBS in cities on one side, and the implementation of suitable shared governance models and co-creation pathways on the other. Chapter 5 is available open access under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License via link.springer.com.

Urban Heat Stress and Mitigation Solutions

Urban Heat Stress and Mitigation Solutions
  • Author : Vincenzo Costanzo,Gianpiero Evola,Luigi Marletta
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2021-09-09
  • Total pages : 430
  • ISBN : 9781000431520
  • File Size : 52,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 351
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This book provides the reader with an understanding of the impact that different morphologies, construction materials and green coverage solutions have on the urban microclimate, thus affecting the comfort conditions of urban inhabitants and the energy needs of buildings in urban areas. The book covers the latest approaches to energy and outdoor comfort measurement and modelling on an urban scale, and describes possible measures and strategies to mitigate the effects of the mutual interaction between urban settlements and local microclimate. Despite its relevance, only limited literature is currently devoted to appraising—from an engineering perspective—the intertwining relationships between urban geometry and fabrics, energy fluxes between buildings and their surroundings, outdoor microclimate conditions and building energy demands in urban areas. This book fills this gap by first discussing the physical processes that govern heat and mass transfer at an urban scale, while emphasizing the role played by different spatial arrangements, manmade materials and green infrastructures on the outdoor microclimate. The first chapters also address the implications of these factors on the outdoor comfort conditions experienced by pedestrians, and on the buildings’ energy demand for space heating and cooling. Then, based upon cutting-edge experimental activities and simulation work, this book demonstrates current and forthcoming adaptation and mitigation strategies to improve the urban microclimate and its impact on the built environment, such as cool materials, thermochromic and retroreflective finishing materials, and green infrastructures applied either at a building scale or at the urban scale. The effect of these solutions is demonstrated for different cities worldwide under a range of climate conditions. Finally, the book opens a wider perspective by introducing the basic elements that allow fuel poverty, raw materials consumption, and the principles of circular economy in the definition of a resilient urban settlement.