Microplastic Contamination In Aquatic Environments

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Microplastic Contamination in Aquatic Environments

Microplastic Contamination in Aquatic Environments
  • Author : Eddy Y Zeng
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2018-05-17
  • Total pages : 424
  • ISBN : 9780128137482
  • File Size : 46,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 368
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Microplastic Contamination in Aquatic Environments: An Emerging Matter of Environmental Urgency comprehensively illustrates the traditional and advanced technologies on sampling, identification and quantification of microplastic from different environmental media. Contributors summarize and discuss recent research on microplastic and examine studies on nano-sized plastic particles. Chapters cover a full range of microplastic research, including global distribution, detection, environmental fate, biological effects and political legislation. Users will find the book to be a comprehensive overview of microplastic research that is ideal for research and understanding on the occurrence of microplastic in aquatic environments. Provides an overview of the advantages and disadvantages of different methods for sampling, identification and enumeration of microplastics Contains contributions from world experts with a diverse range of backgrounds, all brought together by a well-known, experienced editor Presents information on microplastics in a unified place, with easy access for the reader

Microplastic Contamination in Aquatic Environments

Microplastic Contamination in Aquatic Environments
  • Author : Eddy Y Zeng
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2018-06-02
  • Total pages : 424
  • ISBN : 0128137479
  • File Size : 36,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 397
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Microplastic Contamination in Aquatic Environments: An Emerging Matter of Environmental Urgency comprehensively illustrates the traditional and advanced technologies on sampling, identification and quantification of microplastic from different environmental media. Contributors summarize and discuss recent research on microplastic and examine studies on nano-sized plastic particles. Chapters cover a full range of microplastic research, including global distribution, detection, environmental fate, biological effects and political legislation. Users will find the book to be a comprehensive overview of microplastic research that is ideal for research and understanding on the occurrence of microplastic in aquatic environments. Provides an overview of the advantages and disadvantages of different methods for sampling, identification and enumeration of microplastics Contains contributions from world experts with a diverse range of backgrounds, all brought together by a well-known, experienced editor Presents information on microplastics in a unified place, with easy access for the reader

Toxicology

Toxicology
  • Author : Marcelo Larramendy,Sonia Soloneski
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2016-10-26
  • Total pages : 220
  • ISBN : 9789535127161
  • File Size : 39,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 419
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This edited book, Toxicology - New Aspects to This Scientific Conundrum, is intended to provide an overview on the different xenobiotics employed every day in our anthropogenic activities. We hope that this book will continue to meet the expectations and needs of all interested in the implications for the living species of known and new toxicants and to guide them in the future investigations.

Microplastic in the Environment: Pattern and Process

Microplastic in the Environment: Pattern and Process
  • Author : Michael S. Bank
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2021-10-09
  • Total pages : 354
  • ISBN : 9783030786274
  • File Size : 19,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 364
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This open access book examines global plastic pollution, an issue that has become a critical societal challenge with implications for environmental and public health. This volume provides a comprehensive, holistic analysis on the plastic cycle and its subsequent effects on biota, food security, and human exposure. Importantly, global environmental change and its associated, systems-level processes, including atmospheric deposition, ecosystem complexity, UV exposure, wind patterns, water stratification, ocean circulation, etc., are all important direct and indirect factors governing the fate, transport and biotic and abiotic processing of plastic particles across ecosystem types. Furthermore, the distribution of plastic in the ocean is not independent of terrestrial ecosystem dynamics, since much of the plastic in marine ecosystems originates from land and should therefore be evaluated in the context of the larger plastic cycle. Changes in species size, distribution, habitat, and food web complexity, due to global environmental change, will likely alter trophic transfer dynamics and the ecological effects of nano- and microplastics. The fate and transport dynamics of plastic particles are influenced by their size, form, shape, polymer type, additives, and overall ecosystem conditions. In addition to the risks that plastics pose to the total environment, the potential impacts on human health and exposure routes, including seafood consumption, and air and drinking water need to be assessed in a comprehensive and quantitative manner. Here I present a holistic and interdisciplinary book volume designed to advance the understanding of plastic cycling in the environment with an emphasis on sources, fate and transport, ecotoxicology, climate change effects, food security, microbiology, sustainability, human exposure and public policy.

Freshwater Microplastics

Freshwater Microplastics
  • Author : Martin Wagner,Scott Lambert
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2017-11-21
  • Total pages : 303
  • ISBN : 9783319616155
  • File Size : 46,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 708
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This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license. This volume focuses on microscopic plastic debris, also referred to as microplastics, which have been detected in aquatic environments around the globe and have accordingly raised serious concerns. The book explores whether microplastics represent emerging contaminants in freshwater systems, an area that remains underrepresented to date. Given the complexity of the issue, the book covers the current state-of-research on microplastics in rivers and lakes, including analytical aspects, environmental concentrations and sources, modelling approaches, interactions with biota, and ecological implications. To provide a broader perspective, the book also discusses lessons learned from nanomaterials and the implications of plastic debris for regulation, politics, economy, and society. In a research field that is rapidly evolving, it offers a solid overview for environmental chemists, engineers, and toxicologists, as well as water managers and policy-makers.

Microplastic Contamination in Aquatic Environments

Microplastic Contamination in Aquatic Environments
  • Author : Eddy Y Zeng
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2018-06-02
  • Total pages : 424
  • ISBN : 0128137479
  • File Size : 35,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 717
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Microplastic Contamination in Aquatic Environments: An Emerging Matter of Environmental Urgency comprehensively illustrates the traditional and advanced technologies on sampling, identification and quantification of microplastic from different environmental media. Contributors summarize and discuss recent research on microplastic and examine studies on nano-sized plastic particles. Chapters cover a full range of microplastic research, including global distribution, detection, environmental fate, biological effects and political legislation. Users will find the book to be a comprehensive overview of microplastic research that is ideal for research and understanding on the occurrence of microplastic in aquatic environments. Provides an overview of the advantages and disadvantages of different methods for sampling, identification and enumeration of microplastics Contains contributions from world experts with a diverse range of backgrounds, all brought together by a well-known, experienced editor Presents information on microplastics in a unified place, with easy access for the reader

Particulate Plastics in Terrestrial and Aquatic Environments

Particulate Plastics in Terrestrial and Aquatic Environments
  • Author : Nanthi S. Bolan,M.B. Kirkham,Claudia Halsband,Dayanthi Nugegoda,Yong Sik Ok
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2020-07-30
  • Total pages : 442
  • ISBN : 9781000081411
  • File Size : 49,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 566
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The manufacture of plastic as well as its indiscriminate disposal and destruction by incineration pollutes atmospheric, terrestrial, and aquatic ecosystems. Synthetic plastics do not break down; they accumulate in the environment as macro-, micro-, and nanoplastics. These particulate plastics are a major source of pollutants in soil and marine ecosystems. Particulate Plastics in Terrestrial and Aquatic Environments provides a fundamental understanding of the sources of these plastics and the threats they pose to the environment. The book demonstrates the ecotoxicity of particulate plastics using case studies and offers management practices to mitigate particulate plastic contamination in the environment. Features · Describes physical and chemical properties of particulate plastics in terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems · Presents information on characteristics of particulate plastics as impacted by weathering processes · Provides numerous approaches for managing particulate plastic contamination · Identifies sources of particulate plastics in the environment; distribution and characteristics of particulate plastics; and management strategies of particulate plastics Written by a global team of scientists, this book is for researchers in the fields of environmental safety and waste management or individuals interested in the impact of particulate plastics on environmental health.

Marine Anthropogenic Litter

Marine Anthropogenic Litter
  • Author : Melanie Bergmann,Lars Gutow,Michael Klages
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2015-06-01
  • Total pages : 447
  • ISBN : 9783319165103
  • File Size : 42,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 944
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This book describes how man-made litter, primarily plastic, has spread into the remotest parts of the oceans and covers all aspects of this pollution problem from the impacts on wildlife and human health to socio-economic and political issues. Marine litter is a prime threat to marine wildlife, habitats and food webs worldwide. The book illustrates how advanced technologies from deep-sea research, microbiology and mathematic modelling as well as classic beach litter counts by volunteers contributed to the broad awareness of marine litter as a problem of global significance. The authors summarise more than five decades of marine litter research, which receives growing attention after the recent discovery of great oceanic garbage patches and the ubiquity of microscopic plastic particles in marine organisms and habitats. In 16 chapters, authors from all over the world have created a universal view on the diverse field of marine litter pollution, the biological impacts, dedicated research activities, and the various national and international legislative efforts to combat this environmental problem. They recommend future research directions necessary for a comprehensive understanding of this environmental issue and the development of efficient management strategies. This book addresses scientists, and it provides a solid knowledge base for policy makers, NGOs, and the broader public.

Microplastics in Terrestrial Environments

Microplastics in Terrestrial Environments
  • Author : Defu He,Yongming Luo
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2020-08-21
  • Total pages : 471
  • ISBN : 9783030562717
  • File Size : 38,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 687
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This book focuses on microplastics as emerging persistent contaminants in terrestrial environments. Scientists from around the globe review recent advances in multi-disciplinary research on micro(nano)plastics, including analytical methods; the sources, fate and distribution of microplastics; ecological risks; toxicity and health risks; and control and countermeasures for microplastics in terrestrial environments. Offering a comprehensive overview of microplastics in terrestrial environments, the book is a valuable resource for environmental researchers, ecologists and toxicologists, as well as for policymakers and non-experts.

Microplastic Pollution

Microplastic Pollution
  • Author : Subramanian Senthilkannan Muthu
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2021-03-14
  • Total pages : 174
  • ISBN : 9789811602979
  • File Size : 25,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 429
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This book addresses the emergent need to act on reducing or getting rid of micro plastic pollution, to achieve a sustainable environment. Microplastics are small plastic pieces, which are less than five millimeters long which can be harmful to our oceans and aquatic life. These predominantly include microfibers from clothing, microbeads, and plastic pellets. Microplastics impact aquatic creatures, turtles and birds. According to the first study on estimation of human ingestion of microplastic, on average a person consumes at least 50,000 particles of microplastic a year and breathes a similar quantity. Ingested microplastic particles can physically damage organs and also compromise immune function and stymie growth and reproduction. This book presents six informative chapters in order to alleviate the above mentioned issues​.

Microplastic Pollutants

Microplastic Pollutants
  • Author : Christopher Blair Crawford,Brian Quinn
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2016-11-29
  • Total pages : 336
  • ISBN : 9780128094068
  • File Size : 42,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 645
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Microplastic Pollutants introduces the reader to the growing problem of microplastic pollution in the aquatic environment and is the first ever book dedicated exclusively to the subject of microplastics. Importantly, this timely full-colour illustrated multidisciplinary book highlights the very recent realization that microplastics may transport toxic chemicals into food chains around the world. Microplastic pollutants is currently an important topic in both industry and academia, as well as among legislative bodies, and research in this area is gaining considerable attention from both the worldwide media and scientific community on a rapidly increasing scale. Ultimately, this book provides an excellent source of reference and information on microplastics for scientists, engineers, students, industry, policy makers and citizens alike.

Microplastics in fisheries and aquaculture:

Microplastics in fisheries and aquaculture:
  • Author : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
  • Publisher : Food & Agriculture Org.
  • Release Date : 2018-11-09
  • Total pages : 147
  • ISBN : 9789251098820
  • File Size : 27,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 145
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An overview of the occurrence and effects of microplastics on aquatic organisms, with recommendations regarding seafood safety and security, environmental risk assessment approaches and targeted monitoring of microplastics in the environment.

YOUMARES 9 - the Oceans: Our Research, Our Future

YOUMARES 9 - the Oceans: Our Research, Our Future
  • Author : Simon Jungblut,Viola Liebich,Maya Bode-Dalby
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2020-01-01
  • Total pages : 378
  • ISBN : 9783030203894
  • File Size : 45,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 616
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This open access book summarizes peer-reviewed articles and the abstracts of oral and poster presentations given during the YOUMARES 9 conference which took place in Oldenburg, Germany, in September 2018. The aims of this book are to summarize state-of-the-art knowledge in marine sciences and to inspire scientists of all career stages in the development of further research. These conferences are organized by and for young marine researchers. Qualified early-career researchers, who moderated topical sessions during the conference, contributed literature reviews on specific topics within their research field. .

Successes, Limitations, and Frontiers in Ecosystem Science

Successes, Limitations, and Frontiers in Ecosystem Science
  • Author : Michael L. Pace,Peter M. Groffman
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-12-01
  • Total pages : 499
  • ISBN : 9781461217244
  • File Size : 38,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 368
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Ecosystem research has emerged in recent decades as a vital, successful, and sometimes controversial approach to environmental science. This book emphasizes the idea that much of the progress in ecosystem research has been driven by the emergence of new environmental problems that could not be addressed by existing approaches. By focusing on successes and limitations of ecosystems studies, the book explores avenues for future ecosystem-level research.

Microplastics in Water and Wastewater

Microplastics in Water and Wastewater
  • Author : Hrissi K. Karapanagioti,Ioannis K. Kalavrouziotis
  • Publisher : IWA Publishing
  • Release Date : 2019-09-15
  • Total pages : 237
  • ISBN : 9781789060027
  • File Size : 43,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 735
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This book covers the topic of microplastics in water and wastewater. The chapters start with introductory issues related to the growing interest in the scientific community on microplastics and the human water cycle and point out where the microplastics could interact with water. The subsequent chapters examine evidence of the microplastic presence in freshwater, such as in both rivers and lakes, in freshwater biota, and hazardous chemicals associated with microplastics in such systems. Another set of chapters discuss the presence of microplastics in wastewater: their sources; their transfer through a wastewater treatment plant; the concentration of microplastics in effluents throughout the world; the plastic biomedia used in wastewater treatment plants and the effect on the surrounding environment of effluent wastewater pipes. These chapters also discuss the sampling methods, the sample treatment and analysis techniques used so far for microplastics in wastewater. Additionally, the presence of microplastics in sewage sludge and in soils irrigated with wastewater or fertilized with sludge are discussed. The possible impact of plastics and their additives on plants, microalgae, and humans are reviewed and presented in a critical way. Finally, a chapter summarizes all the relevant regulations and initiatives that point to the necessity of a global directive for the protection of the environment from plastic and microplastic pollution. The topic of microplastics in freshwater systems and in wastewater has scarcely been studied and requires more attention. Microplastics in Water and Wastewater aims to bring these initial findings to the attention of a broader audience and especially to operators and managers of freshwater and wastewater systems. It will also be helpful to people already aware of the marine debris problem to understand the sources of microplastics in the oceans, from freshwater systems and wastewater treatment plants.

Plastics and the Environment

Plastics and the Environment
  • Author : R. M. Harrison,R. E. Hester
  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release Date : 2018-11-20
  • Total pages : 192
  • ISBN : 9781788012416
  • File Size : 51,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 954
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Plastic has become a ubiquitous part of modern life. A cheap, lightweight material, it is used in everything from food packaging to consumer electronics and microbeads in cosmetic products. However, we are becoming increasingly aware of the problems our reliance on plastic is causing in the environment. For example, recent campaigns have highlighted the build-up of microbeads in the marine environment and the damage this is doing to wildlife, and the problem of marine litter, often in very remote locations. There are also concerns over exposure to plasticisers and their possible consequences for health. The plastics industry is under increasing pressure, not only from the government and environmental groups, but also from consumers, to improve the environmental impact of their products. This book presents an introduction to the uses of plastics and an overview of how they interact with the environment. It is a valuable resource for students studying environmental science as well as researchers working in the plastics industry, and policy makers and regulators concerned with waste disposal and environmental planning and conservation.

Handbook of Microplastics in the Environment

Handbook of Microplastics in the Environment
  • Author : Teresa Rocha-Santos,Mónica Costa,Catherine Mouneyrac
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2022-04-09
  • Total pages : 1379
  • ISBN : 3030390403
  • File Size : 20,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 857
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This reference work presents an authoritative review of microplastics as vectors of environmental contaminants and provides a comprehensive coverage of their ecotoxicological and toxicological effects. Divided into four sections, this book outlines the current analytical techniques and applications for sampling, processing analysis, and data reporting of microplastics pollution in the environment, explores microplastics degradation and interaction with chemical pollutants, discusses the fate and behaviour of microplastics in the environment, and provides valuable insights about prevention, regulation and remediation of microplastics pollution. Written by interdisciplinary expert academics and practitioners, this reference work will appeal to a wide readership of students, researchers and professionals interested in this field, including marine scientists, environmental scientists, analytical chemists, organic chemists, biochemists, biologists, polymer scientists, and toxicologists.

Micro-and macro-plastics in marine species from Nordic waters

Micro-and macro-plastics in marine species from Nordic waters
  • Author : Inger Lise N. Bråte, Bastian Huwer,Kevin V. Thomas,David P. Eidsvoll, Claudia Halsband,Bethanie Carney Almroth,Amy Lusher
  • Publisher : Nordic Council of Ministers
  • Release Date : 2017-09-15
  • Total pages : 101
  • ISBN : 9789289351201
  • File Size : 48,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 682
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This report summarises the knowledge on plastics in Nordic marine species. Nordic biota interacts with plastic pollution, through entanglement and ingestion. Ingestion has been found in many seabirds and also in stranded mammals. Ingestion of plastics has been documented in 14 fish species, which many of them are of ecology and commercially importance. Microplastics have also been found in blue mussels and preliminary studies found synthetic fibres in marine worms. Comparability between and within studies of plastic ingestion by biota from the Nordic environment and other regions are difficult as there are: few studies and different methods are used. It is important that research is directed towards the knowledge gaps highlighted in this report, to get a better understanding on plastic ingestion and impact on biota from the Nordic marine environment.

Characterization and Analysis of Microplastics

Characterization and Analysis of Microplastics
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2017-03-19
  • Total pages : 302
  • ISBN : 9780444638991
  • File Size : 54,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 883
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Characterization and Analysis of Microplastics, Volume 75, aims to fulfill the gap on the existence of published analytical methodologies for the identification and quantification of microplastics. This overview includes the following main topics: introduction to the fate and behavior of microplastics in the environment, assessment of sampling techniques and sample handling, morphological, physical, and chemical characterization of microplastics, and the role of laboratory experiments in the validation of field data. The characterization and analysis of microplastics is a hot topic considering the current need for reliable data on concentrations of microplastics in environmental compartments. This book presents a comprehensive overview of the analytical techniques and future perspectives of analytical methodologies in the field. Concise, comprehensive coverage of analytical techniques and applications Clear diagrams adequately support important topics Includes real examples that illustrate applications of the analytical techniques on the sampling, characterization, and analysis of microplastics

Marine Plastic Debris and Microplastics

Marine Plastic Debris and Microplastics
  • Author : United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
  • Publisher : United Nations
  • Release Date : 2016-05-11
  • Total pages : 272
  • ISBN : 9789210601603
  • File Size : 25,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 553
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This report presents both short- and long-term approaches to the problem of marine plastic debris and micro plastics. It provides an overview of the latest science and experiences, identifies priority areas of action, and points out areas requiring more research. Improved waste management is urgently needed to reduce the flow of plastic into our oceans.

YOUMARES 8 – Oceans Across Boundaries: Learning from each other

YOUMARES 8 – Oceans Across Boundaries: Learning from each other
  • Author : Simon Jungblut,Viola Liebich,Maya Bode
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2018-08-29
  • Total pages : 251
  • ISBN : 9783319932842
  • File Size : 48,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 290
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This open access book presents the proceedings volume of the YOUMARES 8 conference, which took place in Kiel, Germany, in September 2017, supported by the German Association for Marine Sciences (DGM). The YOUMARES conference series is entirely bottom-up organized by and for YOUng MARine RESearchers. Qualified early career scientists moderated the scientific sessions during the conference and provided literature reviews on aspects of their research field. These reviews and the presenters’ conference abstracts are compiled here. Thus, this book discusses highly topical fields of marine research and aims to act as a source of knowledge and inspiration for further reading and research.