Heterogeneity Of Function In Numerical Cognition

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Heterogeneity of Function in Numerical Cognition

Heterogeneity of Function in Numerical Cognition
  • Author : Avishai Henik,Wim Fias
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2018-05-17
  • Total pages : 480
  • ISBN : 9780128115305
  • File Size : 40,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 878
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Heterogeneity of Function in Numerical Cognition presents the latest updates on ongoing research and discussions regarding numerical cognition. With great individual differences in the development or function of numerical cognition at neuroanatomical, neuropsychological, behavioral, and interactional levels, these issues are important for the achievement of a comprehensive understanding of numerical cognition, hence its brain basis, development, breakdown in brain-injured individuals, and failures to master mathematical skills. These functions are essential for the proper development of numerical cognition. Provides an innovative reference on the emerging field of numerical cognition and the branches that converge on this diverse cognitive domain Includes an overview of the multiple disciplines that comprise numerical cognition Focuses on factors that influence numerical cognition, such as language, executive attention, memory and spatial processing Features an innovative organization with each section providing a general overview, developmental research, and evidence from neurocognitive studies

Heterogeneous Contributions to Numerical Cognition

Heterogeneous Contributions to Numerical Cognition
  • Author : Wim Fias,Avishai Henik
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2021-05-28
  • Total pages : 422
  • ISBN : 9780128174159
  • File Size : 30,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 320
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Arithmetic disability stems from deficits in neurodevelopment, with great individual differences in development or function of an individual at neuroanatomical, neuropsychological, behavioral, and interactional levels. Heterogeneous Contributions to Numerical Cognition: Learning and Education in Mathematical Cognition examines research in mathematical education methods and their neurodevelopmental basis, focusing on the underlying neurodevelopmental features that must be taken into account when teaching and learning mathematics. Cognitive domains and functions such as executive functions, memory, attention, and language contribute to numerical cognition and are essential for its proper development. These lines of research and thinking in neuroscience are discussed in this book to further the understanding of the neurodevelopmental and cognitive basis of more complex forms of mathematics – and how to best teach them. By unravelling the basic building blocks of numerical thinking and the developmental basis of human capacity for arithmetic, this book and the discussions within are important for the achievement of a comprehensive understanding of numerical cognition, its brain basis, development, breakdown in brain-injured individuals, and failures to master mathematical skills. A novel innovative reference on the emerging field of numerical cognition and neurodevelopment underlying mathematical education Includes an overview of the multiple disciplines that comprise numerical cognition written by world-leading researchers in the numerical cognition and neurodevelopment fields Features an innovative organization with each section providing a general overview, developmental research, neurocognitive mechanisms, and discussion about relevant studies

Heterogeneity of Function in Numerical Cognition

Heterogeneity of Function in Numerical Cognition
  • Author : Avishai Henik,Wim Fias
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2018-05-19
  • Total pages : 480
  • ISBN : 0128115297
  • File Size : 31,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 219
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Heterogeneity of Function in Numerical Cognition presents the latest updates on ongoing research and discussions regarding numerical cognition. With great individual differences in the development or function of numerical cognition at neuroanatomical, neuropsychological, behavioral, and interactional levels, these issues are important for the achievement of a comprehensive understanding of numerical cognition, hence its brain basis, development, breakdown in brain-injured individuals, and failures to master mathematical skills. These functions are essential for the proper development of numerical cognition. Provides an innovative reference on the emerging field of numerical cognition and the branches that converge on this diverse cognitive domain Includes an overview of the multiple disciplines that comprise numerical cognition Focuses on factors that influence numerical cognition, such as language, executive attention, memory and spatial processing Features an innovative organization with each section providing a general overview, developmental research, and evidence from neurocognitive studies

Numerical Cognition

Numerical Cognition
  • Author : Andre Knops
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2019-12-19
  • Total pages : 180
  • ISBN : 9781000766455
  • File Size : 44,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 147
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Numerical Cognition: The Basics provides an understanding of the neural and cognitive mechanisms that enable us to perceive, process, and memorize numerical information. Starting from basic numerical competencies that humans share with other species, the book explores the mental coding of numbers and their neural representation. It explains the strategies of mental calculation, their pitfalls and their development, as well as the developmental steps children make while learning about numbers. The book gradually builds our understanding of the underlying mental processes of numeracy and concludes with an insightful examination of the diagnosis, etiology and treatment of dyscalculia. Written in an accessible manner, the book summarizes and critically evaluates the major psychological explanations for various empirical phenomena in numerical cognition. Containing a wealth of student-friendly features including end of chapter summaries, informative figures, further reading lists, and links to relevant websites, Numerical Cognition: The Basics is an essential starting point for anybody new to the field.

Handbook of Cognitive Mathematics

Handbook of Cognitive Mathematics
  • Author : Marcel Danesi
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2022-12-02
  • Total pages : 1392
  • ISBN : 9783031039454
  • File Size : 24,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 108
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Cognitive mathematics provides insights into how mathematics works inside the brain and how it is interconnected with other faculties through so-called blending and other associative processes. This handbook is the first large collection of various aspects of cognitive mathematics to be amassed into a single title, covering decades of connection between mathematics and other figurative processes as they manifest themselves in language, art, and even algorithms. It will be of use to anyone working in math cognition and education, with each section of the handbook edited by an international leader in that field.

Approximate Number System and Mathematics

Approximate Number System and Mathematics
  • Author : Jingguang Li,Xinlin Zhou,Marcus Lindskog
  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release Date : 2019-11-25
  • Total pages : 176
  • ISBN : 9782889632084
  • File Size : 17,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 432
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Humans process quantity information without the aid of language or symbols to guide a variety of everyday life decisions. The cognitive system that supports this intuitive skill is often referred to as the approximate number system (ANS). It has been argued that the ANS serves as the foundation of the formal symbolic number system—mathematics. Abundant empirical evidence is supportive of this view: acuity of the ANS is positively correlated with symbolic math performance, training of the ANS may cause improvements in symbolic math performance, and the ANS and symbolic number processing may share a common neural underpinning. However, recently several theories and empirical data cast doubt on the role of the ANS in symbolic math processing. This e-book aims to advance our understanding of the underlying mechanisms of the overlap between the ANS and mathematics.

Visualizing Mathematics

Visualizing Mathematics
  • Author : Kelly S. Mix,Michael T. Battista
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2018-12-07
  • Total pages : 378
  • ISBN : 9783319987675
  • File Size : 46,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 972
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This unique volume surveys recent research on spatial visualization in mathematics in the fields of cognitive psychology and mathematics education. The general topic of spatial skill and mathematics has a long research tradition, but has been gaining attention in recent years, although much of this research happens in disconnected subfields. This volume aims to promote interaction between researchers, not only to provide a more comprehensive view of spatial visualization and mathematics, but also to stimulate innovative new directions in research based on a more coordinated effort. It features ten chapters authored by leading researchers in cognitive psychology and mathematics education, as well as includes dynamic commentaries by mathematics education researchers on cognitive psychology chapters, and by cognitive psychologists on mathematics education chapters. Among the topics included: From intuitive spatial measurement to understanding of units. Spatial reasoning: a critical problem-solving tool in children’s mathematics strategy tool-kit. What processes underlie the relation between spatial skill and mathematics? Learning with and from drawing in early years geometry. Communication of visual information and complexity of reasoning by mathematically talented students. Visualizing Mathematics makes substantial progress in understanding the role of spatial reasoning in mathematical thought and in connecting various subfields of research. It promises to make an impact among psychologists, education scholars, and mathematics educators in the convergence of psychology and education.

Diversity Dimensions in Mathematics and Language Learning

Diversity Dimensions in Mathematics and Language Learning
  • Author : Annemarie Fritz,Erkan Gürsoy,Moritz Herzog
  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • Release Date : 2021-06-08
  • Total pages : 432
  • ISBN : 9783110662764
  • File Size : 22,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 634
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Wie hängen sprachliche und mathematische Entwicklung zusammen? Dieser Frage wird derzeit mit großem Interesse aus unterschiedlichen Perspektiven nachgegangen. Dieser Sammelband vereint Erkenntnisse aus Psychologie, Neurowissenschaften, Mathematikdidaktik, (Psycho-)Linguistik und Mehrsprachigkeitsforschung. Der interdisziplinäre Ansatz bietet einen umfassenden Blick auf den aktuellen Forschungsstand, dargestellt von national und international renommierten Forschenden. Das Buch gliedert sich in drei Teile. Der erste Teil „Modelle und Theorien“ fasst theoretische Überlegungen zusammen und stellt Strukturen für Forschung und Praxis bereit. Dieser Teil dient dazu, den Grundstein für die anderen Teile sowie für zukünftige Forschung zu legen. Der zweite Teil „Kindergartenalter“ sowie der dritte Teil „Grundschulalter“ decken empirische Befunde über die Korrelation zwischen Sprache und mathematischem Lernen in der jeweiligen Altersgruppe ab. Ein besonderer Fokus liegt hierbei auf dem Aspekt der Mehrsprachigkeit. Damit bietet dieser Sammelband eine große Bandbreite fachspezifischen Wissens für Bildungswissenschaftler*innen, Lehramtsstudierende, Psycholog*innen und Forschende zur Mehrsprachigkeit.

Handbook of Research on Innovative Approaches to Early Childhood Development and School Readiness

Handbook of Research on Innovative Approaches to Early Childhood Development and School Readiness
  • Author : Betts, Anastasia Lynn,Thai, Khanh-Phuong
  • Publisher : IGI Global
  • Release Date : 2022-02-11
  • Total pages : 860
  • ISBN : 9781799886518
  • File Size : 28,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 311
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School readiness is as much about schools recognizing the existing capabilities and knowledge each child has when they enter school as it is about supporting children and families in their preparation for entering formal learning environments. Effective approaches that address learning variability must take these differences into account, recognizing and leveraging opportunities inherent in the child’s ecosystem of resources. The Handbook of Research on Innovative Approaches to Early Childhood Development and School Readiness assembles the most current research and thought-leadership on the ways in which innovative education stakeholders are working together to impact the most critical years in a child’s life—the years leading up to and including kindergarten. Covering topics such as change agency, experience quality, and social-emotional development, this book is a crucial resource for educational researchers, child development professionals, school administrators, pre-K teachers, pre-service teachers, program managers, policymakers, non-profit service organizations, early childhood EdTech developers, curriculum developers, and academicians.

The Cambridge Handbook of Dyslexia and Dyscalculia

The Cambridge Handbook of Dyslexia and Dyscalculia
  • Author : Michael A. Skeide
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2022-07-31
  • Total pages : 229
  • ISBN : 9781108968324
  • File Size : 15,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 113
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In this handbook, the world's leading researchers answer fundamental questions about dyslexia and dyscalculia based on authoritative reviews of the scientific literature. It provides an overview from the basic science foundations to best practice in schooling and educational policy, covering research topics ranging from genes, environments, and cognition to prevention, intervention and educational practice. With clear explanations of scientific concepts, research methods, statistical models and technical terms within a cross-cultural perspective, this book will be a go-to reference for researchers, instructors, students, policymakers, educators, teachers, therapists, psychologists, physicians and those affected by learning difficulties.

Educational Research and Innovation AI and the Future of Skills, Volume 1 Capabilities and Assessments

Educational Research and Innovation AI and the Future of Skills, Volume 1 Capabilities and Assessments
  • Author : OECD
  • Publisher : OECD Publishing
  • Release Date : 2021-11-18
  • Total pages : 326
  • ISBN : 9789264843066
  • File Size : 32,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 377
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Artificial intelligence (AI) and robotics are major breakthrough technologies that are transforming the economy and society. The OECD’s Artificial Intelligence and the Future of Skills (AIFS) project is developing a programme to assess the capabilities of AI and robotics, and their impact on education and work.

Educational Neuroscience

Educational Neuroscience
  • Author : Michael S. C. Thomas,Denis Mareschal,Iroise Dumontheil
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2020-04-14
  • Total pages : 558
  • ISBN : 9781000040791
  • File Size : 51,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 661
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The field of educational neuroscience uses new insights about the neural mechanisms of learning to improve educational practices and outcomes. The first volume to bring together the latest knowledge on the development of educational neuroscience from a life-span perspective, this important text offers state of the art, authoritative research findings in educational neuroscience before providing evidence-based recommendations for classroom practice. Thomas, Mareschal, Dumontheil, and the team of expert international contributors assembled in this volume thoroughly explore four main themes throughout the book. The first theme is individual differences, or what makes children perform better or worse in the classroom. The second theme is the nature of individual differences at different stages in development, from early years into adulthood. The third theme addresses cognitive enhancement, summarizing research that has investigated activities that might give general benefits to cognition. And the fourth theme considers the translation of research findings into classroom practices, discussing broader ethical issues raised by educational neuroscience, and what teachers need to know about neuroscience to enhance their day-to-day practice. Specific topics explored include neuropsychological perspectives on socioeconomic disparities in educational achievement, reading difficulties, phonological skills, executive function, and emotional development. Educational Neuroscience is essential reading for researchers and graduate students of educational psychology, developmental science, developmental psychology, and cognitive psychology, especially those specializing in emotion regulation.

International Handbook of Mathematical Learning Difficulties

International Handbook of Mathematical Learning Difficulties
  • Author : Annemarie Fritz,Vitor Geraldi Haase,Pekka Räsänen
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2019-01-30
  • Total pages : 834
  • ISBN : 9783319971483
  • File Size : 20,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 304
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This comprehensive volume provides teachers, researchers and education professionals with cutting edge knowledge developed in the last decades by the educational, behavioural and neurosciences, integrating cognitive, developmental and socioeconomic approaches to deal with the problems children face in learning mathematics. The neurocognitive mechanisms and the cognitive processes underlying acquisition of arithmetic abilities and their significance for education have been the subject of intense research in the last few decades, but the most part of this research has been conducted in non-applied settings and there’s still a deep discrepancy between the level of scientific knowledge and its implementation into actual educational settings. Now it’s time to bring the results from the laboratory to the classroom. Apart from bringing the theoretical discussions to educational settings, the volume presents a wide range of methods for early detection of children with risks in mathematics learning and strategies to develop effective interventions based on innovative cognitive test instruments. It also provides insights to translate research knowledge into public policies in order to address socioeconomic issues. And it does so from an international perspective, dedicating a whole section to the cultural diversity of mathematics learning difficulties in different parts of the world. All of this makes the International Handbook of Mathematical Learning Difficulties an essential tool for those involved in the daily struggle to prepare the future generations to succeed in the global knowledge society.

Neuro-Systemic Applications in Learning

Neuro-Systemic Applications in Learning
  • Author : Kennedy Andrew Thomas,Joseph Varghese Kureethara,Siddhartha Bhattacharyya
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2021-09-01
  • Total pages : 542
  • ISBN : 9783030724009
  • File Size : 36,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 138
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Neuroscience research deals with the physiology, biochemistry, anatomy and molecular biology of neurons and neural circuits and especially their association with behavior and learning. Of late, neuroscience research is playing a pivotal role in industry, science writing, government program management, science advocacy, and education. In the process of learning as experiencing knowledge, the human brain plays a vital role as the central governing system to map the images of learning in the human brain which may be called educational neuroscience. It provides means to develop a common language and bridge the gulf between educators, psychologists and neuroscientists. The emerging field of educational neuroscience presents opportunities as well as challenges for education, especially when it comes to assess the learning disorders and learning intentions of the students. The most effective learning involves recruiting multiple regions of the brain for the learning task. These regions are associated with such functions as memory, the various senses, volitional control, and higher levels of cognitive functioning. By considering biological factors, research has advanced the understanding of specific learning difficulties, such as dyslexia and dyscalculia. Likewise, neuroscience is uncovering why certain types of learning are more rewarding than others. Of late, a lot of research has gone in the field of neural networks and deep learning. It is worthwhile to consider these research areas in investigating the interplay between the human brain and human formal/natural learning. This book is intended to bring together the recent advances in neuroscience research and their influence on the evolving learning systems with special emphasis on the evolution of a learner-centric framework in outcome based education by taking into cognizance the learning abilities and intentions of the learners.

The Oxford Handbook of Numerical Cognition

The Oxford Handbook of Numerical Cognition
  • Author : Roi Kadosh,Ann Dowker
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • Release Date : 2015-07-30
  • Total pages : 1144
  • ISBN : 9780191036002
  • File Size : 20,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 486
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How do we understand numbers? Do animals and babies have numerical abilities? Why do some people fail to grasp numbers, and how we can improve numerical understanding? Numbers are vital to so many areas of life: in science, economics, sports, education, and many aspects of everyday life from infancy onwards. Numerical cognition is a vibrant area that brings together scientists from different and diverse research areas (e.g., neuropsychology, cognitive psychology, developmental psychology, comparative psychology, anthropology, education, and neuroscience) using different methodological approaches (e.g., behavioral studies of healthy children and adults and of patients; electrophysiology and brain imaging studies in humans; single-cell neurophysiology in non-human primates, habituation studies in human infants and animals, and computer modeling). While the study of numerical cognition had been relatively neglected for a long time, during the last decade there has been an explosion of studies and new findings. This has resulted in an enormous advance in our understanding of the neural and cognitive mechanisms of numerical cognition. In addition, there has recently been increasing interest and concern about pupils' mathematical achievement in many countries, resulting in attempts to use research to guide mathematics instruction in schools, and to develop interventions for children with mathematical difficulties. This handbook brings together the different research areas that make up the field of numerical cognition in one comprehensive and authoritative volume. The chapters provide a broad and extensive review that is written in an accessible form for scholars and students, as well as educationalists, clinicians, and policy makers. The book covers the most important aspects of research on numerical cognition from the areas of development psychology, cognitive psychology, neuropsychology and rehabilitation, learning disabilities, human and animal cognition and neuroscience, computational modeling, education and individual differences, and philosophy. Containing more than 60 chapters by leading specialists in their fields, the Oxford Handbook of Numerical Cognition is a state-of-the-art review of the current literature.

Interpreting the Comorbidity of Learning Disorders

Interpreting the Comorbidity of Learning Disorders
  • Author : Pierluigi Zoccolotti,Maria De Luca,Kristina Moll,Karin Landerl
  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release Date : 2022-01-28
  • Total pages : 172
  • ISBN : 9782889742080
  • File Size : 23,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 417
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PDF book entitled Interpreting the Comorbidity of Learning Disorders written by Pierluigi Zoccolotti,Maria De Luca,Kristina Moll,Karin Landerl and published by Frontiers Media SA which was released on 2022-01-28 with total hardcover pages 172, the book become popular and critical acclaim.

How to Build a Brain

How to Build a Brain
  • Author : Chris Eliasmith
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2013-04-16
  • Total pages : 352
  • ISBN : 9780199794690
  • File Size : 35,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 150
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How to Build a Brain provides a detailed exploration of a new cognitive architecture - the Semantic Pointer Architecture - that takes biological detail seriously, while addressing cognitive phenomena. Topics ranging from semantics and syntax, to neural coding and spike-timing-dependent plasticity are integrated to develop the world's largest functional brain model.

Panel Data Econometrics

Panel Data Econometrics
  • Author : Manuel Arellano
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • Release Date : 2003-06-26
  • Total pages : 244
  • ISBN : 9780191529672
  • File Size : 48,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 195
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This book, by one of the world's leading experts on dynamic panel data, presents a modern review of some of the main topics in panel data econometrics. The author concentrates on linear models, and emphasizes the roles of heterogeneity and dynamics in panel data modelling. The book combines methods and applications, so will appeal to both the academic and practitioner markets. The book is divided in four parts. Part I concerns static models, and deals with the problem of unobserved heterogeneity and how the availability of panel data helps to solve it, error component models, and error in variables in panel data. Part II looks at time series models with error components. Its chapters deal with the problem of distinguishing between unobserved heterogeneity and individual dynamics in short panels, modelling strategies of time effects, moving average models, inference from covariance structures, the specification and estimation of autoregressive models with heterogeneous intercepts, and the impact of assumptions about initial conditions and heteroskedacity on estimation. Part III examines dynamics and predeterminedness. Its two chapters consider alternative approaches to estimation from small and large T perspectives, looking at models with both strictly exogenous and lagged dependent variables allowing for autocorrelation of unknown form, models in which the errors are mean independent of current and lagged values of certain conditioning variables but not with their future values. Together Parts II and III provide a synthesis, and unified perspective, of a vast literature that has had a significant impact on recent econometric practice. Part IV reviews the main results in the theory of generalized method of moments estimation and optimal instrumental variables.

Neuronal Dynamics

Neuronal Dynamics
  • Author : Wulfram Gerstner,Werner M. Kistler,Richard Naud,Liam Paninski
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2014-07-24
  • Total pages : 591
  • ISBN : 9781107060838
  • File Size : 40,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 410
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This solid introduction uses the principles of physics and the tools of mathematics to approach fundamental questions of neuroscience.

Continuous Issues in Numerical Cognition

Continuous Issues in Numerical Cognition
  • Author : Avishai Henik
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2016-05-18
  • Total pages : 456
  • ISBN : 9780128017937
  • File Size : 18,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 352
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Continuous Issues in Numerical Cognition: How Many or How Much re-examines the widely accepted view that there exists a core numerical system within human beings and an innate ability to perceive and count discrete quantities. This core knowledge involves the brain’s intraparietal sulcus, and a deficiency in this region has traditionally been thought to be the basis for arithmetic disability. However, new research findings suggest this wide agreement needs to be examined carefully and that perception of sizes and other non-countable amounts may be the true precursors of numerical ability. This cutting-edge book examines the possibility that perception and evaluation of non-countable dimensions may be involved in the development of numerical cognition. Discussions of the above and related issues are important for the achievement of a comprehensive understanding of numerical cognition, its brain basis, development, breakdown in brain-injured individuals, and failures to master mathematical skills. Serves as an innovative reference on the emerging field of numerical cognition and the branches that converge on this diverse topic Features chapters from leading researchers in the field Includes an overview of the multiple disciplines that comprise numerical cognition and discusses the measures that can be used in analysis Introduces novel ideas that connect non-countable continuous variables to numerical cognition

Implicit Bias and Philosophy, Volume 1

Implicit Bias and Philosophy, Volume 1
  • Author : Michael Brownstein,Jennifer Saul
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2016-04-01
  • Total pages : 336
  • ISBN : 9780191022210
  • File Size : 35,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 450
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There is abundant evidence that most people, often in spite of their conscious beliefs, values and attitudes, have implicit biases. 'Implicit bias' is a term of art referring to evaluations of social groups that are largely outside conscious awareness or control. These evaluations are typically thought to involve associations between social groups and concepts or roles like 'violent,' 'lazy,' 'nurturing,' 'assertive,' 'scientist,' and so on. Such associations result at least in part from common stereotypes found in contemporary liberal societies about members of these groups. Implicit Bias and Philosophy brings the work of leading philosophers and psychologists together to explore core areas of psychological research on implicit (or unconscious) bias, as well as the ramifications of implicit bias for core areas of philosophy. Volume I: Metaphysics and Epistemology is comprised of two sections: 'The Nature of Implicit Attitudes, Implicit Bias, and Stereotype Threat,' and 'Skepticism, Social Knowledge, and Rationality.' The first section contains chapters examining the relationship between implicit attitudes and 'dual process' models of the mind; the role of affect in the formation and change of implicit associations; the unity (or disunity) of implicit attitudes; whether implicit biases are mental states at all; and whether performances on stereotype-relevant tasks are automatic and unconscious or intentional and strategic. The second section contains chapters examining implicit bias and skepticism; the effects of implicit bias on scientific research; the accessibility of social stereotypes in epistemic environments; the effects of implicit bias on the self-perception of members of stigmatized social groups as rational agents; the role of gender stereotypes in philosophy; and the role of heuristics in biased reasoning. This volume can be read independently of, or in conjunction with, a second volume of essays, Volume II: Moral Responsibility, Structural Injustice, and Ethics, which explores the themes of moral responsibility in implicit bias, structural injustice in society, and strategies for implicit attitude change.