Health Efficiency

If you want to download Health Efficiency book in PDF, ePub and kindle or read online directly from your devices, click Download button to get Health Efficiency book now. This site is like a library, Use search box in the widget to get ebook that you want.

Health System Efficiency

Health System Efficiency
  • Author : Jonathan Cylus,Irene Papanicolas,Peter C. Smith
  • Publisher : Health Policy
  • Release Date : 2016-12-15
  • Total pages : 264
  • ISBN : 9289050411
  • File Size : 10,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 506

Download Health System Efficiency in PDF, Epub, and Kindle

In this book the authors explore the state of the art on efficiency measurement in health systems and international experts offer insights into the pitfalls and potential associated with various measurement techniques. The authors show that: - The core idea of efficiency is easy to understand in principle - maximizing valued outputs relative to inputs, but is often difficult to make operational in real-life situations - There have been numerous advances in data collection and availability, as well as innovative methodological approaches that give valuable insights into how efficiently health care is delivered - Our simple analytical framework can facilitate the development and interpretation of efficiency indicators.

Health Efficiency

Health Efficiency
  • Author : Marianne Sarazin
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2018-11-22
  • Total pages : 210
  • ISBN : 9780128183779
  • File Size : 18,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 726

Download Health Efficiency in PDF, Epub, and Kindle

Health Efficiency: How Can Engineering be a Player in Health Organization? explores the important components of performance measurement. It brings together the work of researchers, doctors and engineers involved in an area where collaboration between doctors and engineers is becoming more and more common. However, the application of industrial engineering and operational research to health systems is still poorly studied and researched, hence the need for this book. After all, better exchanges between disciplines equals better knowledge between health professionals and engineers. Presents work done during several days of conferences Includes examples of the integration of engineering in health Provides elements of reflection for the possible interaction of these two disciplines

Measuring Efficiency in Health Care

Measuring Efficiency in Health Care
  • Author : Rowena Jacobs,Peter C. Smith,Andrew Street
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2006-06-01
  • Total pages : 262
  • ISBN : 9781139456876
  • File Size : 24,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 836

Download Measuring Efficiency in Health Care in PDF, Epub, and Kindle

With the healthcare sector accounting for a sizeable proportion of national expenditures, the pursuit of efficiency has become a central objective of policymakers within most health systems. However, the analysis and measurement of efficiency is a complex undertaking, not least due to the multiple objectives of health care organizations and the many gaps in information systems. In response to this complexity, research in organizational efficiency analysis has flourished. This 2006 book examines some of the most important techniques currently available to measure the efficiency of systems and organizations, including data envelopment analysis and stochastic frontier analysis, and also presents some promising new methodological approaches. Such techniques offer the prospect of many new and fruitful insights into health care performance. Nevertheless, they also pose many practical and methodological challenges. This is an important critical assessment of the strengths and limitations of efficiency analysis applied to health and health care.

Health and Efficiency

Health and Efficiency
  • Author : Steffan Blayney
  • Publisher : Activist Studies of Science &
  • Release Date : 2022-07-29
  • Total pages : 248
  • ISBN : 1625346492
  • File Size : 20,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 188

Download Health and Efficiency in PDF, Epub, and Kindle

A new model of health emerged in Britain between 1870 and 1939. Centered on the working body, organized around the concept of efficiency, and grounded in scientific understandings of human labor, scientists, politicians, and capitalists of the era believed that national economic productivity could be maximized by transforming the body of the worker into a machine. At the core of this approach was the conviction that worker productivity was intimately connected to worker health. Under this new ?science of work,? fatigue was seen as the ultimate pathology of the working-class body, reducing workers? capacity to perform continued physical or mental labor. As Steffan Blayney shows, the equation between health and efficiency did not go unchallenged. While biomedical and psychological experts sought to render the body measurable, governable, and intelligible, ordinary men and women found ways to resist the logics of productivity and efficiency imposed on them, and to articulate alternative perspectives on work, health, and the body.

Efficiency Measurement in Health and Health Care

Efficiency Measurement in Health and Health Care
  • Author : Bruce Hollingsworth,Stuart J. Peacock
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 1999-10-14
  • Total pages : 176
  • ISBN : 9781134487516
  • File Size : 47,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 124

Download Efficiency Measurement in Health and Health Care in PDF, Epub, and Kindle

This book provides a concise synthesis of leading edge research in the theory and practise of efficiency measurement in health and health care. Whilst much of the literature in this area is confusing and impregnable, Hollingsworth and Peacock show the logical links between the economic theory underlying efficiency, the methods used in analysis and practical application of measurement techniques including Data Envelopment Analysis and Stochastic Frontiers Analysis. The book outlines which methods are most suitable in which setting, how to specify valid models, and how to undertake a study and effectively disseminate results. The current state of the art is assessed in terms of methods and published applications, and undertakes practical applications of advanced methods, including analysis of economies of scale and scope, variable weightings, specification testing, and estimation of the efficient production of health. Finally, the way forward in efficiency measurement in health is outlined, mapping out an agenda for future research and policy development.

Policy Tools for Allocative Efficiency of Health Services

Policy Tools for Allocative Efficiency of Health Services
  • Author : Xingzhu Liu
  • Publisher : World Health Organization
  • Release Date : 2003
  • Total pages : 174
  • ISBN : 9241562528
  • File Size : 55,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 370

Download Policy Tools for Allocative Efficiency of Health Services in PDF, Epub, and Kindle

This study is a result of trying to answer for the WHO the question, "Are there any policy tools that have been shown to improve the allocative efficiency of health care provision?" It does not simply tell policy-makers which tools to take up, but rather how to determine which ones are more likely to be feasible and effective, given particular circumstances of political and administrative capacity, knowledge on the part of both providers and consumers, and other factors which affect whether a policy tool can be used, and with what outcome.

Hospital Operations

Hospital Operations
  • Author : Wallace J. Hopp,William S. Lovejoy
  • Publisher : FT Press
  • Release Date : 2012-10-30
  • Total pages : 649
  • ISBN : 9780132908702
  • File Size : 16,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 637

Download Hospital Operations in PDF, Epub, and Kindle

By one estimate, the U.S. wastes $480 billion annually on healthcare expenditures that don’t improve care. Worse, because of faulty systems – not personnel – up to 98,000 people die every year due to preventable medical errors – and that doesn’t count non-terminal events such as hospital-acquired infections. In Hospital Operations, two leading operations management experts and four senior physicians demonstrate how to apply new OM advances to substantially improve any hospital’s operational, clinical, and financial performance. Replete with examples, this bookshows how to diagram hospital flows, trace interconnections, and optimize flows for better performance. Readers will find specific guidance on improving emergency departments, operating rooms, hospital floors, and diagnostic units; and successfully applying metrics. Coverage includes: reducing ER overcrowding and enhancing patient safety…improving OR scheduling, enhancing organizational learning, and responding to surgeons and other stakeholders… improving bed availability, optimizing nurse schedules, and creating more seamless patient handoffs… reducing lab turnaround time, improving imaging responsiveness, and decreasing lab errors…successfully applying the right metrics for every facet of hospital performance. The authors conclude by previewing the "Hospital of the Future," addressing issues ranging from prevention and self-care to the evolution of technology and evidence-based medicine.

Patterns and Drivers of Health Spending Efficiency

Patterns and Drivers of Health Spending Efficiency
  • Author : Ms. Mercedes Garcia-Escribano,Pedro Juarros,Ms. Tewodaj Mogues
  • Publisher : International Monetary Fund
  • Release Date : 2022-03-04
  • Total pages : 38
  • ISBN : 9798400204388
  • File Size : 30,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 158

Download Patterns and Drivers of Health Spending Efficiency in PDF, Epub, and Kindle

Demands for ramping up health expenditures are at an all-time high. Countries’ needs for additional health resources include responding to the COVID-19 pandemic, closing gaps in achieving the Sustainable Development Goal in health in most emerging and developing countries, and serving an ageing population in advanced economies. Facing limited fiscal space for raising health spending focuses policymakers’ attention on ensuring that resources are used efficiently. How sizable are the potential gains—in terms of freeing up resources and delivering better health outcomes—from improving health spending efficiency? How has efficiency evolved over the past decade? What can policymakers do to boost it? This paper estimates health spending efficiency across countries using bias-corrected data envelopment analysis and finds sizable differences in efficiency across countries, in particular among emerging and developing countries compared to advanced economies. The examination of the evolution of efficiency reveals that important efficiency gains have been made in the majority of countries. The paper also explores some of the key drivers of efficiency and finds that lower income inequality, less corruption, and health interventions oriented at expanding population access to basic health services are associated with greater efficiency.

Health Care Systems Efficiency and Policy Settings

Health Care Systems Efficiency and Policy Settings
  • Author : OECD
  • Publisher : OECD Publishing
  • Release Date : 2010-11-02
  • Total pages : 212
  • ISBN : 9789264094901
  • File Size : 33,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 699

Download Health Care Systems Efficiency and Policy Settings in PDF, Epub, and Kindle

This book explores trends in health care outcomes and spending; ways of assessing efficiency; new indicators of health care policies and institutions; and the characteristics and performance of health care systems.

Effectiveness and Efficiency

Effectiveness and Efficiency
  • Author : A. L. Cochrane
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2013
  • Total pages : 92
  • ISBN : OCLC:1120394281
  • File Size : 23,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 775

Download Effectiveness and Efficiency in PDF, Epub, and Kindle

PDF book entitled Effectiveness and Efficiency written by A. L. Cochrane and published by Unknown which was released on 2013 with total hardcover pages 92, the book become popular and critical acclaim.

Healthcare Informatics

Healthcare Informatics
  • Author : Stephan P. Kudyba
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2010-04-26
  • Total pages : 279
  • ISBN : 9781439809792
  • File Size : 9,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 724

Download Healthcare Informatics in PDF, Epub, and Kindle

Healthcare Informatics: Improving Efficiency and Productivity examines the complexities involved in managing resources in our healthcare system and explains how management theory and informatics applications can increase efficiencies in various functional areas of healthcare services. Delving into data and project management and advanced analytics, this book details and provides supporting evidence for the strategic concepts that are critical to achieving successful healthcare information technology (HIT), information management, and electronic health record (EHR) applications. This includes the vital importance of involving nursing staff in rollouts, engaging physicians early in any process, and developing a more receptive organizational culture to digital information and systems adoption. We owe it to ourselves and future generations to do all we can to make our healthcare systems work smarter, be more effective, and reach more people. The power to know is at our fingertips; we need only embrace it. —From the foreword by James H. Goodnight, PhD, CEO, SAS Bridging the gap from theory to practice, it discusses actual informatics applications that have been incorporated by various healthcare organizations and the corresponding management strategies that led to their successful employment. Offering a wealth of detail, it details several working projects, including: A computer physician order entry (CPOE) system project at a North Carolina hospital E-commerce self-service patient check-in at a New Jersey hospital The informatics project that turned a healthcare system’s paper-based resources into digital assets Projects at one hospital that helped reduce excesses in length of stay, improved patient safety; and improved efficiency with an ADE alert system A healthcare system’s use of algorithms to identify patients at risk for hepatitis Offering the guidance that healthcare specialists need to make use of various informatics platforms, this book provides the motivation and the proven methods that can be adapted and applied to any number of staff, patient, or regulatory concerns.

Health Promotion

Health Promotion
  • Author : Keith Tones,Sylvia Tilford
  • Publisher : Nelson Thornes
  • Release Date : 2001
  • Total pages : 550
  • ISBN : 0748745270
  • File Size : 34,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 718

Download Health Promotion in PDF, Epub, and Kindle

Text examines general issues of health promotion, and the application of these issues in particular settings. It focuses on multi-setting interventions, partnerships and intersectoral working and addresses recent government initiatives.

Efficiency of Health System Units in Africa

Efficiency of Health System Units in Africa
  • Author : Kirigia, Joses Muthuri
  • Publisher : University of Nairobi Press
  • Release Date : 2015-03-16
  • Total pages : 548
  • ISBN : 9789966792150
  • File Size : 40,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 595

Download Efficiency of Health System Units in Africa in PDF, Epub, and Kindle

Despite sending huge sums of money on health every year the African region's burden of disease is persistently high. Most of the countries in the region are lagging behind in achieving the health-related United Nations Millennium Development Goals. The African region's dismal health situation has largely been blamed on weakness pertaining to such factors as health leadership and governance; service delivery; health workforce; medicines, vaccines, and health technologies; health information; and health system financing that have undermined the capacity of health systems of countries in the region to improve population health without wastage of resources. Institutionalising health system efficiency monitoring, as a basis for the design and implementation of appropriate policy interventions, has been proposed as an effective way of curbing wastage of health system inputs. Efficiency of Health System Units in Africa: A Data Envelopment Analysis is the first book of its kind on application of the data envelopment analysis technique to examine the efficiency of health system decision-making units in Africa. The book interlaces lecture notes with research articles and case studies to equip students and practitioners of economics, operations research, management science, and public health with knowledge and skills for undertaking technical efficiency, cost efficiency, and total factor productivity analyses.

Energy Efficiency of Medical Devices and Healthcare Applications

Energy Efficiency of Medical Devices and Healthcare Applications
  • Author : Amr Mohamed
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2020-02-15
  • Total pages : 184
  • ISBN : 9780128190463
  • File Size : 48,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 966

Download Energy Efficiency of Medical Devices and Healthcare Applications in PDF, Epub, and Kindle

Energy Efficiency of Medical Devices and Healthcare Facilities provides comprehensive coverage of cutting-edge, interdisciplinary research, and commercial solutions in this field. The authors discuss energy-related challenges, such as energy-efficient design, including renewable energy, of different medical devices from a hardware and mechanical perspectives, as well as energy management solutions and techniques in healthcare networks and facilities. They also discuss energy-related trade-offs to maximize the medical devices availability, especially battery-operated ones, while providing immediate response and low latency communication in emergency situations, sustainability and robustness for chronic disease treatment, in addition to high protection against cyber-attacks that may threaten patients’ lives. Finally, the book examines technologies and future trends of next generation healthcare from an energy efficiency and management point of view, such as personalized or smart health and the Internet of Medical Things — IoMT, where patients can participate in their own treatment through innovative medical devices and software applications and tools. The books applied approach makes it a useful resource for engineering researchers and practitioners of all levels involved in medical devices development, healthcare systems, and energy management of healthcare facilities. Graduate students in mechanical and electric engineering, and computer science students and professionals also benefit. Provides in-depth knowledge and understanding of the benefits of energy efficiency in the design of medical devices and healthcare networks and facilities Presents best practices and state-of-art techniques and commercial solutions in energy management of healthcare networks and systems Explores key energy tradeoffs to provide scalable, robust, and effective healthcare systems and networks

Improving Access and Efficiency in Public Health Services

Improving Access and Efficiency in Public Health Services
  • Author : Nirupam Bajpai,Jeffrey D Sachs,Ravindra H Dholakia
  • Publisher : SAGE Publishing India
  • Release Date : 2010-03-31
  • Total pages : 175
  • ISBN : 9789351509332
  • File Size : 42,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 248

Download Improving Access and Efficiency in Public Health Services in PDF, Epub, and Kindle

This book presents a systematic mid-term evaluation of the processes of the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM), India′s biggest rural health programme. Data from District Level Health Surveys (DLHS), National Family Health Surveys (NFHS) and Sample Registration System (SRS) as well as primary data collected from field surveys and interviews with health functionaries have been utilized for undertaking empirical analysis in the study. It discusses the challenges and successes of the Mission with the help of extensive field observations, data analysis and inputs from experts on health and nutrition sectors focusing on maternal, newborn and child health issues and chronic diseases. The book draws from data collected in field visits in the three states of Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan. After assessing the NRHM processes and progress achieved so far, it discusses important ground realities, identifies the gaps and bottlenecks in the implementation of the Mission and recommends corrective actions. The book will be useful for all those concerned with the issue of health and public administration in general and rural health in particular, such as, NGOs, IGOs, journalists, columnists, public policy planners, civil servants, and other practitioners.

OECD Health Policy Studies Improving Health Sector Efficiency The Role of Information and Communication Technologies

OECD Health Policy Studies Improving Health Sector Efficiency The Role of Information and Communication Technologies
  • Author : OECD
  • Publisher : OECD Publishing
  • Release Date : 2010-05-28
  • Total pages : 156
  • ISBN : 9789264084612
  • File Size : 46,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 578

Download OECD Health Policy Studies Improving Health Sector Efficiency The Role of Information and Communication Technologies in PDF, Epub, and Kindle

Using lessons from case studies, this report identifies the opportunities offered by ICTs for the health sector and analyses under what conditions these technologies are most likely to result in efficiency and quality-of-care improvements.

High Performance Healthcare: Using the Power of Relationships to Achieve Quality, Efficiency and Resilience

High Performance Healthcare: Using the Power of Relationships to Achieve Quality, Efficiency and Resilience
  • Author : Jody Hoffer Gittell
  • Publisher : McGraw Hill Professional
  • Release Date : 2009-04-17
  • Total pages : 288
  • ISBN : 9780071621816
  • File Size : 50,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 991

Download High Performance Healthcare: Using the Power of Relationships to Achieve Quality, Efficiency and Resilience in PDF, Epub, and Kindle

In her groundbreaking book The Southwest Airlines Way, Jody Hoffer Gittell revealed the management secrets of the company Fortune magazine called “the most successful airline in history.” Now, the bestselling business author explains how to apply those same principles in one of our nation’s largest, most important, and increasingly complex industries. High Performance Healthcare explains the critical concept of “relational coordination”—coordinating work through shared goals, shared knowledge, and mutual respect. Because of the way healthcare is organized, weak links exist throughout the chain of communication. Gittell clearly demonstrates that relational coordination strengthens those weak links, enabling providers to deliver high quality, efficient care to their patients. Using Gittell’s innovative management methods, you will improve quality, maximize efficiency, and compete more effectively. High Performance Healthcare walks you step by step through the process of: Identifying weak areas of relational coordination within your organization Transforming work practices that are creating barriers to relational coordination Building a high performance work system to foster consistent relational coordination across all disciplines The book includes case studies illustrating how some healthcare organizations are already transforming themselves using Gittell’s proven tools. It concludes by identifying industry-level obstacles to high performance healthcare and showing how individual organizations and their leaders can support sweeping change at the highest levels. Policy changes and increased access to care will not alone answer the healthcare industry’s problems. Timely, accurate, problem-solving communication that crosses all organizational boundaries is a powerful response to business as usual. High Performance Healthcare explains exactly how to achieve this crucial dynamic, providing a long-awaited cure to an industry in crisis.

Health Education

Health Education
  • Author : Keith Tones,Yvonne Keeley Robinson,Sylvia Tilford
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2013-11-11
  • Total pages : 286
  • ISBN : 9781489932303
  • File Size : 18,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 455

Download Health Education in PDF, Epub, and Kindle

It could be said with some justification that the task of education is to safe guard people's right to learn about important aspects of human culture and experience. Since health and illness occupy a prominent place in our everyday experience, it might reasonably be argued that everyone is entitled to share whatever insights we possess into the state of being healthy and to benefit from what might be done to prevent and treat disease and discomfort. Health education's role in such an endeavour would be to create the necessary under standing. No other justification would be needed. In recent years, however, questions have been posed with increasing insistence and urgency about efficiency - both about education in general and health education in particular. We can be certain that such enquiries about effectiveness do not reflect a greater concern to know whether or not the population is better educated: they stem from more utilitarian motives. It is apparent, even to the casual observer, that economic growth and productivity have become a central preoccupation in contemporary Britain.

Handbook of Research on ICTs and Management Systems for Improving Efficiency in Healthcare and Social Care

Handbook of Research on ICTs and Management Systems for Improving Efficiency in Healthcare and Social Care
  • Author : Cruz-Cunha, Maria Manuela
  • Publisher : IGI Global
  • Release Date : 2013-04-30
  • Total pages : 1531
  • ISBN : 9781466639911
  • File Size : 43,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 614

Download Handbook of Research on ICTs and Management Systems for Improving Efficiency in Healthcare and Social Care in PDF, Epub, and Kindle

Through the use of ICT tools, such as the internet, portals, and telecommunication devices, the quality of healthcare has improved in local and global health; aiding in the development of a sustainable economy. Handbook of Research on ICTs and Management Systems for Improving Efficiency in Healthcare and Social Care brings together a valuable research collection on ICT elements needed to improve communication and collaboration between global health institutes, public and private organizations, and foundations. Highlighting the adoption and success factors in the development of technologies for healthcare, this book is essential for IT professionals, technology solution providers, researchers, and students interested in technology and its relationship with healthcare and social services.

Strategies to Explore Ways to Improve Efficiency While Reducing Health Care Costs

Strategies to Explore Ways to Improve Efficiency While Reducing Health Care Costs
  • Author : Calvin Tchatchoua
  • Publisher : AuthorHouse
  • Release Date : 2022-06-02
  • Total pages : 164
  • ISBN : 9781665560351
  • File Size : 49,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 638

Download Strategies to Explore Ways to Improve Efficiency While Reducing Health Care Costs in PDF, Epub, and Kindle

It was my pleasure to work with Calvin on his Doctoral Study at Walden University from 2014 to 2018. According to the Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Science (2012), the United States is the only industrialized nation in the world that does not have a universal healthcare system. Citizens in this country spend twice the amount of money on healthcare costs, while the quality of services is only ranked 31st in the world by the World Health Organization. By using system’s theory, Calvin identified those factors that are directly and inversely related to healthcare costs. If these factors go up, healthcare costs go up; if they go down, healthcare costs go down. In Calvin’s study, he documents and discusses that $667 billion dollars is wasted because we don’t manage these factors efficiently. He then identifies factors that are inversely related to healthcare costs. If they go up, healthcare costs go down; if they go down, healthcare costs go up. This represents a total of $391 billion. To correct this problem, we need to improve efficiencies to reduce costs and we need to reduce inefficiencies to lower costs with evidence-based practices that work (see Figure 3 on page 98). If only half of these issues were successfully worked on, hospital costs could be reduced by $500 billion. We would have enough funding to make certain that every person in the United States could have fully funded healthcare insurance (Gossett, et al., 2019). This is a book that is well-worth reading. -Kenneth D. Gossett, Ph.D. May 6, 2022

To Err Is Human

To Err Is Human
  • Author : Institute of Medicine,Committee on Quality of Health Care in America
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2000-03-01
  • Total pages : 312
  • ISBN : 9780309068376
  • File Size : 27,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 429

Download To Err Is Human in PDF, Epub, and Kindle

Experts estimate that as many as 98,000 people die in any given year from medical errors that occur in hospitals. That's more than die from motor vehicle accidents, breast cancer, or AIDSâ€"three causes that receive far more public attention. Indeed, more people die annually from medication errors than from workplace injuries. Add the financial cost to the human tragedy, and medical error easily rises to the top ranks of urgent, widespread public problems. To Err Is Human breaks the silence that has surrounded medical errors and their consequenceâ€"but not by pointing fingers at caring health care professionals who make honest mistakes. After all, to err is human. Instead, this book sets forth a national agendaâ€"with state and local implicationsâ€"for reducing medical errors and improving patient safety through the design of a safer health system. This volume reveals the often startling statistics of medical error and the disparity between the incidence of error and public perception of it, given many patients' expectations that the medical profession always performs perfectly. A careful examination is made of how the surrounding forces of legislation, regulation, and market activity influence the quality of care provided by health care organizations and then looks at their handling of medical mistakes. Using a detailed case study, the book reviews the current understanding of why these mistakes happen. A key theme is that legitimate liability concerns discourage reporting of errorsâ€"which begs the question, "How can we learn from our mistakes?" Balancing regulatory versus market-based initiatives and public versus private efforts, the Institute of Medicine presents wide-ranging recommendations for improving patient safety, in the areas of leadership, improved data collection and analysis, and development of effective systems at the level of direct patient care. To Err Is Human asserts that the problem is not bad people in health careâ€"it is that good people are working in bad systems that need to be made safer. Comprehensive and straightforward, this book offers a clear prescription for raising the level of patient safety in American health care. It also explains how patients themselves can influence the quality of care that they receive once they check into the hospital. This book will be vitally important to federal, state, and local health policy makers and regulators, health professional licensing officials, hospital administrators, medical educators and students, health caregivers, health journalists, patient advocatesâ€"as well as patients themselves. First in a series of publications from the Quality of Health Care in America, a project initiated by the Institute of Medicine