Gis And Geostatistical Techniques For Groundwater Science

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GIS and Geostatistical Techniques for Groundwater Science

GIS and Geostatistical Techniques for Groundwater Science
  • Author : Dr. Senapathi Venkatramanan,Dr. Prasanna Mohan Viswanathan,Sang Yong Chung
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2019-05-28
  • Total pages : 389
  • ISBN : 9780128154144
  • File Size : 47,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 653
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GIS and Geostatistical Techniques for Groundwater Science provides a detailed synthesis of the application of GIS and geostatistics in groundwater studies. As the book illustrates, GIS can be a powerful tool for developing solutions for water resource problems, assessing water quality, and managing water resources. Beginning with an introduction to the history of GIS and geostatistical techniques in groundwater studies, the book then describes various spatial techniques, including case studies for various applications, from quality assessment, to resource management. This book assembles the most up-to-date techniques in GIS and geostatistics as they relate to groundwater, one of our most important natural resources. Provides details on the application of GIS and statistics in groundwater studies Includes practical coverage of the use of spatial analysis techniques in groundwater science Bridges the gap between geostatistics and GIS as it relates to groundwater science and management Offers worldwide case studies to illustrate various techniques and applications in addressing groundwater issues

GIS and Geostatistical Techniques for Groundwater Science

GIS and Geostatistical Techniques for Groundwater Science
  • Author : Senapathi Venkatramanan,Prasanna Mohan Viswanathan,Sang Yong Chung
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2019-06-15
  • Total pages : 320
  • ISBN : 0128154136
  • File Size : 14,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 197
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Download GIS and Geostatistical Techniques for Groundwater Science in PDF, Epub, and Kindle

GIS and Geostatistical Techniques for Groundwater Science provides a detailed synthesis of the application of GIS and geostatistics in groundwater studies. As the book illustrates, GIS can be a powerful tool for developing solutions for water resource problems, assessing water quality, and managing water resources. Beginning with an introduction to the history of GIS and geostatistical techniques in groundwater studies, the book then describes various spatial techniques, including case studies for various applications, from quality assessment, to resource management. This book assembles the most up-to-date techniques in GIS and geostatistics as they relate to groundwater, one of our most important natural resources. Provides details on the application of GIS and statistics in groundwater studies Includes practical coverage of the use of spatial analysis techniques in groundwater science Bridges the gap between geostatistics and GIS as it relates to groundwater science and management Offers worldwide case studies to illustrate various techniques and applications in addressing groundwater issues

Geostatistics and Geospatial Technologies for Groundwater Resources in India

Geostatistics and Geospatial Technologies for Groundwater Resources in India
  • Author : Partha Pratim Adhikary,Pravat Kumar Shit,Priyabrata Santra,Gouri Sankar Bhunia,Ashwani Kumar Tiwari,B. S. Chaudhary
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2021-02-26
  • Total pages : 598
  • ISBN : 9783030623975
  • File Size : 34,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 170
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This book offers essential information on geospatial technologies for water resource management and highlights the latest GIS and geostatistics techniques as they relate to groundwater. Groundwater is inarguably India's single most important natural resource. It is the foundation of millions of Indian farmers' livelihood security and the primary source of drinking water for a vast majority of Indians in rural and urban areas. The prospects of continued high rates of growth in the Indian economy will, to a great extent, depend on how judiciously we can manage groundwater in the years to come. Over the past three decades, India has emerged as by far the single largest consumer of groundwater in the world. Though groundwater has made the country self-sufficient in terms of food, we face a crisis of dwindling water tables and declining water quality. Deep drilling by tube wells, which was once part of the solution to water shortages, is now in danger of becoming part of the problem. Consequently, we urgently need to focus our efforts on the sustainable and equitable management of groundwater. Addressing that need, this book presents novel advances in and applications of RS–GIS and geostatistical techniques to the research community in a precise and straightforward manner.

Geographical Information System and Crime Mapping

Geographical Information System and Crime Mapping
  • Author : Monika Kannan,Mehtab Singh
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2020-11-29
  • Total pages : 274
  • ISBN : 9781000225976
  • File Size : 34,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 831
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Geographical Information System and Crime Mapping features a diverse array of Geographic Information System (GIS) applications in crime analysis, from general issues such as GIS as a communication process, interjurisdictional mapping and data sharing to specific applications in tracking serial killers and predicting violence-prone zones. It supports readers in developing and implementing crime mapping techniques. The distribution of crime is explained with reference to theories of human ecology, transport network, built environment, housing markets, and forms of urban management, including policing. Concepts are supported with relevant case studies and real-time crime data to illustrate concepts and applications of crime mapping. Aimed at senior undergraduate, graduate students, professionals in GIS, Crime Analysis, Spatial Analysis, Ergonomics and human factors, this book: Provides an update of GIS applications for crime mapping studies Highlights growing potential of GIS for crime mapping, monitoring, and reduction through developing and implementing crime mapping techniques Covers Operational Research, Spatial Regression model, Point Analysis and so forth Builds models helpful in police patrolling, surveillance and crime mapping from a technology perspective Includes a dedicated section on case studies including exercises and data samples

Essential Tools for Water Resources Analysis, Planning, and Management

Essential Tools for Water Resources Analysis, Planning, and Management
  • Author : Omid Bozorg-Haddad
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2021-05-25
  • Total pages : 343
  • ISBN : 9789813342958
  • File Size : 12,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 375
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This book describes concepts and tools needed for water resources management, including methods for modeling, simulation, optimization, big data analysis, data mining, remote sensing, geographical information system, game theory, conflict resolution, System dynamics, agent-based models, multiobjective, multicriteria, and multiattribute decision making and risk and uncertainty analysis, for better and sustainable management of water resources and consumption, thus mitigating the present and future global water shortage crisis. It presents the applications of these tools through case studies which demonstrate its benefits of proper management of water resources systems. This book acts as a reference for students, professors, industrial practitioners, and stakeholders in the field of water resources and hydrology.

Groundwater Geochemistry

Groundwater Geochemistry
  • Author : Sughosh Madhav,Pardeep Singh
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2021-06-14
  • Total pages : 448
  • ISBN : 9781119709701
  • File Size : 54,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 219
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This book contains both practical and theoretical aspects of groundwater resources relating to geochemistry. Focusing on recent research in groundwater resources, this book helps readers to understand the hydrogeochemistry of groundwater resources. Dealing primarily with the sources of ions in groundwater, the book describes geogenic and anthropogenic input of ions into water. Different organic, inorganic and emerging contamination and salinity problems are described, along with pollution-related issues affecting groundwater. New trends in groundwater contamination remediation measures are included, which will be particularly useful to researchers working in the field of water conservation. The book also contains diverse groundwater modelling examples, enabling a better understanding of water-related issues and their management. Groundwater Geochemistry: Pollution and Remediation offers the reader: An understanding of the quantitative and qualitative challenges of groundwater resources An introduction to the environmental geochemistry of groundwater resources A survey of groundwater pollution-related issues Recent trends in groundwater conservation and remediation Mathematical and statistical modeling related to groundwater resources Students, lecturers and researchers working in the fields of hydrogeochemistry, water pollution and groundwater will find Groundwater Geochemistry an essential companion.

Groundwater and Society

Groundwater and Society
  • Author : Pravat Kumar Shit,Gouri Sankar Bhunia,Partha Pratim Adhikary,Ch. Jyotiprava Dash
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2021-03-12
  • Total pages : 534
  • ISBN : 9783030641368
  • File Size : 25,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 885
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This volume advances the scientific understanding, development, and application of geospatial technologies related to groundwater resource management, mapping, monitoring, and modelling using up-to-date remote sensing and GIS techniques. The book further provides a critical analysis of the debates and discourses surrounding groundwater resources and society, illustrates the relationship between groundwater resources and precision agriculture for societal development, and describes novel, region-specific management strategies and techniques for sustainability with case studies. The book is organized into three parts: (I) Groundwater resources and societal development; (II) Groundwater availability, quality and pollution; and (III) Sustainable groundwater resources management. Each section begins with a short introduction that includes an overview of the papers in that section. Individual chapters focus on the core themes of research and knowledge along with some topics that have received lesser attention. The book will be of interest to water resource planners and decision-makers, academic researchers, policy makers, NGOs, and academic researchers and students in Geography, Geophysics, Hydrology, Remote Sensing & GIS, Agriculture, Soil Science, and Agronomy.

Climate Change Impact on Groundwater Resources

Climate Change Impact on Groundwater Resources
  • Author : Balamurugan Panneerselvam,Chaitanya Baliram Pande,Kirubakaran Muniraj,Anand Balasubramanian,Nagavinothini Ravichandran
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2022-08-24
  • Total pages : 484
  • ISBN : 9783031047077
  • File Size : 26,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 236
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This volume discusses climate change impacts on groundwater quality in arid and semi-arid regions, and provides human health risk assessments due to pollution of surface and groundwater. The book presents recent trends in monitoring groundwater management and implementing pollution mitigation strategies, including practices involving remote sensing and GIS techniques, entropy water quality index, weighted arithmetic water quality index, fuzzy logic applications, and improved irrigation methods. The book also outlines hydrological processes in arid and semi-arid regions and hydrochemical properties of surface and groundwater as a necessary background for understanding how pollution impacts groundwater quality and resources, and how geographical modeling of hydrological processes can aid in human health risk assessments. The book is intended for academics, administrators, policymakers, social scientists, and professionals involved in the various aspects of climate change impact on groundwater quality, hydrological process, pollution mitigation strategies, sustainable development, and environmental planning and management.

Modeling and Simulation of Environmental Systems

Modeling and Simulation of Environmental Systems
  • Author : Satya Prakash Maurya,Akhilesh Kumar Yadav,Ramesh Singh
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2022-09-01
  • Total pages : 372
  • ISBN : 9781000626636
  • File Size : 48,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 405
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This book presents an overview of modeling and simulation of environmental systems via diverse research problems and pertinent case studies. It is divided into four parts covering sustainable water resources modeling, air pollution modeling, Internet of Things (IoT) based applications in environmental systems, and future algorithms and conceptual frameworks in environmental systems. Each of the chapters demonstrate how the models, indicators, and ecological processes could be applied directly in the environmental sub-disciplines. It includes range of concepts and case studies focusing on a holistic management approach at the global level for environmental practitioners. Features: Covers computational approaches as applied to problems of air and water pollution domain. Delivers generic methods of modeling with spatio-temporal analyses using soft computation and programming paradigms. Includes theoretical aspects of environmental processes with their complexity and programmable mathematical approaches. Adopts a realistic approach involving formulas, algorithms, and techniques to establish mathematical models/computations. Provides a pathway for real-time implementation of complex modeling problem formulations including case studies. This book is aimed at researchers, professionals and graduate students in Environmental Engineering, Computational Engineering/Computer Science, Modeling/Simulation, Environmental Management, Environmental Modeling and Operations Research.

Case Studies in Geospatial Applications to Groundwater Resources

Case Studies in Geospatial Applications to Groundwater Resources
  • Author : Pravat Kumar Shit,Gouri Sankar Bhunia,Partha Pratim Adhikary
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2022-11-01
  • Total pages : 434
  • ISBN : 9780323999649
  • File Size : 49,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 883
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Case Studies in Geospatial Applications to Groundwater Resources provides thorough the most up-to-date techniques in GIS and geostatistics as they relate to groundwater, through detailed case studies that prove real-world applications of remote sensing applications to this subject. Groundwater is the primary source of fresh water in many parts of the world, while come regions are becoming overly dependent on it, consuming groundwater faster than it is naturally replenished and causing water tables to decline unremittingly. India is the largest user of groundwater in the world followed by China and the USA, with developing countries using groundwater at an unsustainable rate. Systematic planning of groundwater usage using modern techniques is essential for the proper utilization, management and modeling of this precious but shrinking natural resource. With the advent of powerful and highspeed personal computers, efficient techniques for water management have evolved, of which remote sensing, GIS (Geographic Information Systems), GPS (Global Positioning Systems) and Geostatistical techniques are of great significance. This book advances the scientific understanding, development, and application of geospatial technologies related to water resource management. Case Studies in Geospatial Applications to Groundwater Resources is a valuable reference for researchers and postgraduate students in Earth and Environmental Sciences, especially GIS, agriculture, hydrology, natural resources, and soil science, who need to be able to apply the latest technologies in groundwater research in a practical manner. Provides detailed case studies on groundwater resources around the world, including regions with highest groundwater resource use Covers modern remote sensing and geostatistical technique-based groundwater resource mapping, monitoring, and modelling Describes novel region-specific management strategies and techniques for sustainability with case studies to illustrate effectiveness Includes practical coverage of the use of geospatial analysis techniques in groundwater resources

Sustainable Energy-Water-Environment Nexus in Deserts

Sustainable Energy-Water-Environment Nexus in Deserts
  • Author : Essam Heggy,Veronica Bermudez,Marc Vermeersch
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2022-05-27
  • Total pages : 843
  • ISBN : 9783030760816
  • File Size : 17,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 504
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This book addresses challenges and opportunities in the Energy-Water-Environment (EWE) nexus, with a particular focus on research and technology development requirements in harsh desert climates. Its chapters include selected contributions presented during the 1st international conference on sustainable Energy-Water-Environment nexus in desert climates (ICSEWEN-19) held at the Qatar Environment and Energy Research Institute (QEERI) in Doha, Qatar in December 2019. This volume is comprised of three main chapters, each describing important case studies and progress on water, energy and environmental questions. A fourth chapter on policies and community outreach on these three areas is also included. This compilation aims to bridge the gap between research and industry to address the socioeconomic impacts of the nexus imbalance as perceived by scientists, industrial partners, and policymakers. The content of this book is of particular importance to graduate students, researchers and decision makers interested in understanding water, energy and environmental challenges in arid areas. Re searchers in environmental and civil engineering, chemistry, hydrology and environmental science can also find unique in-situ observations of the current nexus imbalance in deserts climate to validate their investigations. It is also an invaluable guide for industry professionals working in water, energy, environment and food sectors to understand the rapidly evolving landscape of the EWE nexus in arid areas. The analyses, observations and lessons-learned summarized herein are applicable to other arid areas outside North Africa and the Arabian Peninsula as well, such as central Australia, the southwest of the United States and deserts in central Asia.

Agriculture Waste Management and Bioresource

Agriculture Waste Management and Bioresource
  • Author : Suruchi Singh,Pardeep Singh,Anu Sharma,Moharana Choudhury
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2022-12-05
  • Total pages : 340
  • ISBN : 9781119808350
  • File Size : 19,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 456
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AGRICULTURE WASTE MANAGEMENT AND BIORESOURCE Comprehensive resource detailing the generation of agricultural waste and providing insight into waste management Agriculture Waste Management and Bioresource provides thorough coverage of the generation of agricultural waste with essential thought leadership about various options in managing the waste, including composting, vermicomposting to form manure, and biogas generation. Readers take a crucial step toward more sustainable development and creating a greener planet. The text includes a wide range of information regarding resource recovery from the waste of the agriculture sector, energy generation, biofuels, reduction in the amount and volume of waste through circular economies, and much more. The authors place particular importance on understanding and managing agricultural waste concerning the sustainability of the environment in the era of global climate change. Topics covered in Agriculture Waste Management and Bioresource include: Categories and amounts of agricultural wastes seen in a worldwide perspective and current challenges and perspectives in handling agricultural wastes State-of-the-art processing technologies relevant for agricultural wastes categories and sustainable methods used for management of agricultural??biomass Bioethanol production from lignocellulose waste of agricultural waste biomass and biogas production through anaerobic digestion of agricultural wastes Mechanical and chemical processing, aerobic and anaerobic treatment, other biological processing methods, and thermal processing Academics, students, and industry professionals in environmental science and engineering, waste management, and agriculture can use the valuable insights in Agriculture Waste Management and Bioresource to understand the latest in the field and the advancements that can propel us towards a better and more sustainable future.

Groundwater Management and Resources

Groundwater Management and Resources
  • Author : Bahareh Kalantar
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2021-12-08
  • Total pages : 104
  • ISBN : 9781838810641
  • File Size : 9,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 404
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This book discusses theoretical and technical innovations in water resource management. Chapters cover such topics as groundwater recharging technology, cumulative groundwater impact assessment, depletion and deterioration of groundwater, and identification of water inrush using various multiple non-linear machine learning models. Also discussed are the evaluation of rainfall time series and the use of fractal analysis. Finally, the book contains information on the governance crisis and governability of the use of groundwater in arid zones.

Urban Water Crisis and Management

Urban Water Crisis and Management
  • Author : Arun Lal Srivastav,Sughosh Madhav,Abhishek Kumar Bhardwaj,Eugenia Valsami-Jones
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2022-07-20
  • Total pages : 622
  • ISBN : 9780323912938
  • File Size : 39,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 616
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Urban Water Crisis and Management: Strategies for Sustainable Development, Sixth Edition presents solutions for the current challenges of urban water and management strategies. Through contributed chapters, a framework is laid out for a reduction of the use of groundwater (heavily overused as a solution) and the alternative options for the supply of water to cities, or for urban water. Sections discuss urban water, its problems and management approaches, address the root causes of the water crisis in urban areas, and cover the scientific and technical knowledge necessary to manage water resources. Significant gaps between developed and developing nations in the procedure of water management are also addressed, along with practical information regarding recycling and the reuse of wastewater which is useful as baseline data for the future. Presents the quantitative study of water supply in urban areas, identifies water scarcity in megacities, and provides management approaches for sustainable development Identifies technology and the instruments required for the management and safe supply of water Includes case studies where these technologies have been successfully used

Proceedings of the Satellite Workshops of ICVGIP 2021

Proceedings of the Satellite Workshops of ICVGIP 2021
  • Author : Uma Mudenagudi,Aditya Nigam,Ravi Kiran Sarvadevabhatla,Ayesha Choudhary
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2022-12-28
  • Total pages : 261
  • ISBN : 9789811941368
  • File Size : 17,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 740
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This book constitutes peer-reviewed proceedings of satellite workshops of the 12th Indian Conference on Computer Vision, Graphics, and Image Processing (ICVGIP 2021). The book focuses on medical image processing, digital heritage, document analysis and recognition, and computer vision applications. The first part includes submissions on digital archiving and restoration methods with interesting and innovative research components. The second part focuses on medical imaging modalities including MRI, X-ray, CT, imaging in nuclear medicine, medical ultrasound, optical and confocal microscopy, and video and range data images. The third part deals with document analysis and recognition and focuses on text recognition, document layout analysis, understanding, historical and degraded document analysis, datasets, performance evaluation, metrics, etc. The fourth part of this book includes research work from academia and industry across the globe on smart, innovative, and practical applications of computer vision for industrial and societal impact. This book shares innovative ideas, experience and expertise, and ongoing research ideas and will be helpful for researchers and practitioners in academia and industry.

Soil and Groundwater Remediation Technologies

Soil and Groundwater Remediation Technologies
  • Author : Yong Sik Ok,Jörg Rinklebe,Deyi Hou,Daniel C.W. Tsang,Filip M.G. Tack
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2020-03-23
  • Total pages : 338
  • ISBN : 9781000046823
  • File Size : 51,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 728
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This book offers various soil and water treatment technologies due to increasing global soil and water pollution. In many countries, the management of contaminated land has matured, and it is developing in many others. Topics covered include chemical and ecological risk assessment of contaminated sites; phytomanagement of contaminants; arsenic removal; selection and technology diffusion; technologies and socio-environmental management; post-remediation long-term management; soil and groundwater laws and regulations; and trace element regulation limits in soil. Future prospects of soil and groundwater remediation are critically discussed in this book. Hence, readers will learn to understand the future prospects of soil and groundwater contaminants and remediation measures. Key Features: Discusses conventional and novel aspects of soil and groundwater remediation technologies Includes new monitoring/sensing technologies for soil and groundwater pollution Features a case study of remediation of contaminated sites in the old, industrial, Ruhr area in Germany Highlights soil washing, soil flushing, and stabilization/solidification Presents information on emerging contaminants that exhibit new challenges This book is designed for undergraduate and graduate courses and can be used as a handbook for researchers, policy makers, and local governmental institutes. Soil and Groundwater Remediation Technologies: A Practical Guide is written by a team of leading global experts in the field.

Contamination of Water

Contamination of Water
  • Author : Arif Ahamad,Sharf Elahi Siddiqui,Pardeep Singh
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2021-08-16
  • Total pages : 612
  • ISBN : 9780128240595
  • File Size : 29,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 638
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Contamination of Water: Health Risk Assessment and Treatment Strategies takes an interconnected look at various pollutants, sources of contamination, the effects of contamination on aquatic ecosystems and human health, and potential mitigation strategies. The book begins by examining the sources of potential contamination, including the current scenario of dyes, heavy metals, pesticides and oils contamination as well as regions impacted due to industrialization, mining or urbanization. It then analyzes various methods of water contamination, assesses health risk and adverse effects on those impacted, and concludes with an exploration of efficient, low-cost treatment technologies that remove toxic pollutants from the water. This book incorporates both theoretical and practical information that will be useful for researchers, professors, graduate students and professionals working on water contamination, environmental and health impacts, and the management and treatment of water resources. Provides practical case studies of various types of contamination and sources in different regions Offers an overview of inorganic and organic contaminants and their impact on human health Evaluates several low-cost, efficient and effective water treatment technologies to remove toxins from water and minimize risk

GIS and Geocomputation for Water Resource Science and Engineering

GIS and Geocomputation for Water Resource Science and Engineering
  • Author : Barnali Dixon,Venkatesh Uddameri
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2016-02-08
  • Total pages : 568
  • ISBN : 9781118354131
  • File Size : 54,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 824
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GIS and Geocomputation for Water Resource Science and Engineering not only provides a comprehensive introduction to the fundamentals of geographic information systems but also demonstrates how GIS and mathematical models can be integrated to develop spatial decision support systems to support water resources planning, management and engineering. The book uses a hands-on active learning approach to introduce fundamental concepts and numerous case-studies are provided to reinforce learning and demonstrate practical aspects. The benefits and challenges of using GIS in environmental and water resources fields are clearly tackled in this book, demonstrating how these technologies can be used to harness increasingly available digital data to develop spatially-oriented sustainable solutions. In addition to providing a strong grounding on fundamentals, the book also demonstrates how GIS can be combined with traditional physics-based and statistical models as well as information-theoretic tools like neural networks and fuzzy set theory.

Groundwater Vulnerability Assessment and Mapping using DRASTIC Model

Groundwater Vulnerability Assessment and Mapping using DRASTIC Model
  • Author : Prashant Kumar,Praveen Thakur,Sanjit Debnath
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2019-07-10
  • Total pages : 104
  • ISBN : 9781000074932
  • File Size : 30,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 240
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This book shows the effectiveness of DRASTIC model in a geographical setting for validation of vulnerable zones and presents the optimization of parameters for the development of precise maps highlighting several zones with varied contamination. Impact of vadose zone has also been assessed by considering every sub-surface layer. Exclusive title covering effectiveness of DRASTIC model for groundwater vulnerability assessment Reviews of the strengths and limitations of assessment methods Presents multi-criteria evaluation of hydro-geological and anthropogenic factors Discusses integration with geographic information system (GIS) and remote sensing (RS) Includes application of groundwater governance framework with a case study study of a geographical setting

Arsenic in Groundwater

Arsenic in Groundwater
  • Author : M. Manzurul Hassan
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2018-03-08
  • Total pages : 351
  • ISBN : 9781439839300
  • File Size : 32,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 134
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Arsenic-contaminated groundwater is considered one of the world’s largest environmental health crises, as more than 300 million people in more than one-third of countries worldwide are at risk of groundwater arsenic poisoning. This book addresses how arsenic in groundwater impacts human health by using the frameworks of natural sciences, social sciences, and health sciences in the context set by environmental and legal considerations. Arsenic in Groundwater: Poisoning and Risk Assessment examines the spatial, quantitative, and qualitative aspects on arsenic poisoning; for instance, using geographical information systems (GIS) to investigate the spatial discontinuity of arsenic-laced water in spatial and temporal dimensions to uncover patterns of variations over scales from meters to kilometers. Spatial risk mapping provides insight for academics, researchers, policy makers, and politicians on possible long-term strategies for arsenic mitigation. Qualitative methodological approaches uncover the hidden issues of arsenic poisoning on human health and the related social implications. The book also examines legal aspects, such as the right to safe drinking water, as well as an in-depth look at how community participation can shape public policy. Features: Describes arsenic poisoning from both the scientific and social science perspectives Includes technical insights drawn from GIS-based modeling for spatial arsenic discontinuity and spatial health risks of arsenic poisoning Provides a state-of-the-art review of the human health literature and cutting-edge scientific evidence for arsenic-related health and social implications Examines the environmental justice and legal issues of drinking water and its quality Presents environmental policy and public mitigation strategies with Public Participation GIS (PPGIS) related to arsenic contamination More than 2,000 references serve as valuable resources for various aspects of arsenic poisoning

GIS and Geocomputation for Water Resource Science and Engineering

GIS and Geocomputation for Water Resource Science and Engineering
  • Author : Barnali Dixon,Venkatesh Uddameri
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2015-11-25
  • Total pages : 568
  • ISBN : 9781118826218
  • File Size : 47,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 532
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GIS and Geocomputation for Water Resource Science and Engineering not only provides a comprehensive introduction to the fundamentals of geographic information systems but also demonstrates how GIS and mathematical models can be integrated to develop spatial decision support systems to support water resources planning, management and engineering. The book uses a hands-on active learning approach to introduce fundamental concepts and numerous case-studies are provided to reinforce learning and demonstrate practical aspects. The benefits and challenges of using GIS in environmental and water resources fields are clearly tackled in this book, demonstrating how these technologies can be used to harness increasingly available digital data to develop spatially-oriented sustainable solutions. In addition to providing a strong grounding on fundamentals, the book also demonstrates how GIS can be combined with traditional physics-based and statistical models as well as information-theoretic tools like neural networks and fuzzy set theory.