Geophysical Data Analysis

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Geophysical Data Analysis: Discrete Inverse Theory

Geophysical Data Analysis: Discrete Inverse Theory
  • Author : William Menke
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2012-12-02
  • Total pages : 272
  • ISBN : 9780323141284
  • File Size : 22,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 416
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Geophysical Data Analysis: Discrete Inverse Theory is an introductory text focusing on discrete inverse theory that is concerned with parameters that either are truly discrete or can be adequately approximated as discrete. Organized into 12 chapters, the book’s opening chapters provide a general background of inverse problems and their corresponding solution, as well as some of the basic concepts from probability theory that are applied throughout the text. Chapters 3-7 discuss the solution of the canonical inverse problem, that is, the linear problem with Gaussian statistics, and discussions on problems that are non-Gaussian and nonlinear are covered in Chapters 8 and 9. Chapters 10-12 present examples of the use of inverse theory and a discussion on the numerical algorithms that must be employed to solve inverse problems on a computer. This book is of value to graduate students and many college seniors in the applied sciences.

Geophysical Data Analysis: Understanding Inverse Problem Theory and Practice

Geophysical Data Analysis: Understanding Inverse Problem Theory and Practice
  • Author : Max A. Meju
  • Publisher : SEG Books
  • Release Date : 1994
  • Total pages : 305
  • ISBN : 9781560802570
  • File Size : 37,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 336
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This publication is designed to provide a practical understanding of methods of parameter estimation and uncertainty analysis. The practical problems covered range from simple processing of time- and space-series data to inversion of potential field, seismic, electrical, and electromagnetic data. The various formulations are reconciled with field data in the numerous examples provided in the book; well-documented computer programmes are also given to show how easy it is to implement inversion algorithms.

Essentials of Geophysical Data Processing

Essentials of Geophysical Data Processing
  • Author : Clark R. Wilson
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2021-10-21
  • Total pages : 203
  • ISBN : 9781108931007
  • File Size : 52,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 394
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Concise, self-contained survey of data processing methods in geophysics and other sciences, for upper level science and engineering students.

Seismic Data Analysis

Seismic Data Analysis
  • Author : Özdoğan Yilmaz,Stephen M. Doherty
  • Publisher : SEG Books
  • Release Date : 2001
  • Total pages : 2089
  • ISBN : 9781560800941
  • File Size : 34,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 139
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Expanding the author's original work on processing to include inversion and interpretation, and including developments in all aspects of conventional processing, this two-volume set is a comprehensive and complete coverage of the modern trends in the seismic industry - from time to depth, from 3D to 4D, from 4D to 4C, and from isotropy to anisotropy.

Spectral Analysis and Filter Theory in Applied Geophysics

Spectral Analysis and Filter Theory in Applied Geophysics
  • Author : Burkhard Buttkus
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2000-03-27
  • Total pages : 698
  • ISBN : 3540626743
  • File Size : 28,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 708
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This state-of-the-art survey serves as a complete overview of the subject. Besides the principles and theoretical foundations, emphasis is laid on practical applicability -- describing not only classical methods, but also modern developments and their applications. Students, researchers and practitioners, especially in the fields of data registration, treatment and evaluation, will find this a wealth of information.

Geophysical Data Analysis

Geophysical Data Analysis
  • Author : William Menke
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 1989-10-04
  • Total pages : 289
  • ISBN : 9780080507323
  • File Size : 42,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 410
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Please use extracts from reviews of first edition Key Features * Updated and thoroughly revised edition * additional material on geophysical/acoustic tomography * Detailed discussion of application of inverse theory to tectonic, gravitational and geomagnetic studies

Geophysical Signal Analysis

Geophysical Signal Analysis
  • Author : Enders A. Robinson,Sven Treitel
  • Publisher : SEG Books
  • Release Date : 2000
  • Total pages : 495
  • ISBN : 9781560801047
  • File Size : 38,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 741
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Addresses the construction, analysis, and interpretation of mathematical and statistical models. The practical use of the concepts and techniques developed is illustrated by numerous applications. The chosen examples will interest many readers, including those engaged in digital signal analysis in disciplines other than geophysics.

Fundamentals of Geophysical Data Processing

Fundamentals of Geophysical Data Processing
  • Author : Jon F. Claerbout
  • Publisher : McGraw-Hill Companies
  • Release Date : 1976
  • Total pages : 296
  • ISBN : UCAL:B4254669
  • File Size : 28,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 279
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PDF book entitled Fundamentals of Geophysical Data Processing written by Jon F. Claerbout and published by McGraw-Hill Companies which was released on 1976 with total hardcover pages 296, the book become popular and critical acclaim.

Time Series Analysis in Seismology

Time Series Analysis in Seismology
  • Author : Alejandro Ramírez-Rojas,Leonardo Di G. Sigalotti,Elsa Leticia Flores Márquez,Otto Rendón
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2019-08-02
  • Total pages : 406
  • ISBN : 9780128149027
  • File Size : 33,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 859
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Time Series Analysis in Seismology: Practical Applications provides technical assistance and coverage of available methods to professionals working in the field of seismology. Beginning with a thorough review of open problems in geophysics, including tectonic plate dynamics, localization of solitons, and forecasting, the book goes on to describe the various types of time series or punctual processes obtained from those systems. Additionally, the book describes a variety of methods and techniques relating to seismology and includes a discussion of future developments and improvements. Time Series Analysis in Seismology offers a concise presentation of the most recent advances in the analysis of geophysical data, particularly with regard to seismology, making it a valuable tool for researchers and students working in seismology and geophysics. Presents the necessary tools for time series analysis as it relates to seismology in a compact and consistent manner Includes a discussion of technical resources that can be applied to time series data analysis across multiple disciplines Describes the methods and techniques available for solving problems related to the analysis of complex data sets Provides exercises at the end of each chapter to enhance comprehension

Active Geophysical Monitoring

Active Geophysical Monitoring
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2010-03-05
  • Total pages : 572
  • ISBN : 0080914462
  • File Size : 46,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 286
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Active geophysical monitoring is an important new method for studying time-evolving structures and states in the tectonically active Earth's lithosphere. It is based on repeated time-lapse observations and interpretation of rock-induced changes in geophysical fields periodically excited by controlled sources. In this book, the results of strategic systematic development and the application of new technologies for active geophysical monitoring are presented. The authors demonstrate that active monitoring may drastically change solid Earth geophysics, through the acquisition of substantially new information, based on high accuracy and real-time observations. Active monitoring also provides new means for disaster mitigation, in conjunction with substantial international and interdisciplinary cooperation. Introduction of a new concept Most experienced authors in the field Comprehensiveness

Time Series Analysis and Inverse Theory for Geophysicists

Time Series Analysis and Inverse Theory for Geophysicists
  • Author : David Gubbins
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2004-03-18
  • Total pages : 229
  • ISBN : 9781316582930
  • File Size : 34,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 584
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This unique textbook provides the foundation for understanding and applying techniques commonly used in geophysics to process and interpret modern digital data. The geophysicist's toolkit contains a range of techniques which may be divided into two main groups: processing, which concerns time series analysis and is used to separate the signal of interest from background noise; and inversion, which involves generating some map or physical model from the data. These two groups of techniques are normally taught separately, but are here presented together as parts I and II of the book. Part III describes some real applications and includes case studies in seismology, geomagnetism, and gravity. This textbook gives students and practitioners the theoretical background and practical experience, through case studies, computer examples and exercises, to understand and apply new processing methods to modern geophysical datasets. Solutions to the exercises are available on a website at http://publishing.cambridge.org/resources/0521819652

Data Analysis Methods in Physical Oceanography

Data Analysis Methods in Physical Oceanography
  • Author : Richard E. Thomson,William J. Emery
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2001-04-03
  • Total pages : 654
  • ISBN : 9780080477008
  • File Size : 51,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 860
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Data Analysis Methods in Physical Oceanography is a practical reference guide to established and modern data analysis techniques in earth and ocean sciences. This second and revised edition is even more comprehensive with numerous updates, and an additional appendix on 'Convolution and Fourier transforms'. Intended for both students and established scientists, the five major chapters of the book cover data acquisition and recording, data processing and presentation, statistical methods and error handling, analysis of spatial data fields, and time series analysis methods. Chapter 5 on time series analysis is a book in itself, spanning a wide diversity of topics from stochastic processes and stationarity, coherence functions, Fourier analysis, tidal harmonic analysis, spectral and cross-spectral analysis, wavelet and other related methods for processing nonstationary data series, digital filters, and fractals. The seven appendices include unit conversions, approximation methods and nondimensional numbers used in geophysical fluid dynamics, presentations on convolution, statistical terminology, and distribution functions, and a number of important statistical tables. Twenty pages are devoted to references. Featuring: • An in-depth presentation of modern techniques for the analysis of temporal and spatial data sets collected in oceanography, geophysics, and other disciplines in earth and ocean sciences. • A detailed overview of oceanographic instrumentation and sensors - old and new - used to collect oceanographic data. • 7 appendices especially applicable to earth and ocean sciences ranging from conversion of units, through statistical tables, to terminology and non-dimensional parameters. In praise of the first edition: "(...)This is a very practical guide to the various statistical analysis methods used for obtaining information from geophysical data, with particular reference to oceanography(...) The book provides both a text for advanced students of the geophysical sciences and a useful reference volume for researchers." Aslib Book Guide Vol 63, No. 9, 1998 "(...)This is an excellent book that I recommend highly and will definitely use for my own research and teaching." EOS Transactions, D.A. Jay, 1999 "(...)In summary, this book is the most comprehensive and practical source of information on data analysis methods available to the physical oceanographer. The reader gets the benefit of extremely broad coverage and an excellent set of examples drawn from geographical observations." Oceanography, Vol. 12, No. 3, A. Plueddemann, 1999 "(...)Data Analysis Methods in Physical Oceanography is highly recommended for a wide range of readers, from the relative novice to the experienced researcher. It would be appropriate for academic and special libraries." E-Streams, Vol. 2, No. 8, P. Mofjelf, August 1999

Geophysical Potential Fields

Geophysical Potential Fields
  • Author : Lev Eppelbaum
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2019-07-18
  • Total pages : 476
  • ISBN : 9780128116869
  • File Size : 13,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 258
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Geophysical Potential Fields: Geological and Environmental Applications, Volume Two, investigates the similarities and differences of potential geophysical fields, including gravity, magnetics, temperature, resistivity and self-potential, along with the influence of noise on these fields. As part of the Computational Geophysics series, this volume provides computational examples and methods for effectively solving geophysical problems in a full cycle manner. Including both quantitative and qualitative analysis, the book offers different filtering and transformation procedures, integrated analysis, and special interpretation methodologies, also presenting a developed 3D algorithm for combined modeling of gravity and magnetic fields in complex environments. The book also includes applications of the unified potential field system, such as studying deep structure, searching hydrocarbon and ore deposits, localizing buried water horizons and rockslide areas, tectono-structural mapping of water basins, and classifying archaeological targets. It is an ideal and unique resource for geophysicists, exploration geologists, archaeologists and environmental scientists. Clearly demonstrates the successive stages of geophysical field analysis for different geological and environmental targets Provides a unified system for potential geophysical field analysis that is demonstrated by numerous examples of system application Demonstrates the possibilities for rapidly and effectively interpreting anomalies, receiving some knowledge of modern wavelet, diffusion maps and informational approach applications in geophysics, and combined gravity-magnetic methodology of 3D modeling Includes text of the Geological Space Field Calculation (GSFC) software intended for 3D combined modeling of gravity and magnetic fields in complex environments

Geophysical Signal Processing

Geophysical Signal Processing
  • Author : Enders A. Robinson,Tariq S. Durrani,Lloyd G. Peardon
  • Publisher : Prentice Hall
  • Release Date : 1986
  • Total pages : 481
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822002224392
  • File Size : 23,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 839
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PDF book entitled Geophysical Signal Processing written by Enders A. Robinson,Tariq S. Durrani,Lloyd G. Peardon and published by Prentice Hall which was released on 1986 with total hardcover pages 481, the book become popular and critical acclaim.

Seismic Signatures and Analysis of Reflection Data in Anisotropic Media

Seismic Signatures and Analysis of Reflection Data in Anisotropic Media
  • Author : I. Tsvankin
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2001-03-02
  • Total pages : 456
  • ISBN : 0080540880
  • File Size : 16,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 139
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Following the breakthrough in the last decade in identifying the key parameters for time and depth imaging in anisotropic media and developing practical methodologies for estimating them from seismic data, this title primarily focuses on the far reaching exploration benefits of anisotropic processing. This volume provides the first comprehensive description of reflection seismic signatures and processing methods in anisotropic media. It identifies the key parameters for time and depth imaging in transversely isotropic media and describes practical methodologies for estimating them from seismic data. Also, it contains a thorough discussion of the important issues of uniqueness and stability of seismic velocity analysis in the presence of anisotropy. The book contains a complete description of anisotropic imaging methods, from the theoretical background to algorithms to implementation issues. Numerous applications to synthetic and field data illustrate the improvements achieved by the anisotropic processing and the possibility of using the estimated anisotropic parameters in lithology discrimination.

Geophysical Inversion Theory and Global Optimization Methods

Geophysical Inversion Theory and Global Optimization Methods
  • Author : Caiyun Liu,Jie Xiong
  • Publisher : Scientific Research Publishing, Inc. USA
  • Release Date : 2018-04-01
  • Total pages : 200
  • ISBN : 9781618965264
  • File Size : 17,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 381
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Geophysical inversion is an ill-posed problem. Classical local search method for inversion is depend on initial guess and easy to be trapped in local optimum. The global optimization is a group of novel methods to deal with the problems mentioned above. The book introduces the geophysical inversion theory, including the classical solving approaches firstly. Then, it introduces several typical global inversion approaches including particle swarm optimization (PSO), differential evolution (DE), and multiobjective optimization methods, as well as some examples to inverse the geophysical data, such as gravity, MT sounding, well logging, self-potential, seismic data, using these global optimization approaches.

Seismic Data Analysis Techniques in Hydrocarbon Exploration

Seismic Data Analysis Techniques in Hydrocarbon Exploration
  • Author : Enwenode Onajite
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2013-09-26
  • Total pages : 256
  • ISBN : 9780124200296
  • File Size : 48,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 513
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Seismic Data Analysis Techniques in Hydrocarbon Exploration explains the fundamental concepts and skills used to acquire seismic data in the oil industry and the step-by-step techniques necessary to extract the sections that trap hydrocarbons as well as seismic data interpretation skills. It enhances the ability to interpret seismic data and use that data for basin evaluation, structural modeling of a fault, reservoir characterization, rock physics analysis, field development, and production studies. Understanding and interpreting seismic data is critical to oil and gas exploration companies. Arming young geoscientists with a reference that covers the key principles of seismic data analysis will enhance their job knowledge, skills and performance. A fundamental grasp of seismic data enhances employability and aids scientists in functioning effectively when working with seismic data in industry. Edited by a team of petroleum geoscientists with more than 30 years of experience in hydrocarbon exploration and data analysis at O&G companies. More than 200 figures, photographs, and illustrations aid in the understanding of the fundamental concepts and techniques used to acquire seismic data Takes an easy-to-follow, step-by-step approach to presenting the techniques and skills used to extract the geologic sections from acquired seismic data. Enhances the geoscientist’s effectiveness when using seismic data for field development and other exploration and production studies

Enhance Oil and Gas Exploration with Data-Driven Geophysical and Petrophysical Models

Enhance Oil and Gas Exploration with Data-Driven Geophysical and Petrophysical Models
  • Author : Keith R. Holdaway,Duncan H. B. Irving
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2017-10-04
  • Total pages : 368
  • ISBN : 9781119302582
  • File Size : 55,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 776
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Download Enhance Oil and Gas Exploration with Data-Driven Geophysical and Petrophysical Models in PDF, Epub, and Kindle

Leverage Big Data analytics methodologies to add value to geophysical and petrophysical exploration data Enhance Oil & Gas Exploration with Data-Driven Geophysical and Petrophysical Models demonstrates a new approach to geophysics and petrophysics data analysis using the latest methods drawn from Big Data. Written by two geophysicists with a combined 30 years in the industry, this book shows you how to leverage continually maturing computational intelligence to gain deeper insight from specific exploration data. Case studies illustrate the value propositions of this alternative analytical workflow, and in-depth discussion addresses the many Big Data issues in geophysics and petrophysics. From data collection and context through real-world everyday applications, this book provides an essential resource for anyone involved in oil and gas exploration. Recent and continual advances in machine learning are driving a rapid increase in empirical modeling capabilities. This book shows you how these new tools and methodologies can enhance geophysical and petrophysical data analysis, increasing the value of your exploration data. Apply data-driven modeling concepts in a geophysical and petrophysical context Learn how to get more information out of models and simulations Add value to everyday tasks with the appropriate Big Data application Adjust methodology to suit diverse geophysical and petrophysical contexts Data-driven modeling focuses on analyzing the total data within a system, with the goal of uncovering connections between input and output without definitive knowledge of the system's physical behavior. This multi-faceted approach pushes the boundaries of conventional modeling, and brings diverse fields of study together to apply new information and technology in new and more valuable ways. Enhance Oil & Gas Exploration with Data-Driven Geophysical and Petrophysical Models takes you beyond traditional deterministic interpretation to the future of exploration data analysis.

Handbook of Poststack Seismic Attributes

Handbook of Poststack Seismic Attributes
  • Author : Arthur E. Barnes
  • Publisher : SEG Books
  • Release Date : 2016-10-15
  • Total pages : 269
  • ISBN : 9781560803317
  • File Size : 12,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 360
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The Handbook of Poststack Seismic Attributes is a general reference for poststack seismic attributes. It discusses their theory, meaning, computation, and application, with the goal of improving understanding so that seismic attributes can be applied more effectively. The chapters of the book build upon each other and progress from basic attributes to more involved methods. The book introduces the ideas that underlie seismic attributes and reviews their history from their origins to current developments. It examines attribute maps and interval statistics; complex trace attributes; 3D attributes that quantify aspects of geologic structure and stratigraphy, primarily dip, azimuth, curvature, reflection spacing, and parallelism; seismic discontinuity attributes derived through variances or differences; spectral decomposition, thin-bed analysis, and waveform classification; the two poststack methods that purportedly record rock properties — relative acoustic impedance through recursive inversion, and Q estimation through spectral ratioing; and multiattribute analysis through volume blending, cross-plotting, principal component analysis, and unsupervised classification. The book ends with an overview of how seismic attributes aid data interpretation and discusses bright spots, frequency shadows, faults, channels, diapirs, and data reconnaissance. A glossary provides definitions of seismic attributes and methods, and appendices provide background mathematics. The book is intended for reflection seismologists engaged in petroleum exploration, including seismic data interpreters, data processors, researchers, and students.

Atlas of Structural Geological Interpretation from Seismic Images

Atlas of Structural Geological Interpretation from Seismic Images
  • Author : Achyuta Ayan Misra,Soumyajit Mukherjee
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2018-04-30
  • Total pages : 287
  • ISBN : 9781119158325
  • File Size : 54,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 976
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This comprehensive book deals primarily with reflection seismic data in the hydrocarbon industry. It brings together seismic examples from North and South America, Africa, Europe, Asia and Australia and features contributions from eleven international authors who are experts in their field. It provides structural geological examples with full-color illustrations and explanations so that students and industry professionals can get a better understanding of what they are being taught. It also shows seismic images in black and white print and covers compression related structures. Representing a compilation of examples for different types of geological structures, Atlas of Structural Geological Interpretation from Seismic Images is a quick guide to finding analogous structures. It provides extensive coverage of seismic expression of different geological structures, faults, folds, mobile substrates (shale and salt), tectonic and regional structures, and common pitfalls in interpretation. The book also includes an un-interpreted seismic section for every interpreted section so that readers can feel free to draw their own conclusion as per their conceptualization. Provides authoritative source of methodologies for seismic interpretation Indicates sources of uncertainty and give alternative interpretations Directly benefits those working in petroleum industries Includes case studies from a variety of tectonic regimes Atlas of Structural Geological Interpretation from Seismic Images is primarily designed for graduate students in Earth Sciences, researchers, and new entrants in industry who are interested in seismic interpretation.

Covariance Analysis for Seismic Signal Processing

Covariance Analysis for Seismic Signal Processing
  • Author : R. Lynn Kirlin,William J. Done
  • Publisher : SEG Books
  • Release Date : 1999
  • Total pages : 359
  • ISBN : 9781560800811
  • File Size : 38,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 672
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Rather than address one seismic data-processing problem and present several methods, this book presents one fundamental methodology - analysis of the sample covariance matrix - and many seismic data problems to which it applies, providing the geophysical signal analyst with sufficient material to understand the usefulness of this approach.