Forensic Taphonomy And Ecology Of North American Scavengers

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Forensic Taphonomy and Ecology of North American Scavengers

Forensic Taphonomy and Ecology of North American Scavengers
  • Author : Susan N. Sincerbox,Elizabeth A. DiGangi
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2017-11-15
  • Total pages : 232
  • ISBN : 9780128132630
  • File Size : 45,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 355
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Forensic Taphonomy and Ecology of North American Scavengers compiles research on vertebrate scavenging behavior from numerous academic fields, including ecology and forensic anthropology. Scavenging behavior can displace remains from their depositional context, confound postmortem interval estimation, destroy osteological markers, and inflict damage that mimics or disguises perimortem trauma. Consequently, the actions of vertebrate scavengers can significantly impact the medicolegal investigation of human remains. It is therefore critical when interpreting a death scene and its associated evidence that scavenging be recognized and the possible effects of scavenging behavior considered. This book is an ideal reference for both students and medicolegal professionals, serving as a field manual for the identification of common scavenging species known to modify human remains in North America. In addition, this book presents a framework to guide investigators in optimizing their approach to scavenged cases, promoting more complete recovery of human remains and the accuracy of forensic reconstructions of peri- and postmortem events. Examines scavenging behavior through an evolutionary and ecological lens, integrating research from diverse fields. Includes brief summaries of the taphonomic signatures and ecological contexts of common or well-studied North American scavenging taxa Proposes strategies to maximize the recovery of vertebrate-scavenged human remains and improve forensic reconstructions of peri- and postmortem events

Forensic Taphonomy and Ecology of North American Scavengers

Forensic Taphonomy and Ecology of North American Scavengers
  • Author : Susan N. Sincerbox, BS,Elizabeth A. DiGangi, PhD, D-ABFA
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2017-11-29
  • Total pages : 232
  • ISBN : 0128132434
  • File Size : 32,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 110
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Forensic Taphonomy and Ecology of North American Scavengers compiles research on vertebrate scavenging behavior from numerous academic fields, including ecology and forensic anthropology. Scavenging behavior can displace remains from their depositional context, confound postmortem interval estimation, destroy osteological markers, and inflict damage that mimics or disguises perimortem trauma. Consequently, the actions of vertebrate scavengers can significantly impact the medicolegal investigation of human remains. It is therefore critical when interpreting a death scene and its associated evidence that scavenging be recognized and the possible effects of scavenging behavior considered. This book is an ideal reference for both students and medicolegal professionals, serving as a field manual for the identification of common scavenging species known to modify human remains in North America. In addition, this book presents a framework to guide investigators in optimizing their approach to scavenged cases, promoting more complete recovery of human remains and the accuracy of forensic reconstructions of peri- and postmortem events. Examines scavenging behavior through an evolutionary and ecological lens, integrating research from diverse fields. Includes brief summaries of the taphonomic signatures and ecological contexts of common or well-studied North American scavenging taxa Proposes strategies to maximize the recovery of vertebrate-scavenged human remains and improve forensic reconstructions of peri- and postmortem events

Forensic Science and Humanitarian Action

Forensic Science and Humanitarian Action
  • Author : Roberto C. Parra,Sara C. Zapico,Douglas H. Ubelaker
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2020-01-28
  • Total pages : 896
  • ISBN : 9781119481942
  • File Size : 15,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 922
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Widens traditional concepts of forensic science to include humanitarian, social, and cultural aspects Using the preservation of the dignity of the deceased as its foundation, Forensic Science and Humanitarian Action: Interacting with the Dead and the Living is a unique examination of the applications of humanitarian forensic science. Spanning two comprehensive volumes, the text is sufficiently detailed for forensic practitioners, yet accessible enough for non-specialists, and discusses both the latest technologies and real-world interactions. Arranged into five sections, this book addresses the ‘management of the dead’ across five major areas in humanitarian forensic science. Volume One presents the first three of these areas: History, Theory, Practice, and Legal Foundation; Basic Forensic Information to Trace Missing Persons; and Stable Isotopes Forensics. Topics covered include: Protection of The Missing and the Dead Under International Law Social, Cultural and Religious Factors in Humanitarian Forensic Science Posthumous Dignity and the Importance in Returning Remains of the Deceased The New Disappeared – Migration and Forensic Science Stable Isotope Analysis in Forensic Anthropology Volume Two covers two further areas of interest: DNA Analysis and the Forensic Identification Process. It concludes with a comprehensive set of case studies focused on identifying the deceased, and finding missing persons from around the globe, including: Forensic Human Identification from an Australian Perspective Skeletal Remains and Identification Processing at the FBI Migrant Deaths along the Texas/Mexico Border Humanitarian Work in Cyprus by The Committee on Missing Persons (CMP) Volcán De Fuego Eruption – Natural Disaster Response from Guatemala Drawing upon a wide range of contributions from respected academics working in the field, Forensic Science and Humanitarian Action is a unique reference for forensic practitioners, communities of humanitarian workers, human rights defenders, and government and non-governmental officials.

Forensic Anthropology and the United States Judicial System

Forensic Anthropology and the United States Judicial System
  • Author : Laura C. Fulginiti,Kristen Hartnett-McCann,Alison Galloway
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2019-07-01
  • Total pages : 256
  • ISBN : 9781119469971
  • File Size : 32,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 168
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A guide to the interface between forensic anthropology and the United States legal system Designed for forensic anthropologists at all levels of expertise, Forensic Anthropology and the United States Judicial System offers a comprehensive examination of how to effectively present osteological analyses, research and interpretations in the courtroom. Written by noted experts, the book contains an historical perspective of the topic, a review of current legislation that affects expert testimony as well as vital information on courtroom procedure and judicial expectation of experts. A comprehensive book, Forensic Anthropology and the United States Judicial System explains how to prepare case reports and offers suggestions for getting ready for pre-trial interviews. The book also includes detailed information on affidavits, fee structures and dealing with opposing experts. This book is part of the popular Wiley – American Association for Forensic Sciences series and: Offers a unique volume that addresses the interface between forensic anthropology and the legal system Contains detailed guidelines for expert testimony by forensic anthropologists with all levels of experience, from beginner to expert Includes information from the perspective of the Judiciary in terms of process and expectations of the Court Shows how to maintain independence from, and collaborate with other experts Presents detailed explanations of current legislation impacting forensic science Forensic Anthropology and the United States Judicial System is an information-filled guide for practitioners of the rapidly growing field that integrates forensic sciences and the judicial system.

A Dog's Devotion

A Dog's Devotion
  • Author : Suzanne Elshult,James Guy Mansfield
  • Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield
  • Release Date : 2022-10-01
  • Total pages : 312
  • ISBN : 9781493068722
  • File Size : 13,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 526
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"This is an inside view of a remarkable K9 search and rescue team operating in the wilds of Washington State whose "principal investigator" is a yellow lab named Keb. Keb's story is of a dedicated K9 who can distinguish the scent of the dead from the scent of the living, and who can detect buried bones and even corpses underwater. Readers will follow this intrepid K9 and her teammates as they face the challenges of changeable weather, deep northwest forests, high mountain slopes, and menacing coyotes, to find dead bodies, missing hikers, and even the bones of murder victims from long ago. Among their successes: finding multiple victims buried by the 2014 Oso Landslide, solving the mysterious disappearance of women in wealthy suburbs, and finding human bones thought to be forever lost to time. It's their story about evolving as search and rescue volunteers while overcoming harsh conditions, inner demons, and a rust-bound bureaucracy. This is a unique, first-hand visit into the little-known world of dedicated SAR volunteers who find their purpose while searching for the lost and the dead. It will also appeal to anyone fascinated by how rescue K9s are raised, trained, and deployed in service to law enforcement under difficult conditions"--

Carrion Ecology, Evolution, and Their Applications

Carrion Ecology, Evolution, and Their Applications
  • Author : M. Eric Benbow,Jeffery K. Tomberlin,Aaron M. Tarone
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2015-08-18
  • Total pages : 577
  • ISBN : 9781466575479
  • File Size : 38,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 854
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Shortlisted for the 2018 TWS Wildlife Publication Awards in the edited book category Decomposition and recycling of vertebrate remains have been understudied, hampered largely due to these processes being aesthetically challenging (e.g., smell and sight). Technological innovations have provided the means to explore new and historically understood natural systems to give us a plethora of new information. Carrion Ecology, Evolution, and Their Applications covers a broad spectrum of topics including the molecular mechanistic foundations that provide the basis for intra- and interspecific interactions related to population biology, community ecology, and how this manifests into habitat- and ecosystem-level importance. The book connects the science of carrion decomposition from genes to ecosystems in multidisciplinary synthesis of the science. This book brings together a team of global experts involved with measuring and understanding the process and effects of carrion ecology in nature, with special application in such applied fields as forensic entomology, habitat management, animal production (e.g., livestock and aquaculture), and human and environmental health. It fills a large literature gap in ecology, providing a synthesis and future directions important for studies of carrion decomposition that improve the general understanding of decomposition in ecosystems. The book fuses multiple disciplines into a single message explaining the importance of vertebrate carrion ecology in nature. Illustrates Carrion Decomposition in a 16-Page Color Insert with 40 Photos The authors illustrate how the study of carrion transcends the globe and expands systems of inquiry, broadening awareness of this important ecosystem process. Whether you are a student, academic, or professional, you will find this book insightful for the fields of molecular ecology, microbiology, entomology, forensics, population biology, community and ecosystem ecology, and human and environmental health.

Forensic Ecogenomics

Forensic Ecogenomics
  • Author : T. Komang Ralebitso-Senior
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2018-02-10
  • Total pages : 258
  • ISBN : 9780128096093
  • File Size : 43,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 643
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Forensic Ecogenomics: The Application of Microbial Ecology Analyses in Forensic Contexts provides intelligence on important topics, including environmental sample provenance, how to indicate the body decomposition timeline to support postmortem interval (PMI) and postmortem submersion interval (PMSI) estimates, and how to enhance identification of clandestine and transit grave locations. A diverse group of international experts have come together to present a clear perspective of forensic ecogenomics that encapsulates cutting-edge, topical and relevant cross-disciplinary approaches vital to the field. Considers the effects of decomposition on bacterial, fungal and mesofaunal populations in pristine ecosystems Examines the role of the microbiome, necrobiome and thanatomicrobiome in postmortem interval estimations Focuses on the application of different analytical techniques across forensics to enhance/expand the crime scene investigation toolkit Written by a wide range of international experts in their respective fields

Ig Nobel Prizes

Ig Nobel Prizes
  • Author : Marc Abrahams
  • Publisher : Orion Publishing Company
  • Release Date : 2003
  • Total pages : 427
  • ISBN : 0752842617
  • File Size : 25,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 298
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WHAT: The Ig Nobel Prize honours individuals whose achievements in science cannot or should not be reproduced. 10 prizes are given to people who have done remarkably bizarre things in science over the previous year. WHY: The 'Igs' are intended to celebrate the unusual, honour the imaginative and shine a spotlight onto the weird corners of laboratories around the world. PAST WINNERS: Peter Fong's experiment in which he fed Prozac to clams on the basis that if they chilled out more they'd taste better. Harold Hillman's report on 'The Possible Pain Experienced during Execution by Different Methods'...

Forensic Taphonomy

Forensic Taphonomy
  • Author : Marcella H. Sorg,William D. Haglund
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 1996-12-13
  • Total pages : 686
  • ISBN : 1439821925
  • File Size : 13,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 179
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Links have recently been established between the study of death assemblages by archaeologists and paleontologists (taphonomy) and the application of physical anthropology concepts to the medicolegal investigation of death (forensic anthropology). Forensic Taphonomy explains these links in a broad-based, multidisciplinary volume. It applies taphonomic models in modern forensic contexts and uses forensic cases to extend taphonomic theories. Review articles, case reports, and chapters on methodology round out this book's unique approach to forensic science.

Advances in Forensic Taphonomy

Advances in Forensic Taphonomy
  • Author : William D. Haglund,Marcella H. Sorg
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2001-07-30
  • Total pages : 548
  • ISBN : 1420058355
  • File Size : 46,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 987
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Liberally illustrated with photographs, maps, and other images, Advances in Forensic Taphonomy: Method, Theory, and Archaeological Perspectives offers modern techniques for obtaining clues from postmortem evidence. This bestselling reference examines techniques in recovery and analysis, coverage of mass grave investigation, applications of nuclear and mitochondrial DNA techniques, interpretation of burned human remains, the discrimination of trauma from postmortem change, and taphonomic interpretation of water deaths both at the scene and in the lab. It also discusses microenvironmental variation and decomposition in different environments, as well as geochemical and entomological analysis.

Bone Modification

Bone Modification
  • Author : Robson Bonnichsen,Marcella H. Sorg,University of Maine at Orono. Center for the Study of the First Americans
  • Publisher : Texas A & M Univ
  • Release Date : 1989-01
  • Total pages : 535
  • ISBN : 0912933062
  • File Size : 29,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 465
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PDF book entitled Bone Modification written by Robson Bonnichsen,Marcella H. Sorg,University of Maine at Orono. Center for the Study of the First Americans and published by Texas A & M Univ which was released on 1989-01 with total hardcover pages 535, the book become popular and critical acclaim.

Fundamentals of Forensic Anthropology

Fundamentals of Forensic Anthropology
  • Author : Linda L. Klepinger
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2006-06-23
  • Total pages : 220
  • ISBN : 9780470007716
  • File Size : 43,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 602
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An essential foundation for the practice of forensic anthropology This text is the first of its level written in more than twenty years. It serves as a summary and guide to the core material that needs to be mastered and evaluated for the practice of forensic anthropology. The text is divided into three parts that collectively provide a solid base in theory and methodology: Part One, "Background Setting for Forensic Anthropology," introduces the field and discusses the role of forensic anthropology in historic context. Part Two, "Towards Personal Identification," discusses initial assessments of skeletal remains; determining sex, age, ancestral background, and stature; and skeletal markers of activity and life history. Part Three, "Principal Anthropological Roles in Medical-Legal Investigation," examines trauma; the postmortem period; professionalism, ethics, and the expert witness; and genetics and DNA. The critical and evaluative approach to the primary literature stresses the inherent biological constraints on degrees of precision and certainty, and cautions about potential pitfalls. The practical focus, coupled with theoretical basics, make Fundamentals of Forensic Anthropology ideal for upper-level undergraduates and graduate students in biological anthropology as well as forensic scientists in allied fields of medical-legal investigation.

Veterinary Forensic Medicine and Forensic Sciences

Veterinary Forensic Medicine and Forensic Sciences
  • Author : Jason H. Byrd,Patricia Norris,Nancy Bradley-Siemens
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2020-07-19
  • Total pages : 476
  • ISBN : 9781351348591
  • File Size : 55,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 460
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While there are several recent books on this emerging field, Veterinary Forensic Medicine and Forensic Sciences sets the bar, covering all relevant aspects in a succinct, easy-to-read, comprehensive format designed to be taught in a single-semester course. Intended to be the premier textbook on veterinary forensic sciences, the book covers the application of veterinary forensic medicine to cases, including the medical perspective as well as law enforcement response, crime scene management, and evidence recovery issues. Coverage includes the scientific and legal principles for veterinary forensic evidence. This clearly delineates it from veterinary-only practices, since the forensic aspects present additional challenges that include evidence recovery and preservation, report writing, and maintaining an evidentiary chain of custody, all the way through expert witness testimony. Some emerging topics that are covered include DNA and genetic evidence, entomological evidence in support of veterinary forensics, animal fighting, situational deaths, including poisonings, domestic violence, and cruelty, sharp and blunt force trauma, gunshot and wound ballistics, sexual assault, nonhuman odontology and osteology, and more. Features Details a process for forensic science case management for humane law enforcement agencies Presents multiple chapters on specific types of trauma analysis in animals Provides developments on current trends in forensic entomology as applied to wildlife crime and minimum postmortem interval determinations Explores national and international considerations in combating organized animal fighting Offers DNA applications for wildlife crime and environmental monitoring Outlines current animal and environmental forensic toxicology legal casework This text offers a straightforward presentation of current practices and includes several real-world case examples throughout to illustrate concepts. Fully illustrated with more than 280 full-color images, Veterinary Forensic Medicine and Forensic Sciences provides the latest in advances and up-to-date field techniques, applicable for student instruction in the classroom and beyond.

Taphonomy of Human Remains

Taphonomy of Human Remains
  • Author : Eline M. J. Schotsmans,Nicholas Márquez-Grant,Shari L. Forbes
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2017-04-17
  • Total pages : 546
  • ISBN : 9781118953327
  • File Size : 22,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 337
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A truly interdisciplinary approach to this core subject within Forensic Science Combines essential theory with practical crime scene work Includes case studies Applicable to all time periods so has relevance for conventional archaeology, prehistory and anthropology Combines points of view from both established practitioners and young researchers to ensure relevance

Geology at Every Scale

Geology at Every Scale
  • Author : Annette Summers Engel,Robert D. Hatcher Jr.
  • Publisher : Geological Society of America
  • Release Date : 2018-03-30
  • Total pages : 220
  • ISBN : 9780813700502
  • File Size : 23,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 726
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"The chapters in this guidebook are organized according to major geologic themes, starting first with field trips in the Knoxville area that highlight, in some way, local carbonates, and then by ending with field trips focused on regional tectonics that include travel to North and South Carolina and Georgia"--

Bitemark Evidence

Bitemark Evidence
  • Author : Robert B.J. Dorion
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2011-03-16
  • Total pages : 680
  • ISBN : 1439818630
  • File Size : 50,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 719
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Experts in the field of bitemark evidence confront complexities ranging from the identification and collection of evidence, to microscopic analysis, to legal implications and courtroom admissibility. Now in its second edition, Bitemark Evidence reflects the knowledge, training, experience, opinions, and research of 27 authors from around the world

Carrion Ecology and Management

Carrion Ecology and Management
  • Author : Pedro P. Olea,Patricia Mateo-Tomás,José Antonio Sánchez-Zapata
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2019-07-22
  • Total pages : 281
  • ISBN : 9783030165017
  • File Size : 41,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 568
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Carrion, or dead animal matter, is an inherent component of aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems worldwide, and is exploited by a wide diversity of organisms from different trophic levels, including microbes, arthropods and vertebrates. Further, carrion consumption by scavengers, i.e. scavenging, supports key ecosystem functions and services such as recycling nutrients and energy, disposing of carcasses and regulating disease spread. Yet, unlike dead plant matter, dead animal decomposition has received little attention in the fields of ecology, wildlife conservation and environmental management, and as a result the management of carrion for maintaining biodiversity and functional ecosystems has been limited. This book addresses the main ecological patterns and processes relating to the generation and consumption of carrion both in terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. It also discusses a number of conservation concerns and associated management issues, particularly regarding the increasing role of human-mediated carrion in ecosystems. Lastly, the book outlines future research lines in carrion ecology and management, and identifies the major challenges for scavengers and scavenging processes in the Anthropocene.

Criminal and Environmental Soil Forensics

Criminal and Environmental Soil Forensics
  • Author : Karl Ritz,Lorna Dawson,David Miller
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2008-12-23
  • Total pages : 519
  • ISBN : 9781402092046
  • File Size : 52,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 755
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Soils have important roles to play in criminal and environmental forensic science. Since the initial concept of using soil in forensic investigations was mooted by Conan Doyle in his Sherlock Holmes stories prior to real-world applications, this branch of forensic science has become increasingly sophisticated and broad. New techniques in chemical, physical, biological, ecological and spatial analysis, coupled with informatics, are being applied to reducing areas of search by investigators, site identification, site comparison and measurement for the eventual use as evidence in court. Soils can provide intelligence, in assisting the determination of the provenance of samples from artifacts, victims or suspects, enabling their linkage to locations or other evidence. They also modulate change in surface or buried cadavers and hence affect the ability to estimate post-mortem or post-burial intervals, and locate clandestine graves. This interdisciplinary volume explores the conceptual and practical interplay of soil and geoforensics across the scientific, investigative and legal fields. Supported by reviews, case-studies from across the world, and reports of original research, it demonstrates the increasing convergence of a wide range of knowledge. It covers conceptual issues, evidence (from recovery to use in court), geoforensics, taphonomy, as well as leading-edge technologies. The application of the resultant soil forensics toolbox is leading to significant advances in improving crime detection, and environmental and national security.

Explorations

Explorations
  • Author : Beth Shook,Katie Nelson,Kelsie Aguilera
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2019-12-20
  • Total pages : 732
  • ISBN : 1931303630
  • File Size : 48,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 417
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Welcome to Explorations and biological anthropology! An electronic version of this textbook is available free of charge at the Society for Anthropology in Community Colleges' webpage here: www.explorations.americananthro.org

Wildlife Biodiversity Conservation

Wildlife Biodiversity Conservation
  • Author : Susan C. Underkoffler,Hayley R. Adams
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2021-06-26
  • Total pages : 485
  • ISBN : 9783030646820
  • File Size : 43,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 390
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This book addresses the multidisciplinary challenges in biodiversity conservation with a focus on wildlife crime and how forensic tools can be applied to protect species and preserve ecosystems. Illustrated by numerous case studies covering different geographical regions and species the book introduces to the fundamentals of biodiversity conflicts, outlines the unique challenges of wildlife crime scenes and reviews latest techniques in environmental forensics, such as DNA metagenomics. In addition, the volume explores the socio-economic perspective of biodiversity protection and provides an overview of national and international conservation laws. The field of conservation medicine stresses the importance of recognizing that human health, animal health, and ecosystem health are inextricably interdependent and the book serves as important contribution towards achieving the UN Sustainable Developmental Goals, in particular SDG 15, Life on Land. The book addresses graduate students, scientists and veterinary professionals working in wildlife research and conservation biology.

Zooarchaeology

Zooarchaeology
  • Author : Elizabeth J. Reitz,Elizabeth S. Wing
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2008-01-14
  • Total pages : 558
  • ISBN : 9781139467742
  • File Size : 49,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 781
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This is an introductory text for students interested in identification and analysis of animal remains from archaeological sites. The emphasis is on animals whose remains inform us about the relationship between humans and their natural and social environments, especially site formation processes, subsistence strategies, the processes of domestication, and paleoenvironments. Examining examples from all over the world, from the Pleistocene period up to the present, this volume is organized in a way that is parallel to faunal study, beginning with background information, bias in a faunal assemblage, and basic zooarchaeological methods. This revised edition reflects developments in zooarchaeology during the past decade. It includes sections on enamel ultrastructure and incremental analysis, stable isotyopes and trace elements, ancient genetics and enzymes, environmental reconstruction, people as agents of environmental change, applications of zooarchaeology in animal conservation and heritage management, and a discussion of issues pertaining to the curation of archaeofaunal materials.