Epidemiology Of Cannabis

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The Health Effects of Cannabis and Cannabinoids

The Health Effects of Cannabis and Cannabinoids
  • Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice,Committee on the Health Effects of Marijuana: An Evidence Review and Research Agenda
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2017-03-31
  • Total pages : 486
  • ISBN : 9780309453073
  • File Size : 54,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 743
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Significant changes have taken place in the policy landscape surrounding cannabis legalization, production, and use. During the past 20 years, 25 states and the District of Columbia have legalized cannabis and/or cannabidiol (a component of cannabis) for medical conditions or retail sales at the state level and 4 states have legalized both the medical and recreational use of cannabis. These landmark changes in policy have impacted cannabis use patterns and perceived levels of risk. However, despite this changing landscape, evidence regarding the short- and long-term health effects of cannabis use remains elusive. While a myriad of studies have examined cannabis use in all its various forms, often these research conclusions are not appropriately synthesized, translated for, or communicated to policy makers, health care providers, state health officials, or other stakeholders who have been charged with influencing and enacting policies, procedures, and laws related to cannabis use. Unlike other controlled substances such as alcohol or tobacco, no accepted standards for safe use or appropriate dose are available to help guide individuals as they make choices regarding the issues of if, when, where, and how to use cannabis safely and, in regard to therapeutic uses, effectively. Shifting public sentiment, conflicting and impeded scientific research, and legislative battles have fueled the debate about what, if any, harms or benefits can be attributed to the use of cannabis or its derivatives, and this lack of aggregated knowledge has broad public health implications. The Health Effects of Cannabis and Cannabinoids provides a comprehensive review of scientific evidence related to the health effects and potential therapeutic benefits of cannabis. This report provides a research agendaâ€"outlining gaps in current knowledge and opportunities for providing additional insight into these issuesâ€"that summarizes and prioritizes pressing research needs.

The Complex Connection between Cannabis and Schizophrenia

The Complex Connection between Cannabis and Schizophrenia
  • Author : Michael T. Compton,Marc Manseau
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2017-08-25
  • Total pages : 362
  • ISBN : 9780128051832
  • File Size : 23,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 469
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The Complex Connections between Cannabis and Schizophrenia provides an in-depth overview of the current state of research into the role that cannabis plays in schizophrenia, covering both the pathophysiological and the pharmacological implications. It addresses the epidemiology of cannabis use and the risks associated with its use, the biological aspects of the drug, its effects on the brain and the pharmacological possibilities of using cannabidiol to treat schizophrenia. It is the only book on the market devoted exclusively to examining the links between this very commonly used (and misused) drug and a specific set of devastating psychiatric illnesses, providing a comprehensive guide to our current understandings of this relationship. Marijuana is the most commonly used illicit drug globally, and is becoming increasingly decriminalized and even legalized worldwide. Among the numerous mental-health concerns related to the drug, there is mounting evidence of an intricate link between cannabis use and schizophrenia and related psychotic disorders. At the same time, there is promising evidence to suggest that cannabidiol, one of the many compounds found in cannabis that activates the brain’s cannabinoid receptors, could prove to be an effective antipsychotic to treat schizophrenia. Synthesizes existing knowledge about the confusing, but crucial, relationship between cannabis use and schizophrenia symptoms Provides a comprehensive overview of the neurobiological mechanisms of cannabis use and its effects on the brain, including an exploration of the endocannabinoid system Examines the promising evidence suggesting cannabidiol as an effective antipsychotic treatment for schizophrenia Aids readers studying the neurobiological underpinning of cannabis addiction and psychosis in determining directions for their own future research

Cannabis Use Disorders

Cannabis Use Disorders
  • Author : Ivan D. Montoya,Susan R. B. Weiss
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2018-11-24
  • Total pages : 271
  • ISBN : 9783319903651
  • File Size : 53,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 204
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This book is an unbiased scientific compendium documenting the state-of-the-art in the etiology, diagnosis and treatment of Cannabis Use Disorders (CUD). Unlike any other current medical text, this volume focuses on the scientific aspects of CUDs and provides a resource for researchers, physicians and other health care providers who treat patients suffering from the disorder or its consequences. It begins by establishing the landscape of the disorder, including its prevalence, association with disabilities and comorbidities, and frequency of patients seeking treatment. The text delves into the complexity of the disorder in today’s environment by including the discoveries on the nature and extent of the endocannabinoid system as well as potential breakthroughs in safe and effective pharmacological and nonpharmacological treatments. Experts in the field contribute discussions on the most cutting-edge diagnostic and biological topics, including genetics, medical consequences, and clinical manifestations. The text also covers the challenges and risks presented by external factors, including social repercussions, protective factors, psychiatric comorbidities, withdrawal, and treatment services. Cannabis Use Disorders is a vital resource for researchers, psychiatrists, psychologists, addiction medicine specialists, toxicologists, hospital administrators, nurses, social workers, and all health care professionals working with patients who misuse cannabis.

Cannabis Physiopathology Epidemiology Detection

Cannabis Physiopathology Epidemiology Detection
  • Author : Gabriel G. Nahas
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2017-07-28
  • Total pages : 432
  • ISBN : 9781351367813
  • File Size : 32,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 894
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Cannabis Physiopathology and Detection features an outstanding collection of contributions from leading researchers around the world. Papers were presented at the Second International Colloquium on Illicit Drugs, held at the French National Academy of Medicine in April 1992. The book reviews the latest clinical reports describing the effects of cannabis on the brain (imaging techniques, memory and psychomotor performance, cannabis, and schizophrenia), effects on reproduction (male and female), and carcinogenicity. Aspects of detection covered in the volume include methods, results of different testing groups, and legal issues associated with testing and detection. Cannabis Physiopathology and Detection will be an important addition to the reference collections of marijuana researchers, pathologists, government agencies, medical school libraries, and drug testers.

Contemporary Health Issues on Marijuana

Contemporary Health Issues on Marijuana
  • Author : Kevin A. Sabet,Ken C. Winters
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2018
  • Total pages : 337
  • ISBN : 9780190263072
  • File Size : 20,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 310
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Resource added for the Nursing-Associate Degree 105431, Practical Nursing 315431, and Nursing Assistant 305431 programs.

Cannabis Dependence

Cannabis Dependence
  • Author : Roger Roffman,Robert S. Stephens
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2006-02-23
  • Total pages : 229
  • ISBN : 9781139449557
  • File Size : 29,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 388
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Cannabis dependence is controversial. Does it occur or is it a myth put forth by those who oppose legalisation? What are the signs of cannabis dependence? How many people are affected? What are the health and behavioural risks of becoming cannabis-dependent? What counselling approaches have been tested with adults and adolescents, and how effective are they? What are the arguments for legalisation, regulation or prohibition? Looking back and toward the future, what do we know and what do we need to learn? This state-of-the-science review sets out to answer all those questions, beginning with an historical examination and moving into diagnosis, classification, epidemiology, public health, policy, issues relating to regulation and prohibition, and evidence-based interventions.

Marijuana and Medicine

Marijuana and Medicine
  • Author : Institute of Medicine
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 1999-07-10
  • Total pages : 288
  • ISBN : 9780309071550
  • File Size : 31,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 377
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The medical use of marijuana is surrounded by a cloud of social, political, and religious controversy, which obscures the facts that should be considered in the debate. This book summarizes what we know about marijuana from evidence-based medicineâ€"the harm it may do and the relief it may bring to patients. The book helps the reader understand not only what science has to say about medical marijuana but also the logic behind the scientific conclusions. Marijuana and Medicine addresses the science base and the therapeutic effects of marijuana use for medical conditions such as glaucoma and multiple sclerosis. It covers marijuana's mechanism of action, acute and chronic effects on health and behavior, potential adverse effects, efficacy of different delivery systems, analysis of the data about marijuana as a gateway drug, and the prospects for developing cannabinoid drugs. The book evaluates how well marijuana meets accepted standards for medicine and considers the conclusions of other blue-ribbon panels. Full of useful facts, this volume will be important to anyone interested in informed debate about the medical use of marijuana: advocates and opponents as well as policymakers, regulators, and health care providers.

Marijuana As Medicine?

Marijuana As Medicine?
  • Author : Institute of Medicine,Janet Joy,Alison Mack
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2000-12-30
  • Total pages : 216
  • ISBN : 9780309065313
  • File Size : 43,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 833
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Some people suffer from chronic, debilitating disorders for which no conventional treatment brings relief. Can marijuana ease their symptoms? Would it be breaking the law to turn to marijuana as a medication? There are few sources of objective, scientifically sound advice for people in this situation. Most books about marijuana and medicine attempt to promote the views of advocates or opponents. To fill the gap between these extremes, authors Alison Mack and Janet Joy have extracted critical findings from a recent Institute of Medicine study on this important issue, interpreting them for a general audience. Marijuana As Medicine? provides patientsâ€"as well as the people who care for themâ€"with a foundation for making decisions about their own health care. This empowering volume examines several key points, including: Whether marijuana can relieve a variety of symptoms, including pain, muscle spasticity, nausea, and appetite loss. The dangers of smoking marijuana, as well as the effects of its active chemical components on the immune system and on psychological health. The potential use of marijuana-based medications on symptoms of AIDS, cancer, multiple sclerosis, and several other specific disorders, in comparison with existing treatments. Marijuana As Medicine? introduces readers to the active compounds in marijuana. These include the principal ingredient in Marinol, a legal medication. The authors also discuss the prospects for developing other drugs derived from marijuana's active ingredients. In addition to providing an up-to-date review of the science behind the medical marijuana debate, Mack and Joy also answer common questions about the legal status of marijuana, explaining the conflict between state and federal law regarding its medical use. Intended primarily as an aid to patients and caregivers, this book objectively presents critical information so that it can be used to make responsible health care decisions. Marijuana As Medicine? will also be a valuable resource for policymakers, health care providers, patient counselors, medical faculty and studentsâ€"in short, anyone who wants to learn more about this important issue.

Therapeutic Uses of Cannabis

Therapeutic Uses of Cannabis
  • Author : British Medical Association
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2020-08-12
  • Total pages : 160
  • ISBN : 9781000159653
  • File Size : 43,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 123
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At the last Annual Representative Meeting of the British Medical Association a motion was passed that `certain additional cannabinoids should be legalized for wider medicinal use.'' This report supports this landmark statement by reviewing the scientific evidence for the therapeutic use of cannabinoids and sets the agenda for change. It will be welcomed by those who believe that cannabinoids can be used in medical treatment. The report discusses in a clear and readable form the use and adverse effects of the drug for nausea, multiple sclerosis, pain, epilepsy, glaucoma, and asthma.

Marihuana: a Signal of Misunderstanding

Marihuana: a Signal of Misunderstanding
  • Author : United States. Commission on Marihuana and Drug Abuse
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1972
  • Total pages : 638
  • ISBN : CORNELL:31924013982875
  • File Size : 47,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 613
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PDF book entitled Marihuana: a Signal of Misunderstanding written by United States. Commission on Marihuana and Drug Abuse and published by Unknown which was released on 1972 with total hardcover pages 638, the book become popular and critical acclaim.

Stages and Pathways of Drug Involvement

Stages and Pathways of Drug Involvement
  • Author : Denise B. Kandel
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2002-03-04
  • Total pages : 404
  • ISBN : 0521789699
  • File Size : 33,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 570
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(Publisher-supplied data) This book represents the first systematic discussion of the Gateway Hypothesis, a developmental hypothesis formulated to model how adolescents initiate and progress in the use of various drugs. In the United States, this progression proceeds from the use of tobacco or alcohol to the use of marijuana and other illicit drugs. This volume presents a critical overview of what is currently known about the Gateway Hypothesis. The authors of the chapters explore the hypothesis from various perspectives ranging from developmental social psychology to prevention and intervention science, animal models, neurobiology and analytical methodology. This volume is original and unique in its purview, covering a broad view of the Gateway Hypothesis. The juxtaposition of epidemiological, intervention, animal and neurobiological studies represents a new stage in the evolution of drug research, in which epidemiology and biology inform one another in the understanding of drug abuse.

Psychological Aspects of Cannabis Use and Cannabis Use Disorder

Psychological Aspects of Cannabis Use and Cannabis Use Disorder
  • Author : Daniel Feingold,Eva Hoch,Aviv M. Weinstein,Wayne Denis Hall
  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release Date : 2022-01-05
  • Total pages : 152
  • ISBN : 9782889719501
  • File Size : 33,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 653
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PDF book entitled Psychological Aspects of Cannabis Use and Cannabis Use Disorder written by Daniel Feingold,Eva Hoch,Aviv M. Weinstein,Wayne Denis Hall and published by Frontiers Media SA which was released on 2022-01-05 with total hardcover pages 152, the book become popular and critical acclaim.

Cannabis

Cannabis
  • Author : David Jernigan
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2021
  • Total pages : 229
  • ISBN : 0875533175
  • File Size : 42,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 999
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"This book does not take a position on whether expanded legal use of non-medical cannabis should continue. It seeks to provide a consolidated source for the evidence, issues, challenges, and experiences with legalized cannabis for non-medical use and the lessons learned from America's long history with alcohol and tobacco control. It seeks to provide guidance for those who are and will continue to be in positions to struggle with the issue of cannabis control"--

Cannabis Crashes: Myths and Truths

Cannabis Crashes: Myths and Truths
  • Author : Scott Macdonald
  • Publisher : Lulu Press, Inc
  • Release Date : 2021-03-23
  • Total pages : 229
  • ISBN : 9781678046606
  • File Size : 27,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 940
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This book is intended for students, policy makers, lawyers and experts in the field of substance use and crashes. I describe in simple terms epidemiological issues important for understanding whether conclusions from studies are justifiable and discover numerous myths and truths about cannabis and driving.

Handbook of Cannabis

Handbook of Cannabis
  • Author : Roger G. Pertwee
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release Date : 2014
  • Total pages : 781
  • ISBN : 9780199662685
  • File Size : 11,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 822
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In addition it also examines the complex morphology, cultivation, harvesting, and processing of cannabis and the ways in which the plant's chemical composition can be controlled. As well as offering a raft of scientific information there is extensive coverage of cannabinoid-based medicines. Helping readers to identify and evaluate their benefits, chapters explore pharmacological actions and the effects that seem to underlie approved therapeutic uses, how they are currently used to treat certain disorders, and the ever-growing number of wide-ranging potential clinical applications. There is also coverage of both the legal and illegal sources of cannabis, including 'coffee shops' and 'cannabis dispensaries'. The complex issue of 'recreational cannabis' is also tackled.

Regulating Cannabis

Regulating Cannabis
  • Author : Tom Decorte
  • Publisher : Archway Publishing
  • Release Date : 2018-04-30
  • Total pages : 120
  • ISBN : 9781480861442
  • File Size : 26,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 351
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With the legalization of recreational cannabis markets in Uruguay, Canada, and several U.S. states, a breakthrough in conventional cannabis policy is emerging. But legalization is not a binary choice between prohibition and some regulated commercial model (like alcohol). A commercial market is just one of many ways to implement legalizationand moving directly from prohibition to commercial legalization leaps from one extreme to the other. Tom Decorte, a criminologist and anthropologist at Ghent University (Belgium), who has published numerous articles on substance use, cannabis markets, and local drug monitoring systems, argues that most of us are bypassing other, safer forms of legalization, including the nonprofit model. He explores topics such as: Why we need to consider regulation of cannabis markets. How local authorities and grassroots movements are advocating change. How to best design and implement approaches to legalization. Join the author as he examines international regulatory controls over cannabis possession, use, and cultivationas well as a framework for regulating the cannabis market via a nonprofit corporate model that promotes public health and safety over profits

Informing America's Policy on Illegal Drugs

Informing America's Policy on Illegal Drugs
  • Author : National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on Law and Justice and Committee on National Statistics,Committee on Data and Research for Policy on Illegal Drugs
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2001-09-27
  • Total pages : 424
  • ISBN : 0309171334
  • File Size : 13,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 446
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How should the war on drugs be fought? Everyone seems to agree that the United States ought to use a combination of several different approaches to combat the destructive effects of illegal drug use. Yet there is a remarkable paucity of data and research information that policy makers require if they are to create a useful, realistic policy package-details about drug use, drug market economics, and perhaps most importantly the impact of drug enforcement activities. Informing America's Policy on Illegal Drugs recommends ways to close these gaps in our understanding-by obtaining the necessary data on drug prices and consumption (quantity in addition to frequency); upgrading federal management of drug statistics; and improving our evaluation of prevention, interdiction, enforcement, and treatment efforts. The committee reviews what we do and do not know about illegal drugs and how data are assembled and used by federal agencies. The book explores the data and research information needed to support strong drug policy analysis, describes the best methods to use, explains how to avoid misleading conclusions, and outlines strategies for increasing access to data. Informing America's Policy on Illegal Drugs also discusses how researchers can incorporate randomization into studies of drug treatment and how state and local agencies can compare alternative approaches to drug enforcement. Charting a course toward a better-informed illegal drugs policy, this book will be important to federal and state policy makers, regulators, researchers, program administrators, enforcement officials, journalists, and advocates concerned about illegal drug use.

Health and Social Effects of Nonmedical Cannabis Use (The)

Health and Social Effects of Nonmedical Cannabis Use (The)
  • Author : World Health Organization
  • Publisher : World Health Organization
  • Release Date : 2016-03-15
  • Total pages : 72
  • ISBN : 9789241510240
  • File Size : 33,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 843
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Cannabis is globally the most commonly used psychoactive substance under international control. In 2013 an estimated 181.8 million people aged 15-64 years used cannabis for nonmedical purposes globally (UNODC 2015). There is an increasing demand for treatment for cannabis-use disorders and associated health conditions in high- and middle-income countries. This report focuses on nonmedical use of cannabis building on contributions from a broad range of experts and researchers from different parts of the world. It aims to present current knowledge on the impact of nonmedical cannabis use on health from its impact on brain development to its role in respiratory diseases. The potential medical utility of cannabis - including the pharmacology toxicology and possible therapeutic applications of the cannabis plant - is outside the scope of this report.

Marijuana and Mental Health

Marijuana and Mental Health
  • Author : Michael T. Compton, M.D., M.P.H.
  • Publisher : American Psychiatric Pub
  • Release Date : 2016-03-18
  • Total pages : 258
  • ISBN : 9781615370085
  • File Size : 47,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 127
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With relatable clinical vignettes that illustrate the applicability of each chapter’s content, as well as key chapter points that summarize major themes, Marijuana and Mental Health is the definitive, single source of comprehensive information on marijuana and mental health in modern American society. Balanced, focused, and highly readable, chapters address topics such as the effects of marijuana on the brain and mind, marijuana-related policy and legislation, the complex link between marijuana use and psychotic disorders, synthetic cannabinoids, and the treatment and prevention of marijuana misuse. Beyond offering clinical and research psychiatrists, psychiatric residents and fellows, clinical psychologists, and psychiatric nurses a comprehensive but concise compilation of research in this area, this reference informs clinical mental health practice as well as policy decisions by articulating the connection between marijuana and mental health, particularly in the United States.

Disease Control Priorities, Third Edition (Volume 4)

Disease Control Priorities, Third Edition (Volume 4)
  • Author : Vikram Patel,Dan Chisholm,Tarun Dua,Ramanan Laxminarayan,Mari'a Lena Medina-Mora,Theo Vos
  • Publisher : World Bank Publications
  • Release Date : 2016-03-10
  • Total pages : 304
  • ISBN : 9781464804281
  • File Size : 22,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 942
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Mental, neurological, and substance use disorders are common, highly disabling, and associated with significant premature mortality. The impact of these disorders on the social and economic well-being of individuals, families, and societies is large, growing, and underestimated. Despite this burden, these disorders have been systematically neglected, particularly in low- and middle-income countries, with pitifully small contributions to scaling up cost-effective prevention and treatment strategies. Systematically compiling the substantial existing knowledge to address this inequity is the central goal of this volume. This evidence-base can help policy makers in resource-constrained settings as they prioritize programs and interventions to address these disorders.

Purple Haze: Issues on Cannabis Legalization

Purple Haze: Issues on Cannabis Legalization
  • Author : Stephane Potvin,Yasser Khazaal,Amine Benyamina,Marc N. Potenza
  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release Date : 2022-01-05
  • Total pages : 189
  • ISBN : 9782889719624
  • File Size : 53,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 128
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PDF book entitled Purple Haze: Issues on Cannabis Legalization written by Stephane Potvin,Yasser Khazaal,Amine Benyamina,Marc N. Potenza and published by Frontiers Media SA which was released on 2022-01-05 with total hardcover pages 189, the book become popular and critical acclaim.