Environmental Pollution And Public Health

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Environmental Pollutant Exposures and Public Health

Environmental Pollutant Exposures and Public Health
  • Author : R M Harrison
  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release Date : 2020-10-27
  • Total pages : 376
  • ISBN : 9781839160448
  • File Size : 11,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 995
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Both genes and environment have profound effects upon our health. While some environmental factors such as polluted air are high in the public consciousness, there are many other pathways for people’s exposure to toxic chemicals, such as through food, water and contaminated land. It is not only chemicals that can affect health; environmental radioactivity, pathogenic organisms and our changing climate also have implications for public health, and all contribute to the global burden of disease, leading to both disability and deaths of millions of people annually across the world. An understanding of the pathways of environmental exposure, and its effects upon health is key to developing regulations and behaviours that reduce or prevent exposure, and the consequent impacts upon health. Covering topics from dietary exposure to chemicals through to the health effects of climate change, this book brings together contributors from around the world to highlight the latest science on the impacts of environmental pollutant exposure upon public health.

Pollutants, Human Health and the Environment

Pollutants, Human Health and the Environment
  • Author : Jane A. Plant,Nick Voulvoulis,K. Vala Ragnarsdottir
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2012-02-08
  • Total pages : 400
  • ISBN : 9781119951063
  • File Size : 44,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 103
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Pollutants, Human Health and the Environment is a comprehensive, up-to-date overview of environmental pollutants that are of current concern to human health. Clearly structured throughout, the main body of the book is divided by pollutant type with a chapter devoted to each group of pollutants. Each chapter follows a similar format to facilitate comparison and discussion. For each pollutant, the authors describe the sources, pathways, environmental fate and sinks as well as known toxicological effects. Importantly, the second chapter on heavy metals and other inorganic substances deals with trace element deficiencies which can have serious problems for human health. Some rocks and soils are naturally low in some trace elements and intensive agriculture over the past half century has effectively mined many trace elements reducing their levels in soils and crops. The final chapter is a discussion about the various risk assessment frameworks and regulations covering the main pollutants. Comprehensive, up-to-date coverage of environmental pollutants of concern to human health Clearly divided into pollutant type with each chapter devoted to a different pollutant group Clearly structured throughout with the same format for each chapter to help facilitate comparison and discussion and enable readers to prioritise chemicals of concern Description of the sources, pathways, environmental fate and known toxicological effect Includes contributions from leading researchers and edited by a team of experts in the field

Air Pollution, the Automobile, and Public Health

Air Pollution, the Automobile, and Public Health
  • Author : Sponsored by The Health Effects Institute
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 1988-01-01
  • Total pages : 703
  • ISBN : 9780309037266
  • File Size : 53,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 471
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"The combination of scientific and institutional integrity represented by this book is unusual. It should be a model for future endeavors to help quantify environmental risk as a basis for good decisionmaking." â€"William D. Ruckelshaus, from the foreword. This volume, prepared under the auspices of the Health Effects Institute, an independent research organization created and funded jointly by the Environmental Protection Agency and the automobile industry, brings together experts on atmospheric exposure and on the biological effects of toxic substances to examine what is knownâ€"and not knownâ€"about the human health risks of automotive emissions.

Air Pollution and Human Health

Air Pollution and Human Health
  • Author : Lester B. Lave,Eugene P. Seskin
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2013-10-18
  • Total pages : 368
  • ISBN : 9781135996734
  • File Size : 47,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 595
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Upon competition of a ten year research project which analyzes the effect of air pollution and death rates in US cities, Lester B. Lave and Eugene P. Seskin conclude that the mortality rate in the US could shrink by seven percent with a similar if not greater decline in disease incidence if industries followed EPA regulations in cutting back on certain pollutant emissions. The authors claim that this reduction is sufficient to add one year to average life expectancy. Originally published in 1977.

Environmental Policy and Public Health

Environmental Policy and Public Health
  • Author : William N. Rom
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2011-11-01
  • Total pages : 448
  • ISBN : 9780470593431
  • File Size : 43,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 645
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This textbook provides an overview of the major environmental policy issues, past and present, and explains the interplay among law, science, and advocacy as related to environmental policymaking in the United States and abroad. Environmental Policy and Public Health examines the main sources of pollution and threats to environmental integrity and explores the consequences of pollution on the environment and the population. Throughout the book, noted environmental policy expert William N. Rom explains the legal basis for environmental action, beginning with the Clean Air Act, the Wilderness Act, the National Environmental Policy Act, the Endangered Species Act, and international treaties. In addition to providing information about existing laws, the author presents potential policy alternatives that offer real-world solutions. Comprehensive in scope, the book incorporates developments in law, economics, global warming, and air pollution. Environmental Policy and Public Health covers these topics and also puts an emphasis on wilderness protection. An important focus of the book is an assessment of the role of policy analysis in the formation and implementation of national and local environmental policy. Companion Web site: www.josseybass.com/go/rom

Air Pollution, Climate, and Health

Air Pollution, Climate, and Health
  • Author : Meng Gao,Zifa Wang,Gregory Carmichael
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2021-04-14
  • Total pages : 300
  • ISBN : 9780128203958
  • File Size : 51,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 203
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Air Pollution, Climate and Health integrates the current understanding of the issues of air pollution, climate change and human health. The book provides a comprehensive overview of these issues to help readers gain a better understanding of how they interact and impact air quality and public health. Regional examples from across the globe include issues related to PM 2.5, haze, winter pollution, heat related mortality and aerosols. These issues are addressed utilizing current research and laboratory-based, observation-based, and modeling-based analysis. This is an essential resource for all professionals investigating the impacts of climate change or air pollution on human health. Provides a comprehensive understanding of the interactions between climate change, air quality and human health Includes evidence-based findings to help clarify the mechanisms on how air pollution impacts climate and how a changing climate is impacting those pollutants Covers a number of pollution sources and products impacting climate change, including energy, haze, particulate matter, aerosols, PM 2.5 and transport

Impact of Water Pollution on Human Health and Environmental Sustainability

Impact of Water Pollution on Human Health and Environmental Sustainability
  • Author : McKeown, A. Elaine
  • Publisher : IGI Global
  • Release Date : 2015-10-27
  • Total pages : 423
  • ISBN : 9781466695603
  • File Size : 13,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 614
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Water is at the core of all life on Earth and exists as one of the main components of the human body. Because water is essential to life, addressing water pollution and sustainability issues is of great concern to environmentalists and public health specialists alike. Impact of Water Pollution on Human Health and Environmental Sustainability highlights several important water-related issues and explores a number of potential solutions to the problem of water sustainability. Focusing on research-based perspectives on water availability, industrial and agricultural pollution, water contamination, and their impacts on the human population as well as the environment, this crucial publication is a necessary addition to academic and government libraries serving graduate-level students, environmental scientists, public health workers, policy makers, and legislators seeking the latest information on sustainable and contaminant-free water resources.

The Impact of Air Pollution on Health, Economy, Environment and Agricultural Sources

The Impact of Air Pollution on Health, Economy, Environment and Agricultural Sources
  • Author : Mohamed Khallaf
  • Publisher : IntechOpen
  • Release Date : 2011-09-26
  • Total pages : 458
  • ISBN : 9533075287
  • File Size : 49,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 436
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This book aims to strengthen the knowledge base dealing with Air Pollution. The book consists of 21 chapters dealing with Air Pollution and its effects in the fields of Health, Environment, Economy and Agricultural Sources. It is divided into four sections. The first one deals with effect of air pollution on health and human body organs. The second section includes the Impact of air pollution on plants and agricultural sources and methods of resistance. The third section includes environmental changes, geographic and climatic conditions due to air pollution. The fourth section includes case studies concerning of the impact of air pollution in the economy and development goals, such as, indoor air pollution in México, indoor air pollution and millennium development goals in Bangladesh, epidemiologic and economic impact of natural gas on indoor air pollution in Colombia and economic growth and air pollution in Iran during development programs. In this book the authors explain the definition of air pollution, the most important pollutants and their different sources and effects on humans and various fields of life. The authors offer different solutions to the problems resulting from air pollution.

Waste Incineration and Public Health

Waste Incineration and Public Health
  • Author : National Research Council,Commission on Life Sciences,Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology,Committee on Health Effects of Waste Incineration
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2000-10-21
  • Total pages : 336
  • ISBN : 9780309063715
  • File Size : 18,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 911
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Incineration has been used widely for waste disposal, including household, hazardous, and medical wasteâ€"but there is increasing public concern over the benefits of combusting the waste versus the health risk from pollutants emitted during combustion. Waste Incineration and Public Health informs the emerging debate with the most up-to-date information available on incineration, pollution, and human healthâ€"along with expert conclusions and recommendations for further research and improvement of such areas as risk communication. The committee provides details on: Processes involved in incineration and how contaminants are released. Environmental dynamics of contaminants and routes of human exposure. Tools and approaches for assessing possible human health effects. Scientific concerns pertinent to future regulatory actions. The book also examines some of the social, psychological, and economic factors that affect the communities where incineration takes place and addresses the problem of uncertainty and variation in predicting the health effects of incineration processes.

Introduction to Air Pollution Science

Introduction to Air Pollution Science
  • Author : Robert F. Phalen,Robert N. Phalen
  • Publisher : Jones & Bartlett Publishers
  • Release Date : 2013
  • Total pages : 353
  • ISBN : 9780763780449
  • File Size : 51,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 621
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This unique textbook examines the basic health and environmental issues associated with air pollution including the relevant toxicology and epidemiology. It provides a foundation for the sampling and analysis of air pollutants as well as an understanding of international air quality regulations. Written for upper-level undergraduate and introductory graduate courses in air pollution, the book is also a valuable desk reference for practicing professionals who need to have a broad understanding of the topic. Key features: - Provides the most up-to-date coverage of the basic health and environmental issues associated with air pollution. - Offers a broader examination of air pollution topics, beyond just the meteorological and engineering aspects of air pollution. - Includes the following Instructor Resources: Instructor's Manual, PowerPoint Presentations, and a TestBank. The Phalens have put together a timely book on a critically important topic that affects all of us -- air pollution - and they do so in a new and highly relevant way: they consider the broad societal health impacts from a fundamental science viewpoint. The epidemiology, toxicology, and risks of air pollutants are included, and ethical issues of concern are highlighted. This book is a must-read for students who wish to become professionals in the air quality field and for students of environmental science whose work includes air pollution issues. The book is a significant contribution to the discipline. - Cliff I. Davidson, Director, Center for Sustainable Engineering; Thomas C. and Colleen L. Wilmot Professor of Engineering, Syracuse Center of Excellence in Environmental and Energy Systems and Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Syracuse University Truly, human well-being and public health in the 21st century may hinge on our ability to anticipate, recognize, evaluate, control, and confirm responsible management of air pollution. This timely, informative, and insightful text provides a solid introduction for students and a technically sound handbook for professionals seeking literacy and critical thinking, real-life examples, understanding (not just rote applications), opportunities for continuous improvement, and modern tools for assessing and managing current and evolving air pollution challenges. - Mark D. Hoover, PhD, CHP, CIH Aerosol and health science researcher, author, and editor

Environmental Health in the 21st Century: From Air Pollution to Zoonotic Diseases [2 volumes]

Environmental Health in the 21st Century: From Air Pollution to Zoonotic Diseases [2 volumes]
  • Author : Richard V. Crume
  • Publisher : ABC-CLIO
  • Release Date : 2018-02-08
  • Total pages : 700
  • ISBN : 9781440843655
  • File Size : 29,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 257
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This concisely written and easy-to-read resource provides timely information on emerging issues and valuable historical context that enables students to better understand a broad range of environmental health topics, from pollution to infectious diseases, natural disasters, and waste management. • Supplies introductory materials that provide a conceptual framework for readers • Includes contributions from more than 50 expert researchers and practitioners as well as information from interviews with leaders in the environmental health field • Presents historical context for current developments concerning environmental health • Offers suggestions on steps individuals can take to reduce their environmental health risk and stay healthy

Public Health Risk Assessment for Human Exposure to Chemicals

Public Health Risk Assessment for Human Exposure to Chemicals
  • Author : K. Asante-Duah
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Total pages : 352
  • ISBN : 9789401004817
  • File Size : 47,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 963
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In fact, with the control and containment of most infectious conditions and diseases of the past millennium having been achieved in most developed countries, and with the resultant increase in life expectancies, much more attention seems to have shifted to degenerative health problems. Many of the degenerative health conditions have been linked to thousands of chemicals regularly encountered in human living and occupational/work environments. It is important, therefore, that human health risk assessments are undertaken on a consistent basis - in order to determine the potential impacts of the target chemicals on public health.

U.S. Health in International Perspective

U.S. Health in International Perspective
  • Author : National Research Council,Institute of Medicine,Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on Population,Panel on Understanding Cross-National Health Differences Among High-Income Countries
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2013-04-12
  • Total pages : 421
  • ISBN : 9780309264143
  • File Size : 54,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 611
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The United States is among the wealthiest nations in the world, but it is far from the healthiest. Although life expectancy and survival rates in the United States have improved dramatically over the past century, Americans live shorter lives and experience more injuries and illnesses than people in other high-income countries. The U.S. health disadvantage cannot be attributed solely to the adverse health status of racial or ethnic minorities or poor people: even highly advantaged Americans are in worse health than their counterparts in other, "peer" countries. In light of the new and growing evidence about the U.S. health disadvantage, the National Institutes of Health asked the National Research Council (NRC) and the Institute of Medicine (IOM) to convene a panel of experts to study the issue. The Panel on Understanding Cross-National Health Differences Among High-Income Countries examined whether the U.S. health disadvantage exists across the life span, considered potential explanations, and assessed the larger implications of the findings. U.S. Health in International Perspective presents detailed evidence on the issue, explores the possible explanations for the shorter and less healthy lives of Americans than those of people in comparable countries, and recommends actions by both government and nongovernment agencies and organizations to address the U.S. health disadvantage.

Environment and Health in Central and Eastern Europe

Environment and Health in Central and Eastern Europe
  • Author : Clyde Hertzman
  • Publisher : World Bank Publications
  • Release Date : 1995-01-01
  • Total pages : 136
  • ISBN : 0821331736
  • File Size : 20,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 748
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This report draws on lessons learned in urban development lending to build a conceptual framework for improving the delivery of services. This framework looks beyond local governments alone as the cause of poor performance and points toward reforming the incentives they face. The report examines key issues in service delivery, such as the need to clarify the division of functional responsibilities between levels of government, to make revenue sources correspond to functional responsibilities, and to establish a governmental system that balances central regulation with local incentives for responding to constituents. The book seeks to begin a global dialog on ways of improving urban service delivery and to serve as a catalyst for further learning from the rich experience of reform underway in many developing countries. The issues addressed in the report especially pertain to countries undertaking decentralization. Also available: French (ISBN 0-8213-3314-3) Stock No. 13314; Spanish (ISBN 0-8213-3315) Stock No. 13315.

Urban Sprawl and Public Health

Urban Sprawl and Public Health
  • Author : Howard Frumkin,Lawrence Frank,Lawrence D. Frank,Richard J. Jackson
  • Publisher : Island Press
  • Release Date : 2004-07-09
  • Total pages : 366
  • ISBN : 1559633050
  • File Size : 50,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 271
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'Urban Sprawl and Public Health' offers a survey of the impact that the built environment can have on the health of the people who inhabit our cities. The authors go on to suggest ways in which the design of cities could be improved & have a positive impact on the well-being of their citizens.

Essentials of Environmental Public Health Science

Essentials of Environmental Public Health Science
  • Author : Naima Bradley,Henrietta Harrison,Greg Hodgson,Robie Kamanyire,Andrew Kibble,Virginia Murray
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2014-03
  • Total pages : 225
  • ISBN : 9780199682881
  • File Size : 44,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 672
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This book provides guidance on the technical aspects of environmental and public health investigations. The authors provide practical, expert advice on a range of topics from key concepts and framework for investigation to waste management. Case studies are used to aid learning and understand of the topics discussed.

Air Pollution and Health

Air Pollution and Health
  • Author : Stephen T. Holgate,Hillel S. Koren,Jonathan M. Samet,Robert L. Maynard
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 1999-04-21
  • Total pages : 1065
  • ISBN : 9780080526928
  • File Size : 33,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 263
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Concern about the impact of air pollution has led governments and local authorities across the world to regulate, among other things, the burning of fossil fuels, industrial effluence, cigarette smoke, and aerosols. This legislation has often followed dramatic findings about the impact of pollution on human health. At the same time there have been significant developments in our ability to detect and quantify pollutants and a proliferation of urban and rural air pollution networks to monitor levels of atmospheric contamination. Air Pollution and Health is the first fully comprehensive and current account of air pollution science and it impact on human health. It ranges in scope from meteorology, atmospheric chemistry, and particle physics to the causes and scope of allergic reactions and respiratory, cardiovascular, and related disorders. The book has substantial international coverage and includes sections on cost implications, risk assessment, regulation, standards, and information networks. The multidisciplinary approach and the wide range of issues covered makes this an essential book for all concerned with monitoring and regulating air pollution as well as those concerned with its impact on human health. Only comprehensive text covering all the important air pollutants and relating these to human health and regulatory bodies Brings together a wide range of issues concerning air pollution in an easily accessible format Contributions from government agencies in the US and UK provide information on public policy and resource networks in the areas of health promotion and environmental protection

The Precautionary Principle

The Precautionary Principle
  • Author : Marco Martuzzi,Joel A. Tickner
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2004
  • Total pages : 220
  • ISBN : IND:30000122436516
  • File Size : 44,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 360
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The purpose of this publication is to provide the background rationale and support for WHO's working paper Dealing with uncertainty - how can the precautionary principle help protect the future of our children?, prepared for the Fourth Ministerial Conference on Environment and Health held in Budapest, Hungary, in June 2004. The debate around the precautionary principle has provided many insights into how to improve public health decision-making under conditions of uncertainty. This publication should further support approaches to attaining the concurrent goals of protecting adults, children and future generations and the ecosystems on which we depend and enhancing economic development, sustainability and innovation in science, research and policy. [Ed.]

Environmental Pollution and the Brain

Environmental Pollution and the Brain
  • Author : Sultan Ayoub Meo
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2021-12-15
  • Total pages : 324
  • ISBN : 9781000504224
  • File Size : 30,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 190
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Environmental pollution is an emerging global public health problem of both developing and developed nations. Such pollution is a major risk factor for many illnesses, including nervous system disorders. This book combines the highlights the effects of environmental pollution on brain biology. It will be a thorough overview of the pathophysiological and oxidative stress mechanisms and how environmental pollution affects the brain biology. The author discusses environmental pollution and brain development, memory, autism, hearing and vision loss and brain cancer. Several chapters address controversial topics such as the effect of Electromagnetic Field Radiation (RF-EMFR).

Air Pollution

Air Pollution
  • Author : Bhola R. Gurjar,Luisa T. Molina,C.S. P. Ojha
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2010-06-22
  • Total pages : 556
  • ISBN : 9781439809631
  • File Size : 26,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 511
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Air pollution is recognized as one of the leading contributors to the global environmental burden of disease, even in countries with relatively low concentrations of air pollution. Air Pollution: Health and Environmental Impacts examines the effect of this complex problem on human health and the environment in different settings around the world. I

Best Practices for Environmental Health

Best Practices for Environmental Health
  • Author : Herman Koren
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2017
  • Total pages : 645
  • ISBN : 1498700225
  • File Size : 52,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 665
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In a present where there are countless opportunities for the spread of exotic diseases, the expansion and creation of far more illness in our global population through globalization and rapid transportation, and the contamination of water, air and land, we find ourselves accountable. In this day and age we are confronted by global warming, Ebola, the Zika virus, lead in our water supply, enormous problems of infrastructure including aging sewer lines, water lines, electrical grids, roads and bridges, and the list goes on and on. Best Practices for Environmental Health: Environmental Pollution, Protection, Quality and Sustainability is a one source major response to all of the environmental issues that affect global health and the worldwide protection and preservation of the natural environment. It compiles broad-based and comprehensive coverage of environmental topics, broken down by specialized fields. Topics range from children�s environmental health to food protection and technology, water and waste systems, infection control, bioterrorism and pandemic health emergencies, and HAZMAT. Plus, it includes an overview of the current state of the profession and sections on programmatic techniques. This book helps solve the problems of disease and injury by presenting expert, evidence-based best practices. This first of the kind handbook is essential reading for all environmental and public health undergraduate students, as well as a fantastic overview for professionals in all environmental health, pollution and protection areas.