Direct Versus Indirect Realism

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Direct versus Indirect Realism

Direct versus Indirect Realism
  • Author : John R. Smythies,Robert E French
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2018-01-12
  • Total pages : 298
  • ISBN : 9780128121429
  • File Size : 53,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 659

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Direct versus Indirect Realism: A Neurophilosophical Debate on Consciousness brings together leading neuroscientists and philosophers to explain and defend their theories on consciousness. The book offers a one-of-a-kind look at the radically opposing theories concerning the nature of the objects of immediate perception—whether these are distal physical objects or phenomenal experiences in the conscious mind. Each side—neuroscientists and philosophers—offers accessible, comprehensive explanations of their points-of-view, with each side also providing a response to the other that offers a unique approach on opposing positions. It is the only book available that combines thorough discussion of the arguments behind both direct and indirect realism in a single resource, and is required reading for neuroscientists, neurophilosophers, cognitive scientists and anyone interested in conscious perception and the mind-brain connection. Combines discussion of both direct realism and indirect realism in a single, accessible resource Provides a thorough, well-rounded understanding of not only the opposing views of neuroscientists and philosophers on the nature of conscious perception, but also insight into why the opposition persists Offers a unique "dialog" approach, with neuroscientists and philosophers providing responses and rebuttals to one another’s contributions

Sketches of Landscapes

Sketches of Landscapes
  • Author : Avrum Stroll
  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release Date : 1997-12-08
  • Total pages : 316
  • ISBN : 026226451X
  • File Size : 12,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 586

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Avrum Stroll accepts the ancient tradition that one of the tasks of philosophy is to give an accurate account of the world's features, both animate and inanimate. But, he contends, because these features are inexhaustibly complex, no single theory or conceptual model can provide a complete account. Stroll's approach is piecemeal and example-oriented. In stressing the importance of examples, his work runs counter to one of the most powerful and seductive ways of thinking about the world—the Platonic tradition, which denigrates examples in the search for qualities or essences. Stroll favors pluralism, on the ground that this is how the world is.The "landscapes" of the title refers to various conceptual landscapes. Using the methodological approach he calls philosophy by example, the author discusses seven major problems of epistemology, metaphysics, and the philosophy of language: skepticism, direct reference theories and natural kinds, the relationship between the microscopic and macroscopic, the logic of examples, direct reference and fiction, holistic theories of meaning, and direct versus indirect realism in perception. It is the author's method that binds together the different topics, but the method is not the message. What matters are the substantive results. His unique analyses reveal new understandings of some difficult problems.

Phenomenal Qualities

Phenomenal Qualities
  • Author : Paul Coates,Sam Coleman
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release Date : 2015
  • Total pages : 448
  • ISBN : 9780198712718
  • File Size : 38,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 680

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A team of distinguished philosophers and psychologists explore the nature of phenomenal qualities, the qualities of conscious experiences, and the ways in which they fit in with our understanding of mind and reality. This volume offers an indispensable resource for anyone wishing to understand the nature of conscious experience.

Moore (Arguments of the Philosophers)

Moore (Arguments of the Philosophers)
  • Author : Thomas Baldwin
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2010-07-13
  • Total pages : 274
  • ISBN : 9781136957789
  • File Size : 53,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 454

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This famous series provides a contemporary assessment and history of the entire course of philosophical thought. Each book constitutes a detailed, critical introduction to the work of a philosopher or school of major influence and significance.

Perceiving, Acting and Knowing

Perceiving, Acting and Knowing
  • Author : Robert Shaw,John Bransford
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2017-03-27
  • Total pages : 500
  • ISBN : 9781315467917
  • File Size : 42,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 803

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Originally published in 1977, the chapters in this volume derive from a conference on Perceiving, Acting and Knowing held by the Center for Research in Human Learning at the University of Minnesota in 1973. The volume was intended to appeal, not just to the specialist or the novice, but to anyone sufficiently interested in psychology to have obtained a sense of its history at the time. Through these essays the authors express a collective attitude that a careful scrutiny of the fundamental tenets of contemporary psychology may be needed. In some essays specific faults in the foundations of an area are discussed, and suggestions are made for remedying them. In other essays the authors flirt with more radical solutions, namely, beginning from new foundations altogether. Although the authors do not present a monolithic viewpoint, a careful reading of all their essays under one cover reveals a glimpse of a new framework by which theory and research may be guided.

Structural Realism

Structural Realism
  • Author : Elaine Landry,Dean Rickles
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-01-05
  • Total pages : 214
  • ISBN : 9789400725782
  • File Size : 9,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 188

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Structural realism has rapidly gained in popularity in recent years, but it has splintered into many distinct denominations, often underpinned by diverse motivations. There is, no monolithic position known as ‘structural realism,’ but there is a general convergence on the idea that a central role is to be played by relational aspects over object-based aspects of ontology. What becomes of causality in a world without fundamental objects? In this book, the foremost authorities on structural realism attempt to answer this and related questions: ‘what is structure?’ and ‘what is an object?’ Also featured are the most recent advances in structural realism, including the intersection of mathematical structuralism and structural realism, and the latest treatments of laws and modality in the context of structural realism. The book will be of interest to philosophers of science, philosophers of physics, metaphysicians, and those interested in foundational aspects of science.

Problems from Philosophy

Problems from Philosophy
  • Author : James Rachels
  • Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield
  • Release Date : 2021-06-11
  • Total pages : 205
  • ISBN : 9781538149591
  • File Size : 53,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 269

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James and Stuart Rachels introduce students to timeless philosophical problems such as the existence of God, the nature of the mind, human freedom, the limits of knowledge, and the truth about ethics. The fourth edition features revisions on discussions of free will, artificial intelligence, idealism, and Kantian ethics.

The Routledge Companion to Seventeenth Century Philosophy

The Routledge Companion to Seventeenth Century Philosophy
  • Author : Dan Kaufman
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2017-09-01
  • Total pages : 592
  • ISBN : 9781317676966
  • File Size : 35,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 294

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The Routledge Companion to Seventeenth Century Philosophy is an outstanding survey of one of the most important eras in the history of Western philosophy - one which witnessed philosophical, scientific, religious and social change on a massive scale. A team of twenty international contributors provide students and scholars of philosophy and related disciplines with a detailed and accessible guide to seventeenth century philosophy. The Companion is divided into seven parts: Historical Context Metaphysics Epistemology Mind and Language Moral and Political Philosophy Natural Philosophy and the Material World Philosophical Theology. Major topics and themes are explored and discussed, including the scholastic context that shaped philosophy of the period, free will, skepticism, logic, mind-body problems, consciousness, arguments for the existence of God, and the problem of evil. As such The Routledge Companion to Seventeenth Century Philosophy is essential reading for all students of the period, both in philosophy and related disciplines such as literature, history, politics, and religious studies.

Conflicting Values of Inquiry

Conflicting Values of Inquiry
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : BRILL
  • Release Date : 2015-01-08
  • Total pages : 428
  • ISBN : 9789004282551
  • File Size : 46,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 389

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Conflicting Values of Inquiry explores how certain non-epistemic values had been turned into epistemic ones, how they had an effect on epistemic content, and how they became ideologies of knowledge playing various roles in inquiry and application throughout early modern Europe.

Knowledge of God

Knowledge of God
  • Author : Alvin Plantinga,Michael Tooley
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2009-02-17
  • Total pages : 280
  • ISBN : 9781444301311
  • File Size : 20,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 741

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Is belief in God epistemically justified? That's the question at the heart of this volume in the Great Debates in Philosophy series, with Alvin Plantinga and Michael Tooley each addressing this fundamental question with distinctive arguments from opposing perspectives. The first half of the book contains each philosopher's explanation of his particular view; the second half allows them to directly respond to each other's arguments, in a lively and engaging conversation Offers the reader a one of a kind, interactive discussion Forms part of the acclaimed Great Debates in Philosophy series

Cross-Cultural Approaches to Consciousness

Cross-Cultural Approaches to Consciousness
  • Author : Itay Shani,Susanne Kathrin Beiweis
  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
  • Release Date : 2022-12-01
  • Total pages : 321
  • ISBN : 9781350238510
  • File Size : 48,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 462

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Uniting analytic philosophy with Buddhist, Indian, and Chinese traditions, this collection marks the first systematic cross-cultural examination of one of philosophy of mind's most fascinating questions: can consciousness be conceived as metaphysically fundamental? Engaging in debates concerning consciousness and ultimate reality, emergence and mental causation, realism, idealism, panpsychism, and illusionism, it understands problems through the philosophies of East and South-East Asia, in particular Buddhism and Vedanta. Each section focuses on a specific aspect or theory of consciousness, and examines a particular subject from different disciplinary perspectives including philosophy, psychology, and cognitive science. These different angles allows readers to gain insight into the intellectual challenges and problems of the study of consciousness and its place in the thought traditions of both Eastern and Western philosophy. Raising new questions, it provides a more global and holistic understanding of consciousness, presenting a stimulating and original contribution to contemporary consciousness studies and the metaphysics of mind.

Skepticism and the Veil of Perception

Skepticism and the Veil of Perception
  • Author : Michael Huemer
  • Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield
  • Release Date : 2001
  • Total pages : 236
  • ISBN : 0742512533
  • File Size : 45,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 330

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Since Descartes, one of the central questions of Western philosophy has been that of how we know that the objects we seem to perceive are real. Philosophical skeptics claim that we know no such thing. Representationalists claim that we can gain such knowledge only by inference, by showing that the hypothesis of a real world is the best explanation for the kind of sensations and mental images we experience. Both accept the doctrine of a 'veil of perception: ' that perception can only give us direct awareness of images or representations of objects, not the external objects themselves. In contrast, Huemer develops a theory of perceptual awareness in which perception gives us direct awareness of real objects, not mental representations, and we have non-inferential knowledge of the properties of these objects. Further, Huemer confronts the four main arguments for philosophical skepticism, showing that they are powerless against this kind of theory of perceptual knowledge

Enlightenment East and West

Enlightenment East and West
  • Author : Leonard Angel
  • Publisher : SUNY Press
  • Release Date : 1994-01-01
  • Total pages : 402
  • ISBN : 0791420531
  • File Size : 15,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 491

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This book shows that mysticism is incomplete without scientific rationalism, and that our current social and political projects cannot be completed without assimilating the values and practices of mysticism. It discusses cross-cultural ethics, mysticism and value theory, mysticism and metaphysics, mysticism and the theory of knowledge, ethics and religion, parapsychology, patriarchy, and social and political history.


  • Author : Andrew Pyle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2003-12-08
  • Total pages : 304
  • ISBN : 9781134440412
  • File Size : 31,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 656

Download Malebranche in PDF, Epub, and Kindle

Nicolas Malebranche (1638-1715) is one of the most important philosophers of the seventeenth century after Descartes. A pioneer of rationalism, he was one of the first to champion and to further Cartesian ideas. Andrew Pyle places Malebranche's work in the context of Descartes and other philosophers, and also in its relation to ideas about faith and reason. He examines the entirety of Malebranche's writings, including the famous The Search After Truth, which was admired and criticized by both Leibniz and Locke. Pyle presents an integrated account of Malebranche's central theses, occasionalism and 'vision in God', before exploring and assessing Malebranche's contribution to debates on physics and biology, and his views on the soul, self-knowledge, grace and the freedom of the will. This penetrating and wide-ranging study will be of interest to not only philosophers, but also to historians of science and philosophy, theologians, and students of the Enlightenment or seventeenth century thought.

The Metaphysics of Memory

The Metaphysics of Memory
  • Author : Sven Bernecker
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2008-05-08
  • Total pages : 195
  • ISBN : 9781402082191
  • File Size : 32,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 886

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This book investigates central issues in the philosophy of memory and is the first book on the metaphysics of memory in four decades. It defends a version of the causal theory of memory and argues for direct realism about memory.

Extrasensory Perception: Support, Skepticism, and Science [2 volumes]

Extrasensory Perception: Support, Skepticism, and Science [2 volumes]
  • Author : Edwin C. May,Sonali Bhatt Marwaha
  • Publisher : ABC-CLIO
  • Release Date : 2015-06-23
  • Total pages : 829
  • ISBN : 9781440832888
  • File Size : 18,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 752

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Scholars from around the world collaborate to explain the history of parapsychology, the study of extrasensory perception (ESP), and the arguments of skeptics and supporters in this fascinating collection. • Features theoretical viewpoints based in quantum mechanics, quantum metaphors, time symmetry, entropy, neuroscience bases, and psychological underpinnings • Provides descriptions of government and privately funded research across the United States and Europe as well as on other continents • Helps to dispel the general misconceptions and inaccuracies about ESP and psychokinesis • Includes a glossary of key terms

The McGurk Universe

The McGurk Universe
  • Author : K.J. Donnelly
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2023-01-01
  • Total pages : 227
  • ISBN : 9783031186332
  • File Size : 17,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 619

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This book reconsiders audiovisual culture through a focus on human perception, with recourse to ideas derived from recent neuroscience. It proceeds from the assumption that rather than simply working on a straightforward cognitive level audiovisual culture also functions more fundamentally on a physiological level, directly exploiting precise aspects of human perception. Vision and hearing are unified in a merged signal in the brain through being processed in the same areas. This is illustrated by the startling ‘McGurk Effect’, whereby the perception of spoken sound is changed by its accompanying image, and counterpart effects which demonstrate that what we see is affected by different sounds accompanying sounds. This blending of sound and images into a whole has become a universal aspect of culture, not only evident in films and television but also in video games and short Internet clips. Indeed, this aesthetic formation has become the dominant of this period. The McGurk Universe attends to how audiovisual culture engages with and mediates between physiological and psychological levels.

History and Philosophy of Psychology

History and Philosophy of Psychology
  • Author : Prof. Chavi Bhargava Sharma,Dr. Anita Gupta
  • Publisher : The Readers Paradise
  • Release Date : 2020-07-15
  • Total pages : 285
  • ISBN : 9789389990409
  • File Size : 47,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 696

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The history and philosophy of psychology is an account of the past, a record of how and what happened to make psychology what it is today. Like all history the history of psychology is both interesting and boring too. It has been taught in universities as ‘Systems and Theories of Psychology’, ‘History and Philosophy of Psychology’ etc. but is a mandatory paper for all those studying psychology in any university in the world. Yet surprisingly not very many books have been written. The books on the grand historical evolution of psychology from philosophy are complex and academic. For students the paper becomes theoretical and less exciting too. When I started my teaching career ‘Systems and Theories of Psychology’ was the first paper I taught in Daulat Ram College and Lady Shriram College, University of Delhi. It was a difficult paper to begin your career with and that is when I looked at ways to make the paper interesting and captivating. This book owes its genesis to that phase. History can be looked as a documentation of the past but history is also an autobiography and a biography. The history of psychology is also its autobiography and biography. It is alive with trials and mistakes, discoveries and aha moments and is a story waiting to unfold, waiting to be read. This book is written for those entering the world of psychology. It gives an insight into the evolution and genesis of the current concepts and theories. An attempt has been made to keep it simple and easy to understand. In the 10 chapters an attempt has been to parsimoniously capture the tenets of the various schools of psychology and the contributions of various psychologists who have been instrumental in creating the discipline of psychology. Each idea, each thesis that was formulated led to an anti thesis, a revolution, and a synthesis and that in a nutshell is the story of the evolution of psychology. The book follows this paradigm. If the book can generate interest to read in depth, then the book’s existence is validated and I do hope that the book makes you the reader look for more and I hope it makes you curious and interested in the field of psychology

New Issues in Epistemological Disjunctivism

New Issues in Epistemological Disjunctivism
  • Author : Casey Doyle,Joseph Milburn,Duncan Pritchard
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2019-04-29
  • Total pages : 396
  • ISBN : 9781351603553
  • File Size : 50,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 924

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This is the first volume dedicated solely to the topic of epistemological disjunctivism. The original essays in this volume, written by leading and up-and-coming scholars on the topic, are divided into three thematic sections. The first set of chapters addresses the historical background of epistemological disjunctivism. It features essays on ancient epistemology, Immanuel Kant, J.L. Austin, Edmund Husserl, and Ludwig Wittgenstein. The second section tackles a number contemporary issues related to epistemological disjunctivism, including its relationship with perceptual disjunctivism, radical skepticism, and reasons for belief. Finally, the third group of essays extends the framework of epistemological disjunctivism to other forms of knowledge, such as testimonial knowledge, knowledge of other minds, and self-knowledge. Epistemological Disjunctivism is a timely collection that engages with an increasingly important topic in philosophy. It will appeal to researches and graduate students working in epistemology, philosophy of mind, and philosophy of perception.

Beyond Physicalism

Beyond Physicalism
  • Author : Edward F. Kelly,Adam Crabtree,Paul Marshall
  • Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield
  • Release Date : 2015-02-19
  • Total pages : 636
  • ISBN : 9781442232402
  • File Size : 40,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 374

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The rise of modern science has brought with it increasing acceptance among intellectual elites of a worldview that conflicts sharply both with everyday human experience and with beliefs widely shared among the world’s great cultural traditions. Most contemporary scientists and philosophers believe that reality is at bottom purely physical, and that human beings are nothing more than extremely complicated biological machines. On such views our everyday experiences of conscious decision-making, free will, and the self are illusory by-products of the grinding of our neural machinery. It follows that mind and personality are necessarily extinguished at death, and that there exists no deeper transpersonal or spiritual reality of any sort. Beyond Physicalism is the product of an unusual fellowship of scientists and humanities scholars who dispute these views. In their previous publication, Irreducible Mind, they argued that physicalism cannot accommodate various well-evidenced empirical phenomena including paranormal or psi phenomena, postmortem survival, and mystical experiences. In this new theory-oriented companion volume they go further by attempting to understand how the world must be constituted in order that these “rogue” phenomena can occur. Drawing upon empirical science, metaphysical philosophy, and the mystical traditions, the authors work toward an improved “big picture” of the general character of reality, one which strongly overlaps territory traditionally occupied by the world’s institutional religions, and which attempts to reconcile science and spirituality by finding a middle path between the polarized fundamentalisms, religious and scientific, that have dominated recent public discourse. Contributions by: Harald Atmanspacher, Loriliai Biernacki, Bernard Carr, Wolfgang Fach, Michael Grosso, Michael Murphy, David E. Presti, Gregory Shaw, Henry P. Stapp, Eric M. Weiss, and Ian Whicher

Philosophy and Education

Philosophy and Education
  • Author : Roberta Israeloff,Jana Mohr Lone
  • Publisher : Cambridge Scholars Publishing
  • Release Date : 2013-01-15
  • Total pages : 215
  • ISBN : 9781443845595
  • File Size : 10,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 373

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Are children natural philosophers? They are curious about questions such as the meaning and purpose of being alive and whether we can know anything at all. Pre-college philosophy takes as a starting point young people’s inherent interest in large questions about the human condition. Philosophy and Education: Introducing Philosophy to Young People seeks to illuminate the ways in which philosophy can strengthen and deepen pre-college education. The book examines various issues involved in teaching philosophy to young people at different grade levels, including assessing what teachers need in order to teach philosophy and describing several models for introducing philosophy into schools. Ways to explore specific branches of philosophy – ethics, epistemology, metaphysics, aesthetics, and logic – through literature, thought experiments, and games and activities, as well as traditional philosophy texts, are described. The book’s final section considers student assessment and program evaluation, and analyzes the contributions pre-college philosophy can make to education in general. Teachers and educators – and parents – all want young people to grow up with the skills they need to pursue their own goals and become productive and successful adults. Thinking independently and reasoning clearly are central to these objectives. Philosophy helps students develop some of the analytic skills they need to engage in thoughtful decision-making throughout their lives, and the richness of the questions involved can help young people maintain their awareness of the world as marvelous and mysterious.