Defect Induced Magnetism In Oxide Semiconductors

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Defect-Induced Magnetism in Oxide Semiconductors

Defect-Induced Magnetism in Oxide Semiconductors
  • Author : Parmod Kumar,Jitendra Pal Singh,Vinod Kumar
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2023-04-01
  • Total pages : 0
  • ISBN : 9780323909082
  • File Size : 18,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 858
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Defect Induced Magnetism in Oxide Semiconductors provides an overview on the latest advances of defect engineering to create new magnetic materials and enable new technological applications. Sections introduce the mechanisms, behavior and theory of magnetism in oxide semiconductors and review methods of inducing magnetism in these materials. Then, strategies such as pulsed laser deposition and RF sputtering to grow oxide nanostructured materials with induced magnetism are discussed. This is followed by a review of the most relevant post-deposition methods to induce magnetism in oxide semiconductors, including annealing, ion irradiation, and ion implantation. Examples of defect induced magnetism in oxide semiconductors are then provided, along with selected applications. This title will be suitable reference for researchers in academia and practitioners in research and development in industry working in the disciplines of materials science and engineering. Reviews the magnetic, electrical, dielectric and optical properties of oxide semiconductors with defect-induced magnetism Discusses growth and post-deposition strategies to grow oxide nanostructured materials such as oxide thin films with defect-induced magnetism Provides examples of materials with defect-induced magnetism such as zinc oxide, cerium dioxide, hafnium dioxide, and more

Ion Beam Induced Defects and Their Effects in Oxide Materials

Ion Beam Induced Defects and Their Effects in Oxide Materials
  • Author : Parmod Kumar (Assistant professor of physics),Jitendra Pal Singh,Vinod Kumar,K. Asokan
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2022
  • Total pages : 68
  • ISBN : 9783030938628
  • File Size : 26,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 121
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This book provides an overview of the applications of ion beam techniques in oxide materials. Oxide materials exhibit defect-induced physical properties relevant to applications in sensing, optoelectronics and spintronics. Defects in these oxide materials also lead to magnetism in non-magnetic materials or to a change of magnetic ordering in magnetic materials. Thus, an understanding of defects is of immense importance. To date, ion beam tools are considered the most effective techniques for producing controlled defects in these oxides. This book will detail the ion beam tools utilized for creating defects in oxides.

Defects In Functional Materials

Defects In Functional Materials
  • Author : Chi-chung Francis Ling,Shengqiang Zhou,Andrej Kuznetsov
  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release Date : 2020-08-21
  • Total pages : 340
  • ISBN : 9789811203183
  • File Size : 53,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 957
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The research of functional materials has attracted extensive attention in recent years, and its advancement nitrifies the developments of modern sciences and technologies like green sciences and energy, aerospace, medical and health, telecommunications, and information technology. The present book aims to summarize the research activities carried out in recent years devoting to the understanding of the physics and chemistry of how the defects play a role in the electrical, optical and magnetic properties and the applications of the different functional materials in the fields of magnetism, optoelectronic, and photovoltaic etc.

Novel Functional Magnetic Materials

Novel Functional Magnetic Materials
  • Author : Arcady Zhukov
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2016-03-03
  • Total pages : 446
  • ISBN : 9783319261065
  • File Size : 20,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 969
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This book presents current research on advanced magnetic materials and multifunctional composites. Recent advances in technology and engineering have resulted from the development of advanced magnetic materials with improved functional magnetic and magneto-transport properties. Certain industrial sectors, such as magnetic sensors, microelectronics, and security, demand cost-effective materials with reduced dimensionality and desirable magnetic properties such as enhanced magnetic softness, giant magnetic field sensitivity, and large magnetocaloric effect. Expert chapters present the most up-to-date information on the fabrication process, processing, tailoring of properties, and applications of different families of modern functional materials for advanced smart applications. Topics covered include novel magnetic materials and applications; amorphous and nanocrystalline magnetic materials and applications; hard magnetic materials; magnetic shape memory alloys; and magnetic oxides. The book's highly interdisciplinary and forward-looking approach will benefit the scientific community, particularly researchers and advanced graduate students working in the field of advanced magnetic materials, composites, and high-performance sensor and microwave devices.

Metal Oxide Defects

Metal Oxide Defects
  • Author : Vijay Kumar,Sudipta Som,Vishal Sharma,Hendrik C. Swart
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2022-11-19
  • Total pages : 758
  • ISBN : 9780323903592
  • File Size : 19,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 672
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Metal Oxide Defects: Fundamentals, Design, Development and Applications provides a broad perspective on the development of advanced experimental techniques to study defects and their chemical activity and catalytic reactivity in various metal oxides. This book highlights advances in characterization and analytical techniques to achieve better understanding of a wide range of defects, most importantly, state-of-the-art methodologies for controlling defects. The book provides readers with pathways to apply basic principles and interpret the behavior of metal oxides. After reviewing characterization and analytical techniques, the book focuses on the relationship of defects to the properties and performance of metal oxides. Finally, there is a review of the methods to control defects and the applications of defect engineering for the design of metal oxides for applications in optoelectronics, energy, sensing, and more. This book is a key reference for materials scientists and engineers, chemists, and physicists. Reviews advances in characterization and analytical techniques to understand the behavior of defects in metal oxide materials Introduces defect engineering applied to the design of metal oxide materials with desirable properties Discusses applications of defect engineering to enhance the performance of materials for a wide range of applications, with an emphasis on optoelectronics

Oxide Semiconductors

Oxide Semiconductors
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2013-05-18
  • Total pages : 360
  • ISBN : 9780123965455
  • File Size : 27,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 615
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Semiconductors and Semimetals has distinguished itself through the careful selection of well-known authors, editors, and contributors. Originally widely known as the "Willardson and Beer" Series, it has succeeded in publishing numerous landmark volumes and chapters. The series publishes timely, highly relevant volumes intended for long-term impact and reflecting the truly interdisciplinary nature of the field. The volumes in Semiconductors and Semimetals have been and will continue to be of great interest to physicists, chemists, materials scientists, and device engineers in academia, scientific laboratories and modern industry. Written and edited by internationally renowned experts Relevant to a wide readership: physicists, chemists, materials scientists, and device engineers in academia, scientific laboratories and modern industry

Spintronics Handbook, Second Edition: Spin Transport and Magnetism

Spintronics Handbook, Second Edition: Spin Transport and Magnetism
  • Author : Evgeny Y. Tsymbal,Igor Žutić
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2019-05-20
  • Total pages : 530
  • ISBN : 9780429784378
  • File Size : 30,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 576
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The second edition offers an update on the single most comprehensive survey of the two intertwined fields of spintronics and magnetism, covering the diverse array of materials and structures, including silicon, organic semiconductors, carbon nanotubes, graphene, and engineered nanostructures. It focuses on seminal pioneering work, together with the latest in cutting-edge advances, notably extended discussion of two-dimensional materials beyond graphene, topological insulators, skyrmions, and molecular spintronics. The main sections cover physical phenomena, spin-dependent tunneling, control of spin and magnetism in semiconductors, and spin-based applications.

Handbook of Spin Transport and Magnetism

Handbook of Spin Transport and Magnetism
  • Author : Evgeny Y. Tsymbal,Igor Zutic
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2016-04-19
  • Total pages : 808
  • ISBN : 9781439803783
  • File Size : 39,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 332
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In the past several decades, the research on spin transport and magnetism has led to remarkable scientific and technological breakthroughs, including Albert Fert and Peter Grunberg's Nobel Prize-winning discovery of giant magnetoresistance (GMR) in magnetic metallic multilayers. Handbook of Spin Transport and Magnetism provides a comprehensive, bal

Functional Metal Oxide Nanostructures

Functional Metal Oxide Nanostructures
  • Author : Junqiao Wu,Jinbo Cao,Wei-Qiang Han,Anderson Janotti,Ho-Cheol Kim
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2011-09-22
  • Total pages : 368
  • ISBN : 1441999310
  • File Size : 41,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 406
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Metal oxides and particularly their nanostructures have emerged as animportant class of materials with a rich spectrum of properties and greatpotential for device applications. In this book, contributions from leadingexperts emphasize basic physical properties, synthesis and processing, and thelatest applications in such areas as energy, catalysis and data storage. Functional Metal Oxide Nanostructuresis an essential reference for any materials scientist or engineer with aninterest in metal oxides, and particularly in recent progress in defectphysics, strain effects, solution-based synthesis, ionic conduction, and theirapplications.

Nanopowders of Metal Oxides and Fluorides

Nanopowders of Metal Oxides and Fluorides
  • Author : Sergey Yur'evich Sokovnin,Vladislav Genrikhovich Ilves
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2022-12-27
  • Total pages : 713
  • ISBN : 9781000770391
  • File Size : 43,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 655
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One of the directions of nanotechnology is the production of nanopowders (NPs). Nanopowders, according to the currently widely used classification of nanomaterials, belong to zero-dimensional systems in which the limitation of wave functions occurs in all three directions. Biological methods are considered the most environmentally friendly way to synthesize NPs, but the possibility of biological contamination with mutated microorganisms cannot be ruled out. This book presents a new method for producing simple and complex metal oxide and fluoride NPs, based on the “evaporation-condensation” process using pulsed electron beam evaporation. It presents the results of more than 10 years of study of the characteristics of NPs produced using the aforementioned method. This eco-friendly method ensures the production of clean NPs, which are mesoporous and suitable for use in various applications such as medicine, spintronics, optoelectronics, dosimeters, photocatalysis, semiconductors, and ultraviolet and blue lasers. Importantly, these NPs have the potential to be used as a drug delivery system and in the creation of new nanostructures that do not contain noble metals. The book will be useful for the researchers in macromolecular science, nanotechnology, chemistry, biology, and medicine, especially those with an interest in drug delivery or cancer therapy.

Magnetism and Spintronics in Carbon and Carbon Nanostructured Materials

Magnetism and Spintronics in Carbon and Carbon Nanostructured Materials
  • Author : Sekhar Chandra Ray
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2020-01-15
  • Total pages : 240
  • ISBN : 9780128176818
  • File Size : 47,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 158
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Magnetism and Spintronics in Carbon and Carbon Nanostructured Materials offers coverage of electronic structure, magnetic properties and their spin injection, and the transport properties of DLC, graphene, graphene oxide, carbon nanotubes, fullerenes, and their different composite materials. This book is a valuable resource for those doing research or working with carbon and carbon-related nanostructured materials for electronic and magnetic devices. Carbon-based nanomaterials are promising for spintronic applications because their weak spin-orbit (SO) coupling and hyperfine interaction in carbon atoms entail exceptionally long spin diffusion lengths (~100μm) in carbon nanotubes and graphene. The exceptional electronic and transport features of carbon nanomaterials could be exploited to build multifunctional spintronic devices. However, a large spin diffusion length comes at the price of small SO coupling, which limits the possibility of manipulating electrons via an external applied field. Assesses the relative utility of a variety of carbon-based nanomaterials for spintronics applications Analyzes the specific properties that make carbon and carbon nanostructured materials optimal for spintronics and magnetic applications Discusses the major challenges to using carbon nanostructured materials as magnetic agents on a mass scale

Fabrication and Characterization of Low Cost Solar Cells based on Earth Abundant Materials for Sustainable Photovoltaics

Fabrication and Characterization of Low Cost Solar Cells based on Earth Abundant Materials for Sustainable Photovoltaics
  • Author : Mahmoud Abdelfatah
  • Publisher : Cuvillier Verlag
  • Release Date : 2016-07-08
  • Total pages : 130
  • ISBN : 9783736982963
  • File Size : 27,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 737
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The low cost and low temperature electrochemical deposition technique was employed to grow Cu2O thin films and ZnO:Al thin films were deposited by d.c. magnetron sputtering in order to fabricate solar cells. The potentiostatic and galvanostatic electrodeposition modes were used to deposit the Cu2O thin films. Raman spectra of thin films have shown characteristic frequencies of crystalline Cu2O. The contact between Cu2O and Au is found to be an Ohmic contact. The devices grown by a potentiostatic mode have higher efficiency than those grown by a galvanostatic mode. The optimum thickness of Cu2O thin films as an absorber layer in solar cells. was found to be around 3 µm respect to a high efficiency. Flexible and light weight solar cell was fabricated on plastic substrate.

Rare Earth and Transition Metal Doping of Semiconductor Materials

Rare Earth and Transition Metal Doping of Semiconductor Materials
  • Author : Volkmar Dierolf,Ian Ferguson,John M Zavada
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2016-01-23
  • Total pages : 470
  • ISBN : 9780081000601
  • File Size : 44,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 173
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Rare Earth and Transition Metal Doping of Semiconductor Material explores traditional semiconductor devices that are based on control of the electron’s electric charge. This book looks at the semiconductor materials used for spintronics applications, in particular focusing on wide band-gap semiconductors doped with transition metals and rare earths. These materials are of particular commercial interest because their spin can be controlled at room temperature, a clear opposition to the most previous research on Gallium Arsenide, which allowed for control of spins at supercold temperatures. Part One of the book explains the theory of magnetism in semiconductors, while Part Two covers the growth of semiconductors for spintronics. Finally, Part Three looks at the characterization and properties of semiconductors for spintronics, with Part Four exploring the devices and the future direction of spintronics. Examines materials which are of commercial interest for producing smaller, faster, and more power-efficient computers and other devices Analyzes the theory behind magnetism in semiconductors and the growth of semiconductors for spintronics Details the properties of semiconductors for spintronics

Handbook of Nanophysics

Handbook of Nanophysics
  • Author : Klaus D. Sattler
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2010-09-17
  • Total pages : 827
  • ISBN : 1420075411
  • File Size : 24,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 167
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Covering the key theories, tools, and techniques of this dynamic field, Handbook of Nanophysics: Principles and Methods elucidates the general theoretical principles and measurements of nanoscale systems. Each peer-reviewed chapter contains a broad-based introduction and enhances understanding of the state-of-the-art scientific content through fundamental equations and illustrations, some in color. This volume explores the theories involved in nanoscience. It also discusses the properties of nanomaterials and nanosystems, including superconductivity, thermodynamics, nanomechanics, and nanomagnetism. In addition, leading experts describe basic processes and methods, such as atomic force microscopy, STM-based techniques, photopolymerization, photoisomerization, soft x-ray holography, and molecular imaging. Nanophysics brings together multiple disciplines to determine the structural, electronic, optical, and thermal behavior of nanomaterials; electrical and thermal conductivity; the forces between nanoscale objects; and the transition between classical and quantum behavior. Facilitating communication across many disciplines, this landmark publication encourages scientists with disparate interests to collaborate on interdisciplinary projects and incorporate the theory and methodology of other areas into their work.

Nanoelectronics

Nanoelectronics
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2018-10-05
  • Total pages : 476
  • ISBN : 9780128133545
  • File Size : 44,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 623
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Nanoelectronics: Devices, Circuits and Systems explores current and emerging trends in the field of nanoelectronics, from both a devices-to-circuits and circuits-to-systems perspective. It covers a wide spectrum and detailed discussion on the field of nanoelectronic devices, circuits and systems. This book presents an in-depth analysis and description of electron transport phenomenon at nanoscale dimensions. Both qualitative and analytical approaches are taken to explore the devices, circuit functionalities and their system applications at deep submicron and nanoscale levels. Recent devices, including FinFET, Tunnel FET, and emerging materials, including graphene, and its applications are discussed. In addition, a chapter on advanced VLSI interconnects gives clear insight to the importance of these nano-transmission lines in determining the overall IC performance. The importance of integration of optics with electronics is elucidated in the optoelectronics and photonic integrated circuit sections of this book. This book provides valuable resource materials for scientists and electrical engineers who want to learn more about nanoscale electronic materials and how they are used. Shows how electronic transport works at the nanoscale level Demonstrates how nanotechnology can help engineers create more effective circuits and systems Assesses the most commonly used nanoelectronic devices, explaining which is best for different situations

Computational Approaches to Materials Design: Theoretical and Practical Aspects

Computational Approaches to Materials Design: Theoretical and Practical Aspects
  • Author : Datta, Shubhabrata,Davim, J. Paulo
  • Publisher : IGI Global
  • Release Date : 2016-06-16
  • Total pages : 475
  • ISBN : 9781522502913
  • File Size : 15,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 806
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The development of new and superior materials is beneficial within industrial settings, as well as a topic of academic interest. By using computational modeling techniques, the probable application and performance of these materials can be easily evaluated. Computational Approaches to Materials Design: Theoretical and Practical Aspects brings together empirical research, theoretical concepts, and the various approaches in the design and discovery of new materials. Highlighting optimization tools and soft computing methods, this publication is a comprehensive collection for researchers, both in academia and in industrial settings, and practitioners who are interested in the application of computational techniques in the field of materials engineering.

Nanomaterials in Bio-Medical Applications

Nanomaterials in Bio-Medical Applications
  • Author : Bichitra Nandi Ganguly
  • Publisher : Materials Research Forum LLC
  • Release Date : 2018-07-01
  • Total pages : 208
  • ISBN : 9781945291739
  • File Size : 27,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 698
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The book presents new results in the areas of nanomaterials, nanoparticles, ultra-small nanoparticles, plasmonic nanoparticles and coated nanoparticles for bio-medical applications. Emphasis is placed on (1) synthetic routes (quantum dots, thermal decomposition methods), (2) characterization methods (photo-physical techniques, X-ray diffraction, electron microscopy, light scattering, positron annihilation spectroscopy) and (3) bio-medical applications (nanomaterials and nanoparticles in physiology, medicine and bio-medicine).

Nanoferroics

Nanoferroics
  • Author : M.D. Glinchuk,A.V. Ragulya,Vladimir A. Stephanovich
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-05-13
  • Total pages : 378
  • ISBN : 9789400759923
  • File Size : 21,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 429
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This book covers the physical properties of nanosized ferroics, also called nanoferroics. Nanoferroics are an important class of ceramic materials that substitute conventional ceramic ferroics in modern electronic devices. They include ferroelectric, ferroelastic, magnetic and multiferroic nanostructured materials. The phase transitions and properties of these nanostructured ferroics are strongly affected by the geometric confinement originating from surfaces and interfaces. As a consequence, these materials exhibit a behavior different from the corresponding bulk crystalline, ceramic and powder ferroics. This monograph offers comprehensive coverage of size- and shape-dependent effects at the nanoscale; the specific properties that these materials have been shown to exhibit; the theoretical approaches that have been successful in describing the size-dependent effects observed experimentally; and the technological aspects of many chemical and physico-chemical nanofabrication methods relevant to making nanoferroic materials and composites. The book will be of interest to an audience of condensed matter physicists, material scientists and engineers, working on ferroic nanostructured materials, their fundamentals, fabrication and device applications.

Fundamentals of Low Dimensional Magnets

Fundamentals of Low Dimensional Magnets
  • Author : Ram K. Gupta,Sanjay R. Mishra,Tuan Anh Nguyen
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2022-08-29
  • Total pages : 380
  • ISBN : 9781000640267
  • File Size : 24,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 372
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A low-dimensional magnet is a key to the next generation of electronic devices. In some respects, low-dimensional magnets refer to nanomagnets (nanostructured magnets) or single-molecule magnets (molecular nanomagnets). They also include the group of magnetic nanoparticles, which have been widely used in biomedicine, technology, industries, and environmental remediation. Low-dimensional magnetic materials can be used effectively in the future in powerful computers (hard drives, magnetic random-access memory, ultra-low power consumption switches, etc.). The properties of these materials largely depend on the doping level, phase, defects, and morphology. This book covers various nanomagnets and magnetic materials. The basic concepts, various synthetic approaches, characterizations, and mathematical understanding of nanomaterials are provided. Some fundamental applications of 1D, 2D, and 3D materials are covered. This book provides the fundamentals of low-dimensional magnets along with synthesis, theories, structure-property relations, and applications of ferromagnetic nanomaterials. This book broadens our fundamental understanding of ferromagnetism and mechanisms for realization and advancement in devices with improved energy efficiency and high storage capacity.

Defects and doping in Cu2O

Defects and doping in Cu2O
  • Author : Francesco Biccari
  • Publisher : Lulu.com
  • Release Date : 2023
  • Total pages : 213
  • ISBN : 9781471633812
  • File Size : 34,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 759
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PDF book entitled Defects and doping in Cu2O written by Francesco Biccari and published by Lulu.com which was released on 2023 with total hardcover pages 213, the book become popular and critical acclaim.

Xenes

Xenes
  • Author : Alessandro Molle,Carlo Grazianetti
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2022-07-01
  • Total pages : 474
  • ISBN : 9780128238387
  • File Size : 33,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 674
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Xenes: 2D Synthetic Materials Beyond Graphene includes all the relevant information about Xenes thus far reported, focusing on emerging materials and new trends. The book's primary goal is to include full descriptions of each Xene type by leading experts in the area. Each chapter will provide key principles, theories, methods, experiments and potential applications. The book also reviews the key challenges for synthetic 2D materials such as characterization, modeling, synthesis, and integration strategies. This comprehensive book is suitable for materials scientists and engineers, physicists and chemists working in academia and R&D in industry. The discovery of silicene dates back to 2012. Since then, other Xenes were subsequently created with synthetic methods. The portfolio of Xenes includes different chemical elements of the periodic table and hence the related honeycomb-like lattices show a wealth of electronic and optical properties that can be successfully exploited for applications. Introduces the most important Xenes, including silicene, germanene, borophene, gallenene, phosphorene, and more Provides the fundamental principles, theories, experiments and applications for the most relevant synthetic 2D materials Addresses techniques for the characterization, synthesis and integration of synthetic 2D materials