Biochar From Biomass And Waste

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Biochar from Biomass and Waste

Biochar from Biomass and Waste
  • Author : Yong Sik Ok,Daniel C.W. Tsang,Nanthi Bolan,Jeffrey M. Novak
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2018-11-02
  • Total pages : 462
  • ISBN : 9780128117309
  • File Size : 43,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 669
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Biochar from Biomass and Waste: Fundamentals and Applications provides the fundamentals of biochar, such as its basic concepts, production technology and characterization methods, also including comprehensive examples for readers. This book includes information on state-of-art biochar application technologies in the fields of agriculture, energy and environmental sciences with step-by-step case studies. Biochar has received worldwide interests in the past decade because it encompasses high priority research areas, including bioenergy production, global warming mitigation and sustainable agriculture. Offers comprehensive coverage of biochar production, characterization and modification methods Provides global case studies covering a wide range of application fields, including environmental, agricultural, syngas and bio-oil Covers the sustainability and future of biochar

Biorefinery of Inorganics

Biorefinery of Inorganics
  • Author : Erik Meers,Gerard Velthof,Evi Michels,Rene Rietra
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2020-05-05
  • Total pages : 472
  • ISBN : 9781118921470
  • File Size : 23,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 962
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Provides complete coverage of the recovery of mineral nutrients from biomass and organic waste This book presents a comprehensive overview of the potential for mineral recovery from wastes, addressing technological issues as well as economic, ecological, and agronomic full-scale field assessments. It serves as a complete reference work for experts in the field and provides teaching material for future experts specializing in environmental technology sectors. Biorefinery of Inorganics: Recovering Mineral Nutrients from Biomass and Organic Waste starts by explaining the concept of using anaerobic digestion as a biorefinery for production of an energy carrier in addition to mineral secondary resources. It then discusses the current state of mineral fertilizer use throughout the world, offering readers a complete look at the resource availability and energy intensity. Technical aspects of mineral recovery organic (waste-)streams is discussed next, followed by an examination of the economics of biobased products and their mineral counterparts. The book also covers the environmental impact assessment of the production and use of bio-based fertilizers; modelling and optimization of nutrient recovery from wastes; and more. Discusses global production and consumption of mineral fertilizers Introduces technologies for the recovery of mineral NPK from organic wastes and residues Covers chemical characterization and speciation of refined secondary resources, and shows readers how to assess biobased mineral resources Discusses applications of recovered minerals in the inorganic chemistry sector Compares the economics of biobased products with current fossil-based counterparts Offers an ecological assessment of introducing biobased products in the current fertilizer industry Edited by leading experts in the field Biorefinery of Inorganics: Recovering Mineral Nutrients from Biomass and Organic Waste is an ideal book for scientists, environmental engineers, and end-users in the agro-industry, the waste industry, water and wastewater treatment, and agriculture. It will also be of great benefit to policy makers and regulators working in these fields.

Biochar for Environmental Management

Biochar for Environmental Management
  • Author : Johannes Lehmann,Stephen Joseph
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2012-05-16
  • Total pages : 449
  • ISBN : 9781136571213
  • File Size : 37,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 429
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Biochar is the carbon-rich product when biomass (such as wood, manure or crop residues) is heated in a closed container with little or no available air. It can be used to improve agriculture and the environment in several ways, and its stability in soil and superior nutrient-retention properties make it an ideal soil amendment to increase crop yields. In addition to this, biochar sequestration, in combination with sustainable biomass production, can be carbon-negative and therefore used to actively remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, with major implications for mitigation of climate change. Biochar production can also be combined with bioenergy production through the use of the gases that are given off in the pyrolysis process. This book is the first to synthesize the expanding research literature on this topic. The book's interdisciplinary approach, which covers engineering, environmental sciences, agricultural sciences, economics and policy, is a vital tool at this stage of biochar technology development. This comprehensive overview of current knowledge will be of interest to advanced students, researchers and professionals in a wide range of disciplines.

Engineering Applications of Biochar

Engineering Applications of Biochar
  • Author : Wu-Jang Huang
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2017-07-26
  • Total pages : 94
  • ISBN : 9789535134039
  • File Size : 51,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 547
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This book has included the following major sections: "Introduction", "History of Biochar," "Preparation of Biochar," and "Applications of Biochar." The editor and authors hope that the development of biochar can cross its application field from agriculture into engineering.

Biochar

Biochar
  • Author : Yong Sik Ok,Sophie M. Uchimiya,Scott X. Chang,Nanthi Bolan
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2015-08-28
  • Total pages : 438
  • ISBN : 9781482242300
  • File Size : 38,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 435
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Encompassing high priority research areas such as bioenergy production, global warming mitigation, and sustainable agriculture, biochar has received increased worldwide interest in the past decade.Biochar: Production, Characterization, and Applications covers the fundamentals of biochar including its concept, production technology, and characteriza

Energy Systems and Environment

Energy Systems and Environment
  • Author : Pavel Tsvetkov
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2018-09-12
  • Total pages : 232
  • ISBN : 9781789237108
  • File Size : 25,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 357
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This book looks at environmental aspects of energy technologies, from common traditional sources in use, new sources, and emerging sources and technologies. The objective of this book is to serve as a one-stop comprehensive information resource on energy and environment topics, from energy science to energy engineering to energy politics. Starting with science and technology topics we link them to economics and politics showcasing interconnections between energy sources, energy utilization, energy conversion, and sustainability under the common theme of energy and environment. The book achieves its objective by offering and integrating deeply technical and socioeconomics papers together on energy and environment topics.

Bioenergy and Biochar

Bioenergy and Biochar
  • Author : Dimitrios Kalderis,Vasiliki Skoulou
  • Publisher : Mdpi AG
  • Release Date : 2021-09-10
  • Total pages : 180
  • ISBN : 3036518568
  • File Size : 11,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 609
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Dear Colleagues, All types of biomass, and their waste, comprised one the pillars of the preindustrial, pre-fossil fuel, agriculture-based economies of the past. Traditional practices of biomass waste management were applied, but not necessarily in a sophisticated and efficient way, and included everything from agricultural activities to food production, animal feed, natural fiber separation, and processing of forest wood. The modern bioeconomy sector, however, includes new circular economy energy and materials streams of added-value products, such as gaseous, liquid and solid biofuels and bioenergy generation routes, and biochar production, along with all the previously mentioned traditional products emerging from the bioeconomy. This Special Issue includes some of the latest bioenergy and biochar advancements and their incorporation into a bioeconomy in transition. It focuses on nature, properties, upgrading, and bioenergy generation processes from all types of biomass waste and biochars originating from biomass waste. The multidisciplinarity of bioenergy and biochar research is evident throughout the Special Issue, highlighting the highly variable and tunable processes involved in biomass handling, pre-processing, converting to biochar, and recovering energy. Dr. Dimitrios Kalderis Guest Editor Dr. Vasiliki Skoulou co-Guest Editor

Applications of Biochar for Environmental Safety

Applications of Biochar for Environmental Safety
  • Author : Ahmed Abdelhafez,Mohamed Abbas
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2020-07-22
  • Total pages : 278
  • ISBN : 9781789858952
  • File Size : 49,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 105
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Biochar is a carbon-rich material produced from the pyrolysis of organic materials from agricultural and forestry biomass at a relatively low temperature in the absence of oxygen. As such, it has potential for solving many agricultural and environmental problems.This book is divided into five sections: “Introduction,” “Production and Legislation of Biochar,” “Applications of Biochar for Soil Fertility Improvement,” “Role of Biochar for Soil Remediation and Ameliorating Salinity Effects” and “Applications of Biochar for Water Treatment.” Chapters address topics such as the pros and cons of biochar, its production, and its role in remediating and treating contaminated soils and water.

Biochar Systems for Smallholders in Developing Countries

Biochar Systems for Smallholders in Developing Countries
  • Author : Sebastian B. Scholz,Thomas Sembres,Kelli Roberts,Thea Whitman,Kelpie Wilson,Johannes Lehmann
  • Publisher : World Bank Publications
  • Release Date : 2014-06-23
  • Total pages : 230
  • ISBN : 9780821395264
  • File Size : 13,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 911
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This report offers a review of what is known about opportunities and risks of biochar systems in developing countries. Its aim is to fill in critical knowledge gaps between the biochar research community and development practicioners on the ground.

Pyrolysis of Biomass

Pyrolysis of Biomass
  • Author : Shurong Wang,Zhongyang Luo
  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • Release Date : 2016-12-05
  • Total pages : 268
  • ISBN : 9783110386127
  • File Size : 17,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 434
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With the development of societies fossil energy is no longer the only energy resource, and increasing attention had been paid to alternative energy. Biomass is considered to be one of the alternatives due to efficiency and low cost. This book presents biomass pyrolysis behavior for three main components: Cellulose, Hemicellulose and Lignin, and discusses the influence of mineral salts , zeolite catalysts and metal oxide on their pyrolysis.

Organic Waste Composting through Nexus Thinking

Organic Waste Composting through Nexus Thinking
  • Author : Hiroshan Hettiarachchi,Serena Caucci,Kai Schwärzel
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2020-11-23
  • Total pages : 232
  • ISBN : 9783030362836
  • File Size : 30,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 728
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Organic waste composting is another excellent example to demonstrate the power and the benefits of nexus thinking. Even though organic waste composting itself is not a new topic, those who want to start a new project or align an ongoing project with nexus thinking, find it difficult to gather the necessary information. With nine case studies from four continents, this book aims to fill above gap in literature. While current literature on composting is often found to be limited to either soil/agriculture sector or waste management sector, this book presents a combined point of view. This open access book starts with an introductory chapter that describes the need to bring the waste management aspects and soil nutrient management aspects of compost production into one integrated theme. The relevance of nexus thinking and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are also presented in this introduction. The first three chapters after the introduction covers composting from the solid waste management and its policy aspects, taking examples from three developing countries. The next three examples are mostly about the benefits composting can provide to the soil and agriculture. These examples are also from three developing countries, but with a mixture of urban as well as rural settings. Last three chapters present more insight into the latest developments taking examples from Europe, as well as new methods adapted from the traditional styles from Africa.

Biochar As A Renewable-based Material: With Applications In Agriculture, The Environment And Energy

Biochar As A Renewable-based Material: With Applications In Agriculture, The Environment And Energy
  • Author : Joan J Manya,Gabriel Gasco
  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release Date : 2020-08-14
  • Total pages : 224
  • ISBN : 9781786348982
  • File Size : 16,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 982
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Biochar and its implementation as a renewable-based material is one of the topics on which the research community has focused the greatest energy in the last twenty years. This book provides readers with a scientific and technological overview of biochar, including new technologies for biochar production, new environmental and agronomic applications (e.g. biochar as growing media component or biochar application for mine land reclamation) and some emerging biochar applications in different fields (e.g. energy storage and catalysis). A special emphasis is placed on analyzing the links between the different stages of the value chain, underpinning the economic viability of biochar systems.Biochar as a Renewable-Based Material: With Applications in Agriculture, the Environment and Energy is designed as a textbook for graduate and postgraduate courses as well as a handbook for early-stage scientists, policy makers and potential technology customers. The book is written by internationally recognized scientists with a variety of complementary backgrounds.

Biochar from Biomass and Waste

Biochar from Biomass and Waste
  • Author : Yong Sik Ok
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2018-11-09
  • Total pages : 472
  • ISBN : 012811729X
  • File Size : 45,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 883
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Biochar from Biomass and Waste: Fundamentals and Applications provides the fundamentals of biochar, such as its basic concepts, production technology and characterization methods, also including comprehensive examples for readers. This book includes information on state-of-art biochar application technologies in the fields of agriculture, energy and environmental sciences with step-by-step case studies. Biochar has received worldwide interests in the past decade because it encompasses high priority research areas, including bioenergy production, global warming mitigation and sustainable agriculture. Offers comprehensive coverage of biochar production, characterization and modification methods Provides global case studies covering a wide range of application fields, including environmental, agricultural, syngas and bio-oil Covers the sustainability and future of biochar

Biochar

Biochar
  • Author : Viktor J. Bruckman,Esin Apaydın Varol,Jay Liu,Bașak B. Uzun
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2016-11-24
  • Total pages : 433
  • ISBN : 9781107117099
  • File Size : 17,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 582
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This state-of-the-art compendium, combining theory with practical examples, looks at the entire biochar supply chain.

Handbook of Assisted and Amendment-Enhanced Sustainable Remediation Technology

Handbook of Assisted and Amendment-Enhanced Sustainable Remediation Technology
  • Author : Majeti Narasimha Vara Prasad
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2021-06-04
  • Total pages : 656
  • ISBN : 9781119670384
  • File Size : 41,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 111
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Learn more about phytoremediation technology with this state-of-the-art resource from an internationally recognized editor and leader in his field The Handbook of Assisted and Amendment-Enhanced Sustainable Remediation Technology discusses sustainable approaches to the removal of contaminants from the environment or the reduction of their toxicity. The distinguished editor has included resources from an internationally recognized group of academics who discuss strategies to increase the effectiveness of phytoremediation. Special attention is paid to the use of organic amendments to facilitate soil cleanup and the growth of phytoremediation plants. The book includes discussions of new remediation technologies, global trends in the environmental remediation industry, and the future challenges and opportunities likely to arise in the short and long term. The Handbook of Assisted and Amendment-Enhanced Sustainable Remediation Technology provides a compelling case for the cost-effectiveness, aesthetics, and minimal environmental disturbance of phytoremediation. Topics covered include: A discussion of activated carbon from lignin, particularly its use as a sorbent for in situ remediation of contaminated sediments An exploration of fresh and mature organic amendments for phytoremediation of technosols contaminated with high concentrations of trace elements An examination of the revitalization of metal-contaminated, EDTA-washed soil by addition of unpolluted soil, compost, and biochar A treatment of wheat straw biochar amendments on the removal of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in contaminated soil Perfect for environmental engineers, environmental scientists, geologists, chemical engineers, and landscape engineers, Handbook of Assisted and Amendment-Enhanced Sustainable Remediation Technology is also an indispensable reference for scientists working in the green chemistry and technology industries, biochemical engineers, environmental regulators, and policy makers.

Encyclopedia of Renewable and Sustainable Materials

Encyclopedia of Renewable and Sustainable Materials
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2020-01-09
  • Total pages : 4252
  • ISBN : 9780128131961
  • File Size : 18,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 248
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Encyclopedia of Renewable and Sustainable Materials provides a comprehensive overview, covering research and development on all aspects of renewable, recyclable and sustainable materials. The use of renewable and sustainable materials in building construction, the automotive sector, energy, textiles and others can create markets for agricultural products and additional revenue streams for farmers, as well as significantly reduce carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, manufacturing energy requirements, manufacturing costs and waste. This book provides researchers, students and professionals in materials science and engineering with tactics and information as they face increasingly complex challenges around the development, selection and use of construction and manufacturing materials. Covers a broad range of topics not available elsewhere in one resource Arranged thematically for ease of navigation Discusses key features on processing, use, application and the environmental benefits of renewable and sustainable materials Contains a special focus on sustainability that will lead to the reduction of carbon emissions and enhance protection of the natural environment with regard to sustainable materials

Biochar

Biochar
  • Author : Balwant Singh,Marta Camps-Arbestain,Johannes Lehmann
  • Publisher : CSIRO PUBLISHING
  • Release Date : 2017-03-01
  • Total pages : 320
  • ISBN : 9781486305117
  • File Size : 12,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 101
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Interest in biochar among soil and environment researchers has increased dramatically over the past decade. Biochar initially attracted attention for its potential to improve soil fertility and to uncouple the carbon cycle, by storing carbon from the atmosphere in a form that can remain stable for hundreds to thousands of years. Later it was found that biochar had applications in environmental and water science, mining, microbial ecology and other fields. Beneficial effects of biochar and its environmental applications cannot be fully realised unless the chemical, physical, structural and surface properties of biochar are known. Currently many of the analytical procedures used for biochar analysis are not well defined, which makes it difficult to choose the right biochar for an intended use and to compare the existing data for biochars. Also, in some instances the use of inappropriate procedures has led to erroneous or inaccurate values for biochars in the scientific literature. Biochar: A Guide to Analytical Methods fills this gap and provides procedures and guidelines for routine and advanced characterisation of biochars. Written by experts, each chapter provides background to a technique or procedure, a stepwise guide to analyses, and includes data for biochars made from a range of feedstocks common to all presented methods. Discussion about the unique features, advantages and disadvantages of a particular technique is an explicit focus of this handbook for biochar analyses. Biochar is primarily intended for researchers, postgraduate students and practitioners who require knowledge of biochar properties. It will also serve as an important resource for researchers, industry and regulatory agencies dealing with biochar.

Biochar from Biomass and Its Potential Agronomic and Environmental Use in Washington

Biochar from Biomass and Its Potential Agronomic and Environmental Use in Washington
  • Author : James E. Amonette,David Sjoding,Manual Garcia-P̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀̀erez,Mark R. Fuchs
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2016
  • Total pages : 19
  • ISBN : OCLC:960792310
  • File Size : 53,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 177
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Climate change is one of the most serious issues facing the world today. Increasing concentrations of carbon dioxide (CO2) and other long-lived greenhouse gases (GHGs) in the atmosphere continue to warm the planet and destabilize the climate. It has been estimated that the impact from this warming could cost the state 10 billion per year by 2020, and 16 billion per year by 2040. Long-term solutions to the climate problem likely will require that large quantities of CO2 be removed from the atmosphere. In fact, massive CO2 drawdowns from the atmosphere have occurred in earth's recent past from events occurring in our hemisphere. Studies of those analogs provide insight into the potential magnitude for specific actions to drawdown significant CO2 from the atmosphere. One of these potential actions is the large-scale production of biochar from abundant woody biomass waste and its storage in soils, where it remains stable for hundreds to thousands of years. Moreover, for the carbon emission intensity of Washington's fuel mix, biochar production from biomass is twice as effective in offsetting GHG emissions as complete biomass combustion of the same biomass. Washington State has large quantities of wood waste biomass that could be purposed for production of combined heat/power/biochar (CHPB) through existing biomass boilers. We propose to 1) evaluate the quantities of Washington wood waste biomass, 2) inventory existing boiler capacity and assess the technical merits and challenges to repurpose the boilers to CHPB, and 3) apply literature values and analog biochar examples to better quantify the extent of CO2 drawdown that could be achieved in Washington State over the next century using engineered biochar. This white paper explores the potential to replicate the historical drawdowns of atmospheric CO2, a topic the authors think should be part of current climate-change mitigation discussions. This document is a companion to a white paper titled Biochar from Wood Biomass and Agricultural Residues and its Potential Agronomic Use in Washington: A Tool to Improve Irrigation Water Use Efficiency, Energy Efficiency and Sequester Carbon (Amonette, et al., 2016, in preparation).

Biomass to Biofuels

Biomass to Biofuels
  • Author : S. Syngellakis
  • Publisher : WIT Press
  • Release Date : 2014-10-31
  • Total pages : 257
  • ISBN : 9781784660345
  • File Size : 21,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 129
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Biomass is a continuously renewed source of energy formed from or by a wide variety of living organisms. Through biochemical and thermochemical processes, it is converted into gaseous, liquid or solid biofuels, which already meet a significant share of the current world energy needs. Because of their contribution to the sustainability of energy supply, reduction of green house gas emissions as well as local employment and energy self-reliance, research interest and activity in enhancing biofuel energy output, efficiency and performance remain strong. The first part of this volume comprises five articles mainly concerned with biomass resource potential and management. More specifically, the reported investigations assess grass and lawn substrates, rapeseed straw and microalgae from Upflow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket (UASB) reactor effluents as possible sources of biogas, bioethanol and biodiesel, respectively. The emphasis in the subsequent group of eleven articles is on biomass conversion processes, aiming at assessing performance as well as output quality and diversity. Biodiesel, a fluid biofuel produced from biomass with high lipids such as rapeseed oil, sunflowers and soy beans, is the focus of two articles: the first investigates the effect of biodiesel blending with diesel fuel on diesel engine performance and emissions, the second assesses the efficiency of catalytic reforming of biodiesel into a gaseous mixture, used directly as Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) fuel. In the last three articles, the prospects of biofuels as viable sources of energy are examined within European contexts. This volume addresses a significant number of important themes and thus combines subject breadth and density with in-depth study of biomass resourcing and processing as well as the issue of biofuel and renewable energy sustainability.

Biorefineries

Biorefineries
  • Author : Miriam Rabaçal,Ana F. Ferreira,Carla A. M. Silva,Mário Costa
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2017-03-25
  • Total pages : 294
  • ISBN : 9783319482880
  • File Size : 18,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 622
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This book addresses the potential of the transformation of biomass into a wide range of marketable products, and examines the biological, biochemical, physical and thermal processing of biomass into products such as fuels, power, heat, feeds, chemicals and materials. Respective chapters explore various topics including biomass characterization, biomass pre-conditioning and sustainability analysis, aspects that are supplemented by a global overview of their implementation in current pilot bio-refineries. Providing a valuable resource to energy engineers, chemical engineers, biotechnologists and economists, this book will also be of great interest to students and policymakers.

Char and Carbon Materials Derived from Biomass

Char and Carbon Materials Derived from Biomass
  • Author : Mejdi Jeguirim,Lionel Limousy
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2019-03-29
  • Total pages : 506
  • ISBN : 9780128148945
  • File Size : 35,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 918
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Char and Carbon Materials Derived from Biomass: Production, Characterization and Applications provides an overview of biomass char production methods (pyrolysis, hydrothermal carbonization, etc.), along with the characterization techniques typically used (Scanning Electronic Microscopy, X-Ray Fluorescence, Nitrogen adsorption, etc.) In addition, the book includes a discussion of the various properties of biomass chars and their suitable recovery processes, concluding with a demonstration of applications. As biomass can be converted to energy, biofuels and bioproducts via thermochemical conversion processes, such as combustion, pyrolysis and gasification, this book is ideal for professionals in energy production and storage fields, as well as professionals in waste treatment, gas treatment, and more. Provides a discussion of sources of biomass feedstocks, such as agricultural, woody plants and food processing residue Discusses the various production processes of biomass chars, including pyrolysis and hydrothermal carbonization Explores various applications of biomass chars within different industries, including energy and agronomy