Basic Equations Of Mass Transport Through A Membrane Layer

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Basic Equations of the Mass Transport Through a Membrane Layer

Basic Equations of the Mass Transport Through a Membrane Layer
  • Author : Endre Nagy
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2011-12-12
  • Total pages : 342
  • ISBN : 9780124160255
  • File Size : 27,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 230
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With a detailed analysis of the mass transport through membrane layers and its effect on different separation processes, this book provides a comprehensive look at the theoretical and practical aspects of membrane transport properties and functions. Basic equations for every membrane are provided to predict the mass transfer rate, the concentration distribution, the convective velocity, the separation efficiency, and the effect of chemical or biochemical reaction taking into account the heterogeneity of the membrane layer to help better understand the mechanisms of the separation processes. The reader will be able to describe membrane separation processes and the membrane reactors as well as choose the most suitable membrane structure for separation and for membrane reactor. Containing detailed discussion of the latest results in transport processes and separation processes, this book is essential for chemistry students and practitioners of chemical engineering and process engineering. Detailed survey of the theoretical and practical aspects of every membrane process with specific equations Practical examples discussed in detail with clear steps Will assist in planning and preparation of more efficient membrane structure separation

Basic Equations of the Mass Transport through a Membrane Layer

Basic Equations of the Mass Transport through a Membrane Layer
  • Author : Endre Nagy
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2011-12-07
  • Total pages : 326
  • ISBN : 9780123914255
  • File Size : 28,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 943
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With a detailed analysis of the mass transport through membrane layers and its effect on different separation processes, this book provides a comprehensive look at the theoretical and practical aspects of membrane transport properties and functions. Basic equations for every membrane are provided to predict the mass transfer rate, the concentration distribution, the convective velocity, the separation efficiency, and the effect of chemical or biochemical reaction taking into account the heterogeneity of the membrane layer to help better understand the mechanisms of the separation processes. The reader will be able to describe membrane separation processes and the membrane reactors as well as choose the most suitable membrane structure for separation and for membrane reactor. Containing detailed discussion of the latest results in transport processes and separation processes, this book is essential for chemistry students and practitioners of chemical engineering and process engineering. Detailed survey of the theoretical and practical aspects of every membrane process with specific equations Practical examples discussed in detail with clear steps Will assist in planning and preparation of more efficient membrane structure separation

Basic Equations of Mass Transport Through a Membrane Layer

Basic Equations of Mass Transport Through a Membrane Layer
  • Author : Endre Nagy
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2018-11-05
  • Total pages : 594
  • ISBN : 9780128137239
  • File Size : 18,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 610
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Basic Equations of Mass Transport Through a Membrane Layer, Second Edition, has been fully updated to deliver the latest research in the field. This volume covers the essentials of compound separation, product removal, concentration, and production in the chemical, biochemical, pharmaceutical, and food industries. It outlines the various membrane processes and their applications, offering a detailed mathematical description of mass transport and defining basic mass transport and concentration distribution expressions. Additionally, this book discusses the process parameters and application of the expressions developed for a variety of industrial applications. Comprehensive explanations of convective/diffusive mass transport are provided, both with and without polarization layers, that help predict and process performance and facilitate improvements to operation conditions and efficiency. Basic Equations of Mass Transport Through a Membrane Layer is an ideal resource for engineers and technologists in the chemical, biochemical, and pharmaceutical industries, as well as researchers, professors, and students in these areas at both an undergraduate and graduate level. Cites and analyzes mass transport equations developed for different membrane processes. Examines the effect of biochemical/chemical reactions in the presence of convective and diffusive flows in plane and cylindrical spaces. Defines the mass transfer rate for first- and zero-order reactions and analytical approaches are given for other-order reactions in closed mathematical forms. Analyzes the simultaneous convective and diffusive transports with same or different directions.

The Mathematics of Diffusion

The Mathematics of Diffusion
  • Author : John Crank,Emeritus Professor John Crank
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 1979
  • Total pages : 428
  • ISBN : 0198534116
  • File Size : 42,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 146
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Though it incorporates much new material, this new edition preserves the general character of the book in providing a collection of solutions of the equations of diffusion and describing how these solutions may be obtained.

Biomedical Mass Transport and Chemical Reaction

Biomedical Mass Transport and Chemical Reaction
  • Author : James S. Ultman,Harihara Baskaran,Gerald M. Saidel
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2016-06-13
  • Total pages : 654
  • ISBN : 9780471656326
  • File Size : 10,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 153
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Teaches the fundamentals of mass transport with a unique approach emphasizing engineering principles in a biomedical environment Includes a basic review of physiology, chemical thermodynamics, chemical kinetics, mass transport, fluid mechanics and relevant mathematical methods Teaches engineering principles and mathematical modelling useful in the broad range of problems that students will encounter in their academic programs as well as later on in their careers Illustrates principles with examples taken from physiology and medicine or with design problems involving biomedical devices Stresses the simplification of problem formulations based on key geometric and functional features that permit practical analyses of biomedical applications Offers a web site of homework problems associated with each chapter and solutions available to instructors Homework problems related to each chapter are available from a supplementary website (

Osmotically Driven Membrane Processes

Osmotically Driven Membrane Processes
  • Author : Hongbo Du,Audie Thompson,Xinying Wang
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2018-03-28
  • Total pages : 283
  • ISBN : 9789535139218
  • File Size : 23,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 412
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Osmotically driven membrane processes (ODMPs) including forward osmosis (FO) and pressure-retarded osmosis (PRO) have attracted increasing attention in fields such as water treatment, desalination, power generation, and life science. In contrast to pressure-driven membrane processes, e.g., reverse osmosis, which typically employs applied high pressure as driving force, ODMPs take advantages of naturally generated osmotic pressure as the sole source of driving force. In light of this, ODMPs possess many advantages over pressure-driven membrane processes. The advantages include low energy consumption, ease of equipment maintenance, low capital investment, high salt rejection, and high water flux. In the past decade, over 300 academic papers on ODMPs have been published in a variety of application fields. The number of such publications is still rapidly growing. The ODMPs' approach, fabrications, recent development and applications in wastewater treatment, power generation, seawater desalination, and gas absorption are presented in this book.

Diffusion

Diffusion
  • Author : E. L. Cussler
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2009-01-15
  • Total pages : 229
  • ISBN : 9781139474214
  • File Size : 23,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 287
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This overview of diffusion and separation processes brings unsurpassed, engaging clarity to this complex topic. Diffusion is a key part of the undergraduate chemical engineering curriculum and at the core of understanding chemical purification and reaction engineering. This spontaneous mixing process is also central to our daily lives, with importance in phenomena as diverse as the dispersal of pollutants to digestion in the small intestine. For students, Diffusion goes from the basics of mass transfer and diffusion itself, with strong support through worked examples and a range of student questions. It also takes the reader right through to the cutting edge of our understanding, and the new examples in this third edition will appeal to professional scientists and engineers. Retaining the trademark enthusiastic style, the broad coverage now extends to biology and medicine.

Ion and Molecule Transport in Membrane Systems

Ion and Molecule Transport in Membrane Systems
  • Author : Victor Nikonenko,Natalia Pismenskaya
  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release Date : 2021-08-10
  • Total pages : 368
  • ISBN : 9783036513591
  • File Size : 19,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 99
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Membranes play an enormous role in our life. Biological cell membranes control the fluxes of substances in and out of cells. Artificial membranes are widely used in numerous applications including “green” separation processes in chemistry, agroindustry, biology, medicine; they are used as well in energy generation from renewable sources. They largely mimic the structure and functions of biological membranes. The similarity in the structure leads to the similarity in the properties and the approaches to study the laws governing the behavior of both biological and artificial membranes. In this book, some physico-chemical and chemico-physical aspects of the structure and behavior of biological and artificial membranes are investigated.

Industrial Membrane Separation Technology

Industrial Membrane Separation Technology
  • Author : K. Scott,R. Hughes
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Total pages : 305
  • ISBN : 9789401106276
  • File Size : 20,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 479
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Membrane science and technology is an expanding field and has become a prominent part of many activities within the process industries. It is relatively easy to identify the success stories of membranes such as desali nation and microfiltration and to refer to others as developing areas. This, however, does not do justice to the wide field of separations in which membranes are used. No other 'single' process offers the same potential and versatility as that of membranes. The word separation classically conjures up a model of removing one component or species from a second component, for example a mass transfer process such as distillation. In the field of synthetic membranes, the terminology 'separation' is used in a wider context. A range of separations of the chemical/mass transfer type have developed around the use of membranes including distillation, extraction, absorption, adsorption and stripping, as well as separations of the physical type such as filtration. Synthetic membranes are an integral part of devices for analysis, energy generation and reactors (cells) in the electrochemical industry.

Liquid Membranes

Liquid Membranes
  • Author : Vladimir S Kislik
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2009-08-31
  • Total pages : 462
  • ISBN : 0080932568
  • File Size : 20,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 434
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Liquid Membranes: Principles and Applications in Chemical Separations and Wastewater Treatment discusses the principles and applications of the liquid membrane (LM) separation processes in organic and inorganic chemistry, analytical chemistry, biochemistry, biomedical engineering, gas separation, and wastewater treatment. It presents updated, useful, and systematized information on new LM separation technologies, along with new developments in the field. It provides an overview of LMs and LM processes, and it examines the mechanisms and kinetics of carrier-facilitated transport through LMs. It also discusses active transport, driven by oxidation-reduction, catalytic, and bioconversion reactions on the LM interfaces; modifications of supported LMs; bulk aqueous hybrid LM processes with water-soluble carriers; emulsion LMs and their applications; and progress in LM science and engineering. This book will be of value to students and young researchers who are new to separation science and technology, as well as to scientists and engineers involved in the research and development of separation technologies, LM separations, and membrane reactors. - Provides comprehensive knowledge-based information on the principles and applications of a variety of liquid membrane separation processes. - Contains a critical analysis of new technologies published in the last 15 years.

Mass Transfer Models in Membrane Processes

Mass Transfer Models in Membrane Processes
  • Author : Manfred Raff
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2021-11-27
  • Total pages : 79
  • ISBN : 9783030891954
  • File Size : 55,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 397
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This book serves as an introduction on mass transfer models in membrane processes, with a special focus on their applications in Artificial Organs. Various such models are discussed while multiple easy to use module equations are presented, enabling readers to gain basic knowledge of the mass flow of toxins across membranes. This is particularly interesting to membrane manufacturers who may use these equations to improve the relation of module performances and production costs. Additionally, examples which specialize on artificial organs, but in principle can be applied to analogous environmental, food and biotechnology processes- are analysed. This book will appeal to readers who want to understand how membrane modules and processes can be optimized and will be a great tool for graduates, researchers and professionals working in this field.

Membrane Contactors: Fundamentals, Applications and Potentialities

Membrane Contactors: Fundamentals, Applications and Potentialities
  • Author : Enrico Drioli,A. Criscuoli,E. Curcio
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2011-08-30
  • Total pages : 516
  • ISBN : 0080457010
  • File Size : 22,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 404
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Membrane Contactors: Fundamentals, Applications and Potentialities, Volume 11 covers new operations that could be efficiently used to improve the performance of a variety of industrial production cycles in applications ranging from biotechnology to agrofood. This book focuses on the basic "principles of work": required membrane materials and properties; major operating parameters; the importance of module configuration and design and; the performance of membrane contactors in specific processes. The authors’ dynamic approach to this subject makes Membrane Contactors: Fundamentals, Applications and Potentialities, Volume 11 the most comprehensive book currently available on all aspects related to the 'membrane contactor world. * Describes new unit operations in process engineering * Covers a wide variety of industrial applications, from biotechnology to agrofood * Applicable to process intensification and sustainable growth strategies

Cell Biology by the Numbers

Cell Biology by the Numbers
  • Author : Ron Milo,Rob Phillips
  • Publisher : Garland Science
  • Release Date : 2015-12-07
  • Total pages : 400
  • ISBN : 9781317230694
  • File Size : 43,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 886
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A Top 25 CHOICE 2016 Title, and recipient of the CHOICE Outstanding Academic Title (OAT) Award. How much energy is released in ATP hydrolysis? How many mRNAs are in a cell? How genetically similar are two random people? What is faster, transcription or translation?Cell Biology by the Numbers explores these questions and dozens of others provid

Mass Transfer

Mass Transfer
  • Author : Marek Solecki
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2015-10-22
  • Total pages : 292
  • ISBN : 9789535121923
  • File Size : 10,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 487
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This book covers a wide variety of topics related to advancements in different stages of mass transfer modelling processes. Its purpose is to create a platform for the exchange of recent observations, experiences, and achievements. It is recommended for those in the chemical, biotechnological, pharmaceutical, and nanotechnology industries as well as for students of natural sciences, technical, environmental and employees in companies which manufacture machines for the above-mentioned industries. This work can also be a useful source for researchers and engineers dealing with mass transfer and related issues.

Membrane Technology and Applications

Membrane Technology and Applications
  • Author : Richard Baker,Richard W. Baker
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2004-05-31
  • Total pages : 556
  • ISBN : 0470854456
  • File Size : 26,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 157
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Table of Contents Preface Acknowledgments for the first edition Acknowledgments for the second edition 1 Overview of Membrane Science and Technology 1 2 Membrane Transport Theory 15 3 Membranes and Modules 89 4 Concentration Polarization 161 5 Reverse Osmosis 191 6 Ultrafiltration 237 7 Microfiltration 275 8 Gas Separation 301 9 Pervaporation 355 10 Ion Exchange Membrane Processes - Electrodialysis 393 11 Carrier Facilitated Transport 425 12 Medical Applications of Membranes 465 13 Other Membrane Processes 491 Appendix 523 Index 535.

Principles and Modern Applications of Mass Transfer Operations

Principles and Modern Applications of Mass Transfer Operations
  • Author : Jaime Benitez
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2016-12-16
  • Total pages : 624
  • ISBN : 9781119276944
  • File Size : 41,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 850
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A staple in any chemical engineering curriculum New edition has a stronger emphasis on membrane separations, chromatography and other adsorptive processes, ion exchange Discusses many developing topics in more depth in mass transfer operations, especially in the biological engineering area Covers in more detail phase equilibrium since distillation calculations are completely dependent on this principle Integrates computational software and problems using Mathcad Features 25-30 problems per chapter

Pervaporation, Vapour Permeation and Membrane Distillation

Pervaporation, Vapour Permeation and Membrane Distillation
  • Author : Angelo Basile,Alberto Figoli,Mohamed Khayet
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2015-02-07
  • Total pages : 480
  • ISBN : 9781782422563
  • File Size : 42,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 540
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Vapour permeation and membrane distillation are two emerging membrane technologies for the production of vapour as permeate, which, in addition to well-established pervaporation technology, are of increasing interest to academia and industry. As efficient separation and concentration processes, they have high potential for use in the energy, water, chemical, food and pharmaceutical sectors. Part One begins by covering the fundamentals, preparation and characterization of pervaporation, before going on to outline the associated systems and applications. State of the art uses, future trends and next generation pervaporation are then discussed. Part Two then explores the preparation, characterization, systems and applications of membranes for vapour permeation, followed by modelling and the new generation of vapour permeation membranes. Finally, Part Three outlines the fundamentals of membrane distillation and its applications in integrated systems, before the book concludes with a view of the next generation. Explores three emerging membrane technologies that produce vapour as a permeate. Looks at the fundamentals, applications, state of the art uses and next generation of each technology. Provides an authoritative guide for chemical engineers and academic researchers interested in membrane technologies for desalination, process water/steam treatment, water purification, VOCs removal and other aspects of pollution control, industrial process chemistry, renewable energy production or separation and concentration in the food/pharmaceutical industries.

Principles and Models of Biological Transport

Principles and Models of Biological Transport
  • Author : Morton H. Friedman
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Total pages : 260
  • ISBN : 9783662024676
  • File Size : 13,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 291
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This text is designed for a first course in biological mass transport, and the material in it is presented at a level that is appropriate to advanced undergraduates or early graduate level students. Its orientation is somewhat more physical and mathematical than a biology or standard physiology text, reflecting its origins in a transport course that I teach to undergraduate (and occasional graduate) biomedical engineering students in the Whiting School of Engineering at Johns Hopkins. The audience for my cours- and presumably for this text - also includes chemical engineering undergraduates concentrating in biotechnology, and graduate students in biophysics. The organization of this book differs from most texts that at tempt to present an engineering approach to biological transport. What distinguishes biological transport from other mass transfer processes is the fact that biological transport is biological. Thus, we do not start with the engineering principles of mass transport (which are well presented elsewhere) and then seek biological ap plications of these principles; rather, we begin with the biological processes themselves, and then develop the tools that are needed to describe them. As a result, more physiology is presented in this text than is often found in books dealing with engineering applica tions in the life sciences.

Fundamentals of Heat and Mass Transfer

Fundamentals of Heat and Mass Transfer
  • Author : C. P. Kothandaraman
  • Publisher : New Age International
  • Release Date : 2006
  • Total pages : 730
  • ISBN : 8122417728
  • File Size : 40,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 324
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About the Book: Salient features: A number of Complex problems along with the solutions are provided Objective type questions for self-evaluation and better understanding of the subject Problems related to the practical aspects of the subject have been worked out Checking the authenticity of dimensional homogeneity in case of all derived equations Validation of numerical solutions by cross checking Plenty of graded exercise problems from simple to complex situations are included Variety of questions have been included for the clear grasping of the basic principles Redrawing of all the figures for more clarity and understanding Radiation shape factor charts and Heisler charts have also been included Essential tables are included The basic topics have been elaborately discussed Presented in a more better and fresher way Contents: An Overview of Heat Transfer Steady State Conduction Conduction with Heat Generation Heat Transfer with Extended Surfaces (FINS) Two Dimensional Steady Heat Conduction Transient Heat Conduction Convection Convective Heat Transfer Practical Correlation Flow Over Surfaces Forced Convection Natural Convection Phase Change Processes Boiling, Condensation, Freezing and Melting Heat Exchangers Thermal Radiation Mass Transfer

PRINCIPLES OF MASS TRANSFER AND SEPERATION PROCESSES

PRINCIPLES OF MASS TRANSFER AND SEPERATION PROCESSES
  • Author : BINAY K. DUTTA
  • Publisher : PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
  • Release Date : 2007-01-21
  • Total pages : 580
  • ISBN : 9788120329904
  • File Size : 36,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 621
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This textbook is targetted to undergraduate students in chemical engineering, chemical technology, and biochemical engineering for courses in mass transfer, separation processes, transport processes, and unit operations. The principles of mass transfer, both diffusional and convective have been comprehensively discussed. The application of these principles to separation processes is explained. The more common separation processes used in the chemical industries are individually described in separate chapters. The book also provides a good understanding of the construction, the operating principles, and the selection criteria of separation equipment. Recent developments in equipment have been included as far as possible. The procedure of equipment design and sizing has been illustrated by simple examples. An overview of different applications and aspects of membrane separation has also been provided. ‘Humidification and water cooling’, necessary in every process indus-try, is also described. Finally, elementary principles of ‘unsteady state diffusion’ and mass transfer accompanied by a chemical reaction are covered. SALIENT FEATURES : • A balanced coverage of theoretical principles and applications. • Important recent developments in mass transfer equipment and practice are included. • A large number of solved problems of varying levels of complexities showing the applications of the theory are included. • Many end-chapter exercises. • Chapter-wise multiple choice questions. • An Instructors manual for the teachers.

Membrane Technology

Membrane Technology
  • Author : Z F Cui,H S Muralidhara
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2010-09-23
  • Total pages : 312
  • ISBN : 0080951341
  • File Size : 44,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 747
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Membrane technology is a rapidly developing area, with key growth accross the process sector, including biotech separation and biomedical applications (e.g. haemodialysis, artificial lungs), through to large scale industrial applications in the water and waste-water processing and the food and drink industries. As processes mature, and the cost of membranes continues to dramatically reduce, so their applications and use are set to expand. Process engineers need access to the latest information in this area to assist with their daily work and to help to develop and apply new and ever more efficient liquid processing solutions. This book covers the latest technologies and applications, with contributions from leading figures in the field. Throughout, the emphasis is on delivering solutions to practitioners. Real world case studies and data from leading organizations -- including Cargill, Lilly, Microbach, ITT -- mean this book delivers the latest solutions as well as a critical working reference to filtration and separation professionals. Covers the latest technologies and applications in this fast moving bioprocessing sector Presents a wide range of case studies that ensure readers benefit from the hard-won experience of others, saving time, money and effort World class author team headed up by the Chair of Chemical Engineering at Oxford University, UK and the VP of Plant Operations and Process Technology at Cargill Corp, the food services company and largest privately owned company in the US