Badland Dynamics In The Context Of Global Change

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Badlands Dynamics in a Context of Global Change

Badlands Dynamics in a Context of Global Change
  • Author : Estela Nadal-Romero,Juan Francisco Martinez Murillo,Nikolaus Josef Kuhn
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2018-08-06
  • Total pages : 336
  • ISBN : 9780128130551
  • File Size : 10,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 495
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Badlands Dynamics in the Context of Global Change presents the newest ideas concerning badland formation and relates them to the larger context of global change. The book provides an overview of badland landforms and covers a variety of interdisciplinary topics, such as runoff generation, erosion processes and rates, the potential for modeling badland systems, and emerging technologies in research. It is an ideal resource for geomorphologists, physical geographers and soil scientists interested in this terrain and how it relates to land degradation in other environments. Provides a global understanding of the complex dynamics of badlands through geology, geomorphology and soil science Covers critical material properties for badlands development based on current knowledge and new data Includes vegetation dynamics in different badlands systems and their relationship with geomorphology dynamics

Badlands Dynamics in a Context of Global Change

Badlands Dynamics in a Context of Global Change
  • Author : Estela Nadal-Romero,Juan Francisco Martinez Murillo,Nikolaus Josef Kuhn
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2018-09-03
  • Total pages : 336
  • ISBN : 0128130547
  • File Size : 10,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 619
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Badlands Dynamics in the Context of Global Change presents the newest ideas concerning badland formation and relates them to the larger context of global change. The book provides an overview of badland landforms and covers a variety of interdisciplinary topics, such as runoff generation, erosion processes and rates, the potential for modeling badland systems, and emerging technologies in research. It is an ideal resource for geomorphologists, physical geographers and soil scientists interested in this terrain and how it relates to land degradation in other environments. Provides a global understanding of the complex dynamics of badlands through geology, geomorphology and soil science Covers critical material properties for badlands development based on current knowledge and new data Includes vegetation dynamics in different badlands systems and their relationship with geomorphology dynamics

Soil Degradation, Restoration and Management in a Global Change Context

Soil Degradation, Restoration and Management in a Global Change Context
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2019-10-28
  • Total pages : 536
  • ISBN : 9780128164167
  • File Size : 43,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 181
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Soil Degradation, Restoration and Management in a Global Change Context, volume four in the Advances in Chemical Pollution, Environmental Management and Protection series, explores a wide breadth of emerging and state-of-the-art technologies and provides the best practices to manage soils affected by degradation. Soils are the base of life, thus a sustainable soil management is crucial in a context of global environmental change. Chapters in this new release include Soil degradation, processes, future treats and possible solutions, Agriculture and grazing environments, Abandoned and afforested lands, Environments affected by fire, Mining environments, Urban areas, and Lands affected by war. Covers a wide breadth of emerging and state-of-the-art technologies Includes contributions from an international board of authors Provides a comprehensive set of reviews Synthesizes all aspects involved in soil degradation

Global Geographical Heritage, Geoparks and Geotourism

Global Geographical Heritage, Geoparks and Geotourism
  • Author : R.B. Singh,Dongying Wei,Subhash Anand
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2020-10-31
  • Total pages : 483
  • ISBN : 9789811549564
  • File Size : 23,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 300
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This book explores the geographical, geomorphological, ecological, touristic and socioeconomic aspects of natural heritage, argues for the dynamic conservation of that heritage and explains its key characteristics, promotion, conservation and management to achieve sustainable development goals. Emerging concepts such as geodiversity, geographical heritage sites, geomonuments, geoparks and geotourism are increasingly being used by conservationists. At present, the development of geoparks is a major global theme involving the application of geosciences to promote the inclusive growth of society and the protection and conservation of our unique geoheritage. Currently, there are 147 UNESCO global geoparks across 41 countries, in addition to a number of national-level geoparks. Pursuing a holistic approach towards such sites will sensitise the general public to the need for geoconservation of significant geosites and promote it through geotourism. It is a crucial issue, as various countries around the world are eager to develop their geoparks and are working for the conservation of geoheritage sites at the national level. This unique book gathers contributions from 15 countries in the form of case studies analysing the realities on of geographical heritage, geoparks and geotourism. The respective chapters address the role of geoparks as essential tools for education, recreation and nature conservation. Given its scope, the book offers a valuable guide for geoscientists, planners, policymakers, civil society and anyone concerned about the conservation of geoheritage sites and geoparks for a sustainable future Earth.

Desert Landscapes of the World with Google Earth

Desert Landscapes of the World with Google Earth
  • Author : Andrew Goudie
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2023-02-02
  • Total pages : 276
  • ISBN : 9783031151798
  • File Size : 22,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 362
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This book presents an introduction to desert landscapes—primarily landforms that are natural and man-made. It is based around the presentation of a series of beautiful and informative annotated Google Earth images. These are accompanied by text that describes the feature(s) concerned, their location, and their origin. There are also, in some cases, ground images taken by the author.

Soil Organic Matter and Feeding the Future

Soil Organic Matter and Feeding the Future
  • Author : Rattan Lal
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2021-12-09
  • Total pages : 428
  • ISBN : 9781000483918
  • File Size : 10,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 251
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Soil organic matter (SOM) is the primary determinant of soil functionality. Soil organic carbon (SOC) accounts for 50% of the SOM content, accompanied by nitrogen, phosphorus, and a range of macro and micro elements. As a dynamic component, SOM is a source of numerous ecosystem services critical to human well-being and nature conservancy. Important among these goods and services generated by SOM include moderation of climate as a source or sink of atmospheric CO2 and other greenhouse gases, storage and purification of water, a source of energy and habitat for biota (macro, meso, and micro-organisms), a medium for plant growth, cycling of elements (N, P, S, etc.), and generation of net primary productivity (NPP). The quality and quantity of NPP has direct impacts on the food and nutritional security of the growing and increasingly affluent human population. Soils of agroecosystems are depleted of their SOC reserves in comparison with those of natural ecosystems. The magnitude of depletion depends on land use and the type and severity of degradation. Soils prone to accelerated erosion can be strongly depleted of their SOC reserves, especially those in the surface layer. Therefore, conservation through restorative land use and adoption of recommended management practices to create a positive soil-ecosystem carbon budget can increase carbon stock and soil health. This volume of Advances in Soil Sciences aims to accomplish the following: Present impacts of land use and soil management on SOC dynamics Discuss effects of SOC levels on agronomic productivity and use efficiency of inputs Detail potential of soil management on the rate and cumulative amount of carbon sequestration in relation to land use and soil/crop management Deliberate the cause-effect relationship between SOC content and provisioning of some ecosystem services Relate soil organic carbon stock to soil properties and processes Establish the relationship between soil organic carbon stock with land and climate Identify controls of making soil organic carbon stock as a source or sink of CO2 Connect soil organic carbon and carbon sequestration for climate mitigation and adaptation

Drainage Basin Dynamics

Drainage Basin Dynamics
  • Author : Pravat Kumar Shit,Biswajit Bera,Aznarul Islam,Sandipan Ghosh,Gouri Sankar Bhunia
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2022-01-01
  • Total pages : 568
  • ISBN : 9783030796341
  • File Size : 36,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 962
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This volume provides a versatile introduction to the study of drainage basin evolution, morphology, drainage basin hydrology and sedimentology, human interference, natural and anthropogenic hazards and various management techniques. This book offers the responsible factors of sediment yield and their absolute and specific growth and rate of delivery through tributaries to the main streams. Rivers are important geomorphic agents which reflect an amazing variety of form and behaviour, showing the wide range of natural environment in which they are originated. The drainage system evolution and spatial network development within the dynamic nature are being discussed and how they are adjusted in the geomorphic time scale over the millions of years. This book shows how drainage systems function and react to change and why this thoughtful is required for flourishing integrated basin management. In tropical and sub-tropical countries population pressures as well as different developmental projects are being executed on the drainage basin without proper planning. Today scientists consider drainage basin as an administrative unit during implementation of regional projects. In this context this book will carry a bench mark for scholars and young scientists.

Gully Erosion Studies from India and Surrounding Regions

Gully Erosion Studies from India and Surrounding Regions
  • Author : Pravat Kumar Shit,Hamid Reza Pourghasemi,Gouri Sankar Bhunia
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2019-11-19
  • Total pages : 480
  • ISBN : 9783030232436
  • File Size : 20,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 738
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This book offers the scientific basis for the ample evaluation of badland management in India and some surrounding regions. It examines the processes operating in the headwaters and main channels of ephemeral rivers in lateritic environments of India. In particular, the book covers a range of vital topics in the areas of gully erosion and water to soil erosion at lateritic uplands regions of India and other regions in Asia. It explores the probable gully erosion modeling through Remote Sensing & GIS Techniques. It is divided into three units. Unit I deals with the introduction of badland, types of badland and the process of badland formation. Unit II is devoted to a description of quantitative measurements. Unit III deals with the control and management processes related to various issues from different regions. As such this book serves as a reference book for research activities in this area. It is an efficient guide for aspiring researchers in applied geography, explaining advanced techniques to help students recognize both simple and complex concepts.

Proceedings of the Global Symposium on Soil Erosion

Proceedings of the Global Symposium on Soil Erosion
  • Author : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
  • Publisher : Food & Agriculture Org.
  • Release Date : 2019-10-15
  • Total pages : 682
  • ISBN : 9789251316849
  • File Size : 53,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 195
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The proceedings book of the Global Symposium on Soil Erosion (GSER19) contains all papers presented both orally and in poster format during the symposium (15-17 May 2019, FAO HQ). The papers presented have provided sufficient scientific evidence to show that soil erosion is a global threat to food production systems, available land for future demand, rural livelihoods, human health and biodiversity, and that coordinated effective action needs to be fostered and accelerated to address this issue. Studies presented provided scientific evidence that soil erosion is accelerated by anthropogenic action. In the current context of population increase and climate change, urgent action is needed from governments to support farmers and land-users in the transition to sustainable production systems, and crucial action is needed at global level to raise awareness of the importance of healthy and productive soils, to ensure a sustainable future and the achievement of many of the SDGs targeting hunger, water quality, and life on land, amongst others.

Geoarchaeology, Climate Change, and Sustainability

Geoarchaeology, Climate Change, and Sustainability
  • Author : Antony G. Brown,Laura S. Basell,Karl W. Butzer
  • Publisher : Geological Society of America
  • Release Date : 2011-01-01
  • Total pages : 194
  • ISBN : 9780813724768
  • File Size : 34,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 101
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This volume provides a broad survey of recent advances in geoarchaeology with particular attention to environmental change. The fourteen chapters include methodologically innovative research, case studies valuable for teaching, and the use of geological techniques to answer archaeological questions from lower Paleolithic hunting to the location of Homer's Ithaca. Geoarchaeology, Climate Change, and Sustainability also includes a major position paper and, unusually, two papers on the management of the geoarchaeological resource. Both the geographical and chronological coverage are broad ranging from the Lower Paleolithic (lower Pleistocene) to the Iron Age (late Holocene), and from rural Iran to urban Manhattan. The research presented here clearly demonstrates the value and practical application of geoarchaeological techniques from sediment-based dating to geographic information systems.

Dryland Rivers

Dryland Rivers
  • Author : L. J. Bull,M. J. Kirkby
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2002-03-22
  • Total pages : 408
  • ISBN : 0471491233
  • File Size : 43,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 436
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Examines the processes operating in the headwaters and main channels of ephemeral rivers in semi-arid environments and includes coverage of current fieldwork investigations, modeling approaches, and management issues. focuses on dryland channel networks and processes presents a historical framework for research discusses examples of current studies and evaluates contemporary modelling approaches Emphasis is on the Mediterranean region, with comparisons to other dryland regimes eg California, Australia, Chile.

El Niño Southern Oscillation in a Changing Climate

El Niño Southern Oscillation in a Changing Climate
  • Author : Michael J. McPhaden,Agus Santoso,Wenju Cai
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2020-11-24
  • Total pages : 528
  • ISBN : 9781119548126
  • File Size : 51,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 671
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Comprehensive and up-to-date information on Earth’s most dominant year-to-year climate variation The El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) in the Pacific Ocean has major worldwide social and economic consequences through its global scale effects on atmospheric and oceanic circulation, marine and terrestrial ecosystems, and other natural systems. Ongoing climate change is projected to significantly alter ENSO's dynamics and impacts. El Niño Southern Oscillation in a Changing Climate presents the latest theories, models, and observations, and explores the challenges of forecasting ENSO as the climate continues to change. Volume highlights include: Historical background on ENSO and its societal consequences Review of key El Niño (ENSO warm phase) and La Niña (ENSO cold phase) characteristics Mathematical description of the underlying physical processes that generate ENSO variations Conceptual framework for understanding ENSO changes on decadal and longer time scales, including the response to greenhouse gas forcing ENSO impacts on extreme ocean, weather, and climate events, including tropical cyclones, and how ENSO affects fisheries and the global carbon cycle Advances in modeling, paleo-reconstructions, and operational climate forecasting Future projections of ENSO and its impacts Factors influencing ENSO events, such as inter-basin climate interactions and volcanic eruptions The American Geophysical Union promotes discovery in Earth and space science for the benefit of humanity. Its publications disseminate scientific knowledge and provide resources for researchers, students, and professionals. Find out more about this book from this Q&A with the editors.

The Interactions between Sediments and Water

The Interactions between Sediments and Water
  • Author : Brian Kronvang
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-04-17
  • Total pages : 326
  • ISBN : 9789401733663
  • File Size : 54,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 820
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This book focuses on sediments as a pollutant in natural freshwater and marine habitats, and as a vector for the transfer of chemicals such as nutrients and contaminants. Sediment-water research is carried out all over the world within a variety of disciplines. The selected papers cover three main topics relating to assessment and/or restoration of disturbed watersheds, sediment-water linkages in terrestrial and aquatic environments and evaluation of sediment and ecological changes in marine and freshwater habitats. Innovative research in both developed and less developed countries is included. Both fundamental research, insight into applied research and system management are covered. The volume will also appeal to readers involved in sediment geochemistry and dynamics, aquatic habitats, water quality, aquatic ecology, river morphology, restoration techniques and catchment management.

Vegetation Dynamics

Vegetation Dynamics
  • Author : R. Knapp
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Total pages : 374
  • ISBN : 9789401023443
  • File Size : 37,9 Mb
  • Total Download : 316
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During the International Botanical Congress in Edinburgh, 1964, Mrs. 1. M. WEISBACH-J UNK of The Hague discussed a plan for preparation by her publishing company (Dr. W. Junk b.v.) of an international Handbook of Vegetation Science. She proposed a series that should give a comprehensive survey of the varied directions within this science, and their achievements to date as well as their objectives for the future. The challenge of such an enterprise, and its evident value for the further development of vegetation research, induced the undersigned after some consideration to accept the offer of the honorable but also burdensome task of General Editor. The decision was encouraged by a well formulated and detailed outline for the Handbook worked out by the Dutch phytosociolo gists J. J. BARKMAN and V. WESTHOFF. A circle of scholars from numerous countries was invited by the Dr. Junk Publishing Com pany to The Hague in January 1966 to draw up a list of editors and contributors for the parts of the Handbook. The outline and list have served since for the organization of the Handbook, with no need for major change. The different burdens of editors and authors have compelled quite different timings for completion of the individual sections.

Engineering

Engineering
  • Author : Unesco
  • Publisher : UNESCO
  • Release Date : 2010-01-01
  • Total pages : 392
  • ISBN : 9789231041563
  • File Size : 30,6 Mb
  • Total Download : 875
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This report reviews engineering's importance to human, economic, social and cultural development and in addressing the UN Millennium Development Goals. Engineering tends to be viewed as a national issue, but engineering knowledge, companies, conferences and journals, all demonstrate that it is as international as science. The report reviews the role of engineering in development, and covers issues including poverty reduction, sustainable development, climate change mitigation and adaptation. It presents the various fields of engineering around the world and is intended to identify issues and challenges facing engineering, promote better understanding of engineering and its role, and highlight ways of making engineering more attractive to young people, especially women.--Publisher's description.

Urban Climates

Urban Climates
  • Author : T. R. Oke,G. Mills,A. Christen,J. A. Voogt
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2017-09-14
  • Total pages : 549
  • ISBN : 9780521849500
  • File Size : 54,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 922
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The first full synthesis of modern scientific and applied research on urban climates, suitable for students and researchers alike.

Applied Geomorphology and Contemporary Issues

Applied Geomorphology and Contemporary Issues
  • Author : Sujit Mandal
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2023
  • Total pages : 703
  • ISBN : 9783031045325
  • File Size : 27,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 549
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The edited book deals with climate change and its response to river system which is one of the most burning issues of the Global environment. Due to urbanization and industrialization land degradation and resource depletion are happening and promoting livelihood challenges in the world which is reflected in the book too. The book addresses the construction of dams over large rivers and its possible consequences in the environment. Changes of the hydrology and sedimentology are to be addressed in the book. The climate change phenomena and associated geomorphic hazards and contemporary environmental issues such as sea level rise, coastal flood, drought, wind erosion, flood, soil erosion, landslide, depletion of ground water, coastal erosion etc. are elaborated in the book with suitable methods and techniques. So this edited book will contribute a lot to general to particular filed of studies and will help to geographers, geomorphologists, environmentalists, planners, policy makers and developers for studies and promoting regional plans and development.

Nature-Based Solutions to Climate Change Adaptation in Urban Areas

Nature-Based Solutions to Climate Change Adaptation in Urban Areas
  • Author : Nadja Kabisch,Horst Korn,Jutta Stadler,Aletta Bonn
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2017-09-01
  • Total pages : 342
  • ISBN : 9783319560915
  • File Size : 18,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 754
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This open access book brings together research findings and experiences from science, policy and practice to highlight and debate the importance of nature-based solutions to climate change adaptation in urban areas. Emphasis is given to the potential of nature-based approaches to create multiple-benefits for society. The expert contributions present recommendations for creating synergies between ongoing policy processes, scientific programmes and practical implementation of climate change and nature conservation measures in global urban areas. Except where otherwise noted, this book is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

River Dynamics

River Dynamics
  • Author : Bruce L. Rhoads
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2020-04-29
  • Total pages : 544
  • ISBN : 9781108173780
  • File Size : 18,8 Mb
  • Total Download : 638
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Rivers are important agents of change that shape the Earth's surface and evolve through time in response to fluctuations in climate and other environmental conditions. They are fundamental in landscape development, and essential for water supply, irrigation, and transportation. This book provides a comprehensive overview of the geomorphological processes that shape rivers and that produce change in the form of rivers. It explores how the dynamics of rivers are being affected by anthropogenic change, including climate change, dam construction, and modification of rivers for flood control and land drainage. It discusses how concern about environmental degradation of rivers has led to the emergence of management strategies to restore and naturalize these systems, and how river management techniques work best when coordinated with the natural dynamics of rivers. This textbook provides an excellent resource for students, researchers, and professionals in fluvial geomorphology, hydrology, river science, and environmental policy.

Encyclopedia of Geology

Encyclopedia of Geology
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2020-12-16
  • Total pages : 5622
  • ISBN : 9780081029091
  • File Size : 26,5 Mb
  • Total Download : 136
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Encyclopedia of Geology, Second Edition presents in six volumes state-of-the-art reviews on the various aspects of geologic research, all of which have moved on considerably since the writing of the first edition. New areas of discussion include extinctions, origins of life, plate tectonics and its influence on faunal provinces, new types of mineral and hydrocarbon deposits, new methods of dating rocks, and geological processes. Users will find this to be a fundamental resource for teachers and students of geology, as well as researchers and non-geology professionals seeking up-to-date reviews of geologic research. Provides a comprehensive and accessible one-stop shop for information on the subject of geology, explaining methodologies and technical jargon used in the field Highlights connections between geology and other physical and biological sciences, tackling research problems that span multiple fields Fills a critical gap of information in a field that has seen significant progress in past years Presents an ideal reference for a wide range of scientists in earth and environmental areas of study

Landscape Evolution

Landscape Evolution
  • Author : Kerry Gallagher,S. J. Jones,Stuart J. Jones,John Wainwright
  • Publisher : Geological Society of London
  • Release Date : 2008
  • Total pages : 216
  • ISBN : 1862392501
  • File Size : 50,7 Mb
  • Total Download : 740
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The morphology of Earth's surface reflects the interaction of climate, tectonics and denudational processes operating over a wide range of spatial and temporal scales. These processes can be considered catastrophic or continuous; depending on the timescale of observation or interest. Recent research had required integration of historically distinct subjects such as geomorphology, sedimentology, climatology and tectonics. Together, these have provided new insights into absolute and relative rates of denudation, and the factors that control the many dynamic processes involved. Specific subject areas covered are sediment transport processes and the timescales of competing processes, the role of the geological record and landscapes in constraining different processes, the nature of landscape evolution at different spatial scales and in contrasting geological environments.